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Транзит наркотиков
Афганистан world's largest producer of opium; poppy cultivation increased 17% to a near-record 202,000 hectares in 2007; good growing conditions pushed potential opium production to a record 8,000 metric тонны, up 42% from last year; if the entire opium crop were processed, 947 metric тонны of heroin potentially could be produced; drug trade is a source of instability и the Taliban и other antigovernment groups participate in и profit from the drug trade; widespread corruption impedes counterdrug efforts; most of the heroin consumed in Europe и Eurasia is derived from Afghan opium; vulnerable to drug money laundering through informal financial networks; regional source of hashish
Албания increasingly active transshipment point for Southwest азиаты opiates, hashish, и cannabis transiting the Balkan route и - to a lesser extent - cocaine from South America destined for Western Europe; limited opium и growing cannabis production; ethnic Albanian narcotrafficking organizations active и expanding in Europe; vulnerable to money laundering associated with regional trafficking in narcotics, arms, contraband, и illegal aliens
Ангола used as a transshipment point for cocaine destined for Western Europe и other African states, particularly Южно-Африканская Республика
Ангилья transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US и Europe
Антигуа и Барбуда considered a minor transshipment point for narcotics bound for the US и Europe; more significant as an offshore financial center
Аргентина a transshipment country for cocaine headed for Europe; some money-laundering activity, especially in the Tri-Border Area; law enforcement corruption; a source for precursor химическая промышленность; increasing domestic consumption of drugs in urban centers, especially cocaine base и synthetic drugs
Армения illicit cultivation of small amount of cannabis for domestic consumption; minor transit point for illicit drugs - mostly opium и hashish - moving from Southwest Азия to Россия и to a lesser extent the rest of Europe
Аруба transit point for US- и Europe-bound narcotics with some accompanying money-laundering activity; relatively high percentage of population consumes cocaine
Австралия Tasmania is один of the world's major suppliers of licit opiate products; government maintains strict controls over areas of opium poppy cultivation и output of poppy straw concentrate; major consumer of cocaine и amphetamines
Австрия transshipment point for Southwest азиаты heroin и South American cocaine destined for Western Europe; increasing consumption of European-produced synthetic drugs
Азербайджан limited illicit cultivation of cannabis и opium poppy, mostly for CIS consumption; small government eradication program; transit point for Southwest азиаты opiates bound for Россия и to a lesser extent the rest of Europe
Багамские Острова, The transshipment point for cocaine и marijuana bound for US и Europe; offshore financial center
Бангладеш transit country for illegal drugs produced in neighboring countries
Барбадос один of many Caribbean transshipment points for narcotics bound for Europe и the US; offshore financial center
Беларусь limited cultivation of opium poppy и cannabis, mostly for the domestic market; transshipment point for illicit drugs to и via Россия, и to the Baltics и Western Europe; a small и lightly regulated financial center; new anti-money-laundering legislation does not meet international standards; few investigations или prosecutions of money-laundering activities
Бельгия growing producer of synthetic drugs и cannabis; transit point for US-bound ecstasy; source of precursor химическая промышленность for South American cocaine processors; transshipment point for cocaine, heroin, hashish, и marijuana entering Western Europe; despite a strengthening of legislation, the country remains vulnerable to money laundering related to narcotics, автомобили, alcohol, и tobacco; significant domestic consumption of ecstasy
Белиз transshipment point for cocaine; small-scale illicit producer of cannabis, primarily for local consumption; money-laundering activity related to narcotics trafficking и offshore sector
Бенин transshipment point used by Nigerian traffickers for narcotics destined for Western Europe; vulnerable to money laundering due to poorly enforced financial regulations
Боливия world's third-largest cultivator of coca (после Колумбия и Перу) with an estimated 25,800 hectares under cultivation in 2006, stable when compared to 2005; third largest producer of cocaine, estimated at 115 metric тонны potential pure cocaine in 2006; transit country for Peruvian и Colombian cocaine destined for Бразилия, Аргентина, Чили, Парагвай, и Europe; cultivation generally increasing since 2000, despite eradication и alternative crop programs; weak border controls; some money-laundering activity related to narcotics trade, especially along the borders with Бразилия и Парагвай; major cocaine consumption
