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  Список стран- Армия service age и obligation


Страна
Армия service age и obligation (лет of age)
Афганистан 22 лет of age; inductees are contracted into service for a 4-year term (2005)
Албания 19 лет of age (2004)
Алжир 19-30 лет of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 18 months (6 months basic training, 12 months civil projects) (2006)
Ангола 17 лет of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 2 лет plus time for training (2001)
Антигуа и Барбуда совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Аргентина 18-24 лет of age for voluntary military service (18-21 requires parental permission); no conscription (2001)
Армения 18-27 лет of age for compulsory military service; совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; 2-year conscript service obligation (2006)
Австралия 17 лет of age for voluntary military service (with parental consent); no conscription; women allowed to serve in Army combat units in non-combat support roles (2008)
Австрия 18-35 лет of age for compulsory military service; 16 лет of age for мужчин или female voluntary service; service obligation 7 months of training, followed by an 8-year reserve obligation (2006)
Азербайджан men between 18 и 35 are liable for military service; совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; length of military service is 18 months и 12 months for university graduates (2006)
Багамские Острова, The совершеннолетние (est.); no conscription (2008)
Бахрейн 17 лет of age for voluntary military service; 15 лет of age for NCOs, technicians, и cadets; no conscription (2008)
Бангладеш 16 лет of age for voluntary military service; 17 лет of age for officers (both with parental consent); conscription legally possible in emergency, but has never been implemented (2008)
Барбадос совершеннолетние for voluntary military service (younger requires parental consent); no conscription (2008)
Беларусь 18-27 лет of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 18 months (2005)
Бельгия совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; conscription suspended (2008)
Белиз совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; laws allow for conscription only if volunteers are insufficient; conscription has never been implemented; volunteers typically outnumber available positions by 3:1 (2008)
Бенин 21 лет of age for compulsory и voluntary military service; in practice, volunteers may be taken at the age of 18; both sexes are eligible for military service; conscript tour of duty - 18 months (2006)
Бермуды 18-23 лет of age; eligible men required to register for conscription as needed into the Бермуды Regiment, which is largely voluntary; term of service 39 months (2007)
Бутан совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Боливия совершеннолетние for 12-month compulsory military service; when annual number of volunteers falls short of goal, compulsory recruitment is effected, including conscription of boys as young as 14; 15-19 лет of age for voluntary premilitary service, provides exemption from further military service (2008)
Босния и Герцеговина 17 лет of age for voluntary military service in the Federation и in the Republika Srpska; conscription abolished January 2006; 4-month service obligation (2006)
Ботсвана 18 is the apparent age of voluntary military service; the official qualifications for determining minimum age are unknown (2001)
Бразилия 21-45 лет of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 9 to 12 months; 17-45 лет of age for voluntary service; an increasing percentage of the ranks are "long-service" volunteer professionals; women were allowed to serve in the armed forces beginning in early 1980s when the Brazilian Army became the first army in South America to accept women into career ranks; women serve in Navy и Air Force only in Women's Reserve Corps (2001)
Бруней совершеннолетние (est.) for voluntary military service; non-Malays are ineligible to serve (2007)
Болгария 18-27 лет of age for voluntary military service; conscript service obligation - 9 months; as of May 2006, 67% of the Bulgarian Army comprised of специалисты soldiers; conscription ended as of 1 January 2008; Air и Air Defense Forces и Naval Forces became fully специалисты at the end of 2006 (2008)
Буркина Фасо совершеннолетние for compulsory military service; 20 лет of age for voluntary military service (2001)
Мьянма совершеннолетние for voluntary military service for both sexes; forced conscription of children, although officially prohibited, reportedly continues (2007)
Бурунди 16 лет of age for compulsory и voluntary military service; children as young as 10 лет of age have been conscripted into the armed forces; the enrollment of children is still not prohibited (2007)
Камбоджа conscription law of October 2006 requires all males between 18-30 to register for military service; 18-month service obligation (2006)
Камерун совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; no conscription; the government makes periodic calls for volunteers (2006)
Канада 16-34 лет of age for voluntary military service; women comprise approximately 11% Канады's armed forces (2006)
Кабо-Верде совершеннолетние (est.) for selective compulsory military service; 14-month conscript service obligation (2006)
Центральноафриканская Республика совершеннолетние for compulsory и voluntary military service; 2-year conscript service obligation (2006)
