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  Список стран- Языки


Страна
Языки (%)
Афганистан Afghan Persian или Dari (official) 50%, Pashto (official) 35%, Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek и Turkmen) 11%, 30 minor languages (primarily Balochi и Pashai) 4%, much bilingualism
Akrotiri английский, Greek
Албания Albanian (official - derived from Tosk dialect), Greek, Vlach, Romani, Slavic dialects
Алжир Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects
Американское Самоа Samoan 90.6% (closely related to Hawaiian и other Polynesian languages), английский 2.9%, Tongan 2.4%, other Pacific islander 2.1%, other 2%
примечание: most people are bilingual (2000 census)
Андорра Catalan (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese
Ангола Portuguese (official), Bantu и other African languages
Ангилья английский (official)
Антигуа и Барбуда английский (official), local dialects
Аргентина испанский (official), Italian, английский, German, French
Армения Armenian 97.7%, Yezidi 1%, Russian 0.9%, other 0.4% (2001 census)
Аруба Papiamento (a испанский-Portuguese-Dutch-английский dialect) 66.3%, испанский 12.6%, английский (widely spoken) 7.7%, Dutch (official) 5.8%, other 2.2%, unspecified или unknown 5.3% (2000 census)
Австралия английский 79.1%, Chinese 2.1%, Italian 1.9%, other 11.1%, unspecified 5.8% (2001 Census)
Австрия German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (включая Slovene, official in Carinthia, и Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3% (2001 census)
Азербайджан Azerbaijani (Azeri) 90.3%, Lezgi 2.2%, Russian 1.8%, Armenian 1.5%, other 3.3%, unspecified 1% (1999 census)
Багамские Острова, The английский (official), Creole (among Haitian immigrants)
Бахрейн Arabic, английский, Farsi, Urdu
Бангладеш Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), английский
Барбадос английский
Беларусь Belarusian, Russian, other
Бельгия Dutch (official) 60%, French (official) 40%, German (official) less than 1%, legally bilingual (Dutch и French)
Белиз испанский 46%, Creole 32.9%, Mayan dialects 8.9%, английский 3.9% (official), Garifuna 3.4% (Carib), German 3.3%, other 1.4%, unknown 0.2% (2000 census)
Бенин French (official), Fon и Yoruba (most common vernaculars in юг), tribal languages (at least six major ones in север)
Бермуды английский (official), Portuguese
Бутан Dzongkha (official), Bhotes speak various Tibetan dialects, Nepalese speak various Nepalese dialects
Боливия испанский 60.7% (official), Quechua 21.2% (official), Aymara 14.6% (official), foreign languages 2.4%, other 1.2% (2001 census)
Босния и Герцеговина Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
Ботсвана Setswana 78.2%, Kalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, английский 2.1% (official), other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4% (2001 census)
Бразилия Portuguese (official и most widely spoken language); note - less common languages include испанский (border areas и schools), German, Italian, Japanese, английский, и a large number of minor Amerindian languages
Британские Виргинские острова английский (official)
Бруней Malay (official), английский, Chinese
Болгария Bulgarian 84.5%, Turkish 9.6%, Roma 4.1%, other и unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)
Буркина Фасо French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population
Мьянма Burmese, minority ethnic groups have their own languages
Бурунди Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika и in the Bujumbura area)
Камбоджа Khmer (official) 95%, French, английский
Камерун 24 major African language groups, английский (official), French (official)
Канада английский (official) 59.3%, French (official) 23.2%, other 17.5%
Кабо-Верде Portuguese, Crioulo (a blend of Portuguese и West African words)
Каймановы Острoва английский 95%, испанский 3.2%, other 1.8% (1999 census)
Центральноафриканская Республика French (official), Sangho (lingua franca и national language), tribal languages
Чад French (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in юг), more than 120 different languages и dialects
Чили испанский (official), Mapudungun, German, английский
Китай Standard Chinese или Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Этнические группы entry)
Рождества Остров английский (official), Chinese, Malay
Кокосовые Острова Malay (Cocos dialect), английский
Колумбия испанский
Коморские Острова Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (a blend of Swahili и Arabic)
Congo, Democratic Республика the French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili или Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba
Congo, Республика the French (official), Lingala и Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages и dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)
Острова Кука английский (official), Maori
Коста-Рика испанский (official), английский
Кот-д’Ивуар French (official), 60 native dialects with Dioula the most widely spoken
Хорватия Croatian 96.1%, Serbian 1%, other и undesignated 2.9% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, и German) (2001 census)
Куба испанский
Кипр Greek, Turkish, английский
Чешская республика Czech 94.9%, Slovak 2%, other 2.3%, unidentified 0.8% (2001 census)
Дания Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority)
примечание: английский is the predominant second language
Dhekelia английский, Greek
Джибути French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar
