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Legislative branch
Афганистан the bicameral National Assembly consists of the Wolesi Jirga или House of Люди (no more than 249 seats), directly elected for five-year terms, и the Meshrano Jirga или House of Elders (102 seats, один-third elected from provincial councils for four-year terms, один-third elected from local district councils for three-year terms, и один-third nominated by the president for five-year terms)
примечание: on rare occasions the government may convene a Loya Jirga (Grand Council) on issues of independence, national sovereignty, и territorial integrity; it can amend the provisions of the constitution и prosecute the president; it is made up of members of the National Assembly и chairpersons of the provincial и district councils
выборы: last held 18 September 2005 (next to be held for the Wolesi Jirga by September 2009; next to be held for the provincial councils to the Meshrano Jirga by September 2008)
результаты выборов: the single non-transferable vote (SNTV) system used in the election did not make use of political party slates; most candidates ran as independents
Албания unicameral Assembly или Kuvendi (140 seats; 100 members are elected by direct popular vote и 40 by proportional vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 3 July 2005 (next to be held in 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PD 56, PS 42, PR 11, PSD 7, LSI 5, other 19
Алжир bicameral Parliament consists of the National Люди's Assembly или Al-Majlis Al-Shabi Al-Watani (389 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) и the Council of Nations (Senate) (144 seats; один-third of the members appointed by the president, two-thirds elected by indirect vote; to serve six-year terms; the constitution requires half the council to be renewed every three лет)
выборы: National Люди's Assembly - last held 17 May 2007 (next to be held in 2012); Council of Nations (Senate) - last held 28 December 2006 (next to be held in 2009)
результаты выборов: National Люди's Assembly - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - FLN 136, RND 61, MSP 52, PT 26, RCD 19, FNA 13, other 49, independents 33; Council of Nations - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - FLN 29, RND 12, MSP 3, RCD 1, independents 3, presidential appointees (unknown affiliation) 24; note - Council seating reflects the number of replaced council members rather than the whole Council
Американское Самоа bicameral Fono или Legislative Assembly consists of the House of Representatives (21 seats; 20 members are elected by popular vote и 1 is an appointed, nonvoting delegate from Swains Island; members serve two-year terms) и the Senate (18 seats; members are elected from local chiefs to serve four-year terms)
выборы: House of Representatives - last held 7 November 2006 (next to be held in November 2008); Senate - last held 2 November 2004 (next to be held in November 2008)
результаты выборов: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - нет; Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - independents 18
примечание: Американское Самоа elects один nonvoting representative to the US House of Representatives; election last held on 7 November 2006 (next to be held in November 2008); results - Eni F. H. FALEOMAVAEGA reelected as delegate
Андорра unicameral General Council of the Valleys или Consell General de las Valls (28 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote, 14 from a single national constituency и 14 to represent each of the seven parishes; to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held on 24 April 2005 (next to be held in March-April 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - PLA 41.2%, PS 38.1%, CDA-S21 11%, other 9.7%; seats by party - PLA 14, PS 12, CDA-S21 2
Ангола unicameral National Assembly или Assembleia Nacional (220 seats; members elected by proportional vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 29-30 September 1992 (next to be held on 5-6 September 2008)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - MPLA 54%, UNITA 34%, other 12%; seats by party - MPLA 129, UNITA 70, PRS 6, FNLA 5, PLD 3, other 7
Ангилья unicameral House of Assembly (11 seats; 7 members elected by direct popular vote, 2 ex officio members, и 2 appointed; members serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 21 February 2005 (next to be held in 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - AUF 38.9%, AUM 19.4%, ANSA 19.2%, APP 9.5%, independents 13%; seats by party - AUF 4, ANSA 2, AUM 1
Антигуа и Барбуда bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (17 seats; members appointed by the governor general) и the House of Representatives (17 seats; members are elected by proportional representation to serve five-year terms)
выборы: House of Representatives - last held 23 March 2004 (next to be held in 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - ALP 4, UPP 13
Аргентина bicameral National Congress или Congreso Nacional consists of the Senate (72 seats; members are elected by direct vote; presently один-third of the members elected every two лет to serve six-year terms) и the Chamber of Deputies (257 seats; members are elected by direct vote; один-half of the members elected every two лет to serve four-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held 28 October 2007 (next to be held in 2009); Chamber of Deputies - last held last held 28 October 2007 (next to be held in 2009)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by bloc или party - нет; seats by bloc или party - FV 12, UCR 4, CC 4, other 4; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by bloc или party - нет; seats by bloc или party - FV 5, UCR 10, PJ 10, PRO 6, CC 16, FJ 2, other 31; note - Senate и Chamber of Deputies seating reflect the number of replaced senators и deputies, rather than the whole Senate и Chamber of Deputies
Армения unicameral National Assembly (Parliament) или Azgayin Zhoghov (131 seats; members elected by popular vote, 90 members elected by party list и 41 by direct vote; to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 12 May 2007 (next to be held in the spring of 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - HHK 33.9%, Prosperous Армения 15.1%, ARF (Dashnak) 13.2%, Rule of Law 7.1%, Heritage Party 6%, other 24.7%; seats by party - HHK 64, Prosperous Армения 18, ARF (Dashnak) 16, Rule of Law 9, Heritage Party 7, independent 17
Аруба unicameral Legislature или Staten (21 seats; members elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 23 September 2005 (next to be held in 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - MEP 43%, AVP 32%, MPA 7%, RED 7%, PDR 6%, OLA 4%, PPA 2%; seats by party - MEP 11, AVP 8, MPA 1, RED 1
Австралия bicameral Federal Parliament consists of the Senate (76 seats; 12 members from each of the six states и 2 from each of the two mainland territories; один-half of state members are elected every three лет by popular vote to serve six-year terms while all territory members are elected every three лет) и the House of Representatives (150 seats; members elected by popular preferential vote to serve terms of up to three-лет; no state can have fewer than 5 representatives)
выборы: Senate - last held 24 November 2007 (next to be held no later than 2010); House of Representatives - last held 24 November 2007 (next to be called no later than 2010)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - Liberal Party-National Party coalition 37, Australian Labor Party 32, Australian Greens 5, Family First Party 1, other 1; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - Australian Labor Party 83, Liberal Party 55, National Party 10, independents 2
Австрия bicameral Federal Assembly или Bundesversammlung consists of Federal Council или Bundesrat (62 seats; members chosen by state parliaments with each state receiving 3 to 12 members according to its population; members serve a five- или six-year term) и the National Council или Nationalrat (183 seats; members elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: National Council - last held 1 October 2006 (next scheduled for mid-September 2008)
результаты выборов: National Council - percent of vote by party - SPOe 35.3%, OeVP 34.3%, Greens 11.1%, FPOe 11.0%, BZOe 4.1%, other 4.2%; seats by party - SPOe 68, OeVP 66, Greens 21, FPOe 21, BZOe 7
Азербайджан unicameral National Assembly или Milli Mejlis (125 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 6 November 2005 (next to be held in November 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - Yeni 58, Azadliq coalition 8, CSP 2, Motherland 2, other parties with single seats 9, independents 42, undetermined 4
Багамские Острова, The bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (16 seats; members appointed by the governor general upon the advice of the prime minister и the opposition leader to serve five-year terms) и the House of Assembly (41 seats; members elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms); the government may dissolve the Parliament и call elections at any time
выборы: last held 2 May 2007 (next to be held by May 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - FNM 49.86%, PLP 47.02%; seats by party - FNM 23, PLP 18
Бахрейн bicameral legislature consists of the Consultative Council (40 members appointed by the King) и the Council of Representatives или Chamber of Deputies (40 seats; members directly elected to serve four-year terms)
выборы: Council of Representatives - last held November-December 2006 (next election to be held in 2010)
результаты выборов: Council of Representatives - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - al Wifaq (Shi'a) 17, al Asala (Sunni Salafi) 5, al Minbar (Sunni мусульмане Brotherhood) 7, independents 11; note - seats by party as of February 2007 - al Wifaq 17, al Asala 8, al Minbar 7, al Mustaqbal (Moderate Sunni pro-government) 4, unassociated independents (all Sunni) 3, independent affiliated with al Wifaq (Sunni oppositionist) 1
Бангладеш unicameral National Parliament или Jatiya Sangsad; 300 seats elected by popular vote from single territorial constituencies; members serve five-year terms; note - parliament not in session during the extended caretaker regime
выборы: last held 1 October 2001 (the scheduled January 2007 election has been postponed till late 2008)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - BNP и alliance partners 41%, AL 40%, other 19%; seats by party - BNP 193, AL 58, JI 17, JP (Ershad faction) 14, IOJ 2, JP (Manzur) 4, other 12; note - the election of October 2001 brought to power a majority BNP government aligned with three other smaller parties - JI, IOJ, и Jatiya Party (Manzur)
Барбадос bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (21 seats; members appointed by the governor general - 12 on the advice of the Премьер Министр, 2 on the advice of the opposition leader, и 7 at his discretion) и the House of Assembly (30 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: House of Assembly - last held 15 January 2008 (next to be called in 2013)
результаты выборов: House of Assembly - percent of vote by party - DLP 52.5%, BLP 47.3%; seats by party - DLP 20, BLP 10
Беларусь bicameral National Assembly или Natsionalnoye Sobranie consists of the Council of the Republic или Soviet Respubliki (64 seats; 56 members elected by regional councils и eight members appointed by the president, to serve four-year terms) и the Chamber of Representatives или Palata Predstaviteley (110 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 17 и 31 October 2004; international observers widely denounced the elections as flawed и undemocratic based on massive government falsification; pro-LUKASHENKO candidates won every seat после many opposition candidates were disqualified for технический персонал reasons
результаты выборов: Soviet Respubliki - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - нет; Palata Predstaviteley - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - нет
Бельгия bicameral Parliament consists of a Senate или Senaat in Dutch, Senat in French (71 seats; 40 members are directly elected by popular vote, 31 are indirectly elected; members serve four-year terms) и a Chamber of Deputies или Kamer van Volksvertegenwoordigers in Dutch, Chambre des Representants in French (150 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms)
выборы: Senate и Chamber of Deputies - last held 10 June 2007 (next to be held no later than June 2011)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - CDV/N-VA 19.4%, Open VLD 12.4%, MR 12.3%, VB 11.9%, PS 10.2%, SP.A-Spirit 10%, CDH 5.9%, Ecolo 5.8%, Groen! 3.6%, Dedecker List 3.4%, FN 2.3%, other 2.8%; seats by party - CDV/N-VA 9, Open VLD 5, MR 6, VB 5, PS 4, SP.A-Spririt 4, CDH 2, Ecolo 2, Groen! 1, Dedecker List 1, FN 1 (note - there are also 31 indirectly elected senators); Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - CDV/N-VA 18.5%, MR 12.5%, VB 12%, Open VLD 11.8%, PS 10.9%, SP.A-Spirit 10.3%, CDH 6.1%, Ecolo 5.1%, Dedecker List 4%, Groen! 4%, FN 2%, other 2.8%; seats by party - CDV/N-VA 30, MR 23, VB 17, Open VLD 18, PS 20, SP.A-Spirit 14, CDH 10, Ecolo 8, Dedecker List 5, Groen! 4, FN 1
примечание: as a result of the 1993 constitutional revision that furthered devolution into a federal state, there are now three levels of government (federal, regional, и linguistic community) with a complex division of responsibilities; this reality leaves six governments each with its own legislative assembly
Белиз bicameral National Assembly consists of the Senate (12 seats; members appointed by the governor general - 6 on the advice of the prime minister, 3 on the advice of the leader of the opposition, и 1 each on the advice of the Белиз Council of Churches и Evangelical Association of Churches, the Белиз Chamber of Commerce и Industry и the Белиз Better Business Bureau, и the National Trade Union Congress и the Civil Society Steering Committee; to serve five-year terms) и the House of Representatives (31 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: House of Representatives - last held 6 February 2008 (next to be held in 2013)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - UDP 25, PUP 6
Бенин unicameral National Assembly или Assemblee Nationale (83 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 31 March 2007 (next to be held by March 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - FCBE 35, ADD 20, PRD 10, other и independents 18
Бермуды bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (11 seats; members appointed by the governor, the premier, и the opposition) и the House of Assembly (36 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve up to five-year terms)
выборы: last general election held 18 December 2007 (next to be held not later than 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - PLP 52.5%, UBP 47.3%; seats by party - PLP 22, UBP 14
Бутан new bicameral Parliament consists of the non-partisan National Council (25 seats; 20 members elected by each of the 20 electoral districts (dzongkhags) for four-year terms и 5 members nominated by the King); и the National Assembly (47 seats; members elected by direct, popular vote for five-year terms)
выборы: National Council elections last held on 31 December 2007 и 29 January 2008 (next to be held by December 2012); National Assembly elections last held on 24 March 2008 (next to be held by March 2013)
результаты выборов: National Council - нет; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - DPT 67%, PDP 33%; seats by party - DPT 45, PDP 2
Боливия bicameral National Congress или Congreso Nacional consists of Chamber of Senators или Camara de Senadores (27 seats; members are elected by proportional representation from party lists to serve five-year terms) и Chamber of Deputies или Camara de Diputados (130 seats; 70 members are directly elected from their districts и 60 are elected by proportional representation from party lists to serve five-year terms)
выборы: Chamber of Senators и Chamber of Deputies - last held 18 December 2005 (next to be held in 2010)
результаты выборов: Chamber of Senators - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PODEMOS 13, MAS 12, UN 1, MNR 1; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - MAS 73, PODEMOS 43, UN 8, MNR 6
Босния и Герцеговина bicameral Parliamentary Assembly или Skupstina consists of the national House of Representatives или Predstavnicki Dom (42 seats, 28 seats allocated for the Federation Боснии и Герцеговины и 14 seats for the Republika Srpska; members elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation, to serve four-year terms); и the House of Peoples или Dom Naroda (15 seats, 5 Bosniak, 5 Croat, 5 Serb; members elected by the Bosniak/Croat Federation's House of Representatives и the Republika Srpska's National Assembly to serve four-year terms); note - Bosnia's election law specifies four-year terms for the state и first-order administrative division entity legislatures
выборы: national House of Representatives - elections last held 1 October 2006 (next to be held in 2010); House of Peoples - last constituted in January 2003 (next to be constituted in 2007)
результаты выборов: national House of Representatives - percent of vote by party/coalition - нет; seats by party/coalition - SDA 9, SBH 8, SNSD 7, SDP 5, SDS 3, HDZ-BH 3, HDZ1990 2, other 5; House of Peoples - percent of vote by party/coalition - нет; seats by party/coalition - нет
примечание: the Bosniak/Croat Federation has a bicameral legislature that consists of a House of Representatives (98 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms); elections last held 1 October 2006 (next to be held in October 2010); percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party/coalition - SDA 28, SBH 24, SDP 17, HDZ-BH 8, HDZ100 7, other 14; и a House of Peoples (58 seats - 17 Bosniak, 17 Croat, 17 Serb, 7 other); last constituted December 2002; the Republika Srpska has a National Assembly (83 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms); elections last held 1 October 2006 (next to be held in the fall of 2010); percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party/coalition - SNSD 41, SDS 17, PDP 8, DNS 4, SBH 4, SPRS 3, SDA 3, other 3; as a result of the 2002 constitutional reform process, a 28-member Republika Srpska Council of Peoples (COP) was established in the Republika Srpska National Assembly including eight Croats, eight Bosniaks, eight Serbs, и four members of the smaller communities
