The Мир Factbook CIA На главную CIA На главную About CIA Careers Offices of CIA News & Information Library Kid’s Page Contact CIA CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

  Список стран- Legal system


Страна
Legal system
Афганистан based on mixed civil и Shari'a law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Akrotiri the Sovereign Base Area Administration has its own court system to deal with civil и criminal matters; laws applicable to the Cypriot population are, as far as possible, the same as the laws of the Республика Кипр
Албания has a civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; has accepted jurisdiction of the Международные Criminal Court for its citizens
Алжир socialist, based on French и Islamic law; judicial review of legislative acts in ad hoc Constitutional Council composed of various public officials, including several Supreme Court justices; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Американское Самоа нет
Андорра based on French и испанский civil codes; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Ангола based on Portuguese civil law system и customary law; modified to accommodate political pluralism и increased use of free markets; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Ангилья based on английский common law
Антарктика Антарктика is administered through meetings of the consultative member nations; decisions from these meetings are carried out by these member nations (with respect to their own nationals и operations) in accordance with their own national laws; US law, including certain criminal offenses by или against US nationals, such as murder, may apply extraterritorially; some US laws directly apply to Антарктика; for example, the Antarctic Conservation Act, 16 U.S.C. section 2401 et seq., provides civil и criminal penalties for the following activities, unless authorized by regulation of statute: the taking of native mammals или birds; the introduction of nonindigenous plants и animals; entry into specially protected areas; the discharge или disposal of pollutants; и the importation into the US of certain items from Антарктика; violation of the Antarctic Conservation Act carries penalties of up to $10,000 in fines и один year in prison; the National Science Foundation и Department of Justice share enforcement responsibilities; Public Law 95-541, the US Antarctic Conservation Act of 1978, as amended in 1996, requires expeditions from the US to Антарктика to notify, in advance, the Office of Oceans, Room 5805, Department of State, Washington, DC 20520, which reports such plans to other nations as required by the Antarctic Treaty; for more information, contact Permit Office, Office of Polar Programs, National Science Foundation, Arlington, Virginia 22230; телефон: (703) 292-8030, или visit their website at www.nsf.gov; more generally, access to the Antarctic Treaty area, that is to all areas between 60 и 90 degrees юг latitude, is subject to a number of relevant legal instruments и authorization procedures adopted by the states party to the Antarctic Treaty
Антигуа и Барбуда based on английский common law
Аргентина mixture of US и West European legal systems; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Армения based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Аруба based on Dutch civil law system, with some английский common law influence
Острова Ашмор и Картье the laws of the Commonwealth Австралии и the laws of the Northern Territory Австралии, where applicable, apply
Австралия based on английский common law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Австрия civil law system with Roman law origin; judicial review of legislative acts by the Constitutional Court; separate administrative и civil/penal supreme courts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Азербайджан based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Багамские Острова, The based on английский common law
Бахрейн based on Islamic law и английский common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Бангладеш based on английский common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Барбадос английский common law; no judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Беларусь based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Бельгия based on civil law system influenced by английский constitutional theory; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Белиз английский law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Бенин based on French civil law и customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Бермуды английский law
Бутан based on Indian law и английский common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Боливия based on испанский law и Napoleonic Code; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Босния и Герцеговина based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Ботсвана based on Roman-Dutch law и local customary law; judicial review limited to matters of interpretation; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Остров Буве the laws Норвегии, where applicable, apply
Бразилия based on Roman codes; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Британская территория в Индийском океане the laws of the Великобритания, where applicable, apply
Британские Виргинские острова английский law
Бруней based on английский common law; for Muslims, Islamic Shari'a law supersedes civil law in a number of areas; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Болгария civil и criminal law based on Roman law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Буркина Фасо based on French civil law system и customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Мьянма based on английский common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Бурунди based on German и Belgian civil codes и customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Камбоджа primarily a civil law mixture of French-influenced codes from the United Nations Transitional Authority in Камбоджа (UNTAC) period, royal decrees, и acts of the legislature, with influences of customary law и remnants of communist legal theory; increasing influence of common law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Камерун based on French civil law system, with common law influence; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Канада based on английский common law, except in Quebec, where civil law system based on French law prevails; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Кабо-Верде based on the legal system Португалии; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Каймановы Острoва British common law и local statutes