Чад 20 лет of age for conscripts, with 3-year service obligation; совершеннолетние for volunteers; no minimum age restriction for volunteers with consent from a guardian; women are subject to 1 year of compulsory military или civic service at age of 21 (2004)
Чили 18-45 лет of age for voluntary мужчин и female military service, although the right to compulsory recruitment is retained; service obligation - 12 months for Army, 22 months for Navy и Air Force (2008)
Китай 18-22 лет of age for selective compulsory military service, with 24-month service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 лет of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs (2007)
Колумбия 18-24 лет of age for compulsory и voluntary military service; service obligation - 18 months (2004)
Congo, Democratic Республика the 18-45 лет of age for military service
Congo, Республика the совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; women allowed to serve (2007)
Кот-д’Ивуар совершеннолетние for compulsory и voluntary military service (2008)
Хорватия 18-27 лет of age for compulsory military service; 16 лет of age with consent for voluntary service; 6-month conscript service obligation; full conversion to специалисты military service by 2010 (2006)
Куба 17-28 лет of age for compulsory military service; 2-year service obligation; both sexes subject to military service (2006)
Кипр Greek Cypriot National Guard (GCNG): 18-50 лет of age for compulsory military service for all Greek Cypriot males; 17 лет of age for voluntary service; females are not conscripted; age of military eligibility 17 to 50; length of normal service is 25 months with a minimum of 3 months (2006)
Чешская республика 18-28 лет of age for voluntary и 19-28 for compulsory military service (2008)
Дания совершеннолетние for compulsory и voluntary military service; conscripts serve an initial training period that varies from 4 to 12 months according to specialization; reservists are assigned to mobilization units following completion of their conscript service; women eligible to volunteer for military service (2004)
Джибути совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; 16-25 лет of age for voluntary military training; no conscription (2008)
Доминиканская республика совершеннолетние for voluntary military service (2007)
Эквадор 20 лет of age for selective conscript military service; 12-month service obligation (2008)
Египет 18-30 лет of age for мужчин conscript military service; service obligation 12-36 months, followed by a 9-year reserve obligation (2008)
Сальвадор совершеннолетние for selective compulsory military service; 16 лет of age for voluntary service; service obligation - 8 months, but 11 months for officers и NCOs (2008)
Экваториальная Гвинея совершеннолетние (est.) for compulsory military service (2008)
Эритрея 18-40 лет of age for мужчин и female voluntary и compulsory military service; 16-month conscript service obligation (2006)
Эстония compulsory military service for men between 19 и 28; conscription lasts 11 months for junior NCOs и reserve platoon leaders; reserve officers и designated specialists have a different conscript service obligation; Эстония has committed to retaining conscription for men up to 2010 и, unlike Латвия и Литва, has no plan to transition to a contract armed forces; 17 лет of age for volunteers; reserve commitment up to the age of 60 (2006)
Эфиопия совершеннолетние for compulsory и voluntary military service; theoretically, no compulsory military service, but the military can conduct call-ups when necessary и compliance is compulsory (2008)
Фиджи совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; reserve obligation to age 45 (2006)
Финляндия совершеннолетние for мужчин voluntary и compulsory national military и nonmilitary service; service obligation 6-12 months (2008)
Франция 17-40 лет of age for мужчин или female voluntary military service); no conscription; 12-month service obligation; women serve in noncombat military posts (2005)
Габон 20 лет of age for compulsory и voluntary military service (2007)
Гамбия совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Грузия 18 to 34 лет of age for compulsory и voluntary active duty military service; conscript service obligation - 18 months (2005)
Германия совершеннолетние (conscripts serve a 9-month tour of compulsory military service) (2004)
Гана совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Греция 19-45 лет of age for compulsory military service; during wartime the law allows for recruitment beginning January of the year of inductee's 18th birthday, thus including 17 year olds; 17 лет of age for volunteers; conscript service obligation - 1 year for all services; women are eligible for voluntary military service (2008)
Гватемала all мужчин citizens between the ages of 18 и 50 are liable for military service; conscript service obligation varies from 12 to 24 months; women can serve as officers (2007)
Гвинея совершеннолетние for compulsory military service; 2-year conscript service obligation (2006)
Гвинея-Бисау совершеннолетние for selective compulsory military service (2006)
Гвиана 18-25 лет of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Гондурас совершеннолетние for voluntary 2 to 3-year military service (2004)