Доминика английский (official), French patois
Доминиканская республика испанский
Эквадор испанский (official), Amerindian languages (especially Quechua)
Египет Arabic (official), английский и French widely understood by educated classes
Сальвадор испанский, Nahua (among some Amerindians)
Экваториальная Гвинея испанский 67.6% (official), other 32.4% (включая French (official), Fang, Bubi) (1994 census)
Эритрея Afar, Arabic, Tigre и Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages
Эстония Estonian (official) 67.3%, Russian 29.7%, other 2.3%, unknown 0.7% (2000 census)
Эфиопия Amarigna 32.7%, Oromigna 31.6%, Tigrigna 6.1%, Somaligna 6%, Guaragigna 3.5%, Sidamigna 3.5%, Hadiyigna 1.7%, other 14.8%, английский (major foreign language taught in schools) (1994 census)
Европейское сообщество Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, английский, Estonian, Finnish, French, Gaelic, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, испанский, Swedish
примечание: only official languages are listed; German, the major language Германии, Австрия, и Швейцария, is the most widely spoken mother tongue - over 19% of the EU population; английский is the most widely spoken language - about 49% of the EU population is conversant with it (2007)
Фолклендские ( Мальвинские) осторова английский
Фарерские Острова Faroese (derived from Old Norse), Danish
Фиджи английский (official), Fijian (official), Hindustani
Финляндия Finnish 91.5% (official), Swedish 5.5% (official), other 3% (small Sami- и Russian-speaking minorities) (2006)
Франция French 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects и languages (Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish)
overseas departments: French, Creole patois
Французская Полинезия French 61.1% (official), Polynesian 31.4% (official), азиаты languages 1.2%, other 0.3%, unspecified 6% (2002 census)
Габон French (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi
Гамбия английский (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars
Сектор Газa Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by many Palestinians), английский (widely understood)
Грузия Georgian 71% (official), Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azeri 6%, other 7%
примечание: Abkhaz is the official language in Abkhazia
Германия German
Гана Asante 14.8%, Ewe 12.7%, Fante 9.9%, Boron (Brong) 4.6%, Dagomba 4.3%, Dangme 4.3%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.7%, Akyem 3.4%, Ga 3.4%, Akuapem 2.9%, other 36.1% (включая английский (official)) (2000 census)
Гибралтар: заморская территория Великобритании английский (used in schools и for official purposes), испанский, Italian, Portuguese
Греция Greek 99% (official), other 1% (включая английский и French)
Гренландия Greenlandic (East Inuit), Danish, английский
Гренада английский (official), French patois
Гуам английский 38.3%, Chamorro 22.2%, Philippine languages 22.2%, other Pacific island languages 6.8%, азиаты languages 7%, other languages 3.5% (2000 census)
Гватемала испанский 60%, Amerindian languages 40% (23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, и Xinca)
Гернси: коронная земля Великобритании английский, French, Norman-French dialect spoken in country districts
Гвинея French (official); note - each ethnic group has its own language
Гвинея-Бисау Portuguese (official), Crioulo, African languages
Гвиана английский, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Urdu
Гаити French (official), Creole (official)
Ватикан Italian, Latin, French, various other languages
Гондурас испанский, Amerindian dialects
Гонконг Chinese (Cantonese) 89.2% (official), other Chinese dialects 6.4%, английский 3.2% (official), other 1.2% (2001 census)
Венгрия Hungarian 93.6%, другие или нестандартные 6.4% (2001 census)
Исландия Icelandic, английский, Nordic languages, German widely spoken
Индия Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%
примечание: английский enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, и commercial communication; Hindi is the national language и primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, и Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern Индия but is not an official language (2001 census)
Индонeзия Bahasa Индонeзия (official, modified form of Malay), английский, Dutch, local dialects (the most widely spoken of which is Javanese)
Иран Persian и Persian dialects 58%, Turkic и Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%
Ирак Arabic, Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Turkoman (a Turkish dialect), Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic), Armenian
Ирландия английский (official) is the language generally used, Irish (Gaelic или Gaeilge) (official) spoken mainly in areas located along the western seaboard
Остров Мэн английский, Manx Gaelic
Израиль Hebrew (official), Arabic used officially for Arab minority, английский most commonly used foreign language
Италия Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
Ямайка английский, английский patois
Япония Japanese
Джерси: коронная земля Великобритании английский 94.5% (official), Portuguese 4.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)
Иордания Arabic (official), английский widely understood among upper и middle classes
Казахстан Kazakh (Qazaq, state language) 64.4%, Russian (official, used in everyday business, designated the "language of interethnic communication") 95% (2001 est.)