Ботсвана bicameral Parliament consists of the House of Chiefs (a largely advisory 15-member body with 8 permanent members consisting of the chiefs of the principal tribes, и 7 non-permanent members serving 5-year terms, consisting of 4 elected subchiefs и 3 members selected by the other 12 members) и the National Assembly (63 seats, 57 members are directly elected by popular vote, 4 are appointed by the majority party, и 2, the Президент и Attorney-General, serve as ex-officio members; members serve five-year terms)
выборы: National Assembly elections last held 30 October 2004 (next to be held in October 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - BDP 51.7%, BNF 26.1%, BCP 16.6%, other 5%; seats by party - BDP 44, BNF 12, BCP 1
Бразилия bicameral National Congress или Congresso Nacional consists of the Federal Senate или Senado Federal (81 seats; 3 members from each state и federal district elected according to the principle of majority to serve eight-year terms; один-third и two-thirds elected every four лет, alternately) и the Chamber of Deputies или Camara dos Deputados (513 seats; members are elected by proportional representation to serve four-year terms)
выборы: Federal Senate - last held 1 October 2006 for один-third of the Senate (next to be held in October 2010 for two-thirds of the Senate); Chamber of Deputies - last held 1 October 2006 (next to be held in October 2010)
результаты выборов: Federal Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PFL 6, PSDB 5, PMDB 4, PTB 3, PT 2, PDT 1, PSB 1, PL 1, PPS 1, PRTB 1, PP 1, PCdoB 1; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PMDB 89, PT 83, PFL 65, PSDB 65, PP 42, PSB 27, PDT 24, PL 23, PTB 22, PPS 21, PCdoB 13, PV 13, PSC 9, other 17; note - as of 1 January 2008: Federal Senate - seats by party - PMDB 20, DEM (formerly PFL) 14, PSDB 13, PT 12, PTB 6, PDT 5, PR 4, PRB 2, PSB 2, PCdoB 1, PP 1, PSOL 1; Chamber of Deputies - seats by party - PMDB 90, PT 83, PSDB 64, DEM (formerly PFL) 62, PP 41, PR 34, PSB 28, PDT 23, PTB 21, PPS 17, PV 13, PCdoB 13, PSC 7, PAN 4, PSOL 3, PMN 3, PTC 3, PHS 2, PTdoB 1, PRB 1
Британские Виргинские острова unicameral House of Assembly (13 elected seats и 1 non-voting ex officio member in the attorney general; members are elected by direct popular vote, 1 member from each of nine electoral districts, 4 at-large members; members serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 20 August 2007 (next to be held in 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - VIP 45.2%, NDP 39.6%, independent 15.2%; seats by party - VIP 10, NDP 2, independent 1
Бруней Legislative Council met on 25 September 2004 for first time in 20 лет with 21 members appointed by the Sultan; passed constitutional amendments calling for a 45-seat council with 15 elected members; Sultan dissolved council on 1 September 2005 и appointed a new council with 29 members as of 2 September 2005; council met in March 2006 и in March 2007
выборы: last held in March 1962 (date of next election нет)
Болгария unicameral National Assembly или Narodno Sobranie (240 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 25 June 2005 (next to be held in June 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - CfB 31.1%, NMS2 19.9%, MRF 12.7%, ATAKA 8.2%, UDF 7.7%, DSB 6.5%, BPU 5.2%, other 8.7%; seats by party - CfB 83, NMS2 53, MRF 33, UDF 20, ATAKA 17, DSB 17, BPU 13, independents 4; note - seats by party as of January 2008 - CfB 82, NMS2 36, MRF 34, Bulgarian New Democracy 16, DSB 16, UDF 16, BPU 13, ATAKA 11, independents 16
Буркина Фасо unicameral National Assembly или Assemblee Nationale (111 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: National Assembly election last held 6 May 2007 (next to be held in May 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - CDP 73, ADF-RDA 14, UPR 5, UNIR-MS 4, CFD-B 3, UPS 2, PDP-PS 2, RDB 2, PDS 2, PAREN 1, PAI 1, RPC 1, UDPS 1
Мьянма unicameral Люди's Assembly или Pyithu Hluttaw (485 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 27 May 1990, but Assembly never allowed by junta to convene (junta has anounced plans to hold elections in 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - NLD 392 (opposition), SNLD 23 (opposition), NUP 10 (pro-government), other 60
Бурунди bicameral Parliament или Parlement, consists of a National Assembly или Assemblee Nationale (minimum 100 seats, 60% Hutu и 40% Tutsi with at least 30% being women; additional seats appointed by a National Independent Electoral Commission to ensure ethnic representation; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) и a Senate (54 seats; 34 members elected by indirect vote to serve five-year terms, with remaining seats assigned to ethnic groups и former chiefs of state)
выборы: National Assembly - last held 4 July 2005 (next to be held in 2010); Senate - last held 29 July 2005 (next to be held in 2010)
результаты выборов: National Assembly - percent of vote by party - CNDD-FDD 58.6%, FRODEBU 21.7%, UPRONA 7.2%, CNDD 4.1%, MRC-Rurenzangemero 2.1%, others 6.2%; seats by party - CNDD-FDD 59, FRODEBU 25, UPRONA 10, CNDD 4, MRC-Rurenzangemero 2; Senate - percent of vote by party - нет%; seats by party - CNDD-FDD 30, FRODEBU 3, CNDD 1
Камбоджа bicameral, consists of the National Assembly (123 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) и the Senate (61 seats; 2 members appointed by the monarch, 2 elected by the National Assembly, и 57 elected by parliamentarians и commune councils; members serve five-year terms)
выборы: National Assembly - last held 27 July 2008 (next to be held in July 2013); Senate - last held 22 January 2006 (next to be held in January 2011)
результаты выборов: National Assembly - percent of vote by party - CPP 58%, SRP 22%, others 20%; seats by party - CPP 90, SRP 26, others 7; Senate - percent of vote by party - CPP 69%, FUNCINPEC 21%, SRP 10%; seats by party - CPP 45, FUNCINPEC 10, SRP 2
Камерун unicameral National Assembly или Assemblee Nationale (180 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms); note - the president can either lengthen или shorten the term of the legislature
выборы: last held 22 July 2007 (next to be held in 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - RDCP 140, SDF 14, UDC 4, UNDP 4, MP 1, vacant 17; note - vacant seats will be determined in a yet to be scheduled by-election после the Supreme Court nullified results in five districts
примечание: the constitution calls for an upper chamber for the legislature, to be called a Senate, but it has yet to be established
Канада bicameral Parliament или Parlement consists of the Senate или Senat (105 seats; members appointed by the governor general with the advice of the prime minister и serve until reaching 75 лет of age) и the House of Commons или Chambre des Communes (308 seats; members elected by direct, popular vote to serve a maximum of five-year terms starting in 2009 elections)
выборы: House of Commons - last held 23 January 2006 (next to be held 19 October 2009)
результаты выборов: House of Commons - percent of vote by party - Conservative Party 36.3%, Liberal Party 30.2%, New демократическая партия 17.5%, Bloc Quebecois 10.5%, Greens 4.5%, other 1%; seats by party - Conservative Party 124, Liberal Party 102, New демократическая партия 29, Bloc Quebecois 51, other 2; seats by party as of November 2007 - Conservative Party 125, Liberal Party 96, New демократическая партия 30, Bloc Quebecois 49, other 4, vacant 4
Кабо-Верде unicameral National Assembly или Assembleia Nacional (72 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 22 January 2006 (next to be held in January 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - PAICV 52.3%, MPD 44%, UCID 2.7%; seats by party - PAICV 41, MPD 29, UCID 2
Каймановы Острoва unicameral Legislative Assembly (18 seats; 3 appointed members from the Executive Council и 15 elected by popular vote; to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 11 May 2005 (next to be held in 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PPM 9, UDP 5, independent 1
Центральноафриканская Республика unicameral National Assembly или Assemblee Nationale (105 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 13 March 2005 и 8 May 2005 (next to be held in 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - KNK 42, MLPC 11, RDC 8, PSD 4, FPP 2, ADP 2, LONDO 1, independents 34, other 1
Чад unicameral National Assembly (155 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms); note - the 1996 constitution called for a Senate that has never been formed
выборы: National Assembly - last held 21 April 2002 (next to be held by 2009); note - legislative elections, originally scheduled for 2006, were first delayed by National Assembly action и subsequently by an accord, signed in August 2007, between government и opposition parties
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - MPS 110, RDP 12, FAR 9, RNDP 5, UNDR 5, URD 3, other 11
Чили bicameral National Congress или Congreso Nacional consists of the Senate или Senado (38 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve eight-year terms; один-half elected every four лет) и the Chamber of Deputies или Camara de Diputados (120 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held 11 December 2005 (next to be held in December 2009); Chamber of Deputies - last held 11 December 2005 (next to be held in December 2009)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - CPD 20 (PDC 6, PS 8, PPD 3, PRSD 3), APC 17 (UDI 9, RN 8), independent 1; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - CPD 65 (PDC 21, PPD 22, PS 15, PRSD 7), APC 54 (UDI 34, RN 20), independent 1; note - as of 8 January 2008: Senate - seats by party - CPD 18, (PDC 5, PS 8, PPD 2, PRSD 3), APC 16 (UDI 9, RN 7), independent 4; Chamber of Deputies - seats by party - CPD 57 (PDC 16, PPD 19, PS 15, PRSD 7), APC 53 (UDI 33, RN 20), independent 10.
Китай unicameral National Люди's Congress или Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui (2,987 seats; members elected by municipal, regional, и provincial people's congresses, и Люди's Liberation Army to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held December 2007-February 2008; date of next election - нет
результаты выборов: percent of vote - нет; seats - 2,987
Рождества Остров unicameral Рождества Остров Shire Council (9 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: held every two лет with half the members standing for election; last held 20 October 2007 (next to be held in 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote - нет; seats - independents 9
Кокосовые Острова unicameral Кокосовые Острова Shire Council (7 seats)
выборы: held every two лет with half the members standing for election; last held in May 2007 (next to be held in May 2009)
Колумбия bicameral Congress или Congreso consists of the Senate или Senado (102 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) и the House of Representatives или Camara de Representantes (166 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held 12 March 2006 (next to be held in March 2010); House of Representatives - last held 12 March 2006 (next to be held in March 2010)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PSUN 20, PC 18, PL 18, CR 15, PDI 10, other parties 21; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PL 35, PSUN 33, PC 29, CR 20, PDA 8, other parties 41
Коморские Острова unicameral Assembly of the Union (33 seats; 15 deputies are selected by the individual islands' local assemblies и 18 by universal suffrage; to serve for five лет);
выборы: last held 18 и 25 April 2004 (next to be held in 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - CdIA 12, CRC 6; note - 15 additional seats are filled by deputies from local island assemblies
Congo, Democratic Республика the bicameral legislature consists of a National Assembly (500 seats; 61 members elected by majority vote in single-member constituencies, 439 members elected by open list proportional-representation in multi-member constituencies; to serve five-year terms) и a Senate (108 seats; members elected by provincial assemblies to serve five-year terms)
выборы: National Assembly - last held 30 July 2006 (next to be held in 2011); Senate - last held 19 January 2007 (next to be held by 2012)
результаты выборов: National Assembly - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PPRD 111, MLC 64, PALU 34, MSR 27, FR 26, RCD 15, independents 63, others 160 (включая 63 political parties that won 10 или fewer seats); Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PPRD 22, MLC 14, FR 7, RCD 7, PDC 6, CDC 3, MSR 3, PALU 2, independents 26, others 18 (political parties that won a single seat)
Congo, Республика the bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (66 seats; members are elected by indirect vote to serve five-year terms) и the National Assembly (137 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held 11 July 2002 (next to be held in July 2008); National Assembly - last held 24 June и 5 August 2007 (next to be held in 2012)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - FDU 56, other 10; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PCT 46, MCDDI 11, UPADS 11, MAR 5, MSD 5, independents 37, other 22
Острова Кука bicameral Parliament consisting of a Legislative Assembly (или lower house) (24 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) и a House of Ariki (или upper house) made up of traditional leaders
примечание: the House of Ariki advises on traditional matters и maintains considerable influence but has no legislative powers
выборы: last held 26 September 2006 (next to be held by 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - Demo 51.9%, CIP 45.5%, independent 2.7%; seats by party - Demo 15, CIP 8, independent 1
Коста-Рика unicameral Legislative Assembly или Asamblea Legislativa (57 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 5 February 2006 (next to be held in February 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PLN 25, PAC 17, PML 6, PUSC 5, PASE 1, PFA 1, PRN 1, PUN 1
Кот-д’Ивуар unicameral National Assembly или Assemblee Nationale (225 seats; members are elected in single- и multi-district elections by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: elections last held 10 December 2000 with by-elections on 14 January 2001 (next to be held in November 2008 после the government postponed the elections in 2005 и 2006)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - FPI 96, PDCI-RDA 94, RDR 5, PIT 4, other 2, independents 22, vacant 2
примечание: a Senate that was scheduled to be created in the October 2006 elections never took place
Хорватия unicameral Assembly или Sabor (153 seats; members elected from party lists by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 25 November 2007 (next to be held in November 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; number of seats by party - HDZ 66, SDP 56, HNS 7, HSS 6, HDSSB 3, IDS 3, SDSS 3, other 9
Куба unicameral National Assembly of Люди's Power или Asemblea Nacional del Poder Popular (number of seats in the National Assembly is based on population; 614 seats; members elected directly from slates approved by special candidacy commissions to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 20 January 2008 (next to be held in January 2013)
результаты выборов: Куба's Communist Party is the only legal party, и officially sanctioned candidates run unopposed
Кипр unicameral - area under government control: House of Representatives или Vouli Antiprosopon (80 seats, 56 assigned to the Greek Cypriots, 24 to Turkish Cypriots; note - only those assigned to Greek Cypriots are filled; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); area administered by Turkish Cypriots: Assembly of the Republic или Cumhuriyet Meclisi (50 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: area under government control: last held 21 May 2006 (next to be held 2011); area administered by Turkish Cypriots: last held 14 December 2003 (next to be held in 2008)
результаты выборов: area under government control: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - AKEL 31.1%, DISY 30.3%, DIKO 17.9%, EDEK 8.9%, EURO.KO 5.8%, Greens 2.0%; seats by party - AKEL (Communist) 18, DISY 18, DIKO 11, EDEK 5, EURO.KO 3, Greens 1; area administered by Turkish Cypriots: Assembly of the Republic - percent of vote by party - CTP 35.8%, UBP 32.3%, Peace и Democratic Movement 13.4%, DP 12.3%; seats by party - CTP 19, UBP 18, Peace и Democratic Movement 6, DP 7; note - "TRNC" seats by party as of September 2006 - CTP 25, OP 3, UBP 13, DP 6, BDH 1, independents 2
Чешская республика bicameral Parliament или Parlament consists of the Senate или Senat (81 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms; один-third elected every two лет) и the Chamber of Deputies или Poslanecka Snemovna (200 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held in two rounds 20-21 и 27-28 October 2006 (next to be held in October 2008); Chamber of Deputies - last held 2-3 June 2006 (next to be held by June 2010)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - ODS 41, CSSD 12, KDU-CSL 11, others 15, independents 2; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - ODS 35.4%, CSSD 32.3%, KSCM 12.8%, KDU-CSL 7.2%, Greens 6.3%, other 6%; seats by party - ODS 81, CSSD 74, KSCM 26, KDU-CSL 13, Greens 6; note - seats by party as of December 2007 - ODS 81, CSSD 72, KSCM 26, KDU-CSL 13, Greens 6, самостоятельные 2 (former CSSD members)
