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Страна
Political parties и leaders
Афганистан Афганистан Peoples' Treaty Party [Sayyed Amir TAHSEEN]; Афганистан's Islamic Mission Organization [Abdul Rasoul SAYYAF]; Афганистан's Islamic Nation Party [Toran Noor Aqa Ahmad ZAI]; Афганистан's National Islamic Party [Rohullah LOUDIN]; Афганистан's Welfare Party [Meer Asef ZAEEFI]; Afghan Social демократическая партия [Anwarul Haq AHADI]; Afghan Society for the Call to the Koran и Sunna [Mawlawee Samiullah NAJEEBEE]; Comprehensive Movement of Democracy и Development Афганистана Party [Sher Mohammad BAZGAR]; демократическая партия Афганистана [Tawos ARAB]; демократическая партия Афганистана [Abdul Kabir RANJBAR]; Elites Люди Афганистана Party [Abdul Hamid JAWAD]; Freedom и Democracy Movement Афганистана [Abdul Raqib Jawid KOHISTANEE]; Freedom Party Афганистана [Ilaj Abdul MALEK]; Freedom Party Афганистана [Dr. Ghulam Farooq NEJRABEE]; Hizullah-e-Афганистан [Qari Ahmad ALI]; Human Rights Protection и Development Party Афганистана [Baryalai NASRATI]; Islamic Justice Party Афганистана [Mohammad Kabir MARZBAN]; Islamic Movement Афганистана [Mohammad Ali JAWID]; Islamic Movement Афганистана Party [Mohammad Mukhtar MUFLEH]; Islamic Party Афганистана [Mohammad Khalid FAROOQI]; Islamic Party of the Afghan Land [Mohammad Hassan FEROZKHEL]; Islamic Люди's Movement Афганистана [Ilhaj Said Hussain ANWARY]; Islamic Society Афганистана [Ustad RABBANI]; Islamic Unity of the Nation Афганистана Party [Qurban Ali URFANI]; Islamic Unity Party Афганистана [Mohammad Karim KHALILI]; Islamic Unity Party of the Люди Афганистана [Ustad Mohammad MOHAQQEQ]; Labor и Progress Афганистана Party [Zulfiqar OMID]; мусульмане Люди Афганистана Party [Besmellah JOYAN]; мусульмане Unity Movement Party Афганистана [Wazir Mohammad WAHDAT]; National и Islamic Sovereignty Movement Party Афганистана [Ahmad Shah AHMADZAI]; National Congress Party Афганистана [Abdul Latif PEDRAM]; National Страна Party [Ghulam MOHAMMAD]; National Development Party Афганистана [Dr. Aref BAKTASH]; National Freedom Seekers Party [Abdul Hadi DABEER]; National Independence Party Афганистана [Taj Mohammad WARDAK]; National Islamic Fighters Party Афганистана [Amanat NINGARHAREE]; National Islamic Front Афганистана [Pir Sayed Ahmad GAILANEE]; National Islamic Moderation Party Афганистана [Qara Bik Eized YAAR]; National Islamic Movement Афганистана [Sayed NOORULLAH]; National Islamic Unity Party Афганистана [Mohammad AKBAREE]; National Movement Афганистана [Ahmad Wali MASOOUD]; National Party Афганистана [Abdul Rashid ARYAN]; National Patch Афганистана Party [Sayed Kamal SADAT]; National Peace Islamic Party Афганистана [Shah Mohammood Popal ZAI]; National Peace & Islamic Party of the Tribes Афганистана [Abdul Qaher SHARIATEE]; National Peace & Unity Party Афганистана [Abdul Qader IMAMI]; National Prosperity и Islamic Party Афганистана [Mohammad Osman SALEKZADA]; National Prosperity Party [Mohammad Hassan JAHFAREE]; National Solidarity Movement Афганистана [Pir Sayed Eshaq GAILANEE]; National Solidarity Party Афганистана [Sayed Mansoor NADREEI]; National Sovereignty Party [Sayed Mustafa KAZEMI]; National Stability Party [Mohammad Same KHAROTI]; National Stance Party [Habibullah JANEBDAR]; National Tribal Unity Islamic Party Афганистана [Mohammad Shah KHOGYANI]; National United Front [Burhanuddin RABBANI] (a coalition); National Unity Movement [Sultan Mohammad GHAZI]; National Unity Movement Афганистана [Mohammad Nadir AATASH]; National Unity Party Афганистана [Abdul Rashid JALILI]; New Афганистан Party [Mohammad Yunis QANUNI]; Peace и National Welfare Activists Society [Shamsul Haq Noor SHAMS]; Peace Movement [Shahnawaz TANAI]; Люди's Aspirations Party Афганистана [Ilhaj Saraj-u-din ZAFAREE]; Люди's Freedom Seekers Party Афганистана [Feda Mohammad EHSAS]; Люди's Liberal Freedom Seekers Party Афганистана [Ajmal SUHAIL]; Люди's Message Party Афганистана [Noor Aqa WAINEE]; Люди's Movement of the National Unity Афганистана [Abdul Hakim NOORZAI]; Люди's Party Афганистана [Ahmad Shah ASAR]; Люди's Prosperity Party Афганистана [Ustad Mohammad ZAREEF]; Люди's Sovereignty Movement Афганистана [Hayatullah SUBHANEE]; Люди's Uprising Party Афганистана [Sayed Zahir Qayed Omul BELADI]; Люди's Welfare Party Афганистана [Mia Gul WASIQ]; Люди's Welfare Party Афганистана [Mohammad Zubair PAIROZ]; Progressive демократическая партия Афганистана [Wali ARYA]; республиканцы [Sebghatullah SANJAR]; Solidarity Party Афганистана [Abdul Khaleq NEMAT]; The Афганистан's Mujahid Nation's Islamic Unity Movement [Saeedullah SAEED]; The Люди Афганистана's Democratic Movement [Sharif NAZARI]; Tribes Solidarity Party Афганистана [Mohammad Zarif NASERI]; Understanding и Democracy Party Афганистана [Ahamad SHAHEEN]; United Афганистан Party [Mohammad Wasil RAHIMEE]; United Islamic Party Афганистана [Wahidullah SABAWOON]; Young Афганистан's Islamic Organization [Sayed Jawad HUSSINEE]; Youth Solidarity Party Афганистана [Mohammad Jamil KARZAI]; note - включая only political parties approved by the Ministry of Justice
Албания Agrarian Environmentalist Party или PAA [Lufter XHUVELI]; Christian демократическая партия или PDK [Nard NDOKA]; Communist Party Албании или PKSH [Hysni MILLOSHI]; Democratic Alliance Party или AD [Neritan CEKA]; демократическая партия или PD [Sali BERISHA]; Legality Movement Party или PLL [Ekrem SPAHIA]; Liberal Union Party или BLD [Arjan STAROVA]; Movement for National Development или LZhK [Dashamir SHEHI]; National Front Party (Balli Kombetar) или PBK [Artur ROSHI]; New демократическая партия или PDR [Genc POLLO]; Party of National Unity или PUK [Idajet BEQIRI]; республиканцы или PR [Fatmir MEDIU]; Social Democracy Party Албании или PDSSh [Paskal MILO]; Social демократическая партия или PSD [Skender GJINUSHI]; Socialist Movement for Integration или LSI [Ilir META]; Socialist Party или PS [Edi RAMA]; Union for Human Rights Party или PBDNj [Vangjel DULE]
Алжир Ahd 54 [Ali Fauzi REBAINE]; Algerian National Front или FNA [Moussa TOUATI]; Islamic Salvation Front или FIS (outlawed April 1992) [Ali BELHADJ, Dr. Abassi MADANI, Rabeh KEBIR]; National Democratic Rally (Rassemblement National Democratique) или RND [Ahmed OUYAHIA]; National Entente Movement или MEN [Ali BOUKHAZNA]; National Liberation Front или FLN [Abdelaziz BELKHADEM, secretary general]; National Reform Movement или Islah (formerly MRN) [Mohamed BOULAHIA]; National Renewal Party или PRA [Mohamed BENSMAIL]; Rally for Culture и Democracy или RCD [Said SADI]; Renaissance Movement или EnNahda Movement [Fatah RABEI]; Socialist Forces Front или FFS [Hocine Ait AHMED]; Social Liberal Party или PSL [Ahmed KHELIL]; Society of Peace Movement или MSP [Boudjerra SOLTANI]; Workers Party или PT [Louisa HANOUNE]
примечание: a law banning political parties based on religion was enacted in March 1997
Американское Самоа демократическая партия [Oreta M. TOGAFAU]; республиканцы [Tautai A. F. FAALEVAO]
Андорра Andorran Democratic Center Party (formerly демократическая партия или PD) и Century 21 или CDA и S21 [Enric TARRADO]; Liberal Party Андорры или PLA [Albert PINTAT SANTOLARIA] (formerly Liberal Union или UL); Social демократическая партия или PS [Jaume BARTUMEU CASSANY] (formerly part of National Democratic Group или AND)
Ангола Liberal демократическая партия или PLD [Analia de Victoria PEREIRA]; National Front for the Liberation Анголы или FNLA [disputed between Ngola KABANGU и Lucas NGONDA]; National Union for the Total Independence Анголы или UNITA (largest opposition party) [Isaias SAMAKUVA]; Popular Movement for the Liberation Анголы или MPLA (ruling party in power since 1975) [Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS]; Social Renewal Party или PRS [Eduardo KUANGANA]
примечание: about a dozen minor parties participated in the 1992 elections but only won a few seats; they и more than 100 other smaller parties have little influence in the National Assembly
Ангилья Ангилья United Front или AUF [Osbourne FLEMING, Victor BANKS] (a coalition of the Ангилья демократическая партия или ADP и the Ангилья National Alliance или ANA); Ангилья United Movement или AUM [Hubert HUGHES]; Ангилья Progressive Party или APP [Roy ROGERS]; Ангилья Strategic Alternative или ANSA [Edison BAIRD]
Антигуа и Барбуда Antigua Labor Party или ALP [Lester Bryant BIRD]; Barbudans for a Better Barbuda [Ordrick SAMUEL]; Barbuda Люди's Movement или BPM [Thomas H. FRANK]; Barbuda Люди's Movement for Change [Arthur NIBBS]; United Progressive Party или UPP [Baldwin SPENCER] (a coalition of three parties - Antigua Caribbean Liberation Movement или ACLM, Progressive Labor Movement или PLM, United National демократическая партия или UNDP)
Аргентина Coalicion Civica (a broad coalition loosely affiliated with Elisa CARRIO); Front for Victory или FV (a broad coalition, including elements of the UCR и numerous provincial parties) [Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER]; Interbloque Federal или IF (a broad coalition of approximately 12 parties including PRO); Justicialist Front или FJ; Justicialist Party или PJ (Peronist umbrella political organization); Radical Civic Union или UCR [Gerardo MORALES]; Republican Proposal или PRO (including Federal Recreate Movement или RECREAR [Ricardo LOPEZ MURPHY] и Commitment for Change или CPC [Mauricio MACRI]); Socialist Party или PS [Ruben GIUSTINIANI]; Union For All [Patricia BULLRICH]; several provincial parties
Армения Armenian National Movement или ANM [Ararat ZURABYAN]; Armenian Люди's Party [Tigran KARAPETYAN]; Armenian Ramkavar Azadagan Party Alliance или HRAK (включая former Dashink Party, National Revival Party, и Ramkavar Liberal Party); Armenian Revolutionary Federation ("Dashnak" Party) или ARF [Hrant MARKARYAN]; Heritage Party [Raffi HOVHANNISYAN]; National демократическая партия [Shavarsh KOCHARIAN]; National Democratic Union или NDU [Vazgen MANUKIAN]; National Unity Party [Artashes GEGHAMYAN]; Люди's Party Армении [Stepan DEMIRCHYAN]; Prosperous Армения [Gagik TSAROUKYAN]; Republic Party [Aram SARKISYAN]; республиканцы Армении или HHK [Serzh SARGSIAN]; Rule of Law Party (Orinats Yerkir) [Artur BAGHDASARIAN]; Union of Constitutional Rights [Hrant KHACHATURYAN]; United Labor Party [Gurgen ARSENYAN]
Аруба Aliansa/Aruban Social Movement или MSA [Robert WEVER]; Aruban Liberal Organization или OLA [Glenbert CROES]; Aruban Patriotic Movement или MPA [Monica ARENDS-KOCK]; Aruban Patriotic Party или PPA [Benny NISBET]; Aruban Люди's Party или AVP [Mike EMAN]; Люди's Electoral Movement Party или MEP [Nelson O. ODUBER]; Real Democracy или PDR [Andin BIKKER]; RED [Rudy LAMPE]; Workers Political Platform или PTT [Gregorio WOLFF]
Австралия Australian Democrats [Lyn ALLISON]; Australian Greens [Bob BROWN]; Australian Labor Party [Kevin RUDD]; Страна Liberal Party [Jodeen CARNEY]; Family First Party [Steve FIELDING]; Liberal Party [Brendan NELSON]; The Nationals [Warren TRUSS]
Австрия Alliance for the Future Австрии или BZOe [Peter WESTENTHALER]; Austrian Люди's Party или OeVP [Wilhelm MOLTERER]; Freedom Party Австрии или FPOe [Heinz Christian STRACHE]; Social демократическая партия Австрии или SPOe [Werner FAYMANN]; The Greens [Alexander VAN DER BELLEN]