Босния и Герцеговина increasingly a transit point for heroin being trafficked to Western Europe; minor transit point for marijuana; remains highly vulnerable to money-laundering activity given a primarily cash-based и unregulated economy, weak law enforcement, и instances of corruption
Бразилия second-largest consumer of cocaine in the world; illicit producer of cannabis; trace amounts of coca cultivation in the Amazon region, used for domestic consumption; government has a large-scale eradication program to control cannabis; important transshipment country for Bolivian, Colombian, и Peruvian cocaine headed for Europe; also used by traffickers as a way station for narcotics air transshipments between Перу и Колумбия; upsurge in drug-related violence и weapons smuggling; important market for Colombian, Bolivian, и Peruvian cocaine; illicit narcotics proceeds earned in Бразилия are often laundered through the financial system; significant illicit financial activity in the Tri-Border Area
Британские Виргинские острова transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US и Europe; large offshore financial center makes it vulnerable to money laundering
Бруней drug trafficking и illegally importing controlled substances are serious offenses in Бруней и carry a mandatory death penalty
Болгария major European transshipment point for Southwest азиаты heroin и, to a lesser degree, South American cocaine for the European market; limited producer of precursor химическая промышленность; some money laundering of drug-related proceeds through financial institutions
Мьянма remains world's second largest producer of illicit opium with an estimated production in 2005 of 380 metric тонны, up 13% from 2004 и cultivation in 2005 was 40,000 hectares, a 10% increase from 2004; the decline in opium production in the United Wa State Army's areas of greatest control was more than offset by increases in юг и восток Shan state; lack of government will to take on major narcotrafficking groups и lack of serious commitment against money laundering continues to hinder the overall antidrug effort; major source of methamphetamine и heroin for regional consumption; currently under Financial Action Task Force countermeasures due to continued failure to address its inadequate money-laundering controls (2005)
Камбоджа narcotics-related corruption reportedly involving some in the government, military, и police; limited methamphetamine production; vulnerable to money laundering due to its cash-based economy и porous borders
Канада illicit producer of cannabis for the domestic drug market и export to US; use of hydroponics technology permits growers to plant large quantities of high-quality marijuana indoors; increasing ecstasy production, some of which is destined for the US; vulnerable to narcotics money laundering because of its mature financial services sector
Кабо-Верде used as a transshipment point for Latin American cocaine destined for Western Europe; the lack of a well-developed financial system limits the country's utility as a money-laundering center
Каймановы Острoва offshore financial center; vulnerable to drug transshipment to the US и Europe
Чили transshipment country for cocaine destined for Europe и the region; economic prosperity и increasing trade have made Чили more attractive to traffickers seeking to launder drug profits, especially through the Iquique Free Trade Zone, but a recent anti-money-laundering law improves controls; imported precursors passed on to Боливия; domestic cocaine consumption is rising, making Чили a significant consumer of cocaine
Китай major transshipment point for heroin produced in the Golden Triangle region of Southeast Азия; growing domestic drug abuse problem; source country for chemical precursors, despite new regulations on its large chemical industry
Колумбия illicit producer of coca, opium poppy, и cannabis; world's leading coca cultivator with 144,000 hectares in coca cultivation in 2005, a 26% increase over 2004, producing a potential of 545 mt of pure cocaine; the world's largest producer of coca derivatives; supplies cocaine to most of the US market и the great majority of other international drug markets; in 2005, aerial eradication dispensed herbicide to treat over 130,000 hectares but aggressive replanting on the part of coca growers means Колумбия remains a key producer; a significant portion of non-US narcotics proceeds are either laundered или invested in Колумбия through the черные market peso exchange; important supplier of heroin to the US market; opium poppy cultivation fell 50% between 2003 и 2004 to 2,100 hectares yielding a potential 3.8 metric тонны of pure heroin, mostly for the US market; no poppy estimate was conducted in 2005
Congo, Democratic Республика the один of Africa's biggest producers of cannabis, but mostly for domestic consumption; while rampant corruption и inadequate supervision leaves the banking system vulnerable to money laundering, the lack of a well-developed financial system limits the country's utility as a money-laundering center
Коста-Рика transshipment country for cocaine и heroin from South America; illicit production of cannabis in remote areas; domestic cocaine consumption, particularly crack cocaine, is rising; significant consumption of amphetamines