Дания unicameral Люди's Assembly или Folketinget (179 seats, including 2 from Гренландия и 2 from the Фарерские Острова; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 13 November 2007 (next to be held in 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - Liberal Party 26.2%, Social Democrats 25.5%, Danish Люди's Party 13.9%, Socialist Люди's Party 13.0%, Conservative Люди's Party 10.4%, Social Liberal Party 5.1%, New Alliance 2.8%, Red-Green Alliance 2.2%, other 0.9%; seats by party - Liberal Party 46, Social Democrats 45, Danish Люди's Party 25, Socialist Люди's Party 23, Conservative Люди's Party 18, Social Liberal Party 9, New Alliance 5, Red-Green Alliance 4; note - does not include the two seats from Гренландия и the two seats from the Фарерские Острова
Джибути unicameral Chamber of Deputies или Chambre des Deputes (65 seats; members elected by popular vote for five-year terms)
выборы: last held 8 February 2008 (next to be held 2013)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats - UMP (coalition of parties associated with Президент Ismail Omar GUELLAH) 65
Доминика unicameral House of Assembly (30 seats; 9 members appointed, 21 elected by popular vote; to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 5 May 2005 (next to be held by 5 August 2010); note - tradition dictates that the election will be held within five лет of the last election, but technically it is five лет from the first seating of parliament (12 May 2005) plus a 90-day grace period
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - DLP 52.1%, UWP 43.6%, DFP 3.2%, other 1.1%; seats by party - DLP 12, UWP 8, independent 1
Доминиканская республика bicameral National Congress или Congreso Nacional consists of the Senate или Senado (32 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) и the House of Representatives или Camara de Diputados (178 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held 16 May 2006 (next to be held in May 2010); House of Representatives - last held 16 May 2006 (next to be held in May 2010)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PLD 22, PRD 6, PRSC 4; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PLD 96, PRD 60, PRSC 22
Эквадор unicameral National Congress или Congreso Nacional (100 seats; members are elected through a party-list proportional representation system to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 15 October 2006 (next to be held in October 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PRIAN 28; PSP 24; PSC 13; ID 7; PRE 6; MUPP-NP 6; RED 5; UDC 5; other 6; note - defections by members of National Congress are commonplace, resulting in frequent changes in the numbers of seats held by the various parties; as of 29 November 2007, Congress is on indefinite recess while a Constituent Assembly is convened
Египет bicameral system consists of the Люди's Assembly или Majlis al-Sha'b (454 seats; 444 elected by popular vote, 10 appointed by the president; members serve five-year terms) и the Advisory Council или Majlis al-Shura that traditionally functions only in a consultative role but 2007 constitutional amendments could grant the Council new powers (264 seats; 176 elected by popular vote, 88 appointed by the president; members serve six-year terms; mid-term elections for half of the elected members)
выборы: Люди's Assembly - three-phase voting - last held 7 и 20 November, 1 December 2005;(next to be held November-December 2010); Advisory Council - last held June 2007 (next to be held May-June 2010)
результаты выборов: Люди's Assembly - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - NDP 311, NWP 6, Tagammu 2, Tomorrow Party 1, independents 112 (12 seats to be determined by rerun elections, 10 seats appointed by Президент); Advisory Council - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - NDP 84, Tagammu 1, independents 3
Сальвадор unicameral Legislative Assembly или Asamblea Legislativa (84 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve three-year terms)
выборы: last held 12 March 2006 (next to be held in March 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - ARENA 34, FMLN 32, PCN 10, PDC 6, CD 2
Экваториальная Гвинея unicameral House of Люди's Representatives или Camara de Representantes del Pueblo (100 seats; members directly elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 25 April 2004 (next to be held 4 May 2008)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PDGE 98, CPDS 2
примечание: Parliament has little power since the constitution vests all executive authority in the president
Эритрея unicameral National Assembly (150 seats; members elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: in May 1997, following the adoption of the new constitution, 75 members of the PFDJ Central Committee (the old Central Committee of the EPLF), 60 members of the 527-member Constituent Assembly, which had been established in 1997 to discuss и ratify the new constitution, и 15 representatives of Eritreans living abroad were formed into a Transitional National Assembly to serve as the country's legislative body until countrywide elections to a National Assembly were held; although only 75 of 150 members of the Transitional National Assembly were elected, the constitution stipulates that once past the transition stage, all members of the National Assembly will be elected by secret ballot of all eligible voters; National Assembly elections scheduled for December 2001 were postponed indefinitely
Эстония unicameral Parliament или Riigikogu (101 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 4 March 2007 (next to be held in March 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - Estonian Reform Party 27.8%, Center Party Эстонии 26.1%, Union of Pro Patria и Res Publica 17.9%, Social демократическая партия 10.6%, Estonian Greens 7.1%, Estonian Люди's Union 7.1%, other 5%; seats by party - Estonian Reform Party 31, Center Party 29, Union of Pro Patria и Res Publica 19, Social демократическая партия 10, Estonian Greens 6, Estonian Люди's Union 6
Эфиопия bicameral Parliament consists of the House of Federation (или upper chamber responsible for interpreting the constitution и federal-regional issues) (108 seats; members are chosen by state assemblies to serve five-year terms) и the House of Люди's Representatives (или lower chamber responsible for passing legislation) (547 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote from single-member districts to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 15 May 2005 (next to be held in 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote - нет; seats by party - EPRDF 327, CUD 109, UEDF 52, SPDP 23, OFDM 11, BGPDUF 8, ANDP 8, independent 1, others 6, undeclared 2
примечание: some seats still remain vacant as detained opposition MPs did not take their seats
Европейское сообщество two legislative bodies consisting of the Council of the Европейское сообщество (27 member-state ministers having 345 votes; the number of votes is roughly proportional to member-states' population; note - the Council is the main decision-making body of the EU) и the European Parliament (785 seats, as of 1 January 2007; seats allocated among member states by proportion to population; members elected by direct universal suffrage for a five-year term)
выборы: last held 10-13 June 2004 (next to be held June 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote - нет; seats by party - EPP-ED 268, PES 202, ALDE 88, Greens/EFA 42, EUL/NGL 41, IND/DEM 36, UEN 27, independents 28; note - seats by party as of 1 December 2007 - EPP-ED 275, PES 217, ALDE 104, UEN 44, Greens/EFA 42, EUL/NGL 41, IND/DEM 24, independents 34, 4 unaccounted for
Фолклендские ( Мальвинские) осторова unicameral Legislative Council (10 seats; 2 members are ex officio и 8 are elected by popular vote; to serve four-year terms); presided over by the governor
выборы: last held 17 November 2005 (next to be held in November 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote - нет; seats - independents 8
Фарерские Острова unicameral Faroese Parliament или Logting (33 seats; members are elected by popular vote on a proportional basis from the seven constituencies to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 19 January 2008 (next to be held no later than January 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - Union Party 21%, Social демократическая партия 19.4%, республиканцы 23.3%, Люди's Party 20.1%, Center Party 8.4%, Self-Правление Party 7.2%, other 0.6%; seats by party - республиканцы 8, Union Party 7, Social демократическая партия 6, Люди's Party 7, Center Party 3, Independence Party 2
примечание: election of two seats to the Danish Parliament was last held on 13 November 2007 (next to be held no later than November 2011); results - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - республиканцы 1, Union Party 1
Фиджи bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (32 seats; 14 appointed by the president on the advice of the Great Council of Chiefs, 9 appointed by the president on the advice of the Премьер Министр, 8 on the advice of the Opposition Leader, и 1 appointed on the advice of the council of Rotuma) и the House of Representatives (71 seats; 23 reserved for ethnic Fijians, 19 reserved for ethnic Indians, 3 reserved for other ethnic groups, 1 reserved for the council of Rotuma constituency encompassing the whole Фиджи, и 25 open seats; members serve five-year terms)
выборы: House of Representatives - last held 6-13 May 2006 (next to be held in 2011)
результаты выборов: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - SDL 44.6%, FLP 39.2%, UPP 0.8%, independents 4.9%, other 10.5%; seats by party - SDL 36, FLP 31, UPP 2, independents 2
Финляндия unicameral Parliament или Eduskunta (200 seats; members are elected by popular vote on a proportional basis to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 18 March 2007 (next to be held March 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - Kesk 23.1%, Kok 22.3%, SDP 21.4%, VAS 8.8%, VIHR 8.5%, KD 4.9%, SFP 4.5%, True Finns 4.1%, other 3.4%; seats by party - Kesk 51, Kok 50, SDP 45, VAS 17, VIHR 15, SFP 9, KD 7, True Finns 5, other 1
Франция bicameral Parliament или Parlement consists of the Senate или Senat (331 seats, 305 for metropolitan Франция, 9 for overseas departments, 5 for dependencies, и 12 for French nationals abroad; members are indirectly elected by an electoral college to serve six-year terms; один third elected every three лет); note - between 2006 и 2011, 15 new seats will be added to the Senate for a total of 348 seats - 326 for metropolitan Франция и overseas departments, 2 for Новая Каледония: заморская территория Франции, 2 for Майотта: заморская территория Франции, 1 for Saint-Pierre и Miquelon, 1 for Saint-Barthelemy, 1 for Saint-Martin, 3 for overseas territories, и 12 for French nationals abroad; starting in 2008, members will be indirectly elected by an electoral college to serve six-year terms, with один-half elected every three лет; и the National Assembly или Assemblee Nationale (577 seats, 555 for metropolitan Франция, 15 for overseas departments, 7 for dependencies; members are elected by popular vote under a single-member majority system to serve five-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held 26 September 2004 (next to be held in September 2008); National Assembly - last held 10 и 17 June 2007 (next to be held in June 2012)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - UMP 156, PS 97, UDF (now MoDem) 33, PCF 23, RDSE 15, other 7; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - UMP 46.37%, PS 42.25%, miscellaneous left wing parties 2.47%, PCF 2.28%, NC 2.12%, PRG 1.65%, miscellaneous right wing parties 1.17%, the Greens 0.45, other 1.24%; seats by party - UMP 313, PS 186, NC 22, miscellaneous left wing parties 15, PCF 15, miscellaneous right wing parties 9, PRG 7, the Greens 4, other 6
Французская Полинезия unicameral Territorial Assembly или Assemblee Territoriale (57 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 27 January 2008 (first round) и 10 February 2008 (second round) (next to be held нет 2013)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - Our На главную alliance 45.2%, Union for Democracy alliance 37.2%, Popular Rally (Tahoeraa Huiraatira) 17.2% other 0.5%; seats by party - Our На главную alliance 27, Union for Democracy alliance 20, Popular Rally 10
примечание: один seat was elected to the French Senate on 27 September 1998 (next to be held in September 2007); results - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - нет; two seats were elected to the French National Assembly on 9 June-16 June 2002 (next to be held in 2007); results - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - UMP/RPR 1, UMP 1
Габон bicameral legislature consists of the Senate (91 seats; members elected by members of municipal councils и departmental assemblies to serve six-year terms) и the National Assembly или Assemblee Nationale (120 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held 26 January и 9 February 2003 (next to be held by January 2009); National Assembly - last held 17 и 24 December 2006 (next to be held in December 2011)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PDG 53, RNB 20, PGP 4, ADERE 3, RDP 1, CLR 1, independents 9; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PDG 82, RPG 8, UPG 8, UGDD 4, ADERE 3, CLR 2, PGP-Ndaot 2, PSD 2, independents 4, others 5
Гамбия unicameral National Assembly (53 seats; 48 members elected by popular vote, 5 appointed by the president; to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 25 January 2007 (next to be held in 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - APRC 47, UDP 4, NADD 1, independent 1
Грузия unicameral Parliament или Parlamenti (also known as Supreme Council или Umaghlesi Sabcho) (235 seats; 150 members elected by proportional representation, 75 from single-seat constituencies, и 10 represent displaced persons from Abkhazia; to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 21 May 2008 (next to be held in spring 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - National Movement-Democratic Front 59.2%, National Council-New Rights 17.7%, other parties 23.1%; seats by party - National Movement-Democratic Front 120, National Council-New Rights 16
Германия bicameral Parliament или Parlament consists of the Federal Assembly или Bundestag (614 seats; elected by popular vote under a system combining direct и proportional representation; a party must win 5% of the national vote или three direct mandates to gain proportional representation и caucus recognition; to serve four-year terms) и the Federal Council или Bundesrat (69 votes; state governments are directly represented by votes; each has three to six votes depending on population и are required to vote as a block)
выборы: Bundestag - last held on 18 September 2005 (next to be held no later than autumn 2009); note - there are no elections for the Bundesrat; composition is determined by the composition of the state-level governments; the composition of the Bundesrat has the potential to change any time один of the 16 states holds an election
результаты выборов: Bundestag - percent of vote by party - CDU/CSU 35.2%, SPD 34.3%, FDP 9.8%, Left 8.7%, Greens 8.1%, other 3.9%; seats by party - CDU/CSU 225, SPD 222, FDP 61, Left 53, Greens 51, independents 2
Гана unicameral Parliament (230 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 7 December 2004 (next to be held in December 2008)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - NPP 128, NDC 94, PNC 4, CPP 3, independent 1
Гибралтар: заморская территория Великобритании unicameral Parliament (18 seats: 17 members elected by popular vote, 1 for the Speaker appointed by Parliament; to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 11 October 2007 (next to be held not later than October 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - GSD 49.3%, GSLP 31.8%, Гибралтар: заморская территория Великобритании Liberal Party 13.6%; seats by party - GSD 10, GSLP 4, Гибралтар: заморская территория Великобритании Liberal Party 3
Греция unicameral Parliament или Vouli ton Ellinon (300 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: elections last held 16 September 2007 (next to be held by 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - ND 41.8%, PASOK 38.1%, KKE 8.2%, Synaspismos 5%, LAOS 3.8%, other 3.1%; seats by party - ND 152, PASOK 102, KKE 22, Synaspismos 14, LAOS 10
Гренландия unicameral Parliament или Landstinget (31 seats; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held on 15 November 2005 (next to be held by December 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - Siumut 30.7%, Demokratiit 22.8%, IA 22.6%, Atassut Party 19.1%; Katusseqatigiit 4.1%, other 0.7%; seats by party - Siumut 10, Demokratiit 7, IA 7, Atassut 6, Katusseqatigiit 1
примечание: two representatives were elected to the Danish Parliament или Folketing on 13 November 2007 (next to be held in November 2011); percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - Siumut 1, Inuit Ataqatigiit 1
Гренада bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (13 seats, 10 appointed by the government и 3 by the leader of the opposition) и the House of Representatives (15 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held on 8 July 2008 (next to be held in 2013)
результаты выборов: House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - NDC 11, NNP 4
Гуам unicameral Legislature (15 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms)
выборы: last held 7 November 2006 (next to be held in November 2008)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - республиканцы 8, демократическая партия 7
примечание: Гуам elects один nonvoting delegate to the US House of Representatives; election last held 7 November 2006 (next to be held in November 2008); results - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - демократическая партия 1