Венгрия совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; conscription abolished in June 2004; 6-month service obligation, with reserve obligation to age 50 (2006)
Индия 16 лет of age for voluntary military service; no conscription; women officers allowed in noncombat roles only (2008)
Индонeзия совершеннолетние for selective compulsory и voluntary military service; 2-year conscript service obligation, with reserve obligation to age 45 (officers); Indonesian citizens only (2008)
Иран 19 лет of age for compulsory military service; 16 лет of age for volunteers; 17 лет of age for Law Enforcement Forces; 15 лет of age for Basij Forces (Popular Mobilization Army); conscript military service obligation - 18 months; women exempt from military service (2008)
Ирак 18-40 лет of age for voluntary military service (2006)
Ирландия 17-25 лет of age for мужчин или female voluntary military service (17-27 лет of age for the Naval Service); enlistees 16 лет of age can be recruited for apprentice specialist positions; maximum obligation 12 лет; 17-35 лет of age for the Reserve Defense Forces; EU citizenship или 5-year residence in Ирландия required (2008)
Израиль совершеннолетние for compulsory (Jews, Druzes) и voluntary (Christians, Muslims, Circassians) military service; both sexes are obligated to military service; conscript service obligation - 36 months for enlisted men, 21 months for enlisted women, 48 months for officers; reserve obligation to age 41-51 (men), 24 (women) (2008)
Италия 18-27 year of age for voluntary military service; conscription abolished January 2005; women may serve in any military branch; 10-month service obligation, with a reserve obligation to age 45 (Army и Air Force) или 39 (Navy) (2006)
Ямайка совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; younger recruits may be conscripted with parental consent (2001)
Япония совершеннолетние for voluntary military service (2001)
Иордания 17 лет of age for voluntary military service; conscription at age 18 was suspended in 1999, although all males under age 37 are required to register; women not subject to conscription, but can volunteer to serve in non-combat military positions (2004)
Казахстан совершеннолетние for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 2 лет; minimum age for volunteers нет (2004)
Кения совершеннолетние (est.) for voluntary service, with a 9-year obligation (2007)
Северная Корея 17 лет of age (2004)
Южная Корея 20-30 лет of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 24-28 months, depending on the military branch involved (to be reduced to 18 months beginning 2016); совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; women, in service since 1950, admitted to 7 service branches, including infantry, but excluded from artillery, armor, anti-air, и chaplaincy corps; some 4,000 women serve as commissioned и noncommissioned officers, approx. 2.3% of all officers (2007)
Кювейт совершеннолетние for compulsory и voluntary military service; reserve obligation to age 40 with 1 month annual training; women have served in police forces since 1999 (2006)
Киргизия совершеннолетние for compulsory military service (2001)
Лаоc 15 лет of age for compulsory military service; minimum 18-month conscript service obligation (2006)
Латвия совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; conscription abolished January 2007; under current law, every citizen is entitled to serve in the armed forces for life (2006)
Ливан 18-30 лет of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2007)
Лесото совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Либерия 16 лет of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Либия 17 лет of age (2004)
Литва 19-45 лет of age for compulsory military service; совершеннолетние for volunteers; 12-month conscript service obligation (2006)
Люксембург 17-25 лет of age for мужчин и female voluntary military service; soldiers under 18 are not deployed into combat или with peacekeeping missions; no conscription; Люксембург citizen или EU citizen with 3-year residence in Люксембург (2008)
Македония совершеннолетние for voluntary military service (2007)
Мадагаскар 18-25 лет of age for мужчин-only compulsory military service; 18-month conscript service obligation (either military или equivalent civil service); 20-30 лет of age for National Gendarmerie recruits (35 лет of age for those with military experience) (2008)
Малави совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; standard obligation is 2 лет of active duty и 5 лет of reserve service (2007)
Малазия совершеннолетние for voluntary military service (2005)
Мальдивы совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Мали совершеннолетние for compulsory и voluntary military service; conscript service obligation - 2 лет (2008)
Мальта 17 лет 6 months of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Мавритания совершеннолетние (est.); conscript service obligation - 2 лет; majority of servicemen believed to be volunteers; service in Air Force и Navy is voluntary (2006)
Мексика совершеннолетние for compulsory military service, conscript service obligation - 12 months; 16 лет of age with consent for voluntary enlistment; conscripts serve only in the Army; Navy и Air Force service is all voluntary; women are eligible for voluntary military service (2007)
Молдавия совершеннолетние for compulsory military service; 12-month service obligation (2006)