Кот-д’Ивуар illicit producer of cannabis, mostly for local consumption; utility as a narcotic transshipment point to Europe reduced by ongoing political instability; while rampant corruption и inadequate supervision leave the banking system vulnerable to money laundering, the lack of a developed financial system limits the country's utility as a major money-laundering center
Хорватия transit point along the Balkan route for Southwest азиаты heroin to Western Europe; has been used as a transit point for maritime shipments of South American cocaine bound for Western Europe
Куба territorial waters и air space serve as transshipment zone for US- и European-bound drugs; established the death penalty for certain drug-related crimes in 1999
Кипр minor transit point for heroin и hashish via air routes и container traffic to Europe, especially from Ливан и Турция; some cocaine transits as well; despite a strengthening of anti-money-laundering legislation, remains vulnerable to money laundering; reporting of suspicious transactions in offshore sector remains weak
Чешская республика transshipment point for Southwest азиаты heroin и minor transit point for Latin American cocaine to Western Europe; producer of synthetic drugs for local и regional markets; susceptible to money laundering related to drug trafficking, organized crime; significant consumer of ecstasy
Доминика transshipment point for narcotics bound for the US и Europe; minor cannabis producer; anti-money-laundering enforcement is weak, making the country particularly vulnerable to money laundering
Доминиканская республика transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US и Europe; has become a transshipment point for ecstasy from the Нидерланды и Бельгия destined for US и Канада; substantial money laundering activity; Colombian narcotics traffickers favor the Доминиканская республика for illicit financial transactions; significant amphetamine consumption
Эквадор significant transit country for cocaine originating in Колумбия и Перу, with over half of the US-bound cocaine passing through Ecuadorian Pacific waters; importer of precursor химическая промышленность used in production of illicit narcotics; attractive location for cash-placement by drug traffickers laundering money because of dollarization и weak anti-money-laundering regime; increased activity on the northern frontier by trafficking groups и Colombian insurgents
Египет transit point for cannabis, heroin, и opium moving to Europe, Израиль, и Северный Africa; transit stop for Nigerian drug couriers; concern as money laundering site due to lax enforcement of financial regulations
Сальвадор transshipment point for cocaine; small amounts of marijuana produced for local consumption; significant use of cocaine
Эстония growing producer of synthetic drugs; increasingly important transshipment zone for cannabis, cocaine, opiates, и synthetic drugs since joining the Европейское сообщество и the Schengen Accord; potential money laundering related to organized crime и drug trafficking is a concern, as is possible use of the gambling sector to launder funds; major use of opiates и ecstasy
Эфиопия transit hub for heroin originating in Southwest и Southeast Азия и destined for Europe, as well as cocaine destined for markets in southern Africa; cultivates qat (khat) for local use и regional export, principally to Джибути и Сомали (legal in all three countries); the lack of a well-developed financial system limits the country's utility as a money laundering center
Франция metropolitan Франция: transshipment point for South American cocaine, Southwest азиаты heroin, и European synthetics
French Guiana: small amount of marijuana grown for local consumption; minor transshipment point to Europe
Martinique: transshipment point for cocaine и marijuana bound for the US и Europe
Грузия limited cultivation of cannabis и opium poppy, mostly for domestic consumption; used as transshipment point for opiates via Central Азия to Western Europe и Россия
Германия source of precursor химическая промышленность for South American cocaine processors; transshipment point for и consumer of Southwest азиаты heroin, Latin American cocaine, и European-produced synthetic drugs; major financial center
Гана illicit producer of cannabis for the international drug trade; major transit hub for Southwest и Southeast азиаты heroin и, to a lesser extent, South American cocaine destined for Europe и the US; widespread crime и money laundering problem, but the lack of a well developed financial infrastructure limits the country's utility as a money laundering center; significant domestic cocaine и cannabis use
Греция a gateway to Europe for traffickers smuggling cannabis и heroin from the Middle East и Southwest Азия to the West и precursor химическая промышленность to the East; some South American cocaine transits или is consumed in Греция; money laundering related to drug trafficking и organized crime
Гренада small-scale cannabis cultivation; lesser transshipment point for marijuana и cocaine to US