Гватемала unicameral Congress of the Republic или Congreso de la Republica (158 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 9 September 2007 (next to be held in September 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - UNE 30.4%, GANA 23.4%, PP 18.9%, FRG 9.5%, PU 5.1%, other 12.7%; seats by party - UNE 48, GANA 37, PP 30, FRG 15, PU 8, CASA 5, EG 4, PAN 4, UCN 4, URNG 2, UD 1
Гернси: коронная земля Великобритании unicameral States of Deliberation (45 seats; members are elected by popular vote for four лет); note - Alderney и Sark have parliaments
выборы: last held 23 April 2008 (next to be held in 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote - нет; seats - all independents
Гвинея unicameral Люди's National Assembly или Assemblee Nationale Populaire (114 seats; members are elected by a mixed system of direct popular vote и proportional party lists)
выборы: last held 30 June 2002 (next to be held in 2008)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - PUP 61.6%, UPR 26.6%, other 11.8%; seats by party - PUP 85, UPR 20, other 9
примечание: legislative elections were due in 2007 but have been postponed
Гвинея-Бисау unicameral National Люди's Assembly или Assembleia Nacional Popular (100 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 28 March 2004 (next to be held 16 November 2008)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - PAIGC 31.5%, PRS 24.8%, PUSD 16.1%, UE 4.1%, APU 1.3%, 13 other parties 22.2%; seats by party - PAIGC 45, PRS 35, PUSD 17, UE 2, APU 1
Гвиана unicameral National Assembly (65 seats; members elected by popular vote, also not more than 4 non-elected non-voting ministers и 2 non-elected non-voting parliamentary secretaries appointed by the president; to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 28 August 2006 (next to be held by August 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - PPP/C 54.6%, PNC/R 34%, AFC 8.1%, other 3.3%; seats by party - PPP/C 36, PNC/R 22, AFC 5, other 2
Гаити bicameral National Assembly или Assemblee Nationale consists of the Senate (30 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms; один-third elected every two лет) и the Chamber of Deputies (99 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms); note - in reestablishing the Senate, the candidate in each department receiving the most votes in the last election serves six лет, the candidate with the second most votes serves four лет, и the candidate with the third most votes serves two лет
выборы: Senate - last held 21 April 2006 with run-off elections on 3 December 2006 (next regular election, for один third of seats, to be held in 2008); Chamber of Deputies - last held 21 April 2006 with run-off elections on 3 December 2006 и 29 April 2007 (next regular election to be held in 2010)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - L'ESPWA 11, FUSION 5, OPL 4, FL 3, LAAA 2, UNCRH 2, PONT 2, ALYANS 1; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - L'ESPWA 23, FUSION 17, FRN 12, OPL 10, ALYANS 10, LAAA 5, MPH 3, MOCHRENA 3, other 10; results for six other seats contested on 3 December 2006 remain unknown
Ватикан unicameral Pontifical Commission for the State of Vatican City
Гондурас unicameral National Congress или Congreso Nacional (128 seats; members are elected proportionally to the number of votes their party's presidential candidate receives to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 27 November 2005 (next to be held in November 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PL 62, PN 55, PUD 5, PDC 4, PINU 2
Гонконг unicameral Legislative Council или LEGCO (60 seats; in 2004, 30 seats indirectly elected by functional constituencies, 30 elected by popular vote; members serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 12 September 2004 (next to be held in September 2008)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - pro-democracy 63%, pro-Beijing 37%; seats by party - (pro-Beijing 34) DAB 12, Liberal Party 10, FTU 1, independents 11; (pro-democracy 25) демократическая партия 9, CTU 2, ADPL 1, Frontier Party 1, NWSC 1, independents 11; non-voting LEGCO president 1
Венгрия unicameral National Assembly или Orszaggyules (386 seats; members are elected by popular vote under a system of proportional и direct representation to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 9 и 23 April 2006 (next to be held in April 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party (5% или more of the vote required for parliamentary representation in the first round) - MSzP 43.2%, Fidesz-KDNP 42%, SzDSz 6.5%, MDF 5%, other 3.3%; seats by party - MSzP 190, Fidesz-KDNP 164, SzDSz 20, MDF 11, independent 1
Исландия unicameral Parliament или Althing (63 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 12 May 2007 (next to be held by May 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - Independence Party 36.6%, Social Democratic Alliance 26.8%, Progressive Party 11.7%, Left-Green Movement 14.3%, Liberal Party 7.3%, other 3.3%; seats by party - Independence Party 25, Social Democratic Alliance 18, Progressive Party 7, Left-Green Alliance 9, Liberal Party 4
Индия bicameral Parliament или Sansad consists of the Council of States или Rajya Sabha (a body consisting of not more than 250 members up to 12 of whom are appointed by the president, the remainder are chosen by the elected members of the state и territorial assemblies; members serve six-year terms) и the Люди's Assembly или Lok Sabha (545 seats; 543 elected by popular vote, 2 appointed by the president; members serve five-year terms)
выборы: Люди's Assembly - last held 20 April through 10 May 2004 (next must be held by May 2009)
результаты выборов: Люди's Assembly - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - INC 147, BJP 129, CPI (M) 43, SP 38, RJD 23, DMK 16, BSP 15, SS 12, BJD 11, CPI 10, NCP 10, JD (U) 8, SAD 8, PMK 6, JMM 5, LJSP 4, MDMK 4, TDP 4, TRS 4, independent 6, other 29, vacant 13; note - seats by party as of December 2006
Индонeзия House of Representatives или Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (DPR) (550 seats; members elected to serve five-year terms); House of Regional Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah или DPD), constitutionally mandated role включая providing legislative input to DPR on issues affecting regions; Люди's Consultative Assembly (Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat или MPR) has role in inaugurating и impeaching president и in amending constitution; consists of popularly elected members in DPR и DPD; MPR does not formulate national policy
выборы: last held 5 April 2004 (next to be held 8 или 9 April 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - Golkar 21.6%, PDI-P 18.5%, PKB 10.6%, PPP 8.2%, PD 7.5%, PKS 7.3%, PAN 6.4%, others 19.9%; seats by party - Golkar 128, PDI-P 109, PPP 58, PD 55, PAN 53, PKB 52, PKS 45, others 50
примечание: because of election rules, the number of seats won does not always follow the percentage of votes received by parties
Иран unicameral Islamic Consultative Assembly или Majles-e-Shura-ye-Eslami или Majles (290 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 14 March 2008 with a runoff held 25 April 2008 (next to be held in 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote - нет; seats by party - conservatives/Islamists 170, reformers 46, independents 71, religious minorities 3
Ирак Council of Representatives (consisting of 275 members elected by a closed-list, proportional representation system)
выборы: held 15 December 2005 to elect a 275-member Council of Representatives; the Council of Representatives elected the Presidency Council и approved the prime minister и two deputy prime ministers
результаты выборов: Council of Representatives - percent of vote by party - Unified Iraqi Alliance 41%, Kurdistan Alliance 22%, Tawafuq Coalition 15%, Iraqi National List 8%, Iraqi Front for National Dialogue 4%, other 10%; number of seats by party (as of November 2007) - Unified Iraqi Alliance (including the Sadrist bloc with 30 и Fadilah with 15) 130, Kurdistan Alliance 53, Tawafuq Front 44, Iraqi National List 25, Fadilah 15, Iraqi Front for National Dialogue 11, other 12
Ирландия bicameral Parliament или Oireachtas consists of the Senate или Seanad Eireann (60 seats; 49 members elected by the universities и from candidates put forward by five vocational panels, 11 are nominated by the prime minister; to serve five-year terms) и the House of Representatives или Dail Eireann (166 seats; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve five-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held in July 2007 (next to be held by July 2012); House of Representatives - last held 24 May 2007 (next to be held by May 2012)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - Fianna Fail 28, Fine Gael 14, Labor Party 6, Progressive Democrats 2, партия зеленых 2, Sein Fein 1, independents 7; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - Fianna Fail 41.6%, Fine Gael 27.3%, Labor Party 10.1%, Sinn Fein 6.9%, партия зеленых 4.7%, Progressive Democrats 2.7%, other 6.7%; seats by party - Fianna Fail 78, Fine Gael 51, Labor Party 20, Sinn Fein 4, партия зеленых 6, Progressive Democrats 2, other 5
Остров Мэн bicameral Tynwald consists of the Legislative Council (11 seats; members composed of the Президент of Tynwald, the Lord Bishop of Sodor и Man, a nonvoting attorney general, и 8 others named by the House of Keys) и the House of Keys (24 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: House of Keys - last held 23 November 2006 (next to be held in November 2011)
результаты выборов: House of Keys - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - Liberal Vannin Party 2, Man Labor Party 1, independents 21
Израиль unicameral Knesset (120 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 28 March 2006 (next scheduled to be held in 2010 but can be called earlier)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - Kadima 22%, Labor 15.1%, SHAS 9.5%, Likud 9%, Yisrael Beiteinu 9%, NU/NRP 7.1%, GIL 5.9%, Torah и Shabbat Judaism 4.7%, Meretz-YAHAD 3.8%, United Arab List 3%, Balad 2.3%, HADASH 2.7%, other 5.9%; seats by party - Kadima 29, Labor 19, Likud 12, SHAS 12, Yisrael Beiteinu 11, NU/NRP 9, GIL 7, Torah и Shabbat Judaism 6, Meretz-YAHAD 5, United Arab List 4, Balad 3, HADASH 3
Италия bicameral Parliament или Parlamento consists of the Senate или Senato della Repubblica (315 seats; members elected by proportional vote with the winning coalition in each region receiving 55% of seats from that region; to serve five-year terms) и the Chamber of Deputies или Camera dei Deputati (630 seats; members elected by popular vote with the winning national coalition receiving 54% of chamber seats; to serve five-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held 13-14 April 2008 (next to be held April 2010); Chamber of Deputies - last held 13-14 April 2008 (next to be held in April 2010)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - S. BERLUSCONI coalition 174 (PdL 147, LN 25, MpA 2), W. VELTRONI coalition 132 (PD 118, IdV 3), UdC 3, other 6; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - S. BERLUSCONI coalition 344 (PdL 276, LN 60, MpA 8), W. VELTRONI coalition 246 (PD 217, IdV 29), UdC 36, other 4
Ямайка bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (a 21-member body appointed by the governor general on the recommendations of the prime minister и the leader of the opposition; ruling party is allocated 13 seats, и the opposition is allocated 8 seats) и the House of Representatives (60 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 3 September 2007 (next to be held no later than October 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - JLP 50.1%, PNP 49.8%; seats by party - JLP 33, PNP 27
Япония bicameral Diet или Kokkai consists of the House of Councillors или Sangi-in (242 seats - members elected for six-year terms; half reelected every three лет; 146 members in multi-seat constituencies и 96 by proportional representation) и the House of Representatives или Shugi-in (480 seats - members elected for four-year terms; 300 in single-seat constituencies; 180 members by proportional representation in 11 regional blocs)
выборы: House of Councillors - last held 29 July 2007 (next to be held in July 2010); House of Representatives - last held 11 September 2005 (next election by September 2009)
результаты выборов: House of Councillors - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - DPJ 109, LDP 83, Komeito 20, JCP 7, SDP 5, others 18
House of Representatives - percent of vote by party (in single-seat constituencies) - LDP 47.8%, DPJ 36.4%, others 15.8%; seats by party - LDP 296, DPJ 113, Komeito 31, JCP 9, SDP 7, others 24 (2007)
Джерси: коронная земля Великобритании unicameral Assembly of the States Джерси: коронной земли Великобритании (58 seats; 55 are voting members, of which 12 are senators elected for six-year terms, 12 are constables или heads of parishes elected for three-year terms, 29 are deputies elected for three-year terms, the bailiff и the deputy bailiff, и 3 non-voting members включая the Dean Джерси: коронной земли Великобритании, the Attorney General, и the Solicitor General appointed by the monarch)
выборы: last held 19 October 2005 for senators и 23 November 2005 for deputies (next to be held on 15 October 2008)
результаты выборов: percent of vote - нет; seats - independents 55
Иордания bicameral National Assembly или Majlis al-'Umma consists of the Senate, also called the House of Notables или Majlis al-Ayan (55 seats; members appointed by the monarch from designated categories of public figures to serve four-year terms) и the Chamber of Deputies, also called the House of Representatives или Majlis al-Nuwaab (110 seats; members elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms; note - six seats are reserved for women и are allocated by a special electoral panel if no women are elected)
выборы: Chamber of Deputies - last held 20 November 2007 (next to be held in 2011)
результаты выборов: Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - IAF 5.5 %, independents и other 94.5%; seats by party - IAF 6, independents и other 104; note - seven women will serve in the next Assembly - six of whom filled women's quota seats и один was directly elected
Казахстан bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (47 seats; 7 members are appointed by the president; other members are elected by local assemblies; to serve six-year terms) и the Mazhilis (107 seats; 9 out of the 107 Mazhilis members are elected from the Assembly of the Люди Казахстана, which represents the country's ethnic minorities; members are popularly elected to serve five-year terms)
выборы: Senate - (indirect) last held December 2005; next to be held in 2011; Mazhilis - last held 18 August 2007 (next to be held in 2012)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - нет; Mazhilis - percent of vote by party - Nur-Otan 88.1%, NSDP 4.6%, Ak Zhol 3.3%, Auyl 1.6%, Communist Люди's Party 1.3%, Patriots Party .8% Ruhaniyat .4%; seats by party - Nur-Otan 98; note - parties must achieve a threshold of 7% of the electorate to qualify for seats in the Mazhilis
Кения unicameral National Assembly или Bunge (224 seats; 210 members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms, 12 so-called "nominated" members who are appointed by the president but selected by the parties in proportion to their parliamentary vote totals, 2 ex-officio members)
выборы: last held 27 December 2007 (next to be held in December 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - ODM 99, PNU 43, ODM-K 16, KANU 14 other 38; ex-officio 2; seats appointed by the president - TBD
Кирибати unicameral House of Parliament или Maneaba Ni Maungatabu (46 seats; 44 members elected by popular vote, 1 ex officio member - the attorney general, 1 nominated by the Rabi Council of Leaders (representing Banaba Island); to serve four-year terms)
выборы: legislative elections were held in two rounds - the first round on 22 August 2007 и the second round on 30 August 2007 (next to be held in 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - нет, other 2 (включая attorney general)
Северная Корея unicameral Supreme Люди's Assembly или Ch'oego Inmin Hoeui (687 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 3 August 2003 (next to be held in August 2008)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - нет; ruling party approves a list of candidates who are elected without opposition; some seats are held by minor parties
Южная Корея unicameral National Assembly или Kukhoe (299 seats; 243 members elected in single-seat constituencies, 56 elected by proportional representation; to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 9 April 2008 (next to be held in April 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - GNP 153, UDP 81, LFP 18, Pro-Park Alliance 14, DLP 5, CKP 3, independents 25
Косовo unicameral Косовo Assembly of the Provisional Правление (120 seats; 100 seats directly elected, 10 seats for Serbs, 10 seats for other minorities; to serve three-year terms)
выборы: last held 17 November 2007 (next to be held in 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - PDK 34.3%, LDK 22.6%, AKR 12.3%, LDD 10.0%, AAK 9.6%, other 11.2%; seats by party - PDK 37, LDK 25, AKR 13, LDD 11, AAK 10, other 4
Кювейт unicameral National Assembly или Majlis al-Umma (50 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms; all cabinet ministers are also ex officio voting members of the National Assembly)
выборы: last held 17 May 2008 (next election to be held in 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by bloc - нет; seats by bloc - Sunni 21, Islamic Salafi Alliance 10, Liberals 7, Shiites 5, Popular Action Bloc 4, Islamic Constitutional Movement 3
Киргизия unicameral Supreme Council или Jorgorku Kengesh (90 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 16 December 2007 (next to be held in 2012)
результаты выборов: Supreme Council - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - Ak Jol 71, Social демократическая партия 11, KCP 8