Монголия 18-25 лет of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 12 months in land или air defense forces или police; a small portion of Mongolian land forces (2.5 percent) is comprised of contract soldiers; women cannot be deployed overseas for military operations (2006)
Монтенегро compulsory national military service abolished August 2006
Мороккo совершеннолетние for compulsory и voluntary military service; conscript service obligation - 18 months (2004)
Мозамбик 18-30 лет of age for compulsory military service; 2-year service obligation (2006)
Намибия 18-25 лет of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Непал совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; 15 лет of age for military training; no conscription (2008)
Нидерланды 20 лет of age for an all-volunteer force (2004)
Нидерландские Антильские о-ва 16 лет of age for National Guard recruitment; no conscription (2004)
Новая Зеландия 17 лет of age for voluntary military service; soldiers cannot be deployed until the age of 18; no conscription (2008)
Никарагуа 17 лет of age for voluntary military service; tour of duty 18-36 months (2008)
Нигер совершеннолетние for compulsory military service; 2-year conscript service obligation (2006)
Нигерия совершеннолетние for voluntary military service (2007)
Норвегия 18-44 лет of age for мужчин compulsory military service; 16 лет of age in wartime; 17 лет of age for мужчин volunteers; совершеннолетние for women; 12-month service obligation, in practice shortened to 8 to 9 months; although all males between ages of 18 и 44 are liable for service, in practice they are seldom called to duty после age 30; reserve obligation to age 35-60; 16 лет of age for volunteers to the На главную Guard, who serve 6-month duty tours (2006)
Оман 18-30 лет of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Пакистан 16 лет of age for voluntary military service; soldiers cannot be deployed for combat until age of 18; the Pakistani Air Force и Pakistani Navy have inducted their first female pilots и sailors (2006)
Папуа — Новая Гвинея 16 лет of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Парагвай совершеннолетние for compulsory и voluntary military service; conscript service obligation - 12 months for Army, 24 months for Navy (2006)
Перу 18-30 лет of age for voluntary мужчин и female military service; no conscription (2008)
Филиппины 18-25 лет of age (officers 21-29) for compulsory и voluntary military service; applicants must be single мужчин или female Philippine citizens (2007)
Польша 17 лет of age for мужчин compulsory military service после January 1st of the year of 18th birthday; 17 лет of age for voluntary military service; conscript service obligation shortened from 12 to 9 months in 2005; by 2008, plans call for at least 60% of military personnel to be volunteers; only soldiers who have completed their conscript service are allowed to volunteer for специалисты service; as of April 2004, women are only allowed to serve as officers и noncommissioned officers (2006)
Португалия совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; compulsory military service ended in 2004; women serve in the armed forces, on naval ships since 1993, but are prohibited from serving in some combatant specialties; reserve obligation to age 35 (2007)
Катар совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Румыния совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; conscription officially ended October 2006; all military inductees (including women) contract for an initial 5-year term of service; subsequent voluntary service contracts are for successive 3-year terms until the age of 36 (2006)
Россия 18-27 лет of age for compulsory или voluntary military service; males are registered for the draft at 17 лет of age; service obligation - 1 year; reserve obligation to age 50; foreign citizens и dual-nationality Russians are precluded from contract military service; as of July 2008, a draft military strategy called for the draft to continue up to the year 2030 (2008)
Руанда совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Сент-Китс и Невис совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Сан-Маринo 16-55 for voluntary service in Voluntary Армия Force (2006)
Сан-Томе и Принсипи совершеннолетние (est.) (2004)
Саудовская Аравия совершеннолетние (est.); no conscription (2004)
Сенегал совершеннолетние for compulsory и voluntary military service; conscript service obligation - 2 лет (2004)
Сербия 19-35 лет of age for compulsory military service; under a state of war или impending war, conscription can begin at age 16; conscription is to be abolished in 2010; 9-month service obligation, with a reserve obligation to age 60 for men и 50 for women (2007)
Сейшельские Острова совершеннолетние for voluntary military service (younger with parental consent); no conscription (2008)
Сьерра-Леоне 17 лет 6 months of age for voluntary military service (younger with parental consent); no conscription (2008)
Сингапур 18-21 лет of age for мужчин compulsory military service; 16 лет of age for volunteers; 2-year conscript service obligation, with a reserve obligation to age 40 (enlisted) или age 50 (officers) (2008)
Словакия 17-30 лет of age for voluntary military service; conscription abolished in 2006; women are eligible to serve (2007)
Словения 17 лет of age for voluntary military service; conscription abolished in 2003 (2007)