Гватемала major transit country for cocaine и heroin; in 2005, cultivated 100 hectares of opium poppy после reemerging as a potential source of opium in 2004; potential production of less than 1 metric ton of pure heroin; marijuana cultivation for mostly domestic consumption; proximity to Мексика makes Гватемала a major staging area for drugs (particularly for cocaine); money laundering is a serious problem; corruption is a major problem
Гвинея-Бисау increasingly important transit country for South American cocaine enroute to Europe; enabling environment for trafficker operations thanks to pervasive corruption; archipelago-like geography around the capital facilitates drug smuggling
Гвиана transshipment point for narcotics from South America - primarily Венесуэлa - to Europe и the US; producer of cannabis; rising money laundering related to drug trafficking и human smuggling
Гаити Caribbean transshipment point for cocaine en route to the US и Europe; substantial bulk cash smuggling activity; Colombian narcotics traffickers favor Гаити for illicit financial transactions; pervasive corruption; significant consumer of cannabis
Гондурас transshipment point for drugs и narcotics; illicit producer of cannabis, cultivated on small plots и used principally for local consumption; corruption is a major problem; some money-laundering activity
Гонконг despite strenuous law enforcement efforts, faces difficult challenges in controlling transit of heroin и methamphetamine to regional и world markets; modern banking system provides conduit for money laundering; rising indigenous use of synthetic drugs, especially among young people
Венгрия transshipment point for Southwest азиаты heroin и cannabis и for South American cocaine destined for Western Europe; limited producer of precursor химическая промышленность, particularly for amphetamine и methamphetamine; efforts to counter money laundering, related to organized crime и drug trafficking, are improving, but remain vulnerable; significant consumer of ecstasy
Индия world's largest producer of licit opium for the pharmaceutical trade, but an undetermined quantity of opium is diverted to illicit international drug markets; transit point for illicit narcotics produced in neighboring countries и throughout Southwest Азия; illicit producer of methaqualone; vulnerable to narcotics money laundering through the hawala system; licit ketamine и precursor production
Индонeзия illicit producer of cannabis largely for domestic use; producer of methamphetamine и ecstasy
Иран despite substantial interdiction efforts и considerable control measures along the border with Афганистан, Иран remains один of the primary transshipment routes for Southwest азиаты heroin to Europe; suffers один of the highest opiate addiction rates in the world, и has an increasing problem with synthetic drugs; lacks anti-money laundering laws; has reached out to neighboring countries to share counter-drug intelligence
Ирландия transshipment point for и consumer of hashish from Северный Africa to the Великобритания и Нидерланды и of European-produced synthetic drugs; increasing consumption of South American cocaine; minor transshipment point for heroin и cocaine destined for Western Europe; despite recent legislation, narcotics-related money laundering - using bureaux de change, trusts, и shell companies involving the offshore financial community - remains a concern
Израиль increasingly concerned about ecstasy, cocaine, и heroin abuse; drugs arrive in country from Ливан и, increasingly, from Иордания; money-laundering center
Италия important gateway for и consumer of Latin American cocaine и Southwest азиаты heroin entering the European market; money laundering by organized crime и from smuggling
Ямайка transshipment point for cocaine from South America to Северная Америка и Europe; illicit cultivation и consumption of cannabis; government has an active manual cannabis eradication program; corruption is a major concern; substantial money-laundering activity; Colombian narcotics traffickers favor Ямайка for illicit financial transactions
Казахстан significant illicit cultivation of cannabis for CIS markets, as well as limited cultivation of opium poppy и ephedra (for the drug ephedrine); limited government eradication of illicit crops; transit point for Southwest азиаты narcotics bound for Россия и the rest of Europe; significant consumer of opiates
Кения widespread harvesting of small plots of marijuana; transit country for South азиаты heroin destined for Europe и Северная Америка; Indian methaqualone also transits on way to Южно-Африканская Республика; significant potential for money-laundering activity given the country's status as a regional financial center; massive corruption, и relatively high levels of narcotics-associated activities
Северная Корея for лет, from the 1970s into the 2000s, citizens of the Democratic Люди's Республика (Северный) Korea (DPRK), many of them diplomatic employees of the government, were apprehended abroad while trafficking in narcotics, including two in Турция in December 2004; police investigations in Тайвань и Япония in recent лет have linked Северный Korea to large illicit shipments of heroin и methamphetamine, including an attempt by the Северный Korean merchant ship Pong Su to deliver 150 kg of heroin to Австралия in April 2003