Лаоc unicameral National Assembly (115 seats; members elected by popular vote from a list of candidates selected by the Lao Люди's Revolutionary Party to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 30 April 2006 (next to be held in 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - LPRP 113, independents 2
Латвия unicameral Parliament или Saeima (100 seats; members are elected by proportional representation from party lists by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 7 October 2006 (next to be held in October 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - TP 19.5%, ZZS 16.7%, JL 16.4%, SC 14.4%; LPP/LC 8.6%; TB/LNNK 7%; PCTVL 6%; seats by party - TP 23, ZZS 18, JL 18, SC 17, LPP/LC 10, TB/LNNK 8, PCTVL 6; note - seats by party as of February 2008 - TP 21, ZZS 17, SC 17, JL 14, LPP/LC 10, TB/LNNK 5, PCTVL 6, independents 10
Ливан unicameral National Assembly или Majlis Alnuwab (Arabic) или Assemblee Nationale (French) (128 seats; members elected by popular vote on the basis of sectarian proportional representation to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held in four rounds on 29 May, 5, 12, 19 June 2005 (next to be held in 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by group - нет; seats by group - Future Movement Bloc 36; Democratic Gathering 15; Development и Resistance Bloc 15; Free Patriotic Movement 15; Loyalty to the Resistance 14; Qornet Shehwan 6; Lebanese Forces 5; Popular Bloc 4; Tripoli Independent Bloc 3; Kataeb Reform Movement 2; Syrian National Socialist Party 2; Tashnaq 2; Syrian Ba'th Party 1; Democratic Left 1; Democratic Renewal Movement 1; Kataeb Party 1; Nasserite Popular Movement 1; independent 4
Лесото bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (33 members - 22 principal chiefs и 11 other members appointed by the ruling party) и the Assembly (120 seats, 80 by popular vote и 40 by proportional vote; members elected by popular vote for five-year terms)
выборы: last held 17 February 2007 (next to be held in 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - LCD 61, NIP 21, ABC 17, LWP 10, ACP 4, BNP 3, other 4
Либерия bicameral National Assembly consists of the Senate (30 seats; note - number of seats changed in 11 October 2005 elections; members elected by popular vote to serve nine-year terms) и the House of Representatives (64 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held 11 October 2005 (next to be held in 2011); House of Representatives - last held 11 October 2005 (next to be held in 2011)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - COTOL 7, NPP 4, CDC 3, LP 3, UP 3, APD 3, other 7; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - CDC 15, LP 9, COTOL 8, UP 8, APD 5, NPP 4, other 15
примечание: junior senators - those who received the second most votes in each county in the 11 October 2005 election - will only serve a six-year first term because the Liberian constitution mandates staggered Senate elections to ensure continuity of government; all senators will be eligible for nine-year terms thereafter
Либия unicameral General Люди's Congress (approximately 2,700 seats; members elected indirectly through a hierarchy of people's committees)
Лихтенштейн unicameral Parliament или Landtag (25 seats; members are elected by popular vote under proportional representation to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 11 и 13 March 2005 (next to be held by 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - FBP 48.7%, VU 38.2%, FL 13%; seats by party - FBP 12, VU 10, FL 3
Литва unicameral Parliament или Seimas (141 seats; 71 members are elected by popular vote, 70 are elected by proportional representation; serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 10 и 24 October 2004 (next to be held in October 2008)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - Labor 28.6%, Working for Литва (Social Democrats и Social Liberals) 20.7%, TS 14.6%, For Order и Justice (Liberal Democrats и Lithuanian Люди's Union) 11.4%, Liberal и Center Union 9.1%, Farmers и New Democracy Union 6.6%, other 9%; seats by faction - Social Democrats 38, TS 25, Labor 23, Farmers National Union 13 (combined with Civil Democracy), Liberal Democrats/Order и Justice 11, New Union Social Liberals 10, Liberal и Center Union 10, Liberal Movement 9, independent 2 (as of April 2008)
Люксембург unicameral Chamber of Deputies или Chambre des Deputes (60 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 13 June 2004 (next to be held by June 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - CSV 36.1%, LSAP 23.4%, DP 16.1%, партия зеленых 11.6%, ADR 10%, other 2.8%; seats by party - CSV 24, LSAP 14, DP 10, партия зеленых 7, ADR 5
примечание: there is also a Council of State that serves as an advisory body to the Chamber of Deputies; the Council of State has 21 members appointed by the Grand Duke on the advice of the prime minister
Macau unicameral Legislative Assembly (29 seats; 12 members elected by popular vote, 10 by indirect vote, и 7 appointed by the chief executive; to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 25 September 2005 (next in September 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote - New Democratic Macau Association 18.8%, Macau United Citizens' Association 16.6%, Union for Development 13.3%, Union for Promoting Progress 9.6%, Macau Development Alliance 9.3%, others 32.4%; seats by political group - New Democratic Macau Association 2, Macau United Citizens' Association 2, Union for Development 2, Union for Promoting Progress 2, Macau Development Alliance 1, others 3; 10 seats filled by специалисты и business groups; seven members appointed by chief executive
Македония unicameral Assembly или Sobranie (120 seats; members elected by popular vote from party lists based on the percentage of the overall vote the parties gain in each of six electoral districts; serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 1 June 2008 (next to be held by July 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - For a Better Македония 48.80%, Sun-Coalition for Europe 23.65%, Democratic Union for Integration 12.77%, демократическая партия of Albanians 8.48%, Party for European Future 1.47%, other 4.83%; seats by party - For a Better Македония 63, Sun-Coalition for Europe 27, Democratic Union for Integration 18, демократическая партия of Albanians 11, Party for European Future 1
Мадагаскар bicameral legislature consists of a National Assembly или Assemblee Nationale (127 seats - reduced from 160 seats by an April 2007 national referendum; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) и a Senate или Senat (100 seats; two-thirds of the seats filled by regional assemblies; the remaining один-third of seats appointed by the president; to serve four-year terms)
выборы: National Assembly - last held 23 September 2007 (next to be held in 2011)
результаты выборов: National Assembly - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - TIM 106, LEADER/Fanilo 1, independents 20
Малави unicameral National Assembly (193 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 20 May 2004 (next to be held in May 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - MCP 56, UDF 49, independents 39, RP 15, others 25, vacancies 8
Малазия bicameral Parliament или Parlimen consists of Senate или Dewan Negara (70 seats; 44 appointed by paramount ruler, 26 elected by 13 state legislatures; to serve three-year terms with limit of two terms) и House of Representatives или Dewan Rakyat (222 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: House of Representatives - last held on 8 March 2008 (next to be held by March 2013)
результаты выборов: House of Representatives - percent of vote - BN coalition 50.3%, opposition parties 46.8%, others 2.9%; seats - BN coalition 140, opposition parties 82
Мальдивы unicameral Люди's Council или Majlis (50 seats; 42 members elected by popular vote, 8 appointed by the president; to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 22 January 2005 (next to be held in 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote - нет; seats - independents 50
Мали unicameral National Assembly или Assemblee Nationale (147 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held on 1 и 22 July 2007 (next to be held in July 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - ADP coalition 113 (including ADEMA 51, URD 34, MPR 8, CNID 7, UDD 3, и other 10), FDR coalition 15 (including RPM 11, PARENA 4), SADI 4, independent 15
Мальта unicameral House of Representatives (usually 65 seats; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve five-year terms; note - additional seats are given to the party with the largest popular vote to ensure a legislative majority)
выборы: last held on 8 March 2008 (next to be held by March 2013)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - PN 49.3%, MLP 48.8%, other 1.9%; seats by party - PN 35, MLP 34
Маршалловы Острова unicameral legislature или Nitijela (33 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 19 November 2007 (next to be held by November 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - independents 4
примечание: the Council of Chiefs или Ironij is a 12-member body comprised of tribal chiefs that advises on matters affecting customary law и practice
Мавритания bicameral legislature consists of the Senate или Majlis al-Shuyukh (56 seats; 53 members elected by municipal leaders и 3 members elected by Mauritanians abroad to serve six-year terms; a portion of seats up for election every two лет) и the National Assembly или Majlis al-Watani (95 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held 21 January и 4 February 2007 (next to be held 2009); National Assembly - last held 19 November и 3 December 2006 (next to be held in 2011)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - Mithaq (coalition of independents и parties associated with the former regime) 37, CFCD (coalition of political parties) 15, representatives of the diaspora 3, undecided 1; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - Mithaq 51 (independents 37, PRDR 7, UDP 3, RDU 3, Alternative (El-Badil) 1), CFCD 41 (RFD 16, UFP 9, APP 6, Centrist Reformists 4, HATEM-PMUC 3, RD 2, PUDS 1), RNDLE 1, UCD 1, FP 1
Маврикий unicameral National Assembly (70 seats; 62 members elected by popular vote, 8 appointed by the election commission to give representation to various ethnic minorities; to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held on 3 July 2005 (next to be held in 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - AS 38, MSM/MMM 22, OPR 2; appointed seats - AS 4, MSM/MMM 2, OPR 2
Майотта: заморская территория Франции unicameral General Council или Conseil General (19 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms)
выборы: last held 21 и 28 March 2004 (next to be held in 2007)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - MDM 23.3%, UMP 22.8%, PS 10.2%, MRC 8.9%, FRAP 6.5%, MPM 1.2%, other 27.1%; seats by party - MDM 6, UMP 9, MRC 2, MPM 1, diverse left 1
примечание: Майотта: заморская территория Франции elects один member of the French Senate; elections last held 24 September 2001 (next to be held in September 2007); results - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - нет; Майотта: заморская территория Франции also elects один member to the French National Assembly; elections last held 16 June 2002 (next to be held in 2007); results - percent of vote by party - UMP-RPR 55.1%, UDF 44.9%; seats by party - UMP-RPR 1
Мексика bicameral National Congress или Congreso de la Union consists of the Senate или Camara de Senadores (128 seats; 96 members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms, и 32 seats are allocated on the basis of each party's popular vote) и the Federal Chamber of Deputies или Camara Federal de Diputados (500 seats; 300 members are elected by popular vote; remaining 200 members are allocated on the basis of each party's popular vote; to serve three-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held 2 July 2006 for all of the seats (next to be held 1 July 2012); Chamber of Deputies - last held 2 July 2006 (next to be held 5 July 2009)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PAN 52, PRI 33, PRD 26, PVEM 6, CD 5, PT 5, independent 1; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PAN 207, PRD 127, PRI 106, PVEM 17, CD 17, PT 11, other 15
Микронезия unicameral Congress (14 seats; 4 - один elected from each state to serve four-year terms и 10 - elected from single-member districts delineated by population to serve two-year terms; members elected by popular vote)
выборы: last held 6 March 2007 (next to be held in March 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote - нет%; seats - independents 14
Молдавия unicameral Parliament или Parlamentul (101 seats; parties и electoral blocs elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 6 March 2005 (next to be held in 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - PCRM 46.1%, Democratic Молдавия Bloc (AMN, PD, PSL) 28.4%, PPCD 9.1%, other parties 16.4%; seats by party - PCRM 56, Democratic Молдавия Bloc (AMN, PD, PSL) 34, PPCD 11
Монако unicameral National Council или Conseil National (24 seats; 16 members elected by list majority system, 8 by proportional representation; to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 3 February 2008 (next to be held February 2013)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - UPM 52.2%, REM 40.5%, Монако Together 7.3%; seats by party - UPM 21, REM 3
Монголия unicameral State Great Hural 76 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms
выборы: last held 29 June 2008 (next to be held in June 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - MPRP 47, DP 26, others 3; note - results are disputed
Монтенегро unicameral Assembly (81 seats; members elected by direct vote for four-year terms; changed from 74 seats in 2006)
выборы: last held 10 September 2006 (next to be held 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - Coalition for European Монтенегро 47.7%, Serbian List 14.4%, Coalition SNP-NS-DSS 13.8%, PZP 12.9%, Liberals и Bosniaks 3.7%, other (including Albanian minority parties) 7.5%; seats by party - Coalition for European Монтенегро 41, Serbian List 12, Coalition SNP/NS/DSS 11, PZP 11, Liberals и Bosniaks 3, Albanian minority parties 3
Монтсеррат: заморская территория Великобритании unicameral Legislative Council (11 seats, 9 popularly elected; members serve five-year terms)
примечание: expanded in 2001 from 7 to 9 elected members with attorney general и financial secretary sitting as ex-officio members
выборы: last held 31 May 2006 (next to be held by 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - MCAP 36.1%, NPLM 29.4%, MDP 24.4%, independents 10.1%; seats by party - MCAP 4, NPLM 3, MDP 1, independents 1
примечание: in 2001, the Elections Commission instituted a single constituency/voter-at-large system whereby all eligible voters cast ballots for all nine seats of the Legislative Council
Мороккo bicameral Parliament consists of a Chamber of Counselors (или upper house) (270 seats; members elected indirectly by local councils, специалисты organizations, и labor syndicates for nine-year terms; один-third of the members are elected every three лет) и Chamber of Representatives (или lower house) (325 seats; 295 members elected by multi-seat constituencies и 30 from national lists of women; members elected by popular vote for five-year terms)
выборы: Chamber of Counselors - last held 8 September 2006 (next to be held in 2009); Chamber of Representatives - last held 7 September 2007 (next to be held in 2012)
результаты выборов: Chamber of Counselors - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PI 17, MP 14, RNI 13, USFP 11, UC 6, PND 4, PPS 4, Al Ahd 4, other 17; Chamber of Representatives - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PI 52, PJD 46, MP 41, RNI 39, USFP 38, UC 27, PPS 17, FFD 9, MDS 9, Al Ahd 8, other 39
Мозамбик unicameral Assembly of the Republic или Assembleia da Republica (250 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 1-2 December 2004 (next to be held in December 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - FRELIMO 62%, RENAMO 29.7%, other 8.3%; seats by party - FRELIMO 160, RENAMO 90
Намибия bicameral legislature consists of the National Council (26 seats; two members are chosen from each regional council to serve six-year terms) и the National Assembly (72 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: National Council - elections for regional councils to determine members of the National Council held 29-30 November 2004 (next to be held in November 2010); National Assembly - last held 15-16 November 2004 (next to be held in November 2009)
результаты выборов: National Council - percent of vote by party - SWAPO 89.7%, UDF 4.7%, NUDO 2.8%, DTA 1.9%, other 0.9%; seats by party - SWAPO 24, UDF 1, DTA 1; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - SWAPO 76.1%, COD 7.3%, DTA 5.1%, NUDO 4.2%, UDF 3.6%, RP 1.9%, MAG 0.8%, other 1.0%; seats by party - SWAPO 55, COD 5, DTA 4, NUDO 3, UDF 3, RP 1, MAG 1
примечание: the National Council is primarily an advisory body
Науру unicameral Parliament (18 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms)
выборы: last held 26 April 2008 (next to be held in 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote - нет; seats - independents 18; note - Президент Marcus STEPHEN called a snap election to break a parliamentary stalemate blocking legislative action
Непал unicameral Constituent Assembly (601 seats; 240 seats decided by direct popular vote; 335 seats by proportional representation; 26 appointed by the Cabinet (Council of Ministers))
примечание: KOIRALA has called first sitting of the Assembly on 28 May 2008
выборы: last held 10 April 2008 (next to be held нет)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - CPN-M 220, NC 110, CPN-UML 103, Madhesi Jana Adhikar Forum 52, Terai Madhesi демократическая партия/Непал Sadbhawana Party 29, other smaller parties 61; note - 26 seats to be filled by the new Cabinet
