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  Список стран- Independence


Страна
Independence
Афганистан 19 August 1919 (from Великобритания control over Afghan foreign affairs)
Албания 28 November 1912 (from the Ottoman Empire)
Алжир 5 July 1962 (from Франция)
Американское Самоа none (территория США)
Андорра 1278 (formed under the joint suzerainty of the French Count of Foix и the испанский Bishop of Urgel)
Ангола 11 November 1975 (from Португалия)
Ангилья none (overseas territory of the Великобритания)
Антигуа и Барбуда 1 November 1981 (from Великобритания)
Аргентина 9 July 1816 (from Испания)
Армения 21 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Аруба none (part of the Kingdom of the Нидерланды)
Австралия 1 January 1901 (федерация of Великобритания colonies)
Австрия 976 (Margravate Австрии established); 17 September 1156 (Duchy Австрии founded); 11 August 1804 (Austrian Empire proclaimed); 12 November 1918 (republic proclaimed)
Азербайджан 30 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Багамские Острова, The 10 July 1973 (from Великобритания)
Бахрейн 15 August 1971 (from Великобритания)
Бангладеш 16 December 1971 (from West Пакистан); note - 26 March 1971 is the date of independence from West Пакистан, 16 December 1971 is known as Victory Day и commemorates the official creation of the state Бангладеша
Барбадос 30 November 1966 (from Великобритания)
Беларусь 25 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Бельгия 4 October 1830 (a provisional government declared independence from the Нидерланды); 21 July 1831 (King LEOPOLD I ascended to the throne)
Белиз 21 September 1981 (from Великобритания)
Бенин 1 August 1960 (from Франция)
Бермуды none (overseas territory of the Великобритания)
Бутан 1907 (became a unified kingdom under its first hereditary king)
Боливия 6 August 1825 (from Испания)
Босния и Герцеговина 1 March 1992 (from Yugoslavia; referendum for independence completed 1 March 1992; independence declared 3 March 1992)
Ботсвана 30 September 1966 (from Великобритания)
Бразилия 7 September 1822 (from Португалия)
Британские Виргинские острова none (overseas territory of the Великобритания)
Бруней 1 January 1984 (from Великобритания)
Болгария 3 March 1878 (as an autonomous principality within the Ottoman Empire); 22 September 1908 (complete independence from the Ottoman Empire)
Буркина Фасо 5 August 1960 (from Франция)
Мьянма 4 January 1948 (from Великобритания)
Бурунди 1 July 1962 (from UN trusteeship under Belgian administration)
Камбоджа 9 November 1953 (from Франция)
Камерун 1 January 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship)
Канада 1 July 1867 (union of British Северный American colonies); 11 December 1931 (recognized by Великобритания)
Кабо-Верде 5 July 1975 (from Португалия)
Каймановы Острoва none (overseas territory of the Великобритания)
Центральноафриканская Республика 13 August 1960 (from Франция)
Чад 11 August 1960 (from Франция)
Чили 18 September 1810 (from Испания)
Китай 221 BC (unification under the Qin или Ch'in Dynasty); 1 January 1912 (Manchu Dynasty replaced by a Republic); 1 October 1949 (Люди's Republic established)
Рождества Остров none (territory Австралии)
Кокосовые Острова none (territory Австралии)
Колумбия 20 July 1810 (from Испания)
Коморские Острова 6 July 1975 (from Франция)
Congo, Democratic Республика the 30 June 1960 (from Бельгия)
Congo, Республика the 15 August 1960 (from Франция)
Острова Кука none (became self-governing in free association with Новая Зеландия on 4 August 1965 и has the right at any time to move to full independence by unilateral action)
Коста-Рика 15 September 1821 (from Испания)
Кот-д’Ивуар 7 August 1960 (from Франция)
Хорватия 25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia)
Куба 20 May 1902 (from Испания 10 December 1898; administered by the US from 1898 to 1902); not acknowledged by the Cuban Правление as a day of independence
Кипр 16 August 1960 (from Великобритания); note - Turkish Cypriots proclaimed self-rule on 13 February 1975 и independence in 1983, but these proclamations are only recognized by Турция
Чешская республика 1 January 1993 (Czechoslovakia split into the Чешская республика и Словакия)
Дания first organized as a unified state in 10th century; in 1849 became a constitutional monarchy
Джибути 27 June 1977 (from Франция)
Доминика 3 November 1978 (from Великобритания)
Доминиканская республика 27 February 1844 (from Гаити)
Эквадор 24 May 1822 (from Испания)
Египет 28 February 1922 (from Великобритания)
Сальвадор 15 September 1821 (from Испания)
Экваториальная Гвинея 12 October 1968 (from Испания)
Эритрея 24 May 1993 (from Эфиопия)