Азербайджан Azadliq (Freedom) coalition (Popular Front Party, Liberal Party, Citizens' Development Party); Азербайджан демократическая партия или ADP [Sardar JALALOGLU]; Азербайджан Democratic Reforms Party (ADRP) Youth Movement [Ramin HAJILI]; Азербайджан Popular Front или APF, now split in two [Ali KARIMLI, leader of "Reform" APF party; Mirmahmud MIRALI-OGLU, leader of "Classic" APF party]; Азербайджан Public Forum [Eldar NAMAZOV]; Citizens' Development Party [Ali ALIYEV]; Civil Solidarity Party или CSP [Sabir RUSTAMKHANLY]; Dalga Youth Movement [Vafa JAFAROVA]; партия зеленых [Mais GULALIYEV и Tarana MAMMADOVA]; Hope (Umid) Party [Iqbal AGAZADE]; Ireli Youth Movement [Jeyhun OSMANLI, Roya TALIBOVA, Farhad MAMMADOV, Elnara GARIBOVA, Elnur MAMMADOV, Ziya ALIYEV]; Justice Party [Ilyas ISMAILOV]; Liberal Party Азербайджана [Lala Shovkat HACIYEVA]; Magam Youth Movement [Emin HUSEYNOV]; Motherland Party [Fazail AGAMALI]; Musavat (Equality) [Isa GAMBAR, chairman]; Musavat Party Youth Movement [Elnur MAMMADLI]; National демократическая партия или Grey Wolves (Nationalist, Pan-Turkic) [Iskender HAMIDOV]; Open Society Party [Rasul GULIYEV, in exile in the US]; Party for National Independence Азербайджана или PNIA [Ayaz RUSTAMOV]; Popular Front Party Youth Movement [Seymur KHAZIYEV]; Social демократическая партия Азербайджана или SDP [Araz ALIZADE и Ayaz MUTALIBOV (in exile)]; Turkish Nationalist Party [Vugar BAYTURAN]; United Азербайджан Party [Karrar ABILOV]; United Азербайджан National Unity Party [Hajibaba AZIMOV]; United Party [Tahir KARIMLI]; Yeni (New) Азербайджан Party [Президент Ilham ALIYEV]; Yeni Азербайджан Party Youth Movement [Ramil HASANOV]; Yox (No) Youth Movement [Ali ISMAYILOV]
примечание: opposition parties regularly factionalize и form new parties;
Багамские Острова, The Free National Movement или FNM [Hubert INGRAHAM]; Progressive Liberal Party или PLP [Perry CHRISTIE]
Бахрейн political parties prohibited but political societies were legalized per a July 2005 law
Бангладеш Awami League или AL [Sheikh HASINA]; Бангладеш Communist Party или BCP [Manjurul A. KHAN]; Бангладеш Nationalist Party или BNP [Khaleda ZIA]; Islami Oikya Jote или IOJ [Mufti Fazlul Haq AMINI]; Jamaat-e-Islami Бангладеш или JIB [Matiur Rahman NIZAMI]; Jatiya Party или JP (Ershad faction) [Hussain Mohammad ERSHAD]; Jatiya Party (Manzur faction) [Naziur Rahman MANZUR]; Liberal демократическая партия или LDP [Badrudozza CHOWDHURY и Oli AHMED]
Барбадос Барбадос Labor Party или BLP [Mia MOTTLEY]; Democratic Labor Party или DLP [David THOMPSON]; Люди's Empowerment Party или PEP [David COMISSIONG]
Беларусь pro-government parties: Agrarian Party или AP [Mikhail SHIMANSKY]; Belarusian Communist Party или KPB; Belarusian Patriotic Movement (Belarusian Patriotic Party) или BPR [Nikolay ULAKHOVICH, chairman]; Liberal демократическая партия Беларуси [Sergey GAYDUKEVICH]; Party of Labor и Justice [Viktor SOKOLOV]; Social-Sports Party [Vladimir ALEXANDROVICH]
opposition parties: Belarusian Christian Democracy Party (unregistered) [Pavel SEVERINETS]; Belarusian Party of Communists или PKB [Sergey KALYAKIN]; Belarusian Party of Labor (unregistered) [Aleksandr BUKHVOSTOV, Leonid LEMESHONAK]; Belarusian Popular Front или BPF [Vintsyuk VYACHORKA]; Belarusian Social-Democratic Gramada [Stanislav SHUSHKEVICH]; Belarusian Social демократическая партия Hramada (Люди's Assembly) или BSDPH [Aleksandr KOZULIN; Anatoliy LEVKOVICH, acting]; партия зеленых [Oleg GROMYKO]; Party of Freedom и Progress (unregistered) [Vladimir NOVOSYAD]; United Civic Party или UCP [Anatoliy LEBEDKO]; Women's Party "Nadezhda" [Valentina MATUSEVICH, chairperson]
other opposition включая: Christian Conservative BPF [Zyanon PAZNIAK]; Ecological Party of Greens [Mikhail KARTASH]; Party of Popular Accord [Sergey YERMAKK]; республиканцы [Vladimir BELAZOR]
Бельгия Flemish parties: Christian Democratic и Flemish или CDV [Etienne SCHOUPPE]; Dedecker List [Jean-Marie DEDECKER]; Flemish Liberals и Democrats или Open VLD [Bart SOMERS]; Groen! [Mieke VOGELS] (formerly AGALEV, Flemish Greens); New Flemish Alliance или N-VA [Bart DE WEVER]; Social Progressive Alternative или SP.A [Caroline GENNEZ]; VlaamsProgressieven (Flemish Progressives) или VP [Bettina GEYSEN] - formerly Spirit; Vlaams Belang (Flemish Interest) или VB [Bruno VALKENIERS]
Francophone parties: Ecolo (Francophone Greens) [Jean-Michel JAVAUX, Isabelle DURANT, Claude BROUIR]; Humanist и Democratic Center или CDH [Joelle MILQUET]; National Front или FN [Michel BELACROIX]; Reform Movement или MR [Didier REYNDERS]; Socialist Party или PS [Elio DI RUPO]; other minor parties
Белиз National Alliance for Belizean Rights или NABR; National Reform Party или NRP [Cornelius DUECK]; Люди's National Party или PNP [Wil MAHEIA]; Люди's United Party или PUP [Said MUSA]; United демократическая партия или UDP [Dean BARROW]; Vision Inspired by the Люди или VIP [Paul MORGAN]; We the Люди Reform Movement или WTP [Hipolito BAUTISTA]
Бенин Alliance for Dynamic Democracy или ADD; Alliance of Progress Forces или AFP; African Movement for Democracy и Progress или MADEP [Sefou FAGBOHOUN]; Бенин Renaissance или RB [Rosine SOGLO]; Democratic Renewal Party или PRD [Adrien HOUNGBEDJI]; Force Cowrie for an Emerging Бенин или FCBE; Impulse for Progress и Democracy или IPD [Theophile NATA]; Key Force или FC [Lazare SИHOUЙTO]; Movement for the Люди's Alternative или MAP [Olivier CAPO-CHICHI]; Rally for Democracy и Progress или RDP [Dominique HOUNGNINOU]; Social Democrat Party или PSD [Bruno AMOUSSOU]; Union for the Relief или UPR [Issa SALIFOU]; Union for Democracy и National Solidarity или UDS [Sacca LAFIA]
примечание: approximately 20 additional minor parties
Бермуды Progressive Labor Party или PLP [Ewart BROWN]; United Бермуды Party или UBP [Kim SWAN]
Бутан Бутан Peace и Prosperity Party (Druk Phuensum Tshogpa) или DPT [Jigme THINLEY]; Люди's демократическая партия или PDP [Sangay NGEDUP]
Боливия Free Боливия Movement или MBL [Franz BARRIOS]; Movement Toward Socialism или MAS [Juan Evo MORALES Ayma]; Movement Without Fear или MSM [Juan DEL GRANADO]; National Revolutionary Movement или MNR [Mirta QUEVEDO]; National Unity [Samuel DORIA MEDINA Arana]; Poder Democratico Nacional или PODEMOS [Jorge Fernando QUIROGA Ramirez]; Social Alliance [Rene JOAQUINO]
Босния и Герцеговина Alliance of Independent Social Democrats или SNSD [Milorad DODIK]; Bosnian Party или BOSS [Mirnes AJANOVIC]; Civic демократическая партия или GDS [Ibrahim SPAHIC]; Croat Christian Democratic Union Боснии и Герцеговины или HKDU [Marin TOPIC]; Croat Party of Rights или HSP [Zvonko JURISIC]; Croat Peasants Party или HSS [Marko TADIC]; Croatian Democratic Union Боснии и Герцеговины или HDZ-BH [Dragan COVIC]; Croatian Democratic Union 1990 или HDZ1990 [Bozo LJUBIC]; Croatian Democratic Union 100 или HDZ100; Croatian Peoples Union [Milenko BRKIC]; Democratic National Union или DNZ [Rifet DOLIC]; Democratic Peoples Alliance или DNS [Marko PAVIC]; Liberal демократическая партия или LDS [Rasim KADIC]; New Croat Initiative или NHI [Kresimir ZUBAK]; Party for Босния и Герцеговина или SBH [Haris SILAJDZIC]; Party for Democratic Action или SDA [Sulejman TIHIC]; Party of Democratic Progress или PDP [Mladen IVANIC]; Serb демократическая партия или SDS [Mladen BOSIC]; Serb Radical Party of the Republika Srpska или SRS-RS [Milanko MIHAJLICA]; Serb Radical Party-Dr. Vojislav Seselj или SRS-VS [Radislav KANJERIC]; Social демократическая партия of BIH или SDP [Zlatko LAGUMDZIJA]; Social Democratic Union или SDU [Sejfudin TOKIC]; Socialist Party of Republika Srpska или SPRS [Petar DJOKIC]
Ботсвана Ботсвана Alliance Movement или BAM [Ephraim Lepetu SETSHWAELO]; Ботсвана Congress Party или BCP [Otlaadisa KOOSALETSE]; Ботсвана демократическая партия или BDP [Festus G. MOGAE]; Ботсвана National Front или BNF [Otswoletse MOUPO]; Ботсвана Peoples Party или BPP; MELS Movement Ботсваны или MELS; New Democratic Front или NDF
примечание: a number of minor parties joined forces in 1999 to form the BAM but did not capture any parliamentary seats - включая the United Action Party [Ephraim Lepetu SETSHWAELO]; the Independence Freedom Party или IFP [Motsamai MPHO]; the Ботсвана Progressive Union [D. K. KWELE]
Бразилия Brazilian Democratic Movement Party или PMDB [Federal Deputy Michel TEMER]; Brazilian Labor Party или PTB [Roberto JEFFERSON]; Brazilian Renewal Labor Party или PRTB [Jose Levy FIDELIX da Cruz]; Brazilian республиканцы или PRB [Vitor Paulo Araujo DOS SANTOS]; Brazilian Social Democracy Party или PSDB [Senator Sergio GUERRA]; Brazilian Socialist Party или PSB [Governor Eduardo Henrique Accioly CAMPOS]; Christian Labor Party или PTC [Daniel TOURINHO]; Communist Party Бразилии или PCdoB [Jose Renato RABELO]; Democratic Labor Party или PDT [Carlos Roberto LUPI]; the Democrats или DEM (formerly Liberal Front Party или PFL) [Federal Deputy Rodrigo MAIA]; Freedom и Socialism Party или PSOL [Heloisa HELENA]; партия зеленых или PV [Jose Luiz de Franca PENNA]; Humanist Party of Solidarity или PHS [Paulo Roberto MATOS]; Labor Party Бразилии или PTdoB [Luis Henrique de Oliveira RESENDE]; Liberal Front Party или PFL (now known as the Democrats или DEM); National Mobilization Party или PMN [Oscar Noronha FILHO]; Party of the Republic или PR [Sergio TAMER]; Popular Socialist Party или PPS [Federal Deputy Fernando CORUJA]; Progressive Party или PP [Francisco DORNELLES]; Social Christian Party или PSC [Vitor Jorge Abdala NOSSEIS]; Workers' Party или PT [Ricardo Jose Ribeiro BERZOINI]
Британские Виргинские острова Concerned Citizens Movement или CCM [Ethlyn SMITH]; National демократическая партия или NDP [Orlando SMITH]; United Party или UP [Gregory MADURO]; Виргинские Острова (Британские) Party или VIP [Ralph T. O'NEAL]
Бруней National Development Party или NDP [YASSIN Affendi]
примечание: Бруней National Solidarity Party или PPKB [Abdul LATIF bin Chuchu] и Люди's Awareness Party или PAKAR [Awang Haji MAIDIN bin Haji Ahmad] were deregistered; parties are small и have limited activity
Болгария ATAKA (Attack Coalition) (coalition of parties headed by the Attack National Union); Attack National Union [Volen SIDEROV]; Bulgarian Agrarian National Union-Люди's Union или BANU [Anastasia MOZER]; Bulgarian New Democracy [Borislav RALCHEV]; Bulgarian Люди's Union или BPU (coalition of UFD, IMRO, и BANU); Bulgarian Socialist Party или BSP [Sergei STANISHEV]; Citizens for the European Development Болгарии или GERB [Tsvetan TSVETANOV]; Coalition for Болгария или CfB (coalition of parties dominated by BSP) [Sergei STANISHEV]; Democrats for a Strong Болгария или DSB [Ivan KOSTOV]; Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization или IMRO [Krasimir KARAKACHANOV]; Movement for Rights и Freedoms или MRF [Ahmed DOGAN]; National Movement for Stability и Progress или NMSS [Simeon SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA] (formerly National Movement Simeon II или NMS2); New Time [Emil KOSHLUKOV]; Union of Democratic Forces или UDF [Petar STOYANOV]; Union of Free Democrats или UFD [Stefan SOFIYANSKI]; United Democratic Forces или UtDF (a coalition of center-right parties dominated by UDF)
Буркина Фасо African Democratic Rally-Alliance for Democracy и Federation или ADF-RDA [Gilbert OUEDRAOGO]; Citizen's Popular Rally или RPC [Antoine QUARE]; Coalition of Democratic Forces of Burkina или CFD-B [Amadou Diemdioda DICKO]; Congress for Democracy и Progress или CDP [Roch Marc-Christian KABORE]; Movement for Tolerance и Progress или MTP [Nayabtigungou Congo KABORE]; Party for African Independence или PAI [Philippe OUEDRAOGO]; Party for Democracy и Progress/Socialist Party или PDP/PS [Ali LANKOANDE]; Party for Democracy и Socialism или PDS [Felix SOUBEIGA]; Party for National Rebirth или PAREN [Oumar DJIGUIMDE]; Rally for the Development of Burkina или RDB [Antoine KARGOUGOU]; Rally of Ecologists Буркина Фасо или RDEB [Ram OUEDRAGO]; республиканцы for Integration и Solidarity или PARIS [Cyril GOUNGOUNGA]; Union for Democracy и Social Progress или UDPS [Fidele HIEN]; Union for Rebirth - Sankarist Movement или UNIR-MS [Benewende STANISLAS]; Union for the Republic или UPR [Toussaint Abel COULIBALY]; Union of Sankarist Parties или UPS [Ernest Nongma OUEDRAOGO]
Мьянма National League for Democracy или NLD [AUNG SHWE, AUNG SAN SUU KYI]; National Unity Party или NUP (pro-regime) [TUN YE]; Shan Nationalities League for Democracy или SNLD [HKUN HTUN OO]; и other smaller parties
Бурунди governing parties: Бурунди Democratic Front или FRODEBU [Leonce NGENDAKUMANA]; National Council for the Defense of Democracy - Front for the Defense of Democracy или CNDD-FDD [Jeremie NGENDAKUMANA]; Unity for National Progress или UPRONA [Aloys RUBUKA]