Нидерланды bicameral States General или Staten Generaal consists of the First Chamber или Eerste Kamer (75 seats; members indirectly elected by the country's 12 provincial councils to serve four-year terms) и the Second Chamber или Tweede Kamer (150 seats; members directly elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: First Chamber - last held 29 May 2007 (next to be held in May 2011); Second Chamber - last held 22 November 2006 (next to be held by early 2011)
результаты выборов: First Chamber - percent of vote by party - нет%; seats by party - CDA 21, PvdA 14, VVD 14, Socialist Party 11, Christian Union 4, Green Left Party 4, D66 2, other 5; Second Chamber - percent of vote by party - CDA 26.5%, PvdA 21.2%, Socialist Party 16.6%, VVD 14.6%, Party for Freedom 5.9%, партия зеленых 4.6%, Christian Union 4.0%, other 6.6%; seats by party - CDA 41, PvdA 33, Socialist Party 25, VVD 22, Party for Freedom 9, партия зеленых 7, Christian Union 6, other 7
Нидерландские Антильские о-ва unicameral States или Staten (22 seats, Curacao 14, Bonaire 3, St. Maarten 3, St. Eustatius 1, Saba 1; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 27 January 2006 (next to be held in 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PAR 5, MAN 3, FOL 2, Forsa Korsou 2, National Alliance 2, PNP 2, UPB 2, DP-St. E 1, DP-St. M 1, PDB 1, WIPM 1
примечание: the government is a coalition of several parties
Новая Каледония: заморская территория Франции unicameral Territorial Congress или Congres du territoire (54 seats; members belong to the three Provincial Assemblies или Assemblees Provinciales elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 9 May 2004 (next to be held in 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - RPCR-UMP 16, AE 16, UNI-FLNKS 8, UC 7, FN 4, others 3
примечание: Новая Каледония: заморская территория Франции currently holds один seat in the French Senate; by 2010, Новая Каледония: заморская территория Франции will gain a second seat in the French Senate; elections last held 24 September 2001 (next to be held not later than September 2007); results - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - UMP 1; Новая Каледония: заморская территория Франции also elects two seats to the French National Assembly; elections last held 10 и 17 June 2007 (next to be held on June 2012); results - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - UMP 2
Новая Зеландия unicameral House of Representatives - commonly called Parliament (120 seats; 69 members elected by popular vote in single-member constituencies including 7 Maori constituencies, и 51 proportional seats chosen from party lists; to serve three-year terms)
выборы: last held 17 September 2005 (next to be held not later than 15 November 2008)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - NZLP 41.1%, NP 39.1%, NZFP 5.7%, партия зеленых 5.3%, Maori 2.1%, UF 2.7%, ACT Новая Зеландия 1.5%, Progressive 1.2%, other 1.3%; seats by party - NZLP 50, NP 48, NZFP 7, партия зеленых 6, Maori 4, UF 3, ACT Новая Зеландия 2, Progressive 1
примечание: results of 2005 election saw the total number of seats increase to 121 because the Maori Party won один more electorate seat than its entitlement under the party vote
Никарагуа unicameral National Assembly или Asamblea Nacional (92 seats; 90 members are elected by proportional representation и party lists to serve five-year terms; 1 seat for the previous president, 1 seat for the runner-up in previous presidential election)
выборы: last held 5 November 2006 (next to be held by November 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - FSLN 38, PLC 25, ALN 23 (22 plus один for presidential candidate Eduardo MONTEALEGRE, runner-up in the 2006 presidential election), MRS 5, APRE 1 (outgoing Президент Enrique BOLANOS)
Нигер unicameral National Assembly (113 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 4 December 2004 (next to be held in December 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - MNSD 47, PNDS 25, CDS 22, RSD 7, RDP 6, ANDP 5, PSDN 1
Нигерия bicameral National Assembly consists of the Senate (109 seats, 3 from each state plus 1 from Abuja; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) и House of Representatives (360 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held 21 April 2007 (next to be held in April 2011); House of Representatives - last held 21 April 2007 (next to be held in April 2011)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - PDP 53.7%, ANPP 27.9%, AD 9.7%, other 8.7%; seats by party - PDP 76, ANPP 27, AD 6; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - PDP 54.5%, ANPP 27.4%, AD 8.8%, UNPP 2.8%, NPD 1.9%, APGA 1.6%, PRP 0.8%; seats by party - PDP 76, ANPP 27, AD 6, UNPP 2, APGA 2, NPD 1, PRP 1, vacant 1
Ниуэ unicameral Legislative Assembly (20 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms; six elected from a common roll и 14 are village representatives)
выборы: last held 7 June 2008 (next to be held in 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - 20 independents
Норфолк unicameral Legislative Assembly (9 seats; members elected by electors who have nine equal votes each but only four votes can be given to any один candidate; to serve three-year terms)
выборы: last held 21 March 2007 (next to be held by 28 March 2010)
результаты выборов: seats - independents 9 (note - no political parties)
Северные Марианские острова bicameral Legislature consists of the Senate (9 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year staggered terms) и the House of Representatives (20 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held 3 November 2007 (next to be held in November 2009); House of Representatives - last held 3 November 2007 (next to be held in November 2009)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - Covenant Party 3, республиканцы 3, демократическая партия 1, independents 2; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - республиканцы 12, Covenant Party 4, демократическая партия 1, independents 3
примечание: the Северные Марианские острова does not have a nonvoting delegate in the US Congress; instead, it has an elected official или "resident representative" in Washington, DC; seats by party - республиканцы 1 (Pedro A. TENORIO)
Норвегия modified unicameral Parliament или Storting (169 seats; members are elected by popular vote by proportional representation to serve four-year terms); note - in 2009 the number of seats will change to 165
выборы: last held 12 September 2005 (next to be held in September 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - Labor Party 32.7%, Progress Party 22.1%, Conservative Party 14.1%, Socialist Left Party 8.8%, Christian Люди's Party 6.8%, Center Party 6.5%, Liberal Party 5.9%, other 3.1%; seats by party - Labor Party 61, Progress Party 38, Conservative Party 23, Socialist Left Party 15, Christian Люди's Party 11, Center Party 11, Liberal Party 10
примечание: for certain purposes, the parliament divides itself into two chambers и elects один-fourth of its membership in the Lagting и three-fourths of its membership in the Odelsting
Оман bicameral Majlis Оман consists of Majlis al-Dawla или upper chamber (70 seats; members appointed by the monarch; has advisory powers only) и Majlis al-Shura или lower chamber (84 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms; body has some limited power to propose legislation, but otherwise has only advisory powers)
выборы: last held 27 October 2007 (next to be held in 2011)
результаты выборов: new candidates won 46 seats и 38 members of the outgoing Majlis kept their positions; none of the 20 female candidates were elected
Пакистан bicameral Parliament или Majlis-e-Shoora consists of the Senate (100 seats; members indirectly elected by provincial assemblies и the territories' representatives in the National Assembly to serve six-year terms; один half are elected every three лет) и the National Assembly (342 seats; 272 members elected by popular vote; 60 seats reserved for women; 10 seats reserved for non-Muslims; to serve five-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held in March 2006 (next to be held in March 2009); National Assembly - last held 18 February 2008 (next to be held in 2013)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PML 38, MMA 18, PPPP 10, MQM 6, PML-N 4, PKMAP 3, ANP 2, PPP-S 2, BNP-A 1, BNP-M 1, JWP 1, нет 1, PML-F 1, independents 12; National Assembly - percent of votes by party - нет; seats by party - PPPP 121, PML-N 91, PML 54, MQM 25, ANP 13, MMA 6, PML-F 5, BNP-A 1, NPP 1, PPP-S 1, independents 18; note - as a result of the 27 June 2008 by-election, PML-N gained 3 seats и PPPP gained 2 seats)
Палау bicameral National Congress или Olbiil Era Kelulau (OEK) consists of the Senate (9 seats; members elected by popular vote on a population basis to serve four-year terms) и the House of Delegates (16 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held 2 November 2004 (next to be held in November 2008); House of Delegates - last held 2 November 2004 (next to be held in November 2008)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote - нет; seats - independents 9; House of Delegates - percent of vote - нет; seats - independents 16
Панама unicameral National Assembly или Asamblea Nacional (78 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); note - in 2009, the number of seats will change to 71
выборы: last held 2 May 2004 (next to be held 3 May 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PRD 41, PA 17, PS 9, MOLIRENA 4, CD 3, PLN 3, PP 1
примечание: legislators from outlying rural districts are chosen on a plurality basis while districts located in more populous towns и cities elect multiple legislators by means of a proportion-based formula
Папуа — Новая Гвинея unicameral National Parliament (109 seats, 89 filled from open electorates и 20 from provinces и national capital distict; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); constitution allows up to 126 seats
выборы: last held from 30 June to 10 July 2007; next to be held in June 2012
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - National Alliance 27, PNGP 8, PAP 6, URP 6, PANGU 5, PDM 5, independents 19, others 33; note - election to 1 seat was nullified
примечание: 15 other parties won 4 или fewer seats; association with political parties is fluid
Парагвай bicameral Congress или Congreso consists of the Chamber of Senators или Camara de Senadores (45 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) и the Chamber of Deputies или Camara de Diputados (80 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: Chamber of Senators - last held 20 April 2008 (next to be held in April 2013); Chamber of Deputies - last held 20 April 2008 (next to be held in April 2013)
результаты выборов: Chamber of Senators - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - ANR 15, PLRA 14, UNACE 9, PPQ 4, other 3; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - ANR 30, PLRA 27, UNACE 15, PPQ 3, APC 2, other 3
Перу unicameral Congress of the Республика Перу или Congreso de la Republica del Перу (120 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 9 April 2006 (next to be held in April 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - UPP 21.2%, PAP 20.6%, UN 15.3%, AF 13.1%, FC 7.1%, PP 4.1%, RN 4.0%, other 14.6%; seats by party - UPP 45, PAP 36, UN 17, AF 13, FC 5, PP 2, RN 2
Филиппины bicameral Congress или Kongreso consists of the Senate или Senado (24 seats - один-half elected every three лет; members elected at large by popular vote to serve six-year terms) и the House of Representatives или Kapulungan Ng Mga Kinatawan (as a result of May 2007 election it has 239 seats including 218 members representing districts и 21 sectoral party-list members representing special minorities elected on the basis of 1 seat for every 2% of the total vote but limited to 3 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms; note - the Constitution prohibits the House of Representatives from having more than 250 members)
выборы: Senate - last held on 14 May 2007 (next to be held in May 2010); House of Representatives - elections last held on 14 May 2007 (next to be held in May 2010)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - Lakas-Kampi 4, LP 4, NPC 3, Nacionalista 2, independents 4, others 6; note - there are 23 rather than 24 sitting senators because один senator was elected mayor of Manila; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - Lakas 86, Kampi 46, NPC 29, LP 21, Party-list 21, others 36
Питкэрн: заморская территория Великобритании unicameral Island Council (10 seats; 5 members elected by popular vote, 1 nominated by the 5 elected members, 2 appointed by the governor including 1 seat for the Island Secretary, the Island Mayor, и a commissioner liaising between the governor и council; elected members serve один-year terms)
выборы: last held 24 December 2006 (next to be held in December 2007)
результаты выборов: percent of vote - нет; seats - all independents
Польша bicameral legislature consists of an upper house, the Senate или Senat (100 seats; members are elected by a majority vote on a provincial basis to serve four-year terms), и a lower house, the Sejm (460 seats; members are elected under a complex system of proportional representation to serve four-year terms); the designation of National Assembly или Zgromadzenie Narodowe is only used on those rare occasions when the two houses meet jointly
выборы: Senate - last held 21 October 2007 (next to be held by October 2011); Sejm elections last held 21 October 2007 (next to be held by October 2011)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PO 60, PiS 39, independents 1; Sejm - percent of vote by party - PO 41.5%, PiS 32.1%, LiD 13.2%, PSL 8.9%, other 4.3%; seats by party - PO 209, PiS 166, LiD 53, PSL 31, German minorities 1; note - seats by party as of February 2008 - PO 209, PiS 159, LiD 53, PSL 31, German minorities 1, nonaffiliated 7
примечание: один seat is assigned to ethnic minority parties in the Sejm only
Португалия unicameral Assembly of the Republic или Assembleia da Republica (230 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 20 February 2005 (next to be held in Fall 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - PS 45.1%, PSD 28.7%, CDU 7.6%, CDS/PP 7.3%, BE 6.4%, other 4.9%; seats by party - PS 121, PSD 75, CDU 14, CDS/PP 12, BE 8
Пуэрто-Рико bicameral Legislative Assembly consists of the Senate (at least 27 seats - currently 29; members are directly elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) и the House of Representatives (51 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held 2 November 2004 (next to be held November 2008); House of Representatives - last held 2 November 2004 (next to be held in November 2008)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - PNP 43.4%, PPD 40.3%, PIP 9.4%; seats by party - PNP 17, PPD 9, PIP 1; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - PNP 46.3%, PPD 43.1%, PIP 9.7%; seats by party - PNP 32, PPD 18, PIP 1
примечание: Пуэрто-Рико elects, by popular vote, a resident commissioner to serve a four-year term as a nonvoting representative in the US House of Representatives; aside from not voting on the House floor, he enjoys all the rights of a member of Congress; elections last held 2 November 2004 (next to be held in November 2008); results - percent of vote by party - PNP 48.6%, other 51.4%; seats by party - PNP 1
Катар unicameral Advisory Council или Majlis al-Shura (35 seats; members appointed)
примечание: no legislative elections have been held since 1970 when there were partial elections to the body; Council members have had their terms extended every year since the new constitution came into force on 9 June 2005; the constitution provides for a new 45-member Advisory Council или Majlis al-Shura; the public would elect two-thirds of the Majlis al-Shura; the Amir would appoint the remaining members; preparations are underway to conduct elections to the Majlis al-Shura
Румыния bicameral Parliament или Parlament consists of the Senate или Senat (137 seats; members are elected by popular vote on a proportional representation basis to serve four-year terms) и the Chamber of Deputies или Camera Deputatilor (332 seats; members are elected by popular vote on a proportional representation basis to serve four-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held 28 November 2004 (next expected to be held in November 2008); Chamber of Deputies - last held 28 November 2004 (next expected to be held November 2008)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by alliance/party - PSD-PUR 37.1%, PNL-PD 31.8%, PRM 13.6%, UDMR 6.2%, other 11.3%; seats by party - PSD 44, PNL 30, PD 20, PRM 20, PC 11, UDMR 10, independents 2; seats by party as of February 2008 - PSD 44, PDL 27, PNL 24, PRM 16, PC 10, UDMR 10, independents 6; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by alliance/party - PSD-PUR 36.8%, PNL-PD 31.5%, PRM 13%, UDMR 6.2%, other 12.5%; seats by party - PSD 111, PNL 66, PD 45, PRM 34, UDMR 22, PC 20, ex-PRM (Ciontu Group) 12, PIN (GUSA Group) 3, independent 1, ethnic minorities 18; seats by party as of February 2008 - PSD 104, PDL 73, PNL 56, PRM 25, UDMR 22, PC 16, independents 18, ethnic minorities 18
Россия bicameral Federal Assembly или Federalnoye Sobraniye consists of the Federation Council или Sovet Federatsii (168 seats; as of July 2000, members appointed by the top executive и legislative officials in each of the 84 federal administrative units - oblasts, krays, republics, autonomous okrugs и oblasts, и the federal cities of Moscow и Saint Petersburg; to serve four-year terms) и the State Duma или Gosudarstvennaya Duma (450 seats; as of 2007, all members elected by proportional representation from party lists winning at least 7% of the vote; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: State Duma - last held 2 December 2007 (next to be held in December 2011)
результаты выборов: State Duma - United Россия 64.3%, CPRF 11.5%, LDPR 8.1%, JR 7.7%, other 8.4%; total seats by party - United Россия 315, CPRF 57, LDPR 40, JR 38