Южно-Африканская Республика совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; women have a long history of military service in noncombat roles dating back to Мир War I (2004)
Испания 20 лет of age (2004)
Шри-Ланка совершеннолетние for voluntary military service (2007)
Судан 18-30 лет of age for compulsory military service; 2-year service obligation (2006)
Суринам совершеннолетние (est.); recruitment is voluntary, with personnel drawn almost exclusively from the Creole community (2007)
Свазиленд 18-30 лет of age for мужчин и female voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Швеция 19 лет of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation: 7-15 months (Navy), 8-12 months (Air Force); после completing initial service, soldiers have a reserve commitment until age 47 (2006)
Швейцария 19 лет of age for мужчин compulsory military service; совершеннолетние for voluntary мужчин и female military service; the Swiss Constitution states that "every Swiss мужчин is obliged to do military service"; every Swiss мужчин has to serve at least 260 days in the armed forces; conscripts receive 18 weeks of mandatory training, followed by seven 3-week intermittent recalls for training during the next 10 лет (2008)
Сирия совершеннолетние for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 30 months (18 months in the Syrian Arab Navy); women are not conscripted but may volunteer to serve (2004)
Тайвань 19-35 лет of age for мужчин compulsory military service; service obligation 1 year; women may enlist; women in Air Force service are restricted to noncombat roles; reserve obligation to age 30 (Army); the Ministry of Defense has announced plans to implement an incremental voluntary enlistment system beginning 2010, with 10% fewer conscripts each year thereafter, although nonvolunteers will still be required to perform alternative service или go through 3-4 months of military training (2008)
Таджикистан совершеннолетние for compulsory military service; 2-year conscript service obligation (2006)
Танзания совершеннолетние for voluntary military service (2007)
Таиланд 21 лет of age for compulsory military service; совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; males are registered at совершеннолетние; 2-year conscript service obligation (2006)
Восточный Тимор совершеннолетние for voluntary military service; no conscription (2008)
Того совершеннолетние for selective compulsory и voluntary military service; 2-year service obligation (2006)
Тонга совершеннолетние (est.); no conscription (2008)
Тринидад и Тобаго совершеннолетние for voluntary military service (16 лет of age with parental consent); no conscription (2008)
Тунис 20 лет of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 12 months; совершеннолетние for voluntary military service (2007)
Турция 20 лет of age (2004)
Туркменистан 18-30 лет of age for compulsory military service; 2-year conscript service obligation (2006)
Угадна 18-26 лет of age for compulsory и voluntary military duty; 18-30 лет of age for professionals; 9-year service obligation; the government has stated that recruitment below совершеннолетние could occur with proper consent и that "no person under the apparent age of 13 лет shall be enrolled in the armed forces"; Ugandan citizenship required (2008)
Украина 18-25 лет of age for compulsory и voluntary military service; conscript service obligation - 18 months for Army и Air Force, 24 months for Navy (2004)
Объединенные Арабские Эмираты совершеннолетние (est.) for voluntary military service; совершеннолетние for officers и women; no conscription (2008)
Великобритания 16-33 лет of age (officers 17-28) for voluntary military service (with parental consent under 18); women serve in military services, but are excluded from ground combat positions и some naval postings; must be citizen of the Великобритания, Commonwealth, или Республика Ирландия; reservists serve a minimum of 3 лет, to age 45 или 55; 16 лет of age for voluntary military service by Nepalese citizens in the Brigade of the Gurkhas; 16-34 лет of age for voluntary military service by Papua New Guinean citizens (2008)
США совершеннолетние; 17 лет of age with written parental consent (2006)
Уругвай совершеннолетние for voluntary и compulsory military service; enlistment is voluntary in peacetime, but the government has the authority to conscript in emergencies (2007)
Узбекистан совершеннолетние for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 12 months (2004)
Венесуэлa 18-30 лет of age for compulsory и voluntary military service; conscript service obligation - 30 months; all citizens of military service age (18-50 лет old) are obligated to register for military service (2007)
Вьетнам совершеннолетние (мужчин) for compulsory military service; females may volunteer for active duty military service; conscript service obligation - 2 лет (3 to 4 лет in the navy); 18-45 лет of age (мужчин) или 18-40 лет of age (female) for Militia Force или Self Defense Forces (2006)
Емен voluntary military service program authorized in 2001; 2-year service obligation (2006)
Замбия совершеннолетние for voluntary military service (16 лет of age with parental consent); no conscription (2008)
Зимбабве 18-24 лет of age for compulsory military service; women are eligible to serve (2007)

Последние изменения на эту страницу были внесены 4 сентября 2008 года.


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