примечание: a multiparty system was introduced после 1998, included are: National Council for the Defense of Democracy или CNDD [Leonard NYANGOMA]; National Resistance Movement for the Rehabilitation of the Citizen или MRC-Rurenzangemero [Epitace BANYAGANAKANDI]; Party for National Redress или PARENA [Jean-Baptiste BAGAZA]
Камбоджа Cambodian Люди's Party или CPP [CHEA SIM]; National United Front for an Independent, Neutral, Peaceful, и Cooperative Камбоджа или FUNCINPEC [KEV PUT REAKSMEI]; Norodom Ranariddh Party или NRP [Norodom RANARIDDH]; Sam Rangsi Party или SRP [SAM RANGSI]
Камерун Cameroonian Democratic Union или UDC [Adamou Ndam NJOYA]; Камерун Люди's Democratic Movement или RDPC [Paul BIYA]; Movement for the Defense of the Republic или MDR [Dakole DAISSALA]; Movement for the Liberation и Development Камеруна или MLDC [Marcel YONDO]; National Union for Democracy и Progress или UNDP [Maigari BELLO BOUBA]; Progressive Movement или MP; Social Democratic Front или SDF [John FRU NDI]; Union of Peoples Камеруна или UPC [Augustin Frederic KODOCK]
Канада Bloc Quebecois [Gilles DUCEPPE]; Conservative Party Канады [Stephen HARPER] (a merger of the Canadian Alliance и the Progressive Conservative Party); партия зеленых [Elizabeth MAY]; Liberal Party [Stephane DION]; New демократическая партия [Jack LAYTON]
Кабо-Верде African Party for Independence Кабо-Верде или PAICV [Jose Maria Pereira NEVES, chairman]; Democratic Alliance for Change или ADM [Dr. Eurico MONTEIRO] (a coalition of PCD, PTS, и UCID); Democratic Christian Party или PDC [Manuel RODRIGUES]; Democratic Renovation Party или PRD [Victor FIDALGO]; Democratic и Independent Cape Verdean Union или UCID [Antonio MONTEIRO]; Movement for Democracy или MPD [Agostinho LOPES]; Party for Democratic Convergence или PCD [Dr. Eurico MONTEIRO]; Party of Work и Solidarity или PTS [Isaias RODRIGUES]; Social демократическая партия или PSD [Joao ALEM]
Каймановы Острoва United демократическая партия или UDP [McKeeva BUSH]; Люди's Progressive Movement или PPM [Kurt TIBBETTS]; note - no national teams (loose groupings of political organizations) were formed for the 2000 elections
Центральноафриканская Республика Alliance for Democracy и Progress или ADP [Jacques MBOLIEDAS]; Central African Democratic Rally или RDC [Andre KOLINGBA]; Civic Forum или FC [Gen. Timothee MALENDOMA]; Democratic Forum for Modernity или FODEM [Charles MASSI]; Liberal демократическая партия или PLD [Nestor KOMBO-NAGUEMON]; Londo Association или LONDO; Movement for Democracy и Development или MDD [David DACKO]; Movement for the Liberation of the Central African Люди или MLPC [Ange-Felix PATASSE] (the party of deposed president); National Convergence или KNK; Patriotic Front for Progress или FPP [Abel GOUMBA]; Люди's Union for the Republic или UPR [Pierre Sammy MAKFOY]; National Unity Party или PUN [Jean-Paul NGOUPANDE]; Social демократическая партия или PSD [Enoch LAKOUE]
Чад Federation Action for the Republic или FAR [Ngarledjy YORONGAR]; National Rally for Development и Progress или RNDP [Delwa Kassire KOUMAKOYE]; National Union for Democracy и Renewal или UNDR [Saleh KEBZABO]; Party for Liberty и Development или PLD [Ibni Oumar Mahamat SALEH]; Patriotic Salvation Movement или MPS [Mahamat Saleh AHMAT, chairman]; Rally for Democracy и Progress или RDP [Lol Mahamat CHOUA]; Union for Renewal и Democracy или URD [Gen. Wadal Abdelkader KAMOUGUE]
Чили Alliance for Чили (Alianza) или APC (including National Renewal или RN [Carlos LARRAIN Pena] и Independent Democratic Union или UDI [Hernan LARRAIN Fernandez]); Coalition of Parties for Democracy (Concertacion) или CPD (including Christian демократическая партия или PDC [Soledad ALVEAR], Socialist Party или PS [Camilo ESCALONA Medina], Party for Democracy или PPD [Sergio BITAR Chacra], Radical Social демократическая партия или PRSD [Jose Antonio GOMEZ Urrutia]); Communist Party или PC [Guillermo TEILLIER]; Humanist Party [Marilen CABRERA Olmos]
Китай Chinese Communist Party или CCP [HU Jintao]; eight registered small parties controlled by CCP
Рождества Остров none
Кокосовые Острова none
Колумбия Colombian Conservative Party или PC [Efrain Jose CEPEDA Sarabia]; Alternative Democratic Pole или PDA [Carlos GAVIRIA Diaz]; Liberal Party или PL [Cesar GAVIRIA Trujillo]; Radical Change или CR [German VARGAS Lleras]; Social National Unity Party или U Party [Carlos GARCIA Orjuela]
примечание: Колумбия has 15 formally recognized political parties, и numerous unofficial parties that did not meet the vote threshold in the March 2006 legislative elections required for recognition
Коморские Острова Convention for the Renewal of the Коморские Острова или CRC [AZALI Assowmani]; Camp of the Autonomous Islands или CdIA (a coalition of parties organized by the islands' presidents in opposition to the Union Президент); Front National pour la Justice или FNJ [Ahmed RACHID] (Islamic party in opposition); Mouvement pour la Democratie et le Progress или MDP-NGDC [Abbas DJOUSSOUF]; Parti Comorien pour la Democratie et le Progress или PCDP [Ali MROUDJAE]; Rassemblement National pour le Development или RND [Omar TAMOU, Abdoulhamid AFFRAITANE]
Congo, Democratic Республика the Christian Democrat Party или PDC [Jose ENDUNDO]; Congolese Rally for Democracy или RCD [Azarias RUBERWA]; Convention of Christian Democrats или CDC; Forces of Renewal или FR [Mbusa NYAMWISI]; Movement for the Liberation of the Congo или MLC [Jean-Pierre BEMBA]; Люди's Party for Reconstruction и Democracy или PPRD [Joseph KABILA]; Social Movement for Renewal или MSR [Pierre LUMBI]; Unified Lumumbist Party или PALU [Antoine GIZENGA]; Union for Democracy и Social Progress или UDPS [Etienne TSHISEKEDI]; Union of Mobutuist Democrats или UDEMO [MOBUTU Nzanga]
Congo, Республика the Action Movement for Renewal или MAR; Congolese Movement for Democracy и Integral Development или MCDDI [Michel MAMPOUYA]; Congolese Labour Party или PCT; Movement for Solidarity и Development или MSD; Pan-African Union for Social Development или UPADS [Martin MBERI]; Rally for Democracy и Social Progress или RDPS [Jean-Pierre Thystere TCHICAYA, president]; Rally for Democracy и the Republic или RDR [Raymond Damasge NGOLLO]; Union for Democracy и Republic или UDR; United Democratic Forces или FDU [Sebastian EBAO]; many less important parties
Острова Кука Острова Кука Party или CIP [Henry PUNA]; демократическая партия или Demo [Dr. Terepai MAOATE]
Коста-Рика Authentic Member from Heredia [Jose SALAS]; Citizen Action Party или PAC [Epsy CAMPBELL Barr]; Costa Rican Renovation Party или PRC [Gerardo Justo OROZCO Alvarez]; Democratic Force Party или PFD [Marco NUNEZ Gonzalez]; General Union Party или PUGEN [Carlos Alberto FERNANDEZ Vega]; Homeland First или PP [Juan Jose VARGAS Fallas]; Independent Worker Party или PIO [Jose Alberto CUBERO Carmona]; Libertarian Movement Party или PML [Otto GUEVARA Guth]; National Christian Alliance Party или ANC [Juan Carlos CHAVEZ Mora]; National Integration Party или PIN [Walter MUNOZ Cespedes]; National Liberation Party или PLN [Francisco Antonio PACHECO Fernandez]; National Patriotic Party или PPN [Daniel Enrique REYNOLDS Vargas]; National Restoration Party или PRN [Fabio Enrique DELGADO Hernandez]; National Union Party или PUN [Arturo ACOSTA Mora]; Nationalist Democratic Alliance или ADN [Jose Miguel VILLALOBOS Umana]; Patriotic Union или UP [Jose Miguel CORRALES Bolanos]; Social Christian Unity Party или PUSC [Luis FISHMAN Zonzinski]; Union for Change Party или UPC [Antonio ALVAREZ Desanti]; United Leftist Coalition или IU [Humberto VARGAS Carbonel]
Кот-д’Ивуар Citizen's Democratic Union или UDCY [Theodore MEL EG]; демократическая партия Кот-д’Ивуара или PDCI [Henri Konan BEDIE]; Ivorian Popular Front или FPI [Pascale Affi N'GUESSAN]; Ivorian Worker's Party или PIT [Francis WODIE]; Opposition Movement of the Future или MFA [Innocent Augustin ANAKY]; Rally of the Republicans или RDR [Alassane OUATTARA]; Union for Democracy и Peace in Кот-д’Ивуар или UDPCI [Toikeuse MABRI]; over 144 smaller registered parties
Хорватия Croatian Democratic Congress of Slavonia и Baranja или HDSSB [Vladimir SISLJAGIC]; Croatian Democratic Union или HDZ [Ivo SANADER]; Croatian Party of the Right или HSP [Anto DJAPIC]; Croatian Peasant Party или HSS [Josip FRISCIC]; Croatian Pensioner Party или HSU [Vladimir JORDAN]; Croatian Люди's Party или HNS [Vesna PUSIC]; Croatian Social Liberal Party или HSLS [Djurdja ADLESIC]; Independent Democratic Serb Party или SDSS [Vojislav STANIMIROVIC]; Istrian Democratic Assembly или IDS [Ivan JAKOVCIC]; Social демократическая партия Хорватии или SDP [Zoran MILANOVIC]
Куба Cuban Communist Party или PCC [Fidel CASTRO Ruz, first secretary]
Кипр area under government control: демократическая партия или DIKO [Marios KAROYIAN]; Democratic Rally или DISY [Nikos ANASTASIADHIS]; European Democracy или EURO.DI [Prodromos PRODROMOU] (evolved from For Europe which merged with New Horizons); European Party или EURO.KO [Demetris SYLLOURIS]; Fighting Democratic Movement или ADIK [Dinos MIKHAILIDIS]; партия зеленых Кипра [George PERDIKIS]; Movement for Social Democrats или EDEK [Yannakis OMIROU]; Political Movement of Hunters [Michalis PAFITANIS]; Progressive Party of the Working Люди или AKEL (Communist Party) [Dimitris CHRISTOFIAS]; United Democrats или EDI [Michalis PAPAPETROU]
area administered by Turkish Cypriots: Communal Liberation Party или TKP [Huseyin ANGOLEMLI]; Кипр Socialist Party или KSP [Kazim ONGEN]; демократическая партия или DP [Serder DENKTASH]; Freedom и Reform Party или OP [Turgay AVCI]; National Unity Party или UBP [Tahsin ERTUGRULOGLU]; Nationalist Justice Party или MAP [Ata TEPE]; New Party или YP [Huseyin TURAN]; Our Party или BP [Okyay SADIKOGLU]; Patriotic Unity Movement или YBH [Oguz OZEN]; Peace и Democratic Movement или BDH [Mustafa AKINCI]; Renewal Progress Party или YAP [Ertugrul HASIPOGLU]; Republican Turkish Party или CTP [Ferdi Sabit SOYER]; United Кипр Party или BKP [Isset IZCAN]
Чешская республика Association of Independent Candidates-European Democrats или SNK-ED [Helmut DOHNALEK]; Christian Democratic Union-Czechoslovak Люди's Party или KDU-CSL [Jiri CUNEK]; Civic демократическая партия или ODS [Mirek TOPOLANEK]; Communist Party of Bohemia и Moravia или KSCM [Vojtech FILIP]; Czech Social демократическая партия или CSSD [Jiri PAROUBEK]; Union of Freedom-Democratic Union или US-DEU [Jan CERNY]; партия зеленых [Martin BURSIK]; Independent Democrats (NEZDEM) [Vladimir ZELEZNY]; Party of Open Society (SOS) [Pavel NOVACEK]; Path of Change [Jiri LOBKOWITZ]
Дания Christian Democrats [Bodil KORNBEK] (was Christian Люди's Party); Conservative Party [Bendt BENDTSEN] (sometimes known as Conservative Люди's Party); Danish Люди's Party [Pia KJAERSGAARD]; Liberal Party [Anders Fogh RASMUSSEN]; New Alliance [Naser KHADER]; Red-Green Unity List (Alliance) [collective leadership] (bloc включая Left Socialist Party, Communist Party Дании, Socialist Workers' Party); Social демократическая партия [Helle THORNING-SCHMIDT]; Social Liberal Party [Margrethe VESTAGER]; Socialist Люди's Party [Villy SOEVNDAL]
Джибути Democratic National Party или PND [ADEN Robleh Awaleh]; Democratic Renewal Party или PRD [Abdillahi HAMARITEH]; Джибути Development Party или PDD [Mohamed Daoud CHEHEM]; Front pour la Restauration de l'Unite Democratique или FRUD [Ali Mohamed DAOUD]; Люди's Progress Assembly или RPP [Ismail Omar GUELLEH] (governing party); Peoples Social демократическая партия или PPSD [Moumin Bahdon FARAH]; Republican Alliance for Democracy или ARD; Union for a Presidential Majority или UMP (a coalition of parties including RPP, FRUD, PND, и PPSD); Union for Democracy и Justice или UDJ
Доминика Доминика Freedom Party или DFP [Charles SAVARIN]; Доминика Labor Party или DLP [Roosevelt SKERRIT]; Доминика United Workers Party или UWP [Earl WILLIAMS]
Доминиканская республика Dominican Liberation Party или PLD [Leonel FERNANDEZ Reyna]; Dominican Revolutionary Party или PRD [Ramon ALBURQUERQUE]; National Progressive Front [Vincent CASTILLO, Pelegrin CASTILLO]; Social Christian Reformist Party или PRSC [Enrique ANTUN]