Руанда bicameral Parliament consists of Senate (26 seats; 12 members elected by local councils, 8 appointed by the president, 4 by the Political Organizations Forum, 2 represent institutions of higher learning; to serve eight-year terms) и Chamber of Deputies (80 seats; 53 members elected by popular vote, 24 women elected by local bodies, 3 selected by youth и disability organizations; to serve five-year terms)
выборы: Senate - members appointed as part of the transitional government (next to be held in 2011); Chamber of Deputies - last held 29 September 2003 (next to be held 15-18 September 2008)
результаты выборов: seats by party under the 2003 Constitution - RPF 40, PSD 7, PL 6, additional 27 members indirectly elected
Сен-Бартельми unicameral Territorial Council (19 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 1 и 8 July 2007 (next to be held July 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - SBA 72.2%, Action-Equilibre-Transparence 9.9%, Ensemble pour Saint-Barthelemy 7.9%, Tous Unis pour Saint-Barthelemy 9.9%; seats by party - SBA 16, Action-Equilibre-Transparence 1, Ensemble pour Saint-Barthelemy 1, Tous Unis pour Saint-Barthelemy 1
Святой Елены остров unicameral Legislative Council (16 seats, including the speaker, three ex officio и 12 elected members; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 31 August 2005 (next to be held in 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote - нет; seats - independents 12
Сент-Китс и Невис unicameral National Assembly (14 seats, 3 appointed и 11 popularly elected from single-member constituencies; members serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 25 October 2004 (next to be held by 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - SKNLP 7, CCM 2, NRP 1, PAM 1
Сент-Люсия bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (11 seats; six members appointed on the advice of the prime minister, three on the advice of the leader of the opposition, и two после consultation with religious, economic, и social groups) и the House of Assembly (17 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: House of Assembly - last held 11 December 2006 (next to be held in December 2011)
результаты выборов: House of Assembly - percent of vote by party - UWP 50%, SLP 46.9%, other 3.1%; seats by party - UWP 11, SLP 6
Saint Martin unicameral Territorial Council (23 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 1 и 8 July 2007 (next to be held July 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of seats by party - UPP 49%, RRR 42.2%, Reussir Saint-Martin 8.9%; seats by party - UPP 16, RRR 6, Reussir Saint-Martin 1
Сен-Пьер и Микелон: заморская территория Франции unicameral Territorial Council или Conseil Territorial (19 seats, 15 from Saint Pierre и four from Miquelon; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)
выборы: elections last held 19 и 26 in March 2006 (next to be held in March 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - AD 16, Cap sur l'Avenir 2, SPM 2000/AM 1
примечание: Сен-Пьер и Микелон: заморская территория Франции elect один seat to the French Senate; elections last held 26 September 2004 (next to be held in September 2013); results - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - UMP 1; Сен-Пьер и Микелон: заморская территория Франции also elects один seat to the French National Assembly; elections last held, first round - 10 June 2007, second round - 17 June 2007 (next to be held in 2012); results - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - Left Radical Party 1
Сент-Винсент и Гренадины unicameral House of Assembly (21 seats, 15 elected representatives и six appointed senators; representatives are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 7 December 2005 (next to be held in 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - ULP 55.3%, NDP 44.7%; seats by party - ULP 12, NDP 3
Самоа unicameral Legislative Assembly или Fono (49 seats, 47 elected by voters affiliated with traditional village-based electoral districts, 2 elected by independent, mostly non-Samoan или part-Samoan, voters who cannot, (или choose not to) establish a village affiliation; only chiefs (matai) may stand for election to the Fono from the 47 village-based electorates; members serve five-year terms)
выборы: election last held 31 March 2006 (next election to be held not later than March 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - HRPP 35, SDUP 10, independents 4
Сан-Маринo unicameral Grand и General Council или Consiglio Grande e Generale (60 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 4 June 2006 (next to be held by June 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - PDCS 32.9%, Party of Socialists и Democrats 31.9%, AP 11.9%, United Left 8.7%, New Socialist Party 5.4%, other parties 9.2%; seats by party - PDCS 21, Party of Socialists и Democrats 20, AP 7, United Left 5, New Socialist Party 3, others 4; note - following a government reshuffle on 28 NOvember 2007, a splinter party of the PDCS joined the center-left coalition formed by the Party of Socialists и Democrats, the APDS, и the United Left strengthening the government's parliamentary majority to 36 seats out of 60
Сан-Томе и Принсипи unicameral National Assembly или Assembleia Nacional (55 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held on 26 March 2006 (next to be held in March 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - MDFM-PCD 37.2%, MLSTP 28.9%, ADI 20.0%, NR 4.7%, others 9.2%; seats by party - MDFM-PCD 23, MLSTP 19, ADI 12, NR 1
Саудовская Аравия Consultative Council или Majlis al-Shura (150 members и a chairman appointed by the monarch for four-year terms); note - though the Council of Ministers announced in October 2003 its intent to introduce elections for half of the members of local и provincial assemblies и a third of the members of the national Consultative Council или Majlis al-Shura, incrementally over a period of four to five лет, to date no such elections have been held или announced
Сенегал bicameral Parliament consisting of the National Assembly или Assemblee Nationale (150 seats; 90 members elected by direct popular vote with the remaining members elected by proportional representation from party lists to serve five-year terms) и the Senate reinstituted in 2007 (100 seats; 35 indirectly elected with the remaining 65 members to be appointed by the president)
выборы: National Assembly - last held on 3 June 2007 (next to be held 2012); note - the National Assembly in December 2005 voted to postpone legislative elections originally scheduled for 2006; legislative elections were first rescheduled to coincide with the 25 February 2007 presidential elections и later rescheduled for 3 June 2007; the June election was boycotted by 12 opposition parties, including the former ruling Socialist Party, that resulted in a record-low, 35-percent voter turnout; Senate - last held 19 August 2007 (next to be held - нет)
результаты выборов: National Assembly results - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - SOPI Coalition 131, other 19; Senate results - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PDS 34, AJ/PADS 1, 65 appointed by the president
Сербия unicameral National Assembly (250 seats; deputies elected by direct vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held on 11 May 2008 (next to be held in May 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - For a European Сербия 38.7%, SRS 29.1%, DSS-NS 11.3%, coalition led by the SPS 7.9%, LPD 5.2%, other 7.8%; seats by party - For a European Сербия 103, SRS 77, DSS-NS 30, coalition led by the SPS 20, LDP 13, other 7
Сейшельские Острова unicameral National Assembly или Assemblee Nationale (34 seats; 25 members elected by popular vote, 9 allocated on a proportional basis to parties winning at least 10% of the vote; to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 10-12 May 2007 (next to be held in 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - SPPF 56.2%, SNP 43.8%; seats by party - SPPF 23, SNP 11
Сьерра-Леоне unicameral Parliament (124 seats; 112 members elected by popular vote, 12 filled by paramount chiefs elected in separate elections; to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held on 11 August 2007 (next to be held in 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - APC 59, SLPP 43, PMDC 10
Сингапур unicameral Parliament (84 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms); note - in addition, there are up to nine nominated members; up to three losing opposition candidates who came closest to winning seats may be appointed as "nonconstituency" members
выборы: last held on 6 May 2006 (next to be held by 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - PAP 66.6%, WP 16.3%, SDA 13%, SDP 4.1%; seats by party - PAP 82, WP 1, SDA 1
Словакия unicameral National Council of the Slovak Republic или Narodna Rada Slovenskej Republiky (150 seats; members are elected on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 17 June 2006 (next to be held in 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - Smer 29.1%, SDKU 18.4%, SMK 11.7%, SNS 11.7%, LS-HZDS 8.8%, KDH 8.3%, other 12%; seats by party - Smer 50, SDKU 31, SMK 20, SNS 19, LS-HZDS 16, KDH 14
Словения bicameral Parliament consists of a National Assembly или Drzavni Zbor (90 seats; 40 members are directly elected и 50 are elected on a proportional basis; note - the number of directly elected и proportionally elected seats varies with each election; the constitution mandates 1 seat each for Словения's Hungarian и Italian minorities; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) и the National Council или Drzavni Svet (40 seats; members indirectly elected by an electoral college to serve five-year terms; note - this is primarily an advisory body with limited legislative powers; it may propose laws, ask to review any National Assembly decision, и call national referenda)
выборы: National Assembly - last held 3 October 2004 (next to be held 8 October 2008)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - SDS 29.1%, LDS 22.8%, ZLSD 10.2%, NSi 9%, SLS 6.8%, SNS 6.3%, DeSUS 4.1%, other 11.7%; seats by party - SDS 29, LDS 23, ZLSD 10, NSi 9, SLS 7, SNS 6, DeSUS 4, Hungarian minority 1, Italian minority 1
Соломоновы Острова unicameral National Parliament (50 seats; members elected from single-member constituencies by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held on 5 April 2006 (next to be held in 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - National Party 6.9%, PAP 6.3%, SIPRA 6.3%, Liberal 5%, Democratic 4.9%, SOCRED 4.3%, LAFARI 2.8%, independents 60.3%; seats by party - National Party 4, SIPRA 4, Democratic 3, PAP 3, LAFARI 2, Liberal 2, SOCRED 2, independents 30
Сомали unicameral National Assembly
примечание: unicameral Transitional Federal Assembly (TFA) (275 seats; 244 members appointed by the four major clans (61 for each clan), 31 seats allocated to smaller clans и subclans)
Южно-Африканская Республика bicameral Parliament consisting of the National Assembly (400 seats; members are elected by popular vote under a system of proportional representation to serve five-year terms) и the National Council of Provinces (90 seats, 10 members elected by each of the nine provincial legislatures for five-year terms; has special powers to protect regional interests, including the safeguarding of cultural и linguistic traditions among ethnic minorities); note - following the implementation of the new constitution on 4 February 1997, the former Senate was disbanded и replaced by the National Council of Provinces with essentially no change in membership и party affiliations, although the new institution's responsibilities have been changed somewhat by the new constitution
выборы: National Assembly и National Council of Provinces - last held on 14 April 2004 (next to be held in 2009)
результаты выборов: National Assembly - percent of vote by party - ANC 69.7%, DA 12.4%, IFP 7%, UDM 2.3%, NNP 1.7%, ACDP 1.6%, other 5.3%; seats by party - ANC 279, DA 50, IFP 28, UDM 9, NNP 7, ACDP 6, other 21; National Council of Provinces - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - нет
Испания bicameral; General Courts или National Assembly или Las Cortes Generales consists of the Senate или Senado (264 seats as of 2008; 208 members directly elected by popular vote и the other 56 - as of 2008 - appointed by the regional legislatures; to serve four-year terms) и the Congress of Deputies или Congreso de los Diputados (350 seats; each of the 50 electoral provinces fills a minimum of two seats и the Северный African enclaves of Ceuta и Melilla fill один seat each with members serving a four-year term; the other 248 members are determined by proportional representation based on popular vote on block lists who serve four-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held on 9 March 2008 (next to be held in March 2012); Congress of Deputies - last held on 9 March 2008 (next to be held in March 2012)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PP 101, PSOE 88, Entesa Catalona de Progress 12, CiU 4, PNV 2, CC 1, members appointed by regional legislatures 56; Congress of Deputies - percent of vote by party - PSOE 43.6%, PP 40.1%, CiU 3.1%, PNV 1.2%, ERC 1.2%, other 10.8%; seats by party - PSOE 169, PP 154, CiU 10, PNV 6, ERC 3, other 8
Шри-Ланка unicameral Parliament (225 seats; members elected by popular vote on the basis of an open-list, proportional representation system by electoral district to serve six-year terms)
выборы: last held on 2 April 2004 (next to be held by 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party или electoral alliance - SLFP и JVP (no longer in formal UPFA alliance) 45.6%, UNP 37.8%, TNA 6.8%, JHU 6%, SLMC 2%, UPF 0.5%, EPDP 0.3%, other 1%; seats by party - UNP 68, SLFP 57, JVP 39, TNA 22, CWC 8, JHU 7, SLMC 6, SLMC dissidents 4, Communist Party 2, JHU dissidents 2, LSSP 2, MEP 2, NUA 2, UPF 2, EPDP 1, UNP dissident 1
Судан bicameral National Legislature consists of a Council of States (50 seats; members indirectly elected by state legislatures to serve six-year terms) и a National Assembly (450 seats; members presently appointed, but in the future 75% of members to be directly elected и 25% elected in special или indirect elections; to serve six-year terms)
выборы: last held 13-22 December 2000 (next to be held 2009)
результаты выборов: NCP 355, others 5; note - replaced by appointments under the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement
Суринам unicameral National Assembly или Nationale Assemblee (51 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held on 25 May 2005 (next to be held in 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - NF 39.7%, NDP 22.2%, VVV 13.8%, A-Com 7.2%, A-1 5.9%, other 11.2%; seats by party - NF 23, NDP 15, VVV 5, A-Com 5, A-1 3
Свазиленд bicameral Parliament или Libandla consists of the Senate (30 seats; 10 members appointed by the House of Assembly и 20 appointed by the monarch; to serve five-year terms) и the House of Assembly (65 seats; 10 members appointed by the monarch и 55 elected by popular vote; to serve five-year terms)
выборы: House of Assembly - last held 18 October 2003 (next to be held in October 2008)
результаты выборов: House of Assembly - balloting is done on a nonparty basis; candidates for election are nominated by the local council of each constituency и for each constituency the three candidates with the most votes in the first round of voting are narrowed to a single winner by a second round
Швеция unicameral Parliament или Riksdag (349 seats; members are elected by popular vote on a proportional representation basis to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held on 17 September 2006 (next to be held in September 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - Social Democrats 37.2%, Moderates 27.8%, Center Party 8.3%, Liberal Люди's Party 8.0%, Christian Democrats 6.9%, Left Party 6.3%, Greens 5.4%; seats by party - Social Democrats 130, Moderates 97, Center Party 29, Liberal Люди's Party 28, Christian Democrats 24, Left Party 22, Greens 19
Швейцария bicameral Federal Assembly или Bundesversammlung (in German), Assemblee Federale (in French), Assemblea Federale (in Italian) consists of the Council of States или Standerat (in German), Conseil des Etats (in French), Consiglio degli Stati (in Italian) (46 seats; membership consists of 2 representatives from each canton и 1 from each half canton; to serve four-year terms) и the National Council или Nationalrat (in German), Conseil National (in French), Consiglio Nazionale (in Italian) (200 seats; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms)
выборы: Council of States - last held in most cantons on 19 October 2003 (each canton determines when the next election will be held); National Council - last held on 21 October 2007 (next to be held in October 2011)
результаты выборов: Council of States - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - CVP 15, FDP 14, SVP 8, SPS 6, other 3; National Council - percent of vote by party - SVP 29%, SPS 19.5%, FDP 15.6%, CVP 14.6%, Greens 9.6%, other 11.7%; seats by party - SVP 62, SPS 43, FDP 31, CVP 31, партия зеленых 20, other small parties 13; note - seating for the Council of States as of December 2007 is CVP 16, FDP 12, SVP 7, SPS 9, other 2
Сирия unicameral Люди's Council или Majlis al-Shaab (250 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held on 22-23 April 2007 (next to be held in 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - NPF 172, independents 78
Тайвань unicameral Legislative Yuan (113 seats - 73 district members elected by popular vote, 34 at-large members elected on basis of proportion of islandwide votes received by participating political parties, 6 elected by popular vote among aboriginal populations; to serve four-year terms); parties must receive 5% of vote to qualify for at-large seats
выборы: Legislative Yuan - last held 12 January 2008 (next to be held in January 2012)