Центральноафриканская Республика based on French law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Чад based on French civil law system и Chadian customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Чили based on Code of 1857 derived from испанский law и subsequent codes influenced by French и Austrian law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; note - in June 2005, Чили completed overhaul of its criminal justice system to a new, US-style adversarial system
Китай based on civil law system; derived from Soviet и continental civil code legal principles; legislature retains power to interpret statutes; constitution ambiguous on judicial review of legislation; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Рождества Остров under the authority of the governor general Австралии и Australian law
Клипертон, Остров the laws Франции, where applicable, apply
Кокосовые Острова based upon the laws Австралии и local laws
Колумбия based on испанский law; a new criminal code modeled после US procedures was enacted into law in 2004 и reached full implemention in January 2008; judicial review of executive и legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Коморские Острова French и Islamic law in a new consolidated code; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Congo, Democratic Республика the a new constitution was adopted by referendum 18 December 2005; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Congo, Республика the based on French civil law system и customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Острова Кука based on Новая Зеландия law и английский common law
Коралловые Острова the laws Австралии, where applicable, apply
Коста-Рика based on испанский civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; has accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Кот-д’Ивуар based on French civil law system и customary law; judicial review in the Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Хорватия based on Austro-Hungarian law system with Communist law influences; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Куба based on испанский civil law и influenced by American legal concepts, with large elements of Communist legal theory; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Кипр based on английский common law, with civil law modifications; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Чешская республика civil law system based on Austro-Hungarian codes; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; legal code modified to bring it in line with Organization on Security и Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) obligations и to expunge Marxist-Leninist legal theory
Дания civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Dhekelia the Sovereign Base Area Administration has its own court system to deal with civil и criminal matters; laws applicable to the Cypriot population are, as far as possible, the same as the laws of the Республика Кипр
Джибути based on French civil law system, traditional practices, и Islamic law; accepts ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Доминика based on английский common law; accepts ICJ jurisdiction
Доминиканская республика based on French civil codes; Criminal Procedures Code modified in 2004 to include important elements of an accusatory system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Эквадор based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Египет based on Islamic и civil law (particularly Napoleonic codes); judicial review by Supreme Court и Council of State (oversees validity of administrative decisions); accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Сальвадор based on civil и Roman law with traces of common law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Экваториальная Гвинея partly based on испанский civil law и tribal custom; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Эритрея primary basis is the Ethiopian legal code of 1957, with revisions; new civil, commercial, и penal codes have not yet been promulgated; government also issues unilateral proclamations setting laws и policies; also relies on customary и post-independence-enacted laws и, for civil cases involving Muslims, Islamic law; does not accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Эстония based on civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Эфиопия based on civil law; currently transitional mix of national и regional courts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Европейское сообщество comparable to the legal systems of member states; first supranational law system
Фолклендские ( Мальвинские) осторова английский common law
Фарерские Острова the laws Дании, where applicable, apply
Фиджи based on British system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Финляндия civil law system based on Swedish law; the president may request the Supreme Court to review laws; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Франция civil law system with indigenous concepts; review of administrative but not legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Французская Полинезия the laws Франции, where applicable, apply
Французские Южные и Антарктические Территории the laws Франции, where applicable, apply
Габон based on French civil law system и customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Гамбия based on a composite of английский common law, Islamic law, и customary law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Грузия based on civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Германия civil law system with indigenous concepts; judicial review of legislative acts in the Federal Constitutional Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Гана based on английский common law и customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Гибралтар: заморская территория Великобритании the laws of the Великобритания, where applicable, apply
Греция based on codified Roman law; judiciary divided into civil, criminal, и administrative courts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Гренландия the laws Дании, where applicable, apply
Гренада based on английский common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Гуам modeled on US; US federal laws apply
Гватемала civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Гернси: коронная земля Великобритании the laws of the Великобритания, where applicable, apply; justice is administered by the Royal Court
Гвинея based on French civil law system, customary law, и decree; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Гвинея-Бисау based on French civil law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Гвиана based on английский common law with certain admixtures of Roman-Dutch law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Гаити based on Roman civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Острова Хэрда и МакДональда the laws Австралии, where applicable, apply