Эквадор Alianza PAIS Movement [Rafael Vicente CORREA Delgado]; Christian Democratic Union или UDC [Diego ORDONEZ Guerrero]; Democratic Left или ID [Andres PAEZ Benalcazar]; Ethical и Democratic Network или RED [Leon ROLDOS]; Institutional Renewal и National Action Party или PRIAN [Alvaro NOBOA]; Pachakutik Plurinational Unity Movement - New Страна или MUPP-NP [Jorge GUAMAN]; Patriotic Society Party или PSP [Lucio GUTIERREZ Borbua]; Popular Democratic Movement или MPD [Ciro GUZMAN Aldaz]; Roldosist Party или PRE [Abdala BUCARAM Ortiz, director]; Social Christian Party или PSC [Pascual DEL CIOPPO]; Socialist Party - Broad Front или PS-FA [Gustavo AYALA Cruz]
Египет National демократическая партия или NDP (governing party) [Mohamed Hosni MUBARAK]; National Progressive Unionist Grouping или Tagammu [Rifaat EL-SAID]; New Wafd Party или NWP [Mahmoud ABAZA]; Tomorrow Party [Moussa Mustafa MOUSSA]
примечание: formation of political parties must be approved by the government; only parties with representation in elected bodies are listed
Сальвадор Christian демократическая партия или PDC [Rodolfo PARKER]; Democratic Convergence или CD [Ruben ZAMORA] (formerly United Democratic Center или CDU); Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front или FMLN [Medardo GONZALEZ]; National Conciliation Party или PCN [Ciro CRUZ ZEPEDA]; National Republican Alliance или ARENA [Elias Antonio SACA Gonzalez]; Popular Social Christian Party или PPSC [Rene AGUILUZ]; Revolutionary Democratic Front или FDR [Julio Cesar HERNANDEZ Carcamo]
Экваториальная Гвинея Convergence Party for Social Democracy или CPDS [Placido MICO Abogo]; демократическая партия for Экваториальная Гвинея или PDGE (ruling party) [Teodoro OBIANG NGUEMA MBASOGO]; Party for Progress Экваториальной Гвинеи или PPGE [Severo MOTO]; Popular Action Экваториальной Гвинеи или APGE [Avelino MOCACHE]; Popular Union или UP
Эритрея Люди's Front for Democracy и Justice или PFDJ [ISAIAS Afworki] (the only party recognized by the government); note - a National Assembly committee drafted a law on political parties in January 2001, but the full National Assembly has yet to debate или vote on it
Эстония Center Party Эстонии (Keskerakond) [Edgar SAVISAAR]; Estonian Greens (Rohelised) [Marek STRANDBERG]; Estonian Люди's Union (Rahvaliit) [Villu REILJAN]; Estonian Reform Party (Reformierakond) [Andrus ANSIP]; Estonian United Russian Люди's Party или EUVRP [Yevgeniy TOMBERG]; Social демократическая партия (formerly Люди's Party Moodukad или Moderates) [Ivari PADAR]; Union of Pro Patria и Res Publica (Isamaa je Res Publica Liit) [Mart LAAR]
Эфиопия Afar National демократическая партия или ANDP; Benishangul Gumuz Люди's Democratic Unity Front или BGPDUF [Mulualem BESSE]; Coalition for Unity и демократическая партия или CUDP [AYELE Chamisso] (awarded to AYELE by the National Electoral Board on 11 January 2008, but AYELE has virtually no support among former CUD MPs, other CUD MPs must now be affiliated with their original CUD-precursor parties); Ethiopian Люди's Revolutionary Democratic Front или EPRDF [MELES Zenawi] (an alliance of Amhara National Democratic Movement или ANDM, Oromo Люди's Democratic Organization или OPDO, the South Ethiopian Люди's Democratic Front или SEPDF, и Tigrayan Peoples' Liberation Front или TPLF); Gurage Nationalities' Democratic Movement или GNDM; Oromo Federalist Democratic Movement или OFDM [BULCHA Demeksa]; Omoro Люди's Congress или OPC [IMERERA Gudina]; Somali Люди's демократическая партия или SPDP; United Ethiopian Democratic Forces или UEDF [BEYENE Petros]
Европейское сообщество Confederal Group of the European United Left-Nordic Green Left или EUL/NGL [Francis WURTZ]; European Люди's Party-European Democrats или EPP-ED [Joseph DAUL]; Group of the Alliance of Liberals и Democrats for Europe или ALDE [Graham R. WATSON]; Group of Greens/European Free Alliance или Greens/EFA [Monica FRASSONI и Daniel Marc COHN-BENDIT]; Identity, Tradition, Sovereignty Group или ITS [Bruno GOLLNISCH]; Independence/Democracy Group или IND/DEM [Jens-Peter BONDE и Nigel FARAGE]; Socialist Group in the European Parliament или PES [Martin SCHULZ]; Union for Europe of the Nations Group или UEN [Brian CROWLEY и Cristiana MUSCARDINI]
Фолклендские ( Мальвинские) осторова none; all independents
Фарерские Острова Center Party [Jenis A. RANA]; Independence Party [Kari P. HOJGAARD]; Люди's Party [Jorgen NICLASEN]; республиканцы [Hogni HOYDAL]; Social демократическая партия [Joannes EIDESGAARD]; Union Party [Kaj Leo JOHANNESEN]
Фиджи Dodonu Ni Taukei Party или DNT [Fereti S. DEWA]; Фиджи демократическая партия или FDP [Filipe BOLE] (a merger of the Christian Democrat Alliance или VLV [Poesci Waqalevu BUNE], Fijian Association Party или FAP, Fijian Political Party или SVT (primarily Fijian) [Sitiveni RABUKA], и New Labor Unity Party или NLUP [Ofa SWANN]); Фиджи Labor Party или FLP [Mahendra CHAUDHRY]; General Voters Party или GVP (became part of United General Party); Girmit Heritage Party или GHP; Justice и Freedom Party или AIM; Lio 'On Famor Rotuma Party или LFR; National Federation Party или NFP (primarily Indian) [Pramond RAE]; Nationalist Vanua Takolavo Party или NVTLP [Saula TELAWA]; Party of National Unity или PANU [Ponipate LESAVUA]; Party of the Truth или POTT; United Фиджи Party/Sogosogo Duavata ni Lewenivanua или SDL [Laisenia QARASE]; United Peoples Party или UPP [Millis Mick BEDDOES]
Финляндия Center Party или Kesk [Matti VANHANEN]; Christian Democrats или KD [Paivi RASANEN]; партия зеленых или VIHR [Tarja CRONBERG]; Left Alliance или VAS [Martti KORHONEN] (composed of Люди's Democratic League и Democratic Alternative); National Coalition (conservative) Party или Kok [Jyrki KATAINEN]; Social демократическая партия или SDP [Eero HEINALUOMA]; Swedish Люди's Party или SFP [Stefan WALLIN]; True Finns [Timo SOINI]
Франция Democratic Movement или MoDem [Francois BAYROU] (previously Union for French Democracy или UDF); Democratic и Social European Rally или RDSE [Pierre LAFFITTE] (mainly Radical Republican и Socialist Parties, и PRG); French Communist Party или PCF [Marie-George BUFFET]; Greens [Cecile DUFLOT]; Left Radical Party или PRG [Jean-Michel BAYLET] (previously Radical Socialist Party или PRS и the Left Radical Movement или MRG); Movement for Франция или MPF [Philippe DE VILLIERS]; National Front или FN [Jean-Marie LE PEN]; New Center или NC [Herve MORIN]; Rally for Франция или RPF [Charles PASQUA]; Republican и Citizen Movement или MRC [Jean Pierre CHEVENEMENT и Georges SARRE]; Socialist Party или PS [Francois HOLLANDE]; Union for a Popular Movement или UMP [Patrick DEVEDJIAN, Jean-Claude GAUDIN, Jean-Pierre RAFFARIN, Pierre MEHAIGNERIE]; Radical Party [Jean-Louis BORLOO]
Французская Полинезия Alliance for a New Democracy или ADN [Nicole BOUTEAU и Philip SCHYLE](включая the parties The New Star и This Страна is Yours); Independent Front for the Liberation of Polynesia (Tavini Huiraatira) [Oscar TEMARU]; New Fatherland Party (Ai'a Api) [Emile VERNAUDON]; Our На главную alliance; Люди's Rally for the Республика Polynesia или RPR (Tahoeraa Huiraatira) [Gaston FLOSSE]; Union for Democracy alliance или UPD [Oscar TEMARU]
Габон Circle of Liberal Reformers или CLR [General Jean Boniface ASSELE]; Congress for Democracy и Justice или CDJ [Jules Aristide Bourdes OGOULIGUENDE]; Democratic и Republican Alliance или ADERE [Divungui-di-Ndinge DIDJOB]; Gabonese демократическая партия или PDG (former sole party) [Simplice Nguedet MANZELA]; Gabonese Party for Progress или PGP [Benoit Mouity NZAMBA]; Gabonese Union for Democracy и Development или UGDD [Zacherie MYBOTO]; National Rally of Woodcutters или RNB; National Rally of Woodcutters-Rally for Габон или RNB-RPG (Bucherons) [Fr. Paul M'BA-ABESSOLE]; Party of Development и Social Solidarity или PDS [Seraphin Ndoat REMBOGO]; Люди's Unity Party или PUP [Louis Gaston MAYILA]; Social демократическая партия или PSD [Pierre Claver MAGANGA-MOUSSAVOU]; Union for Democracy и Social Integration или UDIS; Union of Gabonese Patriots или UPG [Pierre MAMBOUNDOU]
Гамбия Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation и Construction или APRC (the ruling party) [Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH]; Gambia Люди's демократическая партия или GPDP [Henry GOMEZ]; National Alliance for Democracy и Development или NADD [Halifa SALLAH]; National Convention Party или NCP [Sheriff DIBBA]; National Reconciliation Party или NRP [Hamat N. K. BAH]; Люди's Democratic Organization for Independence и Socialism или PDOIS [Sidia JATTA]; United демократическая партия или UDP [Ousainou DARBOE]
Грузия Burjanadze-Democrats [Nino BURJANADZE]; Georgian Люди's Front [Nodar NATADZE]; Georgian United Communist Party или UCPG [Panteleimon GIORGADZE]; Грузия's Way Party [Salome ZOURABICHVILI]; Greens [Giorgi GACHECHILADZE]; Industry Will Save Грузия (Industrialists) или IWSG [Georgi TOPADZE]; Labor Party [Shalva NATELASHVILI]; National Council-New Rights (a bloc uniting a nine-party alliance with New Rights); National демократическая партия или NDP [Bachuki KARDAVA]; National Movement-Democratic Front [Mikheil SAAKASHVILI] (bloc composed of National Movement и Burjanadze-Democrats); National Movement [Mikheil SAAKASHVILI]; New Rights [David GAMKRELIDZE]; республиканцы [David USUPASHVILI]; Socialist Party или SPG [Irakli MINDELI]; Traditionalists [Akaki ASATIANI]; Union of National Forces-Conservatives [Koba DAVITASHVILI и Zviad DZIDZIGURI]
Германия Alliance '90/Greens [Claudia ROTH и Reinhard BUETIKOFER]; Christian Democratic Union или CDU [Angela MERKEL]; Christian Social Union или CSU [Erwin HUBER]; Free демократическая партия или FDP [Guido WESTERWELLE]; Left Party или Die Linke [Lothar BISKY и Oskar LAFONTAINE]; Social демократическая партия или SPD [Kurt BECK]
Гана Convention Люди's Party или CPP [Ladi NYLANDER]; Democratic Freedom Party или DFP [Alhaji Abudu Rahman ISSAKAH]; Every Ghanaian Living Everywhere или EGLE; Great Consolidated Popular Party или GCPP [Dan LARTEY]; National Democratic Congress или NDC [Dr. Kwabena ADJEI]; New Patriotic Party или NPP [Peter MAC-MANU]; Люди's National Convention или PNC [Alhaji Amed RAMADAN]; Reform Party [Kyeretwie OPUKU]; United Renaissance Party или URP [Charles WAYO]
Гибралтар: заморская территория Великобритании Гибралтар: заморская территория Великобритании Liberal Party [Joseph GARCIA]; Гибралтар: заморская территория Великобритании Social Democrats или GSD [Peter CARUANA]; Гибралтар: заморская территория Великобритании Socialist Labor Party или GSLP [Joseph John BOSSANO]
Греция Coalition of the Left и Progress (Synaspismos) [Alekos ALAVANOS]; Communist Party Греции или KKE [Aleka PAPARIGA]; New Democracy или ND (conservative) [Konstandinos KARAMANLIS]; Panhellenic Socialist Movement или PASOK [Yiorgos PAPANDREOU]; Popular Orthodox Rally или LAOS [Yeoryios KARATZAFERIS]
Гренландия Atassut Party (Solidarity) [Finn KARLSEN] (a conservative party favoring continuing close relations with Дания); Demokratiit [Per BERTHELSEN]; Inuit Ataqatigiit или IA (Eskimo Brotherhood) [Josef MOTZFELDT] (a leftist party favoring complete independence from Дания rather than home rule); Kattusseqatigiit (Candidate List) (an independent right-of-center party with no official platform); Siumut (Forward Party) [Hans ENOKSEN] (a social democratic party advocating more distinct Greenlandic identity и greater autonomy from Дания)
Гренада Гренада United Labor Party или GULP [Gloria Payne BANFIELD]; National Democratic Congress или NDC [Tillman THOMAS]; New National Party или NNP [Keith MITCHELL]
Гуам демократическая партия [leader Michael PHILLIPS]; республиканцы [Philip J. FLORES] (controls the legislature)