Кения английский (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages
Кирибати I-Кирибати, английский (official)
Северная Корея Korean
Южная Корея Korean, английский widely taught in junior high и high school
Косовo Albanian (official), Serbian (official), Bosnian, Turkish, Roma
Кювейт Arabic (official), английский widely spoken
Киргизия Kyrgyz 64.7% (official), Uzbek 13.6%, Russian 12.5% (official), Dungun 1%, other 8.2% (1999 census)
Лаоc Lao (official), French, английский, и various ethnic languages
Латвия Latvian (official) 58.2%, Russian 37.5%, Lithuanian и other 4.3% (2000 census)
Ливан Arabic (official), French, английский, Armenian
Лесото Sesotho (southern Sotho), английский (official), Zulu, Xhosa
Либерия английский 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages, of which a few can be written и are used in correspondence
Либия Arabic, Italian, английский, all are widely understood in the major cities
Лихтенштейн German (official), Alemannic dialect
Литва Lithuanian (official) 82%, Russian 8%, Polish 5.6%, other и unspecified 4.4% (2001 census)
Люксембург Luxembourgish (national language), German (administrative language), French (administrative language)
Macau Cantonese 85.7%, Hokkien 4%, Mandarin 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 2.7%, английский 1.5%, Tagalog 1.3%, other 1.6% (2001 census)
Македония Macedonian 66.5%, Albanian 25.1%, Turkish 3.5%, Roma 1.9%, Serbian 1.2%, other 1.8% (2002 census)
Мадагаскар английский (official), French (official), Malagasy (official)
Малави Chichewa 57.2% (official), Chinyanja 12.8%, Chiyao 10.1%, Chitumbuka 9.5%, Chisena 2.7%, Chilomwe 2.4%, Chitonga 1.7%, other 3.6% (1998 census)
Малазия Bahasa Малазия (official), английский, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai
примечание: in East Малазия there are several indigenous languages; most widely spoken are Iban и Kadazan
Мальдивы Maldivian Dhivehi (dialect of Sinhala, script derived from Arabic), английский spoken by most government officials
Мали French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages
Мальта Maltese (official) 90.2%, английский (official) 6%, multilingual 3%, other 0.8% (2005 census)
Маршалловы Острова Marshallese (official) 98.2%, other languages 1.8% (1999 census)
примечание: английский (official), widely spoken as a second language
Мавритания Arabic (official и national), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof (all national languages), French, Hassaniya
Маврикий Creole 80.5%, Bhojpuri 12.1%, French 3.4%, английский (official; spoken by less than 1% of the population), other 3.7%, unspecified 0.3% (2000 census)
Майотта: заморская территория Франции Mahorian (a Swahili dialect), French (official language) spoken by 35% of the population
Мексика испанский only 92.7%, испанский и indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8%; note - indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, и other regional languages (2005)
Микронезия английский (official и common language), Chuukese, Kosrean, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
Молдавия Moldovan (official, virtually the same as the Romanian language), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
Монако French (official), английский, Italian, Monegasque
Монголия Khalkha Mongol 90%, Turkic, Russian (1999)
Монтенегро Serbian 63.6%, Montenegrin (official) 22%, Bosnian 5.5%, Albanian 5.3%, unspecified 3.7% (2003 census)
Монтсеррат: заморская территория Великобритании английский
Мороккo Arabic (official), Berber dialects, French often the language of business, government, и diplomacy
Мозамбик Emakhuwa 26.1%, Xichangana 11.3%, Portuguese 8.8% (official; spoken by 27% of population as a second language), Elomwe 7.6%, Cisena 6.8%, Echuwabo 5.8%, other Mozambican languages 32%, other foreign languages 0.3%, unspecified 1.3% (1997 census)
Намибия английский 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population и about 60% of the белые population, German 32%, indigenous languages 1% (включая Oshivambo, Herero, Nama)
Науру Nauruan (official; a distinct Pacific Island language), английский widely understood, spoken, и used for most government и commercial purposes
Непал Nepali 47.8%, Maithali 12.1%, Bhojpuri 7.4%, Tharu (Dagaura/Rana) 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.6%, Magar 3.3%, Awadhi 2.4%, other 10%, unspecified 2.5% (2001 census)
примечание: many in government и business also speak английский (2001 est.)