Киргизия limited illicit cultivation of cannabis и opium poppy for CIS markets; limited government eradication of illicit crops; transit point for Southwest азиаты narcotics bound for Россия и the rest of Europe; major consumer of opiates
Лаоc estimated opium poppy cultivation in 2005 was 5,600 hectares, about a 45% decrease from 2004; estimated potential opium production in 2005 was 28 metric тонны, a significant decrease from 200 metric тонны in 2003; unsubstantiated reports of domestic methamphetamine production; growing domestic methamphetamine problem
Латвия transshipment и destination point for cocaine, synthetic drugs, opiates, и cannabis from Southwest Азия, Western Europe, Latin America, и neighboring Balkan countries; despite improved legislation, vulnerable to money laundering due to nascent enforcement capabilities и comparatively weak regulation of offshore companies и the gaming industry; CIS organized crime (including counterfeiting, corruption, extortion, stolen cars, и prostitution) accounts for most laundered proceeds
Ливан cannabis cultivation dramatically reduced to 2,500 hectares in 2002 despite continued significant cannabis consumption; opium poppy cultivation minimal; small amounts of Latin American cocaine и Southwest азиаты heroin transit country on way to European markets и for Middle Eastern consumption; money laundering of drug proceeds fuels concern that extremists are benefiting from drug trafficking
Либерия transshipment point for Southeast и Southwest азиаты heroin и South American cocaine for the European и US markets; corruption, criminal activity, arms-dealing, и diamond trade provide significant potential for money laundering, but the lack of well-developed financial system limits the country's utility as a major money-laundering center
Лихтенштейн has strengthened money laundering controls, but money laundering remains a concern due to Лихтенштейн 's sophisticated offshore financial services sector
Литва transshipment и destination point for cannabis, cocaine, ecstasy, и opiates from Southwest Азия, Latin America, Western Europe, и neighboring Baltic countries; growing production of high-quality amphetamines, but limited production of cannabis, methamphetamines; susceptible to money laundering despite changes to banking legislation
Macau transshipment point for drugs going into mainland Китай; consumer of opiates и amphetamines
Македония major transshipment point for Southwest азиаты heroin и hashish; minor transit point for South American cocaine destined for Europe; although not a financial center и most criminal activity is thought to be domestic, money laundering is a problem due to a mostly cash-based economy и weak enforcement
Мадагаскар illicit producer of cannabis (cultivated и wild varieties) used mostly for domestic consumption; transshipment point for heroin
Малазия drug trafficking prosecuted vigorously и carries severe penalties; heroin still primary drug of abuse, but synthetic drug demand remains strong; continued ecstasy и methamphetamine producer for domestic users и, to a lesser extent, the regional drug market
Мальта minor transshipment point for hashish from Северный Africa to Western Europe
Маврикий consumer и transshipment point for heroin from South Азия; small amounts of cannabis produced и consumed locally; significant offshore financial industry creates potential for money laundering, but corruption levels are relatively low и the government appears generally to be committed to regulating its banking industry
Мексика major drug-producing nation; cultivation of opium poppy in 2005 amounted to 3,300 hectares yielding a potential production of 8 metric тонны of pure heroin, или 17 metric тонны of "черные tar" heroin, the dominant form of Mexican heroin in the western США; marijuana cultivation decreased 3% to 5,600 hectares in 2005 - just two лет после a decade-high cultivation peak in 2003 - и yielded a potential production of 10,100 metric тонны; government conducts the largest independent illicit-crop eradication program in the world; continues as the primary transshipment country for US-bound cocaine from South America, with an estimated 90% of annual cocaine movements towards the US stopping in Мексика; major drug syndicates control majority of drug trafficking throughout the country; producer и distributor of ecstasy; significant money-laundering center; major supplier of heroin и largest foreign supplier of marijuana и methamphetamine to the US market
Микронезия major consumer of cannabis
Молдавия limited cultivation of opium poppy и cannabis, mostly for CIS consumption; transshipment point for illicit drugs from Southwest Азия via Central Азия to Россия, Western Europe, и possibly the US; widespread crime и underground economic activity
Монтсеррат: заморская территория Великобритании transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US и Europe
Мороккo один of the world's largest producers of illicit hashish; shipments of hashish mostly directed to Western Europe; transit point for cocaine from South America destined for Western Europe; significant consumer of cannabis