результаты выборов: Legislative Yuan - percent of vote by party - KMT 53.5%, DPP 38.2%, NPSU 2.4%, PFP 0.3%, others 1.6%, independents 4%; seats by party - KMT 81, DPP 27, NPSU 3, PFP 1, independent 1
Таджикистан bicameral Supreme Assembly или Majlisi Oli consists of the National Assembly (upper chamber) или Majlisi Milliy (34 seats; 25 members selected by local deputies, 8 appointed by the president; 1 seat reserved for the former president; to serve five-year terms) и the Assembly of Representatives (lower chamber) или Majlisi Namoyandagon (63 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: National Assembly - last held 25 March 2005 (next to be held in February 2010); Assembly of Representatives 27 February и 13 March 2005 (next to be held in February 2010)
результаты выборов: National Assembly - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PDPT 29, CPT 2, independents 3; Assembly of Representatives - percent of vote by party - PDPT 74.9%, CPT 13.6%, Islamic Revival Party 8.9%, other 2.5%; seats by party - PDPT 51, CPT 5, Islamic Revival Party 2, independents 5
Танзания unicameral National Assembly или Bunge (274 seats; 232 members elected by popular vote, 37 allocated to women nominated by the president, 5 to members of the Zanzibar House of Representatives; to serve five-year terms); note - in addition to enacting laws that apply to the entire United Республика Танзания, the Assembly enacts laws that apply only to the mainland; Zanzibar has its own House of Representatives to make laws especially for Zanzibar (the Zanzibar House of Representatives has 50 seats elected by universal suffrage to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 14 December 2005 (next to be held in December 2010)
результаты выборов: National Assembly - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - CCM 206, CUF 19, CHADEMA 5, other 2, women appointed by the president 37, Zanzibar representatives 5 Zanzibar House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - CCM 30, CUF 19; 1 seat was nullified with a rerun to take place soon
Таиланд bicameral National Assembly или Rathasapha consisted of the Senate или Wuthisapha (150 seats; 76 members elected by popular vote representing 76 provinces, 74 appointed by judges и independent government bodies; all serve six-year terms) и the House of Representatives или Sapha Phuthaen Ratsadon (480 seats; 400 members elected from 157 multi-seat constituencies и 80 elected on proportional party-list basis of 10 per eight zones или groupings of provinces; all serve four-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held on 2 March 2008 (next to be held in March 2014); House of Representatives - last election held on 23 December 2007 (next to be held in December 2011)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - нет; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - PPP 233, DP 164, TNP 34, Motherland 24, Middle Way 11, Unity 9, Royalist Люди's 5
примечание: 74 senators were appointed on 19 February 2008 by a seven-member committee headed by the chief of the Constitutional Court; 76 senators were elected on 2 March 2008; elections to the Senate are non-partisan; registered political party members are disqualified from being senators
Восточный Тимор unicameral National Parliament (number of seats can vary from 52 to 65; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held on 30 June 2007 (next elections due by June 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - FRETILIN 29%, CNRT 24.1%, ASDT-PSD 15.8%, PD 11.3%, PUN 4.5%, KOTA-PPT (Democratic Alliance) 3.2%, UNTERDIM 3.2%, others 8.9%; seats by party - FRETILIN 21, CNRT 18, ASDT-PSD 11, PD 8, PUN 3, KOTA-PPT 2, UNDERTIM 2
Того unicameral National Assembly (81 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held on 14 October 2007 (next to be held in 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - RPT 39.4%, UFC 37.0%, CAR 8.2%, independents 2.5%, other 12.9%; seats by party - RPT 50, UFC 27, CAR 4
Токелау unicameral General Fono (20 seats; based upon proportional representation from the three islands elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms; Atafu has seven seats, Fakaofo has seven seats, Nukunonu has six seats); note - the Токелау Amendment Act of 1996 confers limited legislative power on the General Fono
выборы: last held 17-19 January 2008 (next to be held in 2011)
результаты выборов: independents 20
Тонга unicameral Legislative Assembly или Fale Alea (32 seats - 14 reserved for cabinet ministers sitting ex officio, nine for nobles selected by the country's 33 nobles, и nine elected by popular vote; members serve three-year terms)
выборы: last held on 23-24 April 2008 (next to be held in 2011)
результаты выборов: Peoples Representatives: percent of vote - independents 54%, THRDM 28%, PDP 14%; seats - THRDM 4, independents 3, PDP 2
Тринидад и Тобаго bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (31 seats; 16 members appointed by the ruling party, nine by the Президент, six by the opposition party to serve a maximum term of five лет) и the House of Representatives (41 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: House of Representatives - last held on 5 November 2007 (next to be held in 2012)
результаты выборов: House of Representatives - percent of vote - PNM 46%, UNC 29.7%; seats by party - PNM 26, UNC 15
примечание: Tobago has a unicameral House of Assembly with 12 members serving four-year terms; last election held in January 2005; seats by party - PNM 11, DAC 1
Тунис bicameral system consists of the Chamber of Deputies или Majlis al-Nuwaab (189 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) и the Chamber of Advisors (126 seats; 85 members elected by municipal counselors, deputies, mayors, и специалисты associations и trade unions; 41 members are presidential appointees; members serve six-year terms)
выборы: Chamber of Deputies - last held on 24 October 2004 (next to be held in October 2009); Chamber of Advisors - last held on 3 July 2005 (next to be held in July 2011)
результаты выборов: Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - RCD 152, MDS 14, PUP 11, UDU 7, Al-Tajdid 3, PSL 2; Chamber of Advisors - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - RCD 71 (14 trade union seats vacant (due to boycott))
Турция unicameral Grand National Assembly Турции или Turkiye Buyuk Millet Meclisi (550 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held on 22 July 2007 (next to be held on November 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - AKP 46.7%, CHP 20.8%, MHP 14.3%, independents 5.2%, и other 13.0%; seats by party - AKP 341, CHP 112, MHP 71, independents 26; note - seats by party as of 17 December 2007 - AKP 340, CHP 87, MHP 70, DTP 20, DSP 13, independents 6, other 12, vacant 2 (DTP entered parliament as independents; DSP entered parliament on CHP's party list); only parties surpassing the 10% threshold are entitled to parliamentary seats
Туркменистан two parliamentary bodies, a Люди's Council или Halk Maslahaty (supreme legislative body of about 2,500 delegates, some elected by popular vote и some appointed; meets at least yearly) и a National Assembly или Mejlis (50 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: Люди's Council - last held in April 2003 (next to be held in December 2008); National Assembly - last held 19 December 2004 (next to be held in December 2008)
результаты выборов: Люди's Council - percent of vote by party - DPT 100%; seats by party - DPT 2,507; National Assembly - percent of vote by party - DPT 100%; seats by party - DPT 50; note - all elected officials are members of the демократическая партия Туркменистана и are preapproved by the president
примечание: in late 2003, a law was adopted reducing the powers of the National Assembly и making the Люди's Council the supreme legislative organ; the Люди's Council can now legally dissolve the National Assembly, и the president is now able to participate in the National Assembly as its supreme leader; the National Assembly can no longer adopt или amend the constitution или announce referendums или its elections; since the president is both the chairman of the Люди's Council и the supreme leader of the National Assembly, the 2003 law has the effect of making him the sole authority of both the executive и legislative branches of government
Тёркс и Кайкос unicameral House of Assembly (21 seats of which 15 are popularly elected; members serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 9 February 2007 (next to be held in 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - PNP 60%, PDM 40%; seats by party - PNP 13, PDM 2
Тувалу unicameral Parliament или Fale I Fono, also called House of Assembly (15 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 3 August 2006 (next to be held in 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote - нет; seats - independents 15
Угадна unicameral National Assembly (332 seats; 215 members elected by popular vote, 104 nominated by legally established special interest groups [women 79, army 10, disabled 5, youth 5, labor 5], 13 ex officio members; to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 23 February 2006 (next to be held in 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - NRM 191, FDC 37, UPC 9, DP 8, CP 1, JEEMA 1, independents 36, other 49
Украина unicameral Supreme Council или Verkhovna Rada (450 seats; members allocated on a proportional basis to those parties that gain 3% или more of the national electoral vote; to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 30 September 2007 (next to be held in 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party/bloc - Party of Regions 34.4%, Yuliya Tymoshenko Bloc 30.7%, Our Украина-Люди's Self Defense 14.2%, CPU 5.4%, Lytvyn bloc 4%, other parties 11.3%; seats by party/bloc - Party of Regions 175, Yuliya Tymoshenko Bloc 156, Our Украина-Люди's Self Defense 72, CPU 27, Lytvyn bloc 20
Объединенные Арабские Эмираты unicameral Federal National Council (FNC) или Majlis al-Ittihad al-Watani (40 seats; 20 members appointed by the rulers of the constituent states, 20 members elected to serve two-year terms)
выборы: elections for один half of the FNC (the other half remains appointed) held in the UAE on 18-20 December 2006; the new electoral college - a body of 6,689 Emiratis (including 1,189 women) appointed by the rulers of the seven emirates - were the only eligible voters и candidates; 456 candidates including 65 women ran for 20 contested FNC seats; один female from the Emirate of Abu Dhabi won a seat
примечание: reviews legislation but cannot change или veto
Великобритания bicameral Parliament consists of House of Lords (618 seats; consisting of approximately 500 life peers, 92 hereditary peers, и 26 clergy) и House of Commons (646 seats since 2005 elections; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms unless the House is dissolved earlier)
выборы: House of Lords - no elections (note - in 1999, as provided by the House of Lords Act, elections were held in the House of Lords to determine the 92 hereditary peers who would remain there; elections are held only as vacancies in the hereditary peerage arise); House of Commons - last held 5 May 2005 (next to be held by May 2010)
результаты выборов: House of Commons - percent of vote by party - Labor 35.2%, Conservative 32.3%, Liberal Democrats 22%, other 10.5%; seats by party - Labor 355, Conservative 198, Liberal Democrat 62, other 31; seats by party in the House of Commons as of 4 June 2008 - Labor 351, Conservative 192, Liberal Democrat 63, Scottish National Party/Plaid Cymru 9, Democratic Unionist 9, Sinn Fein 5, other 17
примечание: in 1998 elections were held for a Northern Ирландия Assembly (because of unresolved disputes among existing parties, the transfer of power from London to Northern Ирландия came only at the end of 1999 и has been suspended four times, the latest occurring in October 2002 и lasting until 8 May 2007); in 1999, the Великобритания held the first elections for a Scottish Parliament и a Welsh Assembly, the most recent of which were held in May 2007
США bicameral Congress consists of the Senate (100 seats, 2 members are elected from each state by popular vote to serve six-year terms; один-third are elected every two лет) и the House of Representatives (435 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms)
выборы: Senate - last held 7 November 2006 (next to be held November 2008); House of Representatives - last held 7 November 2006 (next to be held November 2008)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - демократическая партия 49, республиканцы 49, independent 2; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - демократическая партия 233, республиканцы 202
Уругвай bicameral General Assembly или Asamblea General consists of Chamber of Senators или Camara de Senadores (30 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms; vice president has один vote in the Senate) и Chamber of Representatives или Camara de Representantes (99 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: Chamber of Senators - last held 31 October 2004 (next to be held October 2009); Chamber of Representatives - last held 31 October 2004 (next to be held October 2009)
результаты выборов: Chamber of Senators - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - EP-FA 16, Blanco 11, Colorado Party 3; Chamber of Representatives - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - EP-FA 52, Blanco 36, Colorado Party 10, Independent Party 1
Узбекистан bicameral Supreme Assembly или Oliy Majlis consists of an upper house или Senate (100 seats; 84 members are elected by regional governing councils и 16 appointed by the president; to serve five-year terms) и a lower house или Legislative Chamber (120 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 26 December 2004 и 9 January 2005 (next to be held December 2009)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - нет; Legislative Chamber - percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - LDPU 41, NDP 32, Fidokorlar 17, MTP 11, Adolat 9, самостоятельные 10
примечание: all parties in the Supreme Assembly support Президент KARIMOV
Вануату unicameral Parliament (52 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
выборы: last held 6 July 2004 (next to be held 2008)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - NUP 10, UMP 8, VP 8, VRP 4, MPP 3, VGP 3, other и independent 16; note - political party associations are fluid
примечание: the National Council of Chiefs advises on matters of culture и language
Венесуэлa unicameral National Assembly или Asamblea Nacional (167 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms; three seats reserved for the indigenous peoples Венесуэлы)
выборы: last held 4 December 2005 (next to be held in 2010)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - pro-government 167 (MVR 114, PODEMOS 15, PPT 11, indigenous 2, other 25), opposition 0; total seats by party as of 1 January 2008 - pro-government 152 (PSUV 114, PPT 11, indigenous 2, other 25), PODEMOS 15
Вьетнам unicameral National Assembly или Quoc Hoi (500 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 20 May 2007 (next to be held in May 2012)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - CPV 450, non-party CPV-approved 42, self-nominated 1; note - 493 candidates were elected; CPV и non-party CPV-approved delegates were members of the Vietnamese Fatherland Front
Виргинские Острова (Британские) unicameral Senate (15 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms)
выборы: last held 7 November 2006 (next to be held November 2008)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - демократическая партия 8, ICM 4, independent 3
примечание: the Виргинские Острова (Британские) elects один non-voting representative to the US House of Representatives; election last held 7 November 2006 (next to be held November 2008)
Уоллис и Футуна unicameral Territorial Assembly или Assemblee Territoriale (20 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 11 March 2002 (next to be held 22 April 2007)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - RPR и affiliates 13, Socialists и affiliates 7
примечание: Уоллис и Футуна elects один senator to the French Senate и один deputy to the French National Assembly; French Senate - elections last held 26 September 2004 (next to be held by September 2010); results - percent of vote by party - нет; seats - RPR (now UMP) 1; French National Assembly - elections last held 17 June 2007 (next to be held by 2012); results - percent of vote by party - нет; seats - PS 1
Емен a bicameral legislature consisting of a Shura Council (111 seats; members appointed by the president) и a House of Representatives (301 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)
выборы: last held on 27 April 2003 (next to be held in April 2009)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - GPC 228, Islah 47, YSP 7, Nasserite Unionist Party 3, National Arab Socialist Ba'th Party 2, independents 14
Замбия unicameral National Assembly (158 seats; 150 members are elected by popular vote, 8 members are appointed by the president, to serve five-year terms)
выборы: last held 28 September 2006 (next to be held in 2011)
результаты выборов: percent of vote by party - нет; seats by party - MMD 72, PF 44, UDA 27, ULP 2, NDF 1, independents 2; seats not determined 2
Зимбабве bicameral Parliament consists of a Senate (93 seats - 60 elected by popular vote for a five-year term, 10 provincial governors nominated by the president, 16 traditional chiefs elected by the Council of Chiefs, 2 held by the president и deputy president of the Council of Chiefs, и 5 appointed by the president) и a House of Assembly (210 seats - all elected by popular vote for five-year terms)
выборы: last held 28 March 2008 (next to be held in 2013)
результаты выборов: Senate - percent of vote by party - MDC 51.6%, ZANU-PF 45.8%, other 2.6%; seats by party - MDC 30, ZANU-PF 30; House of Assembly - percent of vote by party - MDC 51.3%, ZANU-PF 45.8%, other 2.9%; seats by party - MDC 109, ZANU-PF 97, other 4

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