Нидерланды Dutch (official), Frisian (official)
Нидерландские Антильские о-ва Papiamento 65.4% (a испанский-Portuguese-Dutch-английский dialect), английский 15.9% (widely spoken), Dutch 7.3% (official), испанский 6.1%, Creole 1.6%, other 1.9%, unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)
Новая Каледония: заморская территория Франции French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects
Новая Зеландия английский (official), Maori (official), Sign Language (official)
Никарагуа испанский 97.5% (official), Miskito 1.7%, other 0.8% (1995 census)
примечание: английский и indigenous languages on Atlantic coast
Нигер French (official), Hausa, Djerma
Нигерия английский (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani
Ниуэ Niuean, a Polynesian language closely related to Tongan и Samoan; английский
Норфолк английский (official), Norfolk - a mixture of 18th century английский и ancient Tahitian
Северные Марианские острова Philippine languages 24.4%, Chinese 23.4%, Chamorro 22.4%, английский 10.8%, other Pacific island languages 9.5%, other 9.6% (2000 census)
Норвегия Bokmal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- и Finnish-speaking minorities; note - Sami is official in six municipalities
Оман Arabic (official), английский, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects
Пакистан Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, английский (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite и most government ministries), Burushaski и other 8%
Палау Palauan 64.7% official in all islands except Sonsoral (Sonsoralese и английский are official), Tobi (Tobi и английский are official), и Angaur (Angaur, Japanese, и английский are official), Filipino 13.5%, английский 9.4%, Chinese 5.7%, Carolinian 1.5%, Japanese 1.5%, other азиаты 2.3%, other languages 1.5% (2000 census)
Панама испанский (official), английский 14%; note - many Panamanians bilingual
Папуа — Новая Гвинея Melanesian Pidgin serves as the lingua franca, английский spoken by 1%-2%, Motu spoken in Papua region
примечание: 820 indigenous languages spoken (over один-tenth of the world's total)
Парагвай испанский (official), Guarani (official)
Перу испанский (official), Quechua (official), Aymara, и a large number of minor Amazonian languages
Филиппины Filipino (official; based on Tagalog) и английский (official); eight major dialects - Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon или Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, и Pangasinan
Питкэрн: заморская территория Великобритании английский (official), Pitkern (mixture of an 18th century английский dialect и a Tahitian dialect)
Польша Polish 97.8%, other и unspecified 2.2% (2002 census)
Португалия Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official - but locally used)
Пуэрто-Рико испанский, английский
Катар Arabic (official), английский commonly used as a second language
Румыния Romanian 91% (official), Hungarian 6.7%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.1%, other 1.2%
Россия Russian, many minority languages
Руанда Kinyarwanda (official) universal Bantu vernacular, French (official), английский (official), Kiswahili (Swahili) used in commercial centers
Сен-Бартельми French (primary), английский
Святой Елены остров английский
Сент-Китс и Невис английский
Сент-Люсия английский (official), French patois
Saint Martin French (official language), английский, Dutch, French Patois, испанский, Papiamento (dialect Нидерландских Антильских о-вов)
Сен-Пьер и Микелон: заморская территория Франции French (official)
Сент-Винсент и Гренадины английский, French patois
Самоа Samoan (Polynesian), английский
Сан-Маринo Italian
Сан-Томе и Принсипи Portuguese (official)
Саудовская Аравия Arabic
Сенегал French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
Сербия Serbian 88.3% (official), Hungarian 3.8%, Bosniak 1.8%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.1%, other 4.1%, unknown 0.9% (2002 census)
примечание: Romanian, Hungarian, Slovak, Ukrainian, и Croatian all official in Vojvodina
Сейшельские Острова Creole 91.8%, английский 4.9% (official), other 3.1%, unspecified 0.2% (2002 census)
Сьерра-Леоне английский (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Mende (principal vernacular in the юг), Temne (principal vernacular in the север), Krio (английский-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca и a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%)
Сингапур Mandarin 35%, английский 23%, Malay 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9% (2000 census)
Словакия Slovak (official) 83.9%, Hungarian 10.7%, Roma 1.8%, Ukrainian 1%, другие или нестандартные 2.6% (2001 census)
Словения Slovenian 91.1%, Serbo-Croatian 4.5%, другие или нестандартные 4.4% (2002 census)
Соломоновы Острова Melanesian pidgin in much of the country is lingua franca; английский (official; but spoken by only 1%-2% of the population); 120 indigenous languages
Сомали Somali (official), Arabic, Italian, английский
Южно-Африканская Республика IsiZulu 23.8%, IsiXhosa 17.6%, Afrikaans 13.3%, Sepedi 9.4%, английский 8.2%, Setswana 8.2%, Sesotho 7.9%, Xitsonga 4.4%, other 7.2% (2001 census)
Испания Castilian испанский (official) 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%, are official regionally
Шри-Ланка Sinhala (official и national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%
примечание: английский is commonly used in government и is spoken competently by about 10% of the population