Мозамбик southern African transit point for South азиаты hashish и heroin, и South American cocaine probably destined for the European и South African markets; producer of cannabis (for local consumption) и methaqualone (for export to Южно-Африканская Республика); corruption и poor regulatory capability makes the banking system vulnerable to money laundering, but the lack of a well-developed financial infrastructure limits the country's utility as a money-laundering center
Непал illicit producer of cannabis и hashish for the domestic и international drug markets; transit point for opiates from Southeast Азия to the West
Нидерланды major European producer of synthetic drugs, including ecstasy, и cannabis cultivator; important gateway for cocaine, heroin, и hashish entering Europe; major source of US-bound ecstasy; large financial sector vulnerable to money laundering; significant consumer of ecstasy
Нидерландские Антильские о-ва transshipment point for South American drugs bound for the US и Europe; money-laundering center
Новая Зеландия significant consumer of amphetamines
Никарагуа transshipment point for cocaine destined for the US и transshipment point for arms-for-drugs dealing
Нигерия a transit point for heroin и cocaine intended for European, East азиаты, и Северный American markets; consumer of amphetamines; safe haven for Nigerian narcotraffickers operating worldwide; major money-laundering center; massive corruption и criminal activity; Нигерия has improved some anti-money-laundering controls, resulting in its removal from the Financial Action Task Force's (FATF's) Noncooperative Countries и Territories List in June 2006; Нигерия's anti-money-laundering regime continues to be monitored by FATF
Пакистан significant transit area for Afghan drugs, including heroin, opium, morphine, и hashish, bound for Иран, Western markets, the Gulf States, Africa, и Азия; financial crimes related to drug trafficking, terrorism, corruption, и smuggling remain problems; opium poppy cultivation estimated to be 2,300 hectares in 2007 with 600 of those hectares eradicated; federal и provincial authorities continue to conduct anti-poppy campaigns that utilizes forced eradication, fines, и arrests
Панама major cocaine transshipment point и primary money-laundering center for narcotics revenue; money-laundering activity is especially heavy in the Colon Free Zone; offshore financial center; negligible signs of coca cultivation; monitoring of financial transactions is improving; official corruption remains a major problem
Папуа — Новая Гвинея major consumer of cannabis
Парагвай major illicit producer of cannabis, most или all of which is consumed in Бразилия, Аргентина, и Чили; transshipment country for Andean cocaine headed for Бразилия, other Southern Cone markets, и Europe; weak border controls, extensive corruption и money-laundering activity, especially in the Tri-Border Area; weak anti-money-laundering laws и enforcement
Перу until 1996 the world's largest coca leaf producer, Перу is now the world's second largest producer of coca leaf, though it lags far behind Колумбия; cultivation of coca in Перу rose to 37,000 hectares in 2006; second largest producer of cocaine, estimated at 245 metric тонны potential pure cocaine in 2006; finished cocaine is shipped out from Pacific ports to the international drug market; increasing amounts of base и finished cocaine, however, are being moved to Бразилия, Чили, Аргентина, и Боливия for use in the Southern Cone или transshipment to Europe и Africa; increasing domestic drug consumption
Филиппины domestic methamphetamine production has been a growing problem in recent лет despite government crackdowns; major consumer of amphetamines; longstanding marijuana producer mainly in rural areas where Manila's control is limited
Польша despite diligent counternarcotics measures и international information sharing on cross-border crimes, a major illicit producer of synthetic drugs for the international market; minor transshipment point for Southwest азиаты heroin и Latin American cocaine to Western Europe
Португалия seizing record amounts of Latin American cocaine destined for Europe; a European gateway for Southwest азиаты heroin; transshipment point for hashish from Северный Africa to Europe; consumer of Southwest азиаты heroin
Румыния major transshipment point for Southwest азиаты heroin transiting the Balkan route и small amounts of Latin American cocaine bound for Western Europe; although not a significant financial center, role as a narcotics conduit leaves it vulnerable to laundering, which occurs via the banking system, currency exchange houses, и casinos
Россия limited cultivation of illicit cannabis и opium poppy и producer of methamphetamine, mostly for domestic consumption; government has active illicit crop eradication program; used as transshipment point for азиаты opiates, cannabis, и Latin American cocaine bound for growing domestic markets, to a lesser extent Western и Центральная Европа, и occasionally to the US; major source of heroin precursor химическая промышленность; corruption и organized crime are key concerns; major consumer of opiates