Эстония 20 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Эфиопия oldest independent country in Africa и один of the oldest in the world - at least 2,000 лет
Европейское сообщество 7 February 1992 (Maastricht Treaty signed establishing the EU); 1 November 1993 (Maastricht Treaty entered into force)
Фолклендские ( Мальвинские) осторова none (overseas territory of the Великобритания; also claimed by Аргентина)
Фарерские Острова none (part of the Kingdom Дании; self-governing overseas administrative division Дании)
Фиджи 10 October 1970 (from Великобритания)
Финляндия 6 December 1917 (from Россия)
Франция 486 (Frankish tribes unified); 843 (Western Francia established from the division of the Carolingian Empire)
Французская Полинезия none (overseas lands Франции)
Габон 17 August 1960 (from Франция)
Гамбия 18 February 1965 (from Великобритания)
Грузия 9 April 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Германия 18 January 1871 (German Empire unification); divided into four zones of occupation (Великобритания, US, USSR, и later, Франция) in 1945 following Мир War II; Federal Республика Германия (FRG или West Германия) proclaimed 23 May 1949 и included the former Великобритания, US, и French zones; German Democratic Republic (GDR или East Германия) proclaimed 7 October 1949 и included the former USSR zone; unification of West Германия и East Германия took place 3 October 1990; all four powers formally relinquished rights 15 March 1991
Гана 6 March 1957 (from Великобритания)
Гибралтар: заморская территория Великобритании none (overseas territory of the Великобритания)
Греция 1829 (from the Ottoman Empire)
Гренландия none (extensive self-rule as part of the Kingdom Дании; foreign affairs is the responsibility Дании, but Гренландия actively participates in international agreements relating to Гренландия)
Гренада 7 February 1974 (from Великобритания)
Гуам none (территория США)
Гватемала 15 September 1821 (from Испания)
Гернси: коронная земля Великобритании none (British crown dependency)
Гвинея 2 October 1958 (from Франция)
Гвинея-Бисау 24 September 1973 (declared); 10 September 1974 (from Португалия)
Гвиана 26 May 1966 (from Великобритания)
Гаити 1 January 1804 (from Франция)
Ватикан 11 February 1929 (from Италия); note - the three treaties signed with Италия on 11 February 1929 acknowledged, among other things, the full sovereignty of the Vatican и established its territorial extent; however, the origin of the Papal States, which over the лет have varied considerably in extent, may be traced back to the 8th century
Гондурас 15 September 1821 (from Испания)
Гонконг none (special administrative region Китая)
Венгрия 25 December 1000 (crowning of King STEPHEN I, traditional founding date)
Исландия 1 December 1918 (became a sovereign state under the Danish Crown); 17 June 1944 (from Дания)
Индия 15 August 1947 (from Великобритания)
Индонeзия 17 August 1945 (declared)
примечание: recognized by the Нидерланды on 27 December 1949; in August 2005, the Нидерланды announced it recognized de facto Indonesian independence on 17 August 1945
Иран 1 April 1979 (Islamic Республика Иран proclaimed)
Ирак 3 October 1932 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration); note - on 28 June 2004 the Coalition Provisional Authority transferred sovereignty to the Iraqi-controlled Правление
Ирландия 6 December 1921 (from Великобритания by treaty)
Остров Мэн none (British crown dependency)
Израиль 14 May 1948 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)
Италия 17 March 1861 (Kingdom Италии proclaimed; Италия was not finally unified until 1870)
Ямайка 6 August 1962 (from Великобритания)
Япония 660 B.C. (traditional founding by Emperor JIMMU)
Джерси: коронная земля Великобритании none (British crown dependency)
Иордания 25 May 1946 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)
Казахстан 16 December 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Кения 12 December 1963 (from Великобритания)
Кирибати 12 July 1979 (from Великобритания)
Северная Корея 15 August 1945 (from Япония)
Южная Корея 15 August 1945 (from Япония)
Косовo 17 February 2008 (from Сербия)
Кювейт 19 June 1961 (from Великобритания)
Киргизия 31 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Лаоc 19 July 1949 (from Франция)
Латвия 18 November 1918 (from Soviet Россия)
Ливан 22 November 1943 (from League of Nations mandate under French administration)
Лесото 4 October 1966 (from Великобритания)
Либерия 26 July 1847
Либия 24 December 1951 (from UN trusteeship)
Лихтенштейн 23 January 1719 (Principality Лихтенштейна established); 12 July 1806 (independence from the Holy Roman Empire)
Литва 11 March 1990 (declared); 6 September 1991 (recognized by Soviet Union)