Ватикан based on Code of Canon Law и revisions to it
Гондурас rooted in Roman и испанский civil law with increasing influence of английский common law; recent judicial reforms include abandoning Napoleonic legal codes in favor of the oral adversarial system; accepts ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Гонконг based on английский common law
Венгрия based on the German-Austrian legal system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Исландия civil law system based on Danish law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Индия based on английский common law; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; separate personal law codes apply to Muslims, Christians, и Hindus
Индонeзия based on Roman-Dutch law, substantially modified by indigenous concepts и by new criminal procedures и election codes; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Иран based on Sharia law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Ирак based on European civil и Islamic law under the framework outlined in the Iraqi Constitution; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Ирландия based on английский common law, substantially modified by indigenous concepts; judicial review of legislative acts in Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Остров Мэн the laws of the Великобритания, where applicable, apply и Manx statutes
Израиль mixture of английский common law, British Mandate regulations, и, in personal matters, иудаисты, Christian, и мусульмане legal systems; in December 1985, Израиль informed the UN Secretariat that it would no longer accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Италия based on civil law system; appeals treated as new trials; judicial review under certain conditions in Constitutional Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Ямайка based on английский common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Ян-Майен the laws Норвегии, where applicable, apply
Япония modeled после German civil law system with английский-American influence; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Джерси: коронная земля Великобритании the laws of the Великобритания, where applicable, apply и local statutes; justice is administered by the Royal Court
Иордания based on Islamic law и French codes; judicial review of legislative acts in a specially provided High Tribunal; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Казахстан based on Islamic law и Roman law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Кения based on Kenyan statutory law, Kenyan и английский common law, tribal law, и Islamic law; judicial review in High Court; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; constitutional amendment of 1982 making Кения a de jure один-party state repealed in 1991
Кирибати нет
Северная Корея based on Prussian civil law system with Japanese influences и Communist legal theory; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Южная Корея combines elements of continental European civil law systems, Anglo-American law, и Chinese classical thought; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Косовo evolving legal system based on terms of UN Special Envoy Martti AHTISAARI's Plan for Косовo's supervised independence
Кювейт civil law system with Islamic law significant in personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Киргизия based on French и Russian laws; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Лаоc based on traditional customs, French legal norms и procedures, и socialist practice; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Латвия based on civil law system with traces of Socialist legal traditions и practices; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Ливан mixture of Ottoman law, canon law, Napoleonic code, и civil law; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Лесото based on английский common law и Roman-Dutch law; judicial review of legislative acts in High Court и Court of Appeal; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Либерия dual system of statutory law based on Anglo-American common law for the modern sector и customary law based on unwritten tribal practices for indigenous sector; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Либия based on Italian и French civil law systems и Islamic law; separate religious courts; no constitutional provision for judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Лихтенштейн local civil и penal codes based on civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Литва based on civil law system; legislative acts can be appealed to the constitutional court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Люксембург based on civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Macau based on Portuguese civil law system
Македония based on civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Мадагаскар based on French civil law system и traditional Malagasy law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Малави based on английский common law и customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court of Appeal; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Малазия based on английский common law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court at request of supreme head of the федерация; Islamic law is applied to Muslims in matters of family law и religion; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Мальдивы based on Islamic law with admixtures of английский common law primarily in commercial matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Мали based on French civil law system и customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in Constitutional Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Мальта based on английский common law и Roman civil law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Маршалловы Острова based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, и customary laws; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Мавритания a combination of Islamic law и French civil law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Маврикий based on French civil law system with elements of английский common law in certain areas; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Майотта: заморская территория Франции the laws Франции, where applicable, apply