Гватемала Center of Social Action или CASA [Eduardo SUGER]; Democracy Front или FRENTE [Alfonso CABRERA]; Democratic Union или UD [Manuel CONDE Orellana]; Encounter for Гватемала или EG [Nineth MONTENGRO]; Grand National Alliance или GANA [Alfredo VILLA]; Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity или URNG [Hector NUILA]; Guatemalan Republican Front или FRG [Efrain RIOS Montt]; National Advancement Party или PAN [Ruben Dario MORALES]; National Unity for Hope или UNE [Alvaro COLOM Caballeros]; Patriot Party или PP [Ret. Gen. Otto PEREZ Molina]; Unionista Party или PU [Fritz GARCIA]; Unity of National Change или UCN [Sidney SHAW]
Гернси: коронная земля Великобритании none; all independents
Гвинея National Union for Progress или UPN [Mamadou Bhoye BARRY]; Party for Unity и Progress или PUP (the governing party) [Lansana CONTE]; Люди's Party Гвинеи или PPG [Charles Pascal TOLNO]; Rally for the Guinean Люди или RPG [Alpha CONDE]; Union of Democratic Forces Гвинеи или UFDG [Cellou Dalein DIALLO]; Union of Republican Forces или UFR [Sidya TOURE]; Union for Progress Гвинеи или UPG [Jean-Marie DORE, secretary-general]; Union for Progress и Renewal или UPR [Ousmane BAH]
Гвинея-Бисау African Party for the Independence Гвинеи-Бисау и Кабо-Верде или PAIGC [Carlos GOMES Junior]; Party for Social Renewal или PRS [Kumba YALA]; Democratic Social Front или FDS; Electoral Union или UE; Гвинея-Бисау Civic Forum/Social Democracy или FCGSD [Antonieta Rosa GOMES]; Гвинея-Бисау демократическая партия или PDG; Гвинея-Бисау Socialist демократическая партия или PDSG [Serifo BALDE]; Labor и Solidarity Party или PST [Iancuba INDJAI]; Party for Democratic Convergence или PCD [Victor MANDINGA]; Party for Renewal и Progress или PRP; Progress Party или PP [Ibrahima SOW]; Union for Change или UM [Amine SAAD]; Union of Guinean Patriots или UPG [Francisca VAZ]; United Platform или UP (coalition formed by PCD, FDS, FLING, и RGB-MB); United Popular Alliance или APU; United Social демократическая партия или PUSD
Гвиана Alliance for Change или AFC [Raphael TROTMAN и Khemraj RAMJATTAN]; Гвиана Action Party или GAP [Paul HARDY]; Justice for All Party [C.N. SHARMA]; Люди's National Congress/Reform или PNC/R [Robert Herman Orlando CORBIN]; Люди's Progressive Party/Civic или PPP/C [Bharrat JAGDEO]; Rise, Organize, и Rebuild или ROAR [Ravi DEV]; The United Force или TUF [Manzoor NADIR]; The Unity Party [Joey JAGAN]; Vision Гвиана [Peter RAMSAROOP]; Working Люди's Alliance или WPA [Rupert ROOPNARAINE]
Гаити Artibonite in Action или LAAA [Youri LATORTUE]; Assembly of Progressive National Democrats или RDNP [Leslie MANIGAT]; Convention for Democratic Unity или KID [Evans PAUL]; Cooperative Action to Build Гаити или KONBA [Evans LESCOUFALIR]; Democratic Alliance или ALYANS [Evans PAUL] (coalition composed of KID и PPRH); Effort и Solidarity to Create an Alternative for the Люди или ESKAMP [Joseph JASME]; For Us All или PONT [Jean-Marie CHERESTAL]; Front for Hope или L'ESPWA [Rene PREVAL] (alliance of ESKAMP, PLB, и grass-roots organizations Grand-Anse Resistance Committee, the Central Plateau Peasants' Group, и Kombit Sudest); Haitian Christian демократическая партия или PDCH [Osner FEVRY и Marie-Denise CLAUDE]; Haitian Democratic и Reform Movement или MODEREH [Dany TOUSSAINT и Pierre Soncon PRINCE]; Heads Together или Tet-Ansanm [Dr. Gerard BLOT]; Independent Movement for National Reconciliation или MIRN [Luc FLEURINORD]; Justice for Peace и National Development или JPDN [Rigaud DUPLAN]; Fanmi Lavalas или FL [Rudy HERIVEAUX]; Liberal Party Гаити или PLH [Gehy MICHEL]; Merging of Haitian Social Democratic Parties или FUSION или FPSDH [Serge GILLES] (coalition of Ayiti Capable, Haitian National Revolutionary Party, и National Congress of Democratic Movements); Mobilization for Гаити's Development или MPH [Samir MOURRA]; Mobilization for National Development или MDN [Hubert de RONCERAY]; Movement for National Reconstruction или MRN [Jean Henold BUTEAU]; Movement for the Installation of Democracy in Гаити или MIDH [Marc BAZIN]; National Christian Union for the Reconstruction Гаити или UNCRH [Marie Claude GERMAIN]; National Front for the Reconstruction Гаити или FRN [Guy PHILIPPE]; New Christian Movement for a New Гаити или MOCHRENA [Luc MESADIEU]; Open the Gate Party или PLB [Anes LUBIN]; Popular Party for the Renewal Гаити или PPRH [Claude ROMAIN]; Struggling Люди's Organization или OPL [Edgard LEBLANC]; Union of Nationalist и Progressive Haitians или UNITE [Edouard FRANCISQUE]
Ватикан none
Гондурас Christian демократическая партия или PDC [Felicito AVILA]; Democratic Unification Party или PUD [Cesar HAM]; Liberal Party или PL [Patricia RODAS]; National Innovation и Unity Party или PINU [Jorge AQUILAR Paredes]; National Party Гондураса или PN [Porfirio LOBO]
Гонконг Association for Democracy и Люди's Livelihood или ADPL [Frederick FUNG Kin-kee]; Citizens Party [Alex CHAN Kai-chung]; Civic Party [KUAN Hsin-chi]; Democratic Alliance for the Betterment и Progress Гонконга или DAB [TAM Yiu Cheng]; демократическая партия [Albert HO]; Frontier Party [Emily LAU Wai-hing]; League of Social Democrats [Raymond WONG]; Liberal Party [James TIEN Pei-chun]
примечание: political blocs include: pro-democracy - ADPL, демократическая партия, Frontier Party, League of Social Democrats; pro-Beijing - DAB, Liberal Party, The Alliance (a group of five generally pro-government и pro-business Legco members from functional constituencies); there is no political party ordinance, so there are no registered political parties; politically active groups register as societies или companies
Венгрия Alliance of Free Democrats или SzDSz [Janos KOKA]; Christian Democratic Люди's Party или KDNP [Zsolt SEMJEN]; Hungarian Civic Alliance или Fidesz [Viktor ORBAN, chairman]; Hungarian Democratic Forum или MDF [Ibolya DAVID]; Hungarian Socialist Party или MSzP [Ferenc GYURCSANY]
Исландия Independence Party или IP [Geir H. HAARDE]; Left-Green Movement или LGM [Steingrimur SIGFUSSON]; Liberal Party или LP [Gudjon KRISTJANSSON]; Progressive Party или PP [Gudni AGUSTSSON]; Social Democratic Alliance или SDA [Ingibjorg Solrun GISLADOTTIR] (включая Люди's Alliance или PA, Social демократическая партия или SDP, Women's List)
Индия Bahujan Samaj Party или BSP [MAYAWATI]; Bharatiya Janata Party или BJP [Rajnath SINGH]; Biju Janata Dal или BJD [Naveen PATNAIK]; Communist Party Индии или CPI [Ardhendu Bhushan BARDHAN]; Communist Party Индии-Marxist или CPI-M [Prakash KARAT]; Dravida Munnetra Kazagham или DMK [M. KARUNANIDHI]; Indian National Congress или INC [Sonia GANDHI]; Janata Dal (United) или JD(U) [Sharad YADAV]; Jharkhand Mukti Morcha или JMM [Shibu SOREN]; Left Front (an alliance of Indian leftist parties); Lok Jan Shakti Party или LJSP [Ram Vilas PASWAN]; Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam или MDMK [V. Gopalswamy VAIKO]; Nationalist Congress Party или NCP [Sharad PAWAR]; Pattali Makkal Katchi или PMK [S. RAMADOSS]; Rashtriya Janata Dal или RJD [Laloo Prasad YADAV]; Samajwadi Party или SP [Mulayam Singh YADAV]; Shiromani Akali Dal или SAD [Parkash Singh BADAL]; Shiv Sena или SS [Bal THACKERAY]; Telangana Rashtriya Samithi или TRS [K. Chandrashekhar RAO]; Telugu Desam Party или TDP [Chandrababu NAIDU]; United Progressive Alliance или UPA [Sonia GANDHI] (Индия's ruling party coalition of 12 political parties); note - Индия has dozens of national и regional political parties; only parties или coalitions with four или more seats in the Люди's Assembly are listed
Индонeзия Crescent Moon и Star Party или PBB [MS KABAN]; демократическая партия или PD [Hadi UTOMO]; Functional Groups Party или Golkar [Yusuf KALLA]; Индонeзия демократическая партия-Struggle или PDI-P [MEGAWATI Sukarnoputri]; National Awakening Party или PKB; National Mandate Party или PAN [Sutrisno BACHIR]; Prosperous Justice Party или PKS [Tifatul SEMBIRING]; United Development Party или PPP [Suryadharma ALI]
Иран formal political parties are a relatively new phenomenon in Иран и most conservatives still prefer to work through political pressure groups rather than parties, и often political parties или coalitions are formed prior to elections и disbanded soon thereafter; a loose pro-reform coalition called the 2nd Khordad Front, which включая political parties as well as less formal groups и organizations, achieved considerable success at elections to the sixth Majles in early 2000; groups in the coalition include: Islamic Иран Participation Front (IIPF), Executives of Construction Party (Kargozaran), Solidarity Party, Islamic Labor Party, Mardom Salari, Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization (MIRO), и Militant Clerics Society (Ruhaniyun); the coalition participated in the seventh Majles elections in early 2004; following his defeat in the 2005 presidential elections, former MCS Secretary General и sixth Majles Speaker Mehdi KARUBI formed the National Trust Party; a new conservative group, Islamic Иран Developers Coalition (Abadgaran), took a leading position in the new Majles после winning a majority of the seats in February 2004; following the 2004 Majles elections, traditional и hardline conservatives have attempted to close ranks under the United Front of Principlists; the IIPF has repeatedly complained that the overwhelming majority of its candidates have been unfairly disqualified from the 2008 elections
Ирак Assyrian Democratic Movement [Yunadim KANNA]; Badr Organization [Hadi al-AMIRI]; Constitutional Monarchy Movement или CMM [Sharif Ali Bin al-HUSAYN]; Da'wa al-Islamiya Party [Ibrahim al-JA'FARI]; General Conference of Iraqi Люди [Adnan al-DULAYMI]; Independent Iraqi Alliance или IIA [Falah al-NAQIB]; Iraqi Communist Party [Hamid MAJEED]; Iraqi Front for National Dialogue [Salih al-MUTLAQ]; Iraqi Hizballah [Karim Mahmud al-MUHAMMADAWI]; Iraqi Independent Democrats или IID [Adnan PACHACHI, Mahdi al-HAFIZ]; Iraqi Islamic Party или IIP [Tariq al-HASHIMI]; Iraqi National Accord или INA [Ayad ALLAWI]; Iraqi National Congress или INC [Ahmad CHALABI]; Iraqi National Council for Dialogue или INCD [Khalaf Ulayan al-Khalifawi al-DULAYMI]; Iraqi National Unity Movement или INUM [Ahmad al-KUBAYSI]; Islamic Action Organization или IAO [Ayatollah Muhammad al-MUDARRISI]; Islamic Supreme Council Ирака или ISCI [Abd al-Aziz al-HAKIM]; Jama'at al Fadilah или JAF [Muhammad Ali al-YAQUBI]; Kurdistan демократическая партия или KDP [Masud BARZANI]; Kurdistan Islamic Union [Salah ad-Din Muhammad BAHA al-DIN]; National Reconciliation и Liberation Party [Mishan al-JABBURI]; Patriotic Union of Kurdistan или PUK [Jalal TALABANI]; Sadrist Trend [Muqtada al-SADR] (not an organized political party, but it fields independent candidates affiliated with Muqtada al-SADR); Sahawa al-Ирак [Ahmed al-RISHAWI]
примечание: the Kurdistan Alliance, Iraqi National List, Tawafuq Front, Iraqi Front for National Dialogue, и Unified Iraqi Alliance were only electoral slates consisting of the representatives from the various Iraqi political parties
Ирландия Fianna Fail [Brian COWEN]; Fine Gael [Enda KENNY]; партия зеленых [John GORMLEY]; Labor Party [Eamon GILMORE]; Progressive Democrats [Mary HARNEY, acting leader]; Sinn Fein [Gerry ADAMS]; Socialist Party [Joe HIGGINS]; The Workers' Party [Sean GARLAND]
Остров Мэн Alliance for Progressive Правление; Liberal Vannin Party [Peter KARRAN]; Man Labor Party; Man Nationalist Party (Mec Vannin) [Bernard MOFFATT]
примечание: most members sit as independents
Израиль Democratic Front for Peace и Equality (HADASH) [Muhammad BARAKA]; GIL (Pensioners) [Rafael "Rafi" EITAN]; Kadima [Ehud OLMERT]; Labor Party [Ehud BARAK]; Likud [Binyamin NETANYAHU]; Meretz-YAHAD [Yossi BEILIN]; National Democratic Assembly (Balad) [Jamal ZAHALKA]; National Union (NU)/National Religious Party (NRP) [Binyamin ELON]; SHAS [Eliyahu YISHAI]; Torah и Shabbat Judaism [Yaakov LITZMAN]; United Arab List [Ibrahim SARSOUR]; Yisrael Beiteinu [Avigdor LIEBERMAN]
Италия Silvio BERLUSCONI coalition: Люди of Freedom или PdL [Silvio BERLUSCONI]; Lega Nord или LN [Umberto BOSSI]; Movement for Autonomy или MpA [Raffaele LOMBARDO]
Walter VELTRONI coalition: демократическая партия или PD [Walter VELTRONI]; Италия of Values или IdV [Antonio DI PIETRO]
other non-allied parties: Union of the Centre или UdC [Savino PEZZOTTA]