Люксембург 1839 (from the Нидерланды)
Macau none (special administrative region Китая)
Македония 8 September 1991 (referendum by registered voters endorsed independence from Yugoslavia)
Мадагаскар 26 June 1960 (from Франция)
Малави 6 July 1964 (from Великобритания)
Малазия 31 August 1957 (from Великобритания)
Мальдивы 26 July 1965 (from Великобритания)
Мали 22 September 1960 (from Франция)
Мальта 21 September 1964 (from Великобритания)
Маршалловы Острова 21 October 1986 (from the US-administered UN trusteeship)
Мавритания 28 November 1960 (from Франция)
Маврикий 12 March 1968 (from Великобритания)
Майотта: заморская территория Франции none (territorial overseas collectivity Франции)
Мексика 16 September 1810 (declared); 27 September 1821 (recognized by Испания)
Микронезия 3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN trusteeship)
Молдавия 27 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Монако 1419 (beginning of rule by the House of Grimaldi)
Монголия 11 July 1921 (from Китай)
Монтенегро 3 June 2006 (from Сербия и Монтенегро)
Монтсеррат: заморская территория Великобритании none (overseas territory of the Великобритания)
Мороккo 2 March 1956 (from Франция)
Мозамбик 25 June 1975 (from Португалия)
Намибия 21 March 1990 (from South African mandate)
Науру 31 January 1968 (from the Австралия-, NZ-, и Великобритания-administered UN trusteeship)
Непал 1768 (unified by Prithvi Narayan SHAH)
Нидерланды 23 January 1579 (the northern provinces of the Low Countries conclude the Union of Utrecht breaking with Испания; on 26 July 1581 they formally declared their independence with an Act of Abjuration; however, it was not until 30 January 1648 и the Peace of Westphalia that Испания recognized this independence)
Нидерландские Антильские о-ва none (part of the Kingdom of the Нидерланды)
Новая Каледония: заморская территория Франции none (overseas territory Франции); note - a referendum on independence was held in 1998 but did not pass; a new referendum is scheduled for 2014
Новая Зеландия 26 September 1907 (from Великобритания)
Никарагуа 15 September 1821 (from Испания)
Нигер 3 August 1960 (from Франция)
Нигерия 1 October 1960 (from Великобритания)
Ниуэ on 19 October 1974, Ниуэ became a self-governing parliamentary government in free association with Новая Зеландия
Норфолк none (territory Австралии)
Северные Марианские острова none (commonwealth in political union with the US)
Норвегия 7 June 1905 (Норвегия declared the union with Швеция dissolved); 26 October 1905 (Швеция agreed to the repeal of the union)
Оман 1650 (expulsion of the Portuguese)
Пакистан 14 August 1947 (from British Индия)
Палау 1 October 1994 (from the US-administered UN trusteeship)
Панама 3 November 1903 (from Колумбия; became independent from Испания 28 November 1821)
Папуа — Новая Гвинея 16 September 1975 (from the Australian-administered UN trusteeship)
Парагвай 14 May 1811 (from Испания)
Перу 28 July 1821 (from Испания)
Филиппины 12 June 1898 (independence proclaimed from Испания); 4 July 1946 (from the US)
Питкэрн: заморская территория Великобритании none (overseas territory of the Великобритания)
Польша 11 November 1918 (republic proclaimed)
Португалия 1143 (Kingdom Португалии recognized); 5 October 1910 (republic proclaimed)
Пуэрто-Рико none (territory of the US with commonwealth status)
Катар 3 September 1971 (from Великобритания)
Румыния 9 May 1877 (independence proclaimed from the Ottoman Empire; independence recognized 13 July 1878 by the Treaty of Berlin); 26 March 1881 (kingdom proclaimed); 30 December 1947 (republic proclaimed)
Россия 24 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Руанда 1 July 1962 (from Бельгия-administered UN trusteeship)
Сен-Бартельми none (overseas collectivity Франции)
Святой Елены остров none (overseas territory of the Великобритания)
Сент-Китс и Невис 19 September 1983 (from Великобритания)
Сент-Люсия 22 February 1979 (from Великобритания)
Saint Martin none (overseas collectivity Франции)
Сен-Пьер и Микелон: заморская территория Франции none (territorial collectivity Франции; has been under French control since 1763)
Сент-Винсент и Гренадины 27 October 1979 (from Великобритания)
Самоа 1 January 1962 (from Новая Зеландия-administered UN trusteeship)
Сан-Маринo 3 September AD 301
Сан-Томе и Принсипи 12 July 1975 (from Португалия)
Саудовская Аравия 23 September 1932 (unification of the kingdom)
Сенегал 4 April 1960 (from Франция); note - complete independence achieved upon dissolution of федерация with Мали on 20 August 1960
Сербия 5 June 2006 (from Сербия и Монтенегро)
Сейшельские Острова 29 June 1976 (from Великобритания)
Сьерра-Леоне 27 April 1961 (from Великобритания)