Судан Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, английский
примечание: program of "Arabization" in process
Суринам Dutch (official), английский (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles и much of the younger population и is lingua franca among others), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese
Свальбард Norwegian, Russian
Свазиленд английский (official, government business conducted in английский), siSwati (official)
Швеция Swedish, small Sami- и Finnish-speaking minorities
Швейцария German (official) 63.7%, French (official) 20.4%, Italian (official) 6.5%, Serbo-Croatian 1.5%, Albanian 1.3%, Portuguese 1.2%, испанский 1.1%, английский 1%, Romansch (official) 0.5%, other 2.8% (2000 census)
примечание: German, French, Italian, и Romansch are all national и official languages
Сирия Arabic (official); Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian widely understood; French, английский somewhat understood
Тайвань Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects
Таджикистан Tajik (official), Russian widely used in government и business
Танзания Kiswahili или Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), английский (official, primary language of commerce, administration, и higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
примечание: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar и nearby coastal Танзания; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure и origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources including Arabic и английский; it has become the lingua franca of central и eastern Africa; the first language of most people is один of the local languages
Таиланд Thai, английский (secondary language of the elite), ethnic и regional dialects
Восточный Тимор Tetum (official), Portuguese (official), Indonesian, английский
примечание: there are about 16 indigenous languages; Tetum, Galole, Mambae, и Kemak are spoken by significant numbers of people
Того French (official и the language of commerce), Ewe и Mina (the two major African languages in the юг), Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye) и Dagomba (the two major African languages in the север)
Токелау Tokelauan (a Polynesian language), английский
Тонга Tongan, английский
Тринидад и Тобаго английский (official), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), French, испанский, Chinese
Тунис Arabic (official и один of the languages of commerce), French (commerce)
Турция Turkish (official), Kurdish, Dimli (или Zaza), Azeri, Kabardian
примечание: there is also a substantial Gagauz population in the European part Турции
Туркменистан Turkmen 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%
Тёркс и Кайкос английский (official)
Тувалу Tuvaluan, английский, Samoan, Кирибати (on the island of Nui)
Угадна английский (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law и by most newspapers и some radio broadcasts), Ganda или Luganda (most widely used of the Нигер-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capital и may be taught in school), other Нигер-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic
Украина Ukrainian (official) 67%, Russian 24%, other 9% (включая small Romanian-, Polish-, и Hungarian-speaking minorities)
Объединенные Арабские Эмираты Arabic (official), Persian, английский, Hindi, Urdu
Великобритания английский, Welsh (about 26% of the population of Wales), Scottish form of Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland)
США английский 82.1%, испанский 10.7%, другие индо-европейские 3.8%, азиатские и языки островов Тихого океана 2.7%, other 0.7% (2000 census)
примечание: Гавайский - официальный язык в штате Гаваи
Уругвай испанский, Portunol, или Brazilero (Portuguese-испанский mix on the Brazilian frontier)
Узбекистан Uzbek 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1%
Вануату local languages (more than 100) 72.6%, pidgin (known as Bislama или Bichelama) 23.1%, английский 1.9%, French 1.4%, other 0.3%, unspecified 0.7% (1999 Census)
Венесуэлa испанский (official), numerous indigenous dialects
Вьетнам Vietnamese (official), английский (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, и Khmer; mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer и Malayo-Polynesian)
Виргинские Острова (Британские) английский 74.7%, испанский или испанский Creole 16.8%, French или French Creole 6.6%, other 1.9% (2000 census)
Уоллис и Футуна Wallisian 58.9% (indigenous Polynesian language), Futunian 30.1%, French 10.8%, other 0.2% (2003 census)
Западный берег Иордании Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by Israeli settlers и many Palestinians), английский (widely understood)
Западная Сахара Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic
Мир Mandarin Chinese 13.22%, испанский 4.88%, английский 4.68%, Arabic 3.12%, Hindi 2.74%, Portuguese 2.69%, Bengali 2.59%, Russian 2.2%, Japanese 1.85%, Standard German 1.44%, French 1.2% (2005 est.)
примечание: percents are for "first language" speakers only
Емен Arabic
Замбия английский (official), major vernaculars - Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Тонга, и about 70 other indigenous languages
Зимбабве английский (official), Shona, Sindebele (the language of the Ndebele, sometimes called Ndebele), numerous but minor tribal dialects

Последние изменения на эту страницу были внесены 4 сентября 2008 года.


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