Ямайка Ямайка Labor Party или JLP [Bruce GOLDING]; Люди's National Party или PNP [Portia SIMPSON-MILLER]; National Democratic Movement или NDM [Michael WILLIAMS]
Япония демократическая партия Японии или DPJ [Ichiro OZAWA]; Япония Communist Party или JCP [Kazuo SHII]; Komeito [Akihiro OTA]; Liberal демократическая партия или LDP [Yasuo FUKUDA]; Social демократическая партия или SDP [Mizuho FUKUSHIMA]
Джерси: коронная земля Великобритании two declared parties: Centre Party; Джерси: коронная земля Великобритании Democratic Alliance
примечание: all senators и deputies elected in 2005 were independents
Иордания al-Ahd Party; Arab Islamic Democratic Movement [Yusuf ABU BAKR]; Arab Land Party [Dr. Ayishah Salih HIJAZAYN]; Arab Socialist Ba'th Party [Taysir al-HIMSI]; Ba'th Arab Progressive Party [Fu'ad DABBUR]; Freedom Party; Future Party; Islamic Action Front или IAF [Zaki Sa'ed BANI IRSHEID]; Islamic Center Party [Marwan al-FAURI]; Jordanian Arab Ansar Party; Jordanian Arab New Dawn Party; Jordanian Arab Party; Jordanian Citizens' Rights Movement; Jordanian Communist Party [Munir HAMARINAH]; Jordanian Communist Workers Party; Jordanian Democratic Left Party [Musa MA'AYTEH]; Jordanian Democratic Popular Unity Party [Sa'id Dhiyab Ali MUSTAFA]; Jordanian Generations Party [Muhammad KHALAYLEH]; Jordanian партия зеленых [Muhammad BATAYNEH]; Jordanian Labor Party [Dr. Mazin Sulayman Jiryis HANNA]; Jordanian Peace Party; Jordanian Люди's Committees Movement; Jordanian Люди's демократическая партия (Hashd) [Ahmad YUSUF]; Jordanian Rafah Party; Jordanian Renaissance Party; Mission Party; Nation Party [Ahmad al-HANANDEH]; National Action Party (Haqq) [Tariq al-KAYYALI]; National Constitutional Party [Abdul Hadi MAJALI]; National Popular Democratic Movement [Mahmud al-NUWAYHI]; Progressive Party [Fawwaz al-ZUBI]
Казахстан Adilet (Justice) [Maksut NARIKBAYEV, Zeynulla ALSHIMBAYEV, Bakhytbek AKHMETZHAN, Yerkin ONGARBAYEV, Tolegan SYDYKOV] (formerly демократическая партия Казахстана); Agrarian и Industrial Union of Workers Block или AIST (Agrarian Party и Civic Party); Ak Zhol Party (Bright Path) [Alikhan BAIMENOV]; Auyl (Village) [Gani KALIYEV]; Communist Party Казахстана или KPK [Serikbolsyn ABDILDIN]; Communist Люди's Party Казахстана [Vladislav KOSAREV]; National Social демократическая партия (NSDP)[Zharmakhan TUYAKBAY]; Nur-Otan [Bakhytzhan ZHUMAGULOV] (the Agrarian, Asar, и Civic parties merged with Otan); Patriots' Party [Gani KASYMOV]; Rukhaniyat (Spirituality) [Altynshash ZHAGANOVA]
Кения Forum for the Restoration of Democracy-Кения или FORD-Кения [Musikari KOMBO]; Forum for the Restoration of Democracy-Люди или FORD-Люди [Simeon NYACHAE]; Кения African National Union или KANU [Uhuru KENYATTA]; National Rainbow Coalition-Кения или NARC-Кения [Raphael TUJU]; Orange Democratic Movement или ODM [Raila ODINGA]; Orange Democratic Movement-Кения или ODM-K [Kalonzo MUSYOKA]; Party of National Unity или PNU [Mwai KIBAKI]; Shirikisho Party Кении или SPK [Chirau Ali MWAKWERE]
Кирибати Boutokaan Te Koaua Party или BTK [Taberannang TIMEON]; Maneaban Te Mauri Party или MTM [Teburoro TITO]; Maurin Кирибати Pati или MKP; National Progressive Party или NPP [Dr. Harry TONG]
примечание: there is no tradition of formally organized political parties in Кирибати; they more closely resemble factions или interest groups because they have no party headquarters, formal platforms, или party structures
Северная Корея major party - Korean Workers' Party или KWP [KIM Jong Il]; minor parties - Chondoist Chongu Party [RYU Mi Yong] (under KWP control), Social демократическая партия [KIM Yong Dae] (under KWP control)
Южная Корея Creative Korea Party или CKP [MOON Kook-hyun]; Democratic Labor Party или DLP [CHUN Young-se]; Grand National Party или GNP [PARK Hee-tae]; Liberty Forward Party или LFP [LEE Hoi-chang]; демократическая партия или DP [CHUNG Sye-kyun] (formerly the United демократическая партия или UDP)
Косовo Albanian Christian демократическая партия Косовo или PShDK [Mark KRASNIQI]; Alliance for the Future Косовo или AAK [Ramush HARADINAJ]; Alliance of Independent Social Democrats of Kososvo и Metohija или SDSKIM [Slavisa PETKOVIC]; Autonomous Liberal Party of SLS [Slobodan PETROVIC]; Bosniak Vakat Coalition [Dzezair MURATI]; Citizens' Initiative of Gora или GIG [Murselj HALILI]; Council of Independent Social Democrats Косовo или SNSDKIM [Ljubisa ZIVIC]; Democratic League of Dardania или LDD [Nexhat DACI]; Democratic League Косовo или LDK [Fatmir SEJDIU]; демократическая партия of Ashkali Косовo или PDAK [Sabit RAHMANI]; демократическая партия Косовo или PDK [Hashim THACI]; Косовo Democratic Turkish Party of KDTP [Mahir YAGCILAR]; New Democratic Initiative Косовo или IRDK [Xhevdet NEZIRAJ]; New демократическая партия или ND [Branislav GRBIC]; New Косовo Alliance или AKR [Behxhet PACOLLI]; Popular Movement Косовo или LPK [Emrush XHEMAJLI]; Reform Party Ora; Serb National Party или SNS [Mihailo SCEPANOVIC]; Serbian Косовo и Metohija Party или SKMS [Dragisa MIRIC]; United Roma Party Косовo или PREBK [Haxhi Zylfi MERXHA]; Democratic Action Party или SDA [Numan BALIC]; Serbian List for Косовo и Metohija [Oliver IVANOVIC]; Serbian National Council of Northern Косовo и Metohija или SNV [Milan IVANOVIC]; демократическая партия of Bosniaks [Dzezair MURAIT]; демократическая партия Vatan [Sadik IDRIZI]; Gorani Citizens Initiative [Mursel HALJILJI]; Serbian Люди Party [Mihailo SCEPANOVIC]; Serbian демократическая партия Косовo и Metohija [Slavisa PETKOVIC]; Serb Liberal Party [Slobodan PETROVIC]; Independent League of Social-Democrats Косовo и Metohija [Ljubisa ZIVIC]
Кювейт none; formation of political parties is in practice illegal but is not forbidden by law
Киргизия Ak Jol [Avtandil ARABAYEV, Elmira IBRAIMOVA, Vladimir NIFADYEV, co-chairs]; Ar-Namys (Dignity) Party [Emil ALIYEV]; Asaba (Banner National Revival Party) [Azimbek BEKNAZAROV]; Ata-Meken (Fatherland) [Omurbek TEKEBAYEV]; Democratic Movement Киргизии или DDK [Viktor TCHETRNOMORETS]; Erkindik (Freedom) Party [Topchubek TURGUNALIYEV]; Moya Strana (My Страна Party of Action) [Medet SADYRKULOV]; Party of Communists Киргизии или KCP [Ishak MASALIYEV]; Party of Justice и Progress [Muratbek IMANALIEV]; Party of Peasants [Esengul ISAKOV]; республиканцы of Labor и Unity [Tabaldy OROZALIYEV]; Sanjira (Tree of Life) [Ednan KARABAYEV]; Social демократическая партия [Almaz ATAMBAYEV]; Union of Democratic Forces [Kubatbek BAIBOLOV]
Лаоc Lao Люди's Revolutionary Party или LPRP [CHOUMMALI Saignason]; other parties proscribed
Латвия First Party Латвии/Латвия's Way или LPP/LC [Ainars SLESERS, Ivars GODMANIS]; For Human Rights in a United Латвия или PCTVL [Jakovs PLINERS]; For the Fatherland и Freedom/Latvian National Independence Movement или TB/LNNK [Roberts ZILE, Maris GRINBLATS]; Harmony Center или SC [Janis URBANOVICS, Nils USAKOVS]; Latvian Social Democratic Workers Party (Social Democrats) или LSDSP [Juris BOJARS]; Latvian Socialist Party или LSP [Alfreds RUBIKS]; New Democrats или JD [Maris GULBIS]; New Era Party или JL [Einars REPSE, Krisjanis KARINS]; Люди's Party или TP [Aigars KALVITIS]; The Union of Latvian Greens и Farmers Party или ZZS [Augusts BRIGMANIS]
Ливан 14 March Coalition: Democratic Gathering Bloc [Walid JUNBLATT, leader of Progressive Socialist Party]; Democratic Left [Ilyas ATALLAH]; Democratic Renewal Movement [Nassib LAHUD]; Future Movement Bloc [Sa'ad HARIRI]; Kataeb Party [Amine GEMAYEL]; Lebanese Forces [Samir JA'JA]; Tripoli Independent Bloc
8 March Coalition: Development и Resistance Bloc [Nabih BERRI, leader of Amal Movement]; Free Patriotic Movement [Michel AWN]; Loyalty to the Resistance Bloc [Mohammad RA'AD] (включая Hizballah Party [Hassan NASRALLAH]); Nasserite Popular Movement [Ussama SAAD]; Popular Bloc [Elias SKAFF]; Syrian Ba'th Party [Sayez SHUKR]; Syrian Social Nationalist Party [Ali QANSO]
Independent: Metn Bloc [Michel MURR]; Tashnaq
Лесото Alliance of Congress Parties или ACP; All Basotho Convention или ABC [Thomas THABANE]; Basotholand African Congress или BAC [Khauhelo RALITAPOLE]; Basotho Congress Party или BCP [Ntsukunyane MPHANYA]; Basotho National Party или BNP [Maj. Gen. Justin Metsing LEKHANYA]; Kopanang Basotho Party или KPB [Pheelo MOSALA]; Лесото Congress for Democracy или LCD (the governing party) [Pakalitha MOSISILI]; Лесото Education Party или LEP [Thabo PITSO]; Лесото Workers Party или LWP [Macaefa BILLY]; Marematlou Freedom Party или MFP [Vincent MALEBO]; National Independent Party или NIP [Anthony MANYELI]; New Лесото Freedom Party или NLFP [Manapo MAJARA]; Popular Front for Democracy или PFD [Lekhetho RAKUOANE]; Sefate Democratic Union или SDU [Bofihla NKUEBE]; Social демократическая партия of SDP [Masitise SELESO]
Либерия Alliance for Peace и Democracy или APD [Togba-na TIPOTEH]; Coalition for the Transformation Либерии или COTOL [H. Varney SHERMAN]; Congress for Democratic Change или CDC [George WEAH]; Liberty Party или LP [Charles BRUMSKINE]; National Patriotic Party или NPP [Roland MASSAQUOI]; Unity Party или UP [Ellen JOHNSON SIRLEAF]
Либия none
Лихтенштейн Patriotic Union или VU [Adolf HEEB] (was Fatherland Union); Progressive Citizens' Party или FBP [Marcus VOGT]; The Free List или FL [Claudia HEEB-FLECK и Egon MATT]
Литва Civil Democracy Party или PDP [Viktor MUNTIANAS]; Electoral Action of Lithuanian Poles [Valdemar TOMASZEVSKI]; National Farmer's Union или VLS [Kazimiera PRUNSKIENE]; Homeland Union/Conservative Party или TS [Andrius KUBILIUS]; Labor Party или DP [Viktor USPASKICH]; Liberal и Center Union [Arturas ZUOKAS]; Liberal Democrats/Order и Justice Party или TT [Rolandas PAKSAS]; Liberal Movement или LLS [Petras AUSTREVICIUS]; Social демократическая партия или LSDP [Gediminas KIRKILAS]; Social Liberal/New Union [Arturas PAULAUSKAS]; Young Литва и New Nationalists [Stanislovas BUSKEVICIUS]
Люксембург Alternative Democratic Reform Party или ADR [Robert MENLEN]; Christian Social Люди's Party или CSV [Francois BILTGEN] (also known as Christian Social Party или PCS); демократическая партия или DP [Claude MEISCH]; партия зеленых [Francois BAUSCH]; Люксембург Socialist Workers' Party или LSAP [Alex BODRY]; dei Lenk/la Gauche (the Left); other minor parties
Macau Civil Service Union [Jose Maria Pereira COUTINHO]; Development Union [KWAN Tsui-hang]; Macau Development Alliance [Angela LEONG On-kei]; Macau United Citizens' Association [CHAN Meng-kam]; New Democratic Macau Association [Antonio NG Kuok-cheong]; United Forces
примечание: there is no political party ordinance, so there are no registered political parties; politically active groups register as societies или companies
Македония Democratic Alliance [Pavle TRAJANOV]; Democratic League of Bosniaks [Rafet MUMINOVIC]; демократическая партия of Albanians или PDSh/DPA [Menduh THACI]; демократическая партия of Serbs [Ivan STOILJKOVIC]; демократическая партия of Turks [Kenan HASIPI]; Democratic Renewal Македонии [Liljana POPOVSKA]; Democratic Union of Albanians или BDSh [BardYL MAHMUTI]; Democratic Union of Vlachs for Македония [Mitko KOSTOV]; Democratic Union for Integration или BDI/DUI [Ali AHMETI]; For a Better Македония coalition [Nikola GRUEVSKI] (включая VMRO-DPMNE, SP, Democratic Union, Democratic Renewal Македонии, демократическая партия of Turks, демократическая партия of Serbs, SR, и smaller parties); Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization-демократическая партия for Macedonian National Unity или VMRO-DPMNE [Nikola GRUEVSKI]; Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization-Люди's Party или VMRO-Narodna [Gjorgji TRENDAFILOV]; League for Democracy [Gjorgi MARJANOVIC]; Liberal демократическая партия или LDP [Jovan MANSIEVSKI]; Liberal Party [Stojan ANDOV]; National Alternative [Harun ALIU]; National Democratic Union или BDK [Hysni SHAQIR]; New Social демократическая партия или NSDP [Tito PETKOVSKI]; Party for Democratic Prosperity или PPD/PDP [Abduljhadi VEJSELI]; Party for European Future или PEI [Fijat CANOSKI]; Party of Free Democrats или PSD [Ljubco JORDANOVSKI]; Social Democratic Alliance Македонии или SDSM [Radmila SEKERINSKA]; Socialist Party Македонии или SP [Ljubisav IVANOV-ZINGO]; Sun-Coalition for Europe [Radmila SKERINSKA] (включая SDSM, NSDP, LDP, Liberal Party и smaller parties); Union of Romas или SR [Shaban SALIU]; United Party for Emancipation или OPE [Nezdet MUSTAFA]