Сингапур 9 August 1965 (from Malaysian Federation)
Словакия 1 January 1993 (Czechoslovakia split into the Чешская республика и Словакия)
Словения 25 June 1991 (from Yugoslavia)
Соломоновы Острова 7 July 1978 (from Великобритания)
Сомали 1 July 1960 (from a merger of British Somaliland, which became independent from the Великобритания on 26 June 1960, и Italian Somaliland, which became independent from the Italian-administered UN trusteeship on 1 July 1960, to form the Somali Republic)
Южно-Африканская Республика 31 May 1910 (Union Южно-Африканской Республики formed from four British colonies: Cape Colony, Natal, Transvaal, и Orange Free State); 31 May 1961 (republic declared) 27 April 1994 (majority rule)
Испания the Iberian peninsula was characterized by a variety of independent kingdoms prior to the мусульмане occupation that began in the early 8th century A.D. и lasted nearly seven centuries; the small Christian redoubts of the север began the reconquest almost immediately, culminating in the seizure of Granada in 1492; this event completed the unification of several kingdoms и is traditionally considered the forging of present-day Испания
Шри-Ланка 4 February 1948 (from Великобритания)
Судан 1 January 1956 (from Египет и Великобритания)
Суринам 25 November 1975 (from the Нидерланды)
Свальбард none (territory Норвегии)
Свазиленд 6 September 1968 (from Великобритания)
Швеция 6 June 1523 (Gustav VASA elected king)
Швейцария 1 August 1291 (founding of the Swiss Confederation)
Сирия 17 April 1946 (from League of Nations mandate under French administration)
Таджикистан 9 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Танзания 26 April 1964; Tanganyika became independent 9 December 1961 (from Великобритания-administered UN trusteeship); Zanzibar became independent 19 December 1963 (from Великобритания); Tanganyika united with Zanzibar 26 April 1964 to form the United Республика Tanganyika и Zanzibar; renamed United Республика Танзания 29 October 1964
Таиланд 1238 (traditional founding date; never colonized)
Восточный Тимор 28 November 1975 (independence proclaimed from Португалия); note - 20 May 2002 is the official date of international recognition Восточного Тимора's independence from Индонeзия
Того 27 April 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship)
Токелау none (territory Новой Зеландии)
Тонга 4 June 1970 (from Великобритания protectorate)
Тринидад и Тобаго 31 August 1962 (from Великобритания)
Тунис 20 March 1956 (from Франция)
Турция 29 October 1923 (successor state to the Ottoman Empire)
Туркменистан 27 October 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Тёркс и Кайкос none (overseas territory of the Великобритания)
Тувалу 1 October 1978 (from Великобритания)
Угадна 9 October 1962 (from Великобритания)
Украина 24 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Объединенные Арабские Эмираты 2 December 1971 (from Великобритания)
Великобритания England has existed as a unified entity since the 10th century; the union between England и Wales, begun in 1284 with the Statute of Rhuddlan, was not formalized until 1536 with an Act of Union; in another Act of Union in 1707, England и Scotland agreed to permanently join as Great Britain; the legislative union of Great Britain и Ирландия was implemented in 1801, with the adoption of the name the Великобритания of Great Britain и Ирландия; the Anglo-Irish treaty of 1921 formalized a partition Ирландии; six northern Irish counties remained part of the Великобритания as Northern Ирландия и the current name of the country, the Великобритания of Great Britain и Northern Ирландия, was adopted in 1927
США 4 July 1776 (от Великобритании)
Уругвай 25 August 1825 (from Бразилия)
Узбекистан 1 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)
Вануату 30 July 1980 (from Франция и Великобритания)
Венесуэлa 5 July 1811 (from Испания)
Вьетнам 2 September 1945 (from Франция)
Виргинские Острова (Британские) none (территория США)
Уоллис и Футуна none (overseas territory Франции)
Емен 22 May 1990 (Республика Емен was established with the merger of the Емен Arab Republic [Емен (Sanaa) или Северный Емен] и the Marxist-dominated Люди's Democratic Республика Емен [Емен (Aden) или South Емен]); note - previously Северный Емен became independent in November 1918 (from the Ottoman Empire) и became a republic with the overthrow of the theocratic Imamate in 1962; South Емен became independent on 30 November 1967 (from the Великобритания)
Замбия 24 October 1964 (from Великобритания)
Зимбабве 18 April 1980 (from Великобритания)

Последние изменения на эту страницу были внесены 4 сентября 2008 года.


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