Сент-Китс и Невис transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US и Europe; some money-laundering activity
Сент-Люсия transit point for South American drugs destined for the US и Europe
Сент-Винсент и Гренадины transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US и Europe; small-scale cannabis cultivation
Саудовская Аравия death penalty for traffickers; improving anti-money-laundering legislation и enforcement
Сенегал transshipment point for Southwest и Southeast азиаты heroin и South American cocaine moving to Europe и Северная Америка; illicit cultivator of cannabis
Сербия transshipment point for Southwest азиаты heroin moving to Western Europe on the Balkan route; economy vulnerable to money laundering
Сингапур drug abuse limited because of aggressive law enforcement efforts; as a транспорт и financial services hub, Сингапур is vulnerable, despite strict laws и enforcement, as a venue for money laundering
Словакия transshipment point for Southwest азиаты heroin bound for Western Europe; producer of synthetic drugs for regional market; consumer of ecstasy
Словения minor transit point for cocaine и Southwest азиаты heroin bound for Western Europe, и for precursor химическая промышленность
Южно-Африканская Республика transshipment center for heroin, hashish, и cocaine, as well as a major cultivator of marijuana in its own right; cocaine и heroin consumption on the rise; world's largest market for illicit methaqualone, usually imported illegally from Индия through various восток African countries, but increasingly producing its own synthetic drugs for domestic consumption; attractive venue for money launderers given the increasing level of organized criminal и narcotics activity in the region и the size of the South African economy
Испания despite rigorous law enforcement efforts, Северный African, Latin American, Galician, и other European traffickers take advantage Испании's long coastline to land large shipments of cocaine и hashish for distribution to the European market; consumer for Latin American cocaine и Северный African hashish; destination и minor transshipment point for Southwest азиаты heroin; money-laundering site for Colombian narcotics trafficking organizations и organized crime
Суринам growing transshipment point for South American drugs destined for Europe via the Нидерланды и Бразилия; transshipment point for arms-for-drugs dealing
Швейцария a major international financial center vulnerable to the layering и integration stages of money laundering; despite significant legislation и reporting requirements, secrecy rules persist и nonresidents are permitted to conduct business through offshore entities и various intermediaries; transit country for и consumer of South American cocaine, Southwest азиаты heroin, и Western European synthetics; domestic cannabis cultivation и limited ecstasy production
Сирия a transit point for opiates, hashish, и cocaine bound for regional и Western markets; weak anti-money-laundering controls и bank privatization may leave it vulnerable to money laundering
Тайвань regional transit point for heroin, methamphetamine, и precursor химическая промышленность; transshipment point for drugs to Япония; major problem with domestic consumption of methamphetamine и heroin; rising problems with use of ketamine и club drugs
Таджикистан major transit country for Afghan narcotics bound for Russian и, to a lesser extent, Western European markets; limited illicit cultivation of opium poppy for domestic consumption; Таджикистан seizes roughly 80% of all drugs captured in Central Азия и stands third worldwide in seizures of opiates (heroin и raw opium); significant consumer of opiates
Танзания growing role in transshipment of Southwest и Southeast азиаты heroin и South American cocaine destined for South African, European, и US markets и of South азиаты methaqualone bound for southern Africa; money laundering remains a problem
Таиланд a minor producer of opium, heroin, и marijuana; transit point for illicit heroin en route to the international drug market from Мьянма и Лаоc; eradication efforts have reduced the area of cannabis cultivation и shifted some production to neighboring countries; opium poppy cultivation has been reduced by eradication efforts; also a drug money-laundering center; minor role in methamphetamine production for regional consumption; major consumer of methamphetamine since the 1990s despite a series of government crackdowns
Восточный Тимор нет
Того transit hub for Nigerian heroin и cocaine traffickers; money laundering not a significant problem
Тринидад и Тобаго transshipment point for South American drugs destined for the US и Europe; producer of cannabis
Турция key transit route for Southwest азиаты heroin to Western Europe и, to a lesser extent, the US - via air, land, и sea routes; major Turkish и other international trafficking organizations operate out of Istanbul; laboratories to convert imported morphine base into heroin exist in remote regions Турции и near Istanbul; government maintains strict controls over areas of legal opium poppy cultivation и over output of poppy straw concentrate; lax enforcement of money-laundering controls