Мадагаскар Association for the Rebirth Мадагаскара или AREMA [Pierrot RAJAONARIVELO]; демократическая партия for Union in Мадагаскар или PSDUM [Jean LAHINIRIKO]; Economic Liberalism и Democratic Action for National Recovery или LEADER/Fanilo [Herizo RAZAFIMAHALEO]; Fihaonana Party или FP [Guy-Willy RAZANAMASY]; I Love Мадагаскар или TIM [Marc RAVALOMANANA]; Renewal of the Social демократическая партия или RPSD [Evariste MARSON]
Малави Alliance for Democracy или AFORD; Congress for National Unity или CONU; Democratic Progressive Party или DPP [Bingu wa MUTHARIKA]; Малави Congress Party или MCP [John TEMBO]; Малави демократическая партия или MDP [Kampelo KALUA]; Малави Forum for Unity и Development или MAFUNDE [George MNESA]; Mgwirizano Coalition или MC [Gwandaguluwe CHAKUAMBA] (coalition of MAFUNDE, MDP, MGODE, NUP, PETRA, PPM, RP); Movement for Genuine Democratic Change или MGODE [Sam Kandodo BANDA]; National Democratic Alliance или NDA [Brown MPINGANJIRA]; National Unity Party или NUP [Harry CHIUME]; Люди's Progressive Movement или PPM [Aleke BANDA]; Люди's Transformation Movement или PETRA [Kamuzu CHIBAMBO]; республиканцы или RP [Gwandaguluwe CHAKUAMBA]; United Democratic Front или UDF [Bakili MULUZI]
Малазия National Front (Barisan Nasional) или BN (ruling coalition) consists of the following parties: Gerakan Rakyat Малазия Party или PGRM [KOH Tsu Koon - acting]; Liberal демократическая партия (Parti Liberal Demokratik - Sabah) или LDP [LIEW Vui Keong]; Malaysian Chinese Association (Persatuan Китай Малазия) или MCA [ONG Ka Ting]; Malaysian Indian Congress (Kongres Индия Малазия) или MIC [S. Samy VELLU]; Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sabah или PBRS [Joseph KURUP]; Parti Bersatu Sabah или PBS [Joseph PAIRIN Kitingan]; Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu или PBB [Abdul TAIB Mahmud]; Parti Rakyat Sarawak или PRS [James MASING]; Sabah Progressive Party (Parti Progresif Sabah) или SAPP [YONG Teck Lee]; Sarawak United Люди's Party (Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sarawak) или SUPP [George CHAN Hong Nam]; United Malays National Organization или UMNO [ABDULLAH bin Ahmad Badawi]; United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organization (Pertubuhan Pasko Momogun Kadazan Dusun Bersatu) или UPKO [Bernard DOMPOK]; Люди's Progressive Party (Parti Progresif Penduduk Малазия) или PPP [M.Kayveas]; Sarawak Progressive демократическая партия или SPDP [William MAWAN])
Люди's Alliance (Pakatan Rakyat) или PR (opposition coalition) consists of the following parties:: Democratic Action Party (Parti Tindakan Demokratik) или DAP [KARPAL Singh]; Islamic Party Малазии (Parti Islam se Малазия) или PAS [Abdul HADI Awang]; Люди's Justice Party (Parti Keadilan Rakyat) или PKR [WAN AZIZAH Wan Ismael]; Sarawak National Party или SNAP [Edwin DUNDANG]
Мальдивы Adhaalath (Justice) Party или AP [Abdul Majeed Abdul BARI]; Dhivehi Rayyithunge Party (Maldivian Люди's Party) или DRP [Maumoon Abdul GAYOOM]; Islamic демократическая партия или IDP [Omar NASEER]; Maldivian демократическая партия или MDP [Mohamed NASHEED]; note - political parties were allowed to register in June 2005
Мали Alliance for Democratic Change (political group comprised mainly of Tuareg from Мали's northern region); African Solidarity for Democracy и Independence или SADI [Oumar MARIKO, secretary general]; Alliance for Democracy и Progress или ADP (a coalition of political parties including ADEMA и URD formed in December 2006 to support the presidential candidacy of Amadou TOURE); Alliance for Democracy или ADEMA [Diounconda TRAORE]; Convergence 2007 [Soumeylou Boubeye MAIGA]; Front for Democracy и the Republic или FDR (a coalition of political parties including RPM и PARENA formed to oppose the presidential candidacy of Amadou TOURE); National Congress for Democratic Initiative или CNID [Mountaga TALL]; Party for Democracy и Progress или PDP [Me Idrissa TRAORE]; Party for National Renewal или PARENA [Tiebile DRAME]; Patriotic Movement for Renewal или MPR [Choguel MAIGA]; Rally for Democracy и Labor или RDT; Rally for Мали или RPM [Ibrahim Boubacar KEITA]; Sudanese Union/African Democratic Rally или US/RDA [Mamadou Bamou TOURE]; Union for Democracy и Development или UDD [Moussa Balla COULIBALY]; Union for Republic и Democracy или URD [Soumaila CISSE]
Мальта Alternativa Demokratika/Alliance for Social Justice или AD [Harry VASSALLO]; Мальта Labor Party или MLP [acting leader Charles MANGION]; Nationalist Party или PN [Lawrence GONZI]
Маршалловы Острова traditionally there have been no formally organized political parties; what has existed more closely resembles factions или interest groups because they do not have party headquarters, formal platforms, или party structures; the following two "groupings" have competed in legislative balloting in recent лет - Aelon Kein Ad Party [Michael KABUA] и United демократическая партия или UDP [Litokwa TOMEING]
Мавритания Alternative или El-Badil; Centrist Reformists (independent moderate Islamists); Coalition for Forces for Democratic Change или CFCD (coalition of political parties including APP, Centrist Reformists (independent moderate Islamists), HATEM-PMUC, PUDS, RD, RFD, UFP); Democratic и Social республиканцы или PRDS; Democratic Renewal или RD; Mauritanian Party for Unity и Change или HATEM-PMUC; Mithaq (coalition of independents и parties associated with the former regime including Alternative или El-Badil, PRDR, UDP, RDU); National Rally for Freedom, Democracy и Equality или RNDLE; Popular Front или FP [Ch'bih Ould CHEIKH MALAININE]; Popular Progressive Alliance или APP [Messoud Ould BOULKHEIR]; Rally of Democratic Forces или RFD [Ahmed Ould DADDAH]; Rally for Democracy и Unity или RDU [Ahmed Ould SIDI BABA]; республиканцы for Democracy и Renewal или PRDR [Boullah Ould MOGUEYA] (formerly ruling Democratic и Social республиканцы или PRDS); Socialist и Democratic Unity Party или PUDS; Union for Democracy и Progress или UDP [Naha Mint MOUKNASS]; Union of Democratic Centre или UCD; Union of the Forces for Progress или UFP
Маврикий Alliance Sociale или AS [Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM] (governing coalition - включая MLD, MMSM, MR, MSD, PMXD); Mauritian Labor Party или MLP [Navinchandra RAMGOOLAM]; Mauritian Militant Movement или MMM [Paul BERENGER]; Mauritian Socialist Militant Movement или MMSM [Madan DOLLOO]; Militant Socialist Movement или MSM [Nando BODHA]; Mouvement Republicain или MR [Jayarama VALAYDEN]; Parti Mauricien Xavier Duval или PMXD [Xavier Luc DUVAL]; Rodrigues Movement или MR [Joseph (Nicholas) Von MALLY]; Rodrigues Peoples Organization или OPR [Serge CLAIR]
Майотта: заморская территория Франции Democratic Front или FD [Youssouf MOUSSA]; Mahoran Popular Movement или MPM [Ahmed MADI]; Federation of Mahorans или UMP-RPR [Mansour KAMARDINE]; Force of the Rally и the Alliance for Democracy или FRAP; Movement for Department Status Майотта: заморская территория Франции или MDM [Mouhoutar SALIM]; Renewed Communist Party Майотты: заморской территории Франции или MRC [Omar SIMBA]; Socialist Party или PS [Ibrahim ABUBACAR] (local branch of French Parti Socialiste); Union for French Democracy или UDF [Henri JEAN-BAPTISTE]
Мексика Convergence for Democracy или CD [Luis MALDONADO Venegas]; Institutional Revolutionary Party или PRI [Beatriz PAREDES]; Labor Party или PT [Alberto ANAYA Gutierrez]; Mexican Green Ecological Party или PVEM [Jorge Emilio GONZALEZ Martinez]; National Action Party (Partido Accion Nacional) или PAN [German MARTINEZ Cazares]; New Alliance Party (Partido Nueva Alianza) или PNA [Jorge Antonio KAHWAGI Macari]; Party of the Democratic Revolution (Partido de la Revolucion Democratica) или PRD [Leonel COTA Montano]; Social Democratic и Peasant Alternative Party (Partido Alternativa Socialdemocrata y Campesina) или Alternativa [Alberto BEGNE Guerra]
Микронезия no formal parties
Молдавия Christian Democratic Люди's Party или PPCD [Iurie ROSCA]; Communist Party of the Республика Молдавия или PCRM [Vladimir VORONIN]; демократическая партия или PD [Dumitru DIACOV]; Liberal демократическая партия или PLDM [Vladmir FILAT]; National Liberal Party или PNL [Vitalia PAVLICENKO]; Our Молдавия Alliance или AMN [Serafim URECHEAN]; Party for Social Democracy или PDSM [Dumitru BRAGHIS]; Social Liberal Party или PSL [Oleg SEREBRIAN]
Монако Union for Монако или UPM (including National Union for the Future Монако или UNAM); Rally и Issues for Монако или REM; Монако Together
Монголия демократическая партия или DP [Tsakhiagiyn ELBEGDORJ]; Mongolian Люди's Revolutionary Party или MPRP [Sanji BAYAR]
Монтенегро Albanian Alternative или AA [Vesel SINISHTAJ]; Coalition for European Монтенегро или DPS-SDP (bloc) [Milo DJUKANOVIC] (включая демократическая партия of Socialists или DPS [Milo DJUKANOVIC] и Social демократическая партия of SDP [Ranko KRIVOKAPIC]); Coalition SNP-NS-DSS (bloc) (включая Socialist Люди's Party или SNP [Srdjan MILIC], Люди's Party Монтенегро или NS [Predrag POPOVIC], и Democratic Serbian Party Монтенегро или DSS [Ranko KADIC]); Democratic League-Party of Democratic Prosperity или SPP [Mehmet BARHDI]; Democratic Union of Albanians или DUA [Ferhat DINOSA]; Liberals и the Bosniak Party (bloc) [Miodrag ZIVKOVIC] (включая Liberal Party Монтенегро или LP [Miodrag ZIVKOVIC] и Bosniak Party или BS [Rafet HUSOVIC]); Movement for Changes или PZP [Nebojsa MEDOJEVIC]; Serbian List (bloc) [Andrija MANDIC] (включая Party of Serb Radicals или SSR [Dusko SEKULIC], Люди's Socialist Party или NSS [Emilo LABUDOVIC], и Serbian Люди's Party Монтенегро или SNS [Andrija MANDIC])
Монтсеррат: заморская территория Великобритании Монтсеррат: заморская территория Великобритании демократическая партия или MDP [Lowell LEWIS]; Movement for Change и Prosperity или MCAP [Roselyn CASSELL-SEALY]; New Люди's Liberation Movement или NPLM [John A. OSBORNE]
Мороккo Action Party или PA [Muhammad EL IDRISSI]; Alliance of Liberties или ADL [Ali BELHAJ]; Annahj Addimocrati или Annahj [Abdellah EL HARIF]; Avant Garde Social демократическая партия или PADS [Ahmed BENJELLOUN]; Citizen Forces или FC [Abderrahman LAHJOUJI]; Citizen's Initiatives for Development [Mohamed BENHAMOU]; Constitutional Union или UC [Mohamed ABIED]; Democratic и Independence Party или PDI [Abdelwahed MAACH]; Democratic и Social Movement или MDS [Mahmoud ARCHANE]; Democratic Forces Front или FFD; Democratic Socialist Party или PSD [Aissa OUARDIGHI]; Democratic Society Party или PSD [Zhor CHEKKAFI]; Democratic Union или UD [Bouazza IKKEN]; Environment и Development Party или PED [Ahmed EL ALAMI]; Front of Democratic Forces или FFD [Thami EL KHYARI]; Independence Party (Istiqlal) или PI [Abbas EL FASSI]; Justice и Development Party или PJD [Abdelilah BENKIRANE]; Labor Party [Abdelkrim BENATIK]; Moroccan Liberal Party или PML [Mohamed ZIANE]; National демократическая партия или PND [Abdallah KADIRI]; National Ittihadi Congress Party или CNI [Abdelmajid BOUZOUBAA]; National Rally of Independents или RNI [Mustapha EL MANSOURI]; National Union of Popular Forces или UNFP [Abdellah IBRAHIM]; Parti Al Ahd или Al Ahd [Najib EL OUAZZANI]; Party of Progress и Socialism или PPS [Ismail ALAOUI]; Party of Renewal и Equity или PRE [Chakir ACHABAR]; Party of the Unified Socialist Left или GSU [Mohamed Ben Said AIT IDDER]; Popular Movement или MP [Mohamed LAENSER]; Reform и Development Party или PRD [Abderrahmane EL KOUHEN]; Social Center Party или PSC [Lahcen MADIH]; Socialist Union of Popular Forces или USFP