Мексика mixture of US constitutional theory и civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Микронезия based on adapted Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, и customary laws; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Молдавия based on civil law system; Constitutional Court reviews legality of legislative acts и governmental decisions of resolution; accepts many UN и Organization for Security и Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) documents; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Монако based on French law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Монголия blend of Soviet, German, и US systems that combine "continental" или "civil" code и case-precedent; constitution ambiguous on judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Монтенегро based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Монтсеррат: заморская территория Великобритании английский common law и statutory law
Мороккo based on Islamic law и French и испанский civil law systems; judicial review of legislative acts in Constitutional Chamber of Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Мозамбик based on Portuguese civil law system и customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Намибия based on Roman-Dutch law и 1990 constitution; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Науру acts of the Науру Parliament и British common law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Остров Навасса the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
Непал based on Hindu legal concepts и английский common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Нидерланды based on civil law system incorporating French penal theory; constitution does not permit judicial review of acts of the States General; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Нидерландские Антильские о-ва based on Dutch civil law system with some английский common law influence
Новая Каледония: заморская территория Франции based on French civil law; the 1988 Matignon Accords grant substantial autonomy to the islands
Новая Зеландия based on английский law, with special land legislation и land courts for the Maori; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Никарагуа civil law system; Supreme Court may review administrative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Нигер based on French civil law system и customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Нигерия based on английский common law, Islamic law (in 12 northern states), и traditional law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Ниуэ английский common law; note - Ниуэ is self-governing, with the power to make its own laws
Норфолк based on the laws Австралии, local ordinances и acts; английский common law applies in matters not covered by either Australian или Норфолк law
Северные Марианские острова based on US system, except for customs, wages, immigration laws, и taxation
Норвегия mixture of customary law, civil law system, и common law traditions; Supreme Court renders advisory opinions to legislature when asked; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Оман based on английский common law и Islamic law; ultimate appeal to the monarch; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Пакистан based on английский common law with provisions to accommodate Пакистан's status as an Islamic state; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Палау based on Trust Territory laws, acts of the legislature, municipal, common, и customary laws; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Панама based on civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court of Justice; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Папуа — Новая Гвинея based on английский common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Парагвай based on Argentine codes, Roman law, и French codes; judicial review of legislative acts in Supreme Court of Justice; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Перу based on civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Филиппины based on испанский и Anglo-American law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Питкэрн: заморская территория Великобритании local island by-laws
Польша based on a mixture of Continental (Napoleonic) civil law и holdover Communist legal theory; changes being gradually introduced as part of broader democratization process; limited judicial review of legislative acts, but rulings of the Constitutional Tribunal are final; court decisions can be appealed to the European Court of Justice in Strasbourg; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Португалия based on civil law system; the Constitutional Tribunal reviews the constitutionality of legislation; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Пуэрто-Рико based on испанский civil code и within the US Federal system of justice
Катар based on Islamic и civil law codes; discretionary system of law controlled by the Amir, although civil codes are being implemented; Islamic law dominates family и personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Румыния based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Россия based on civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Руанда based on German и Belgian civil law systems и customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Сен-Бартельми the laws Франции, where applicable, apply
Святой Елены остров английский common law и statutes, supplemented by local statutes
Сент-Китс и Невис based on английский common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Сент-Люсия based on английский common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Saint Martin the laws Франции, where applicable, apply
Сен-Пьер и Микелон: заморская территория Франции the laws Франции, where applicable, apply
Сент-Винсент и Гренадины based on английский common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Самоа based on английский common law и local customs; judicial review of legislative acts with respect to fundamental rights of the citizen; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Сан-Маринo based on civil law system with Italian law influences; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Сан-Томе и Принсипи based on Portuguese legal system и customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Саудовская Аравия based on Shari'a law, several secular codes have been introduced; commercial disputes handled by special committees; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Сенегал based on French civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts in Constitutional Court; the Council of State audits the government's accounting office; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Сербия based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Сейшельские Острова based on английский common law, French civil law, и customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Сьерра-Леоне based on английский law и customary laws indigenous to local tribes; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Сингапур based on английский common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Словакия civil law system based on Austro-Hungarian codes; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; legal code modified to comply with the obligations of Organization on Security и Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) и to expunge Marxist-Leninist legal theory