Туркменистан transit country for Afghan narcotics bound for Russian и Western European markets; transit point for heroin precursor химическая промышленность bound for Афганистан
Тёркс и Кайкос transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US и Europe
Украина limited cultivation of cannabis и opium poppy, mostly for CIS consumption; some synthetic drug production for export to the West; limited government eradication program; used as transshipment point for opiates и other illicit drugs from Africa, Latin America, и Турция to Europe и Россия; Украина has improved anti-money-laundering controls, resulting in its removal from the Financial Action Task Force's (FATF's) Noncooperative Countries и Territories List in February 2004; Украина's anti-money-laundering regime continues to be monitored by FATF
Объединенные Арабские Эмираты the UAE is a drug transshipment point for traffickers given its proximity to Southwest азиаты drug-producing countries; the UAE's position as a major financial center makes it vulnerable to money laundering; anti-money-laundering controls improving, but informal banking remains unregulated
Великобритания producer of limited amounts of synthetic drugs и synthetic precursor химическая промышленность; major consumer of Southwest азиаты heroin, Latin American cocaine, и synthetic drugs; money-laundering center
США world's largest consumer of cocaine (shipped from Колумбия through Мексика и the Caribbean), Colombian heroin, и Mexican heroin и marijuana; major consumer of ecstasy и Mexican methamphetamine; minor consumer of high-quality Southeast азиаты heroin; illicit producer of cannabis, marijuana, depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens, и methamphetamine; money-laundering center
Уругвай small-scale transit country for drugs mainly bound for Europe, often through sea-borne containers; law enforcement corruption; money laundering because of strict banking secrecy laws; weak border control along Brazilian frontier; increasing consumption of cocaine base и synthetic drugs
Узбекистан transit country for Afghan narcotics bound for Russian и, to a lesser extent, Western European markets; limited illicit cultivation of cannabis и small amounts of opium poppy for domestic consumption; poppy cultivation almost wiped out by government crop eradication program; transit point for heroin precursor химическая промышленность bound for Афганистан
Венесуэлa small-scale illicit producer of opium и coca for the processing of opiates и coca derivatives; however, large quantities of cocaine, heroin, и marijuana transit the country from Колумбия bound for US и Europe; significant narcotics-related money-laundering activity, especially along the border with Колумбия и on Margarita Island; active eradication program primarily targeting opium; increasing signs of drug-related activities by Colombian insurgents on border
Вьетнам minor producer of opium poppy; probable minor transit point for Southeast азиаты heroin; government continues to face domestic opium/heroin/methamphetamine addiction problems despite longstanding crackdowns
Мир cocaine: worldwide coca leaf cultivation in 2005 amounted to 208,500 hectares; Колумбия produced slightly more than two-thirds of the worldwide crop, followed by Перу и Боливия; potential pure cocaine production rose to 900 from 645 metric тонны in 2005 - partially due to improved methodologies used to calculate levels of production; Колумбия conducts aggressive coca eradication campaign, but both Peruvian и Bolivian Governments are hesitant to eradicate coca in key growing areas; 551 metric тонны of export-quality cocaine (85% pure) is documented to have been seized или destroyed in 2005; US consumption of export quality cocaine is estimated to have been in excess of 380 metric тонны
opiates: worldwide illicit opium poppy cultivation reached 208,500 hectares in 2005; potential opium production of 4,990 metric тонны was only a 9% decrease over 2004's highest total recorded since estimates began in mid-1980s; Афганистан is world's primary opium producer, accounting for 90% of the global supply; Southeast Азия - responsible for 9% of global opium - saw marginal increases in production; Latin America produced 1% of global opium, but most was refined into heroin destined for the US market; if all potential opium was processed into pure heroin, the potential global production would be 577 metric тонны of heroin in 2005
Замбия transshipment point for moderate amounts of methaqualone, small amounts of heroin, и cocaine bound for southern Africa и possibly Europe; a poorly developed financial infrastructure coupled with a government commitment to combating money laundering make it an unattractive venue for money launderers; major consumer of cannabis
Зимбабве transit point for cannabis и South азиаты heroin, mandrax, и methamphetamines en route to Южно-Африканская Республика

Последние изменения на эту страницу были внесены 4 сентября 2008 года.


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