Словения based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Соломоновы Острова английский common law, which is widely disregarded; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Сомали no national system; a mixture of английский common law, Italian law, Islamic Shari'a, и Somali customary law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Южно-Африканская Республика based on Roman-Dutch law и английский common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Южная Георгия и Южные Сандвичевы острова the laws of the Великобритания, where applicable, apply; the senior magistrate from the Falkland Islands presides over the Magistrates Court
Испания civil law system, with regional applications; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Шри-Ланка a highly complex mixture of английский common law, Roman-Dutch, Kandyan, и Jaffna Tamil law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Судан based on английский common law и Islamic law; as of 20 January 1991, the now defunct Revolutionary Command Council imposed Islamic law in the northern states; Islamic law applies to all residents of the northern states regardless of their religion; however, the CPA establishes some protections for non-Muslims in Khartoum; some separate religious courts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; the southern legal system is still developing under the CPA following the civil war; Islamic law will not apply to the southern states
Суринам based on Dutch legal system incorporating French penal theory; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Свальбард the laws Норвегии, where applicable, apply
Свазиленд based on South African Roman-Dutch law in statutory courts и Swazi traditional law и custom in traditional courts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Швеция civil law system influenced by customary law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Швейцария civil law system influenced by customary law; judicial review of legislative acts, except with respect to federal decrees of general obligatory character; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Сирия based on a combination of French и Ottoman civil law; Islamic law is used in the family court system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Тайвань based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Таджикистан based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Танзания based on английский common law; judicial review of legislative acts limited to matters of interpretation; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Таиланд based on civil law system, with influences of common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Восточный Тимор UN-drafted legal system based on Indonesian law remains in place but is to be replaced by civil и penal codes based on Portuguese law; these have passed but have not been promulgated; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Того French-based court system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Токелау Новая Зеландия и local statutes
Тонга based on английский common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Тринидад и Тобаго based on английский common law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Тунис based on French civil law system и Islamic law; some judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court in joint session; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Турция civil law system derived from various European continental legal systems; note - member of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), although Турция claims limited derogations on the ratified European Convention on Human Rights; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Туркменистан based on civil law system и Islamic law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Тёркс и Кайкос based on laws of England и Wales, with a few adopted from Ямайка и The Багамские Острова
Тувалу нет
Угадна in 1995, the government restored the legal system to один based on английский common law и customary law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Украина based on civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Объединенные Арабские Эмираты based on a dual system of Shari'a и civil courts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Великобритания based on common law tradition with early Roman и modern continental influences; has nonbinding judicial review of Acts of Parliament under the Human Rights Act of 1998; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
США federal court system based on английский common law; each state has its own unique legal system, of which all but один (Louisiana, which is still influenced by the Napoleonic Code) is based on английский common law; judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Малые Тихоокеанские отдаленные острова Соединенных Штатов the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
Уругвай based on испанский civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Узбекистан based on civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Вануату unified system being created from former dual French и British systems; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Венесуэлa open, adversarial court system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Вьетнам based on communist legal theory и French civil law system; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Виргинские Острова (Британские) based on US laws
Остров Уэйк the laws of the US, where applicable, apply
Уоллис и Футуна the laws Франции, where applicable, apply
Мир all members of the UN are parties to the statute that established the Международные Court of Justice (ICJ) или Мир Court
Емен based on Islamic law, Turkish law, английский common law, и local tribal customary law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Замбия based on английский common law и customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in an ad hoc constitutional council; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Зимбабве mixture of Roman-Dutch и английский common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

Последние изменения на эту страницу были внесены 4 сентября 2008 года.


Bottom Banner

Поиск информации в интернете Тел.: +7(4922)533-122