Мозамбик Front for the Liberation Мозамбика (Frente de Liberatacao de Mocambique) или FRELIMO [Armando Emilio GUEBUZA]; Мозамбик National Resistance-Electoral Union (Resistencia Nacional Mocambicana-Uniao Eleitoral) или RENAMO-UE [Afonso DHLAKAMA]
Намибия Congress of Democrats или COD [Ben ULENGA]; Democratic Turnhalle Alliance Намибии или DTA [Katuutire KAURA]; Monitor Action Group или MAG [Jurie VILJOEN]; National Democratic Movement for Change или NamDMC; National Unity Democratic Organization или NUDO [Kuaima RIRUAKO]; Rally for Democracy и Progress или RDP [Hidipo HAMUTENYA]; республиканцы или RP [Henk MUDGE]; South West Africa National Union или SWANU [Rihupisa KANDANDO]; South West Africa Люди's Organization или SWAPO [Hifikepunye POHAMBA]; United Democratic Front или UDF [Justus GAROEB]
Науру демократическая партия [Kennan ADEANG]; Науру Party (informal); Науру First (Naoero Amo) Party; note - loose multiparty system
Непал Chure Bhawar Rastriya Ekata Party [Keshav Prasad MAINALI]; Communist Party Непала (Maoist) [Pushpa Kamal DAHAL, also known as PRACHANDA, chairman; Dr. Baburam BHATTARAI]; Communist Party Непала (ML) [C.P. MAINALI]; Communist Party Непала (Unified) [Raj Singh SHRIS]; Communist Party Непала (United) [Ganesh SHAH]; Communist Party Непала/United Marxist-Leninist или CPN/UML [Amrit Kumar BOHARA]; Dalit Janajati Party [Vishwendraman PASHWAN]; Janamorcha Непал [Amik SHERCHAN]; Madhesi Jana Adhikar Forum [Upendra YADAV]; National демократическая партия или NDP [Pashupati Shumsher RANA] (also called Rastriya Prajatantra Party или RPP); Непал Loktantrik Samajbadi Dal [Upendra GACHCHHADAR]; Непал Pariwar Dal [Vinod DANGI]; Непал Rastriya Party [Khushilal YADAV]; Непал Sadbhavana Party (Anandi Devi) [Shyam Sundar GUPTA]; Непал Workers и Peasants Party или NWPP [Narayan Man BIJUKCHHE]; Nepali Congress Party или NCP [Girija Prasad KOIRALA]; Nepali Janata Dal [Bharat Prasad MAHATO]; Rastriya Janamorcha [Chitra BAHADUR K.C.]; Rastriya Janamukti Party [Malwar Singh THAPA]; Rastriya Janashakti Party или RJP [Surya Bahadur THAPA] (split from RPP in March 2005); Rastriya Prajatantra Party Непал [Kamal THAPA]; Sadbhavana Party (Mahato) [Rajendra MAHATO]; Samajbadi Prajatantrik Janata Party Непал [Prem Bahadur SINGH]; Sanghiya Loktantrik Rastriya Manch [Kamal CHHARAHANG]; Terai Madhesi демократическая партия [Mahantha THAKUR]
Нидерланды Christian Democratic Appeal или CDA [Jan Peter BALKENENDE]; Christian Union Party [Andre ROUVOET]; Democrats 66 или D66 [Alexander PECHTOLD]; Green Left Party [Femke HALSEMA]; Labor Party или PvdA [Wouter BOS]; Party for Freedom или PVV [Geert WILDERS]; Party for the Animals или PvdD [Marianne THIEME]; Люди's Party for Freedom и Democracy (Liberal) или VVD [Mark RUTTE]; Reformed Political Party of SGP [Bas VAN DER VLIES]; Socialist Party [Jan MARIJNISSEN]; plus a few minor parties
Нидерландские Антильские о-ва Bonaire: демократическая партия of Bonaire или PDB [Jopi ABRAHAM]; Patriotic Union of Bonaire или UPB [Ramonsito BOOI]
Curacao: Ban Vota [Norbert GEORGE]; C-93 [Stanley BROWN]; демократическая партия of Curacao или DP [Errol HERNANDEZ]; E Mayoria [Aurelio PEDRO]; Forsa Korsou [Nelson NAVARRO]; Liste Ni'un Paso Atras [Nelson PIERRE]; Movemiento Patriotiko Korsou [Reginald LAK]; New Antilles Movement или MAN [Charles COOPER]; Partido Akshon Pa Prosperidat I Seguridat [Sonja BERKEMEYER]; Partido Laboral Krusada Popular или PLKP [Errol COVA]; Party for the Restructured Antilles или PAR [Emily de JONGH-ELHAGE]; Люди's National Party или PNP [Ersilia DE LANNOOY]; Pidjin [Jasmin PINEDO]; Pueblo Soberano [Herman WIELS]; Workers' Liberation Front или FOL [Anthony GODETT]
Saba: Saba Labor Party [Akilah LEVENSTONE]; Windward Islands Люди's Movement или WIPM [Ray HASSELL]
Sint Eustatius: демократическая партия of Sint Eustatius или DP-St. E [Julian WOODLEY]; Progressive Labor Party [Clyde VAN PUTTEN]; St. Eustatius Alliance [Ingrid HOUTMAN-WHITFIELD]
Sint Maarten: демократическая партия of Sint Maarten или DP-St. M [Sarah WESCOTT-WILLIAMS]; Freedom Slate of National демократическая партия [Theophilus PRIEST]; National Alliance или нет [William MARLIN]; Люди's Progressive Alliance или PPA [Gracita ARRINDELL]; St. Maarten Люди's Party [Johan LEONARD]; United Люди's Labor Party [Bienvenido RICHARDSON]
примечание: political parties are indigenous to each island
Новая Каледония: заморская территория Франции Alliance pour la Caledonie или APLC [Didier LE ROUX]; Caledonian Union или UC; Federation des Comites de Coordination des Independantistes или FCCI [Francois BURCK]; Front National или FN [Guy GEORGE]; Front Uni de Liberation Kanak или FULK [Ernest UNE]; Kanak Socialist Front for National Liberation или FLNKS (включая PALIKA, UNI, UC, и UPM); Parti de Liberation Kanak или PALIKA [Paul NEAOUTYINE и Elie POIGOUNE]; Rally for Caledonia in the Republic (anti independence) или RPCR-UMP [Jacques LAFLEUR]; The Future Together или AE [Harold MARTIN]; Union Nationale pour l'Independance или UNI [Paul NEAOUTYINE]; note - may no longer exist, but Paul NEAOUTYINE has since become a president of Parti de Liberation Kanak или PALIKA; Union Progressiste Melanesienne или UPM [Victor TUTUGORO]
Новая Зеландия ACT Новая Зеландия [Rodney HIDE]; партия зеленых [Jeanette FITZSIMONS]; Maori Party [Whatarangi WINIATA]; National Party или NP [John KEY]; Новая Зеландия First Party или NZFP [Winston PETERS]; Новая Зеландия Labor Party или NZLP [Helen CLARK]; Progressive Party [James (Jim) ANDERTON]; United Future или UF [Peter DUNNE]
Никарагуа Conservative Party или PC [Azalia AVILES Salmeron]; Liberal Constitutionalist Party или PLC [Jorge CASTILLO Quant]; Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance или ALN [Eduardo MONTEALEGRE]; Sandinista National Liberation Front или FSLN [Daniel ORTEGA Saavedra]; Sandinista Renovation Movement или MRS [Enrique SAENZ Navarrete]
Нигер Democratic и Social Convention-Rahama или CDS-Rahama [Mahamane OUSMANE]; National Movement for a Developing Society-Nassara или MNSD-Nassara [Hama AMADOU]; Нигер Social демократическая партия или PSDN; Nigerien Alliance for Democracy и Social Progress-Zaman Lahiya или ANDP-Zaman Lahiya [Moumouni DJERMAKOYE]; Nigerien Party for Autonomy или PNA-Alouma'a [Sanousi JACKOU]; Nigerien Party for Democracy и Socialism или PNDS-Tarrayya [Issifou MAHAMADOU]; Nigerien Progressive Party или PPN-RDA [Abdoulaye DIORI]; Rally for Democracy и Progress или RDP-jama'a [Hamid ALGABID]; Social и Democratic Rally или RSD-Gaskiyya [Cheiffou AMADOU]
Нигерия Accord Party [Ikra Aliyu BILBIS]; Action Congress или AC [Hassan ZUMI]; Alliance for Democracy или AD [Mojisoluwa AKINFENWA]; All Нигерия Peoples' Party или ANPP [Edwin UME-EZEOKE]; All Progressives Grand Alliance или APGA [Victor C. UMEH]; Democratic Люди's Party или DPP [Jeremiah USENI]; Fresh демократическая партия [Chris OKOTIE]; Labor Party [Dan NWANYANWU]; Movement for the Restoration и Defense of Democracy или MRDD [Mohammed Gambo JIMETA]; National демократическая партия или NDP [Aliyu Habu FARI]; Peoples демократическая партия или PDP [vacant]; Peoples Progressive Alliance [Clement EBRI]; Peoples Redemption Party или PRP [Abdulkadir Balarabe MUSA]; Peoples Salvation Party или PSP [Lawal MAITURARE]; United Нигерия Peoples Party или UNPP [Mallam Selah JAMBO]
Ниуэ Alliance of Independents или AI; Ниуэ Люди's Action Party или NPP [Young VIVIAN]
Норфолк none
Северные Марианские острова Covenant Party [Benigno R. FITIAL]; демократическая партия [Dr. Carlos S. CAMACHO]; республиканцы [Juan S. REYES]
Норвегия Center Party [Aslaug Marie HAGA]; Christian Люди's Party [Dagfinn HOYBRATEN]; Conservative Party [Erna SOLBERG]; Labor Party [Jens STOLTENBERG]; Liberal Party [Lars SPONHEIM]; Progress Party [Siv JENSEN]; Socialist Left Party [Kristin HALVORSEN]
Оман none
Пакистан Awami National Party или ANP [Asfandyar Wali KHAN]; Balochistan National Party-Hayee Group или BNP-H [Dr. Hayee BALOCH]; Balochistan National Party-Awami или BNP-A [Moheem Khan BALOCH]; Balochistan National Party-Mengal или BNP-M [Sardar Ataullah MENGAL]; Jamhoori Watan Party или JWP; Jamiat Ahle Hadith или JAH [Sajid MIR]; Jamaat-i Islami или JI [Qazi Hussain AHMED]; Jamiat Ulema-i Islam Fazlur Rehman или JUI-F [Fazlur REHMAN]; Jamiat Ulema-i Islam Sami-ul HAQ или JUI-S [Sami ul-HAQ]; Jamiat Ulema-i Пакистан или JUP [Shah Faridul HAQ]; Muttahida Majlis-e Amal или MMA [Qazi Hussain AHMED]; Muttahida Qaumi Movement или MQM [Altaf HUSSAIN]; National Alliance или нет [Ghulam Mustapha JATOI] (merged with PML); National Peoples Party или NPP; Pakhtun Khwa Milli Awami Party или PKMAP [Mahmood Khan ACHAKZAI]; Пакистан Awami Tehrik или PAT [Tahir ul QADRI]; Пакистан мусульмане League-Functional или PML-F [Pir PAGARO]; Пакистан мусульмане League-Nawaz Sharif или PML-N [Nawaz SHARIF]; Пакистан мусульмане League или PML [Chaudhry Shujaat HUSSAIN]; Пакистан Peoples Party-SHERPAO или PPP-S [Aftab Ahmed Khan SHERPAO]; Пакистан Peoples Party Parliamentarians или PPPP [Bilawal Bhutto ZARDARI, chairman; Asif Ali ZARDARI, co-chairman]; Пакистан Tehrik-e Insaaf или PTI [Imran KHAN]; Tehrik-i Islami [Allama Sajid NAQVI]
примечание: political alliances in Пакистан can shift frequently
Палау none
Панама Democratic Change или CD [Ricardo MARTINELLI]; Democratic Revolutionary Party или PRD [Hugo GUIRAUD]; Nationalist Republican Liberal Movement или MOLIRENA [Gisela CHUNG]; Panamenista Party или PA [Juan Carlos VARELA] (formerly the Arnulfista Party); Patriotic Union Party или PU (combination of the Liberal National Party или PLN и the Solidarity Party или PS)[Jose Raul MULINO и Anibal GALINDO]; Popular Party или PP [Rene ORILLAC] (formerly Christian демократическая партия или PDC)
Папуа — Новая Гвинея National Alliance Party или нет [Michael SOMARE]; Papua и Niugini Union Party или PANGU PATI [Andrew KUMBAKOR]; Папуа — Новая Гвинея Party или PNGP [Sir Mekere MORAUTA]; Люди's Democratic Movement или PDM [Michael OGIO]; Люди's Action Party или PAP [Gabriel KAPRIS]; United Resources Party или URP [William DUMA] (2007)
Парагвай Alianza Patriotica por el Cambio (Patriotic Alliance for Change) или APC [Fernando LUGO]; Asociacion Nacional Republicana - Colorado Party или ANR [Jose Alberto ALDERETE]; Movimiento Union Nacional de Ciudadanos Eticos или UNACE [Enrique GONZALEZ Quintana]; Patria Querida (Beloved Fatherland Party) или PPQ [Pedro Nicolas Maraa FADUL Niella]; Partido del Movimiento al Socialismo или P-MAS; Partido Encuentro Nacional или PEN [Emilio CAMACHO Paredes]; Partido Liberal Radical Autentico или PLRA [Blas LLANO]; Partido Pais Solidario или PPS [Carlos Alberto FILIZZOLA Pallares]
Перу Alliance For Progress (Alianza Para El Progreso) [Cesar ACUNA Peralta]; Alliance For The Future (Alianza Por El Futuro) или AF (a coalition of pro-FUJIMORI parties including Cambio 90, Nueva Mayoria, и Si Cumple); Centrist Front (Frente Del Centro) или FC (a coalition of Accion Popular, Somos Перу, и Coordinadora Nacional de Independientes); Independent Moralizing Front (Frente Independiente Moralizador) или FIM; National Renovation Party (Partido Renovacion Nacional) [Rafael REY]; National Restoration (Restauracion Nacional) или RN [Humberto LAY Sun]; National Unity (Unidad Nacional) или UN (a coalition of Partido Popular Cristiano и Partido Solidaridad Nacional) [Lourdes FLORES Nano]; Перу Possible (Перу Posible) или PP [Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique]; Peruvian Aprista Party (Partido Aprista Peruano) или PAP [Alan GARCIA] (also referred to by its original name Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana или APRA); Peruvian Nationalist Party (Partido Nacionalista Peruano) или PNP [Ollanta HUMALA Tasso]; Union for Перу (Union por el Перу) или UPP [Aldo ESTRADA Choque]
Филиппины Genuine Opposition или GO (coalition of oppositon parties formed to contest the 2007 elections); Kabalikat Ng Malayang Pilipino или Kampi [Ronaldo PUNO]; Laban Ng Demokratikong Pilipino (Struggle of Filipino Democrats) или LDP [Edgardo ANGARA]; Lakas Ng Edsa (National Union of Christian Democrats) или Lakas [Jose DE VENECIA]; Liberal Party или LP [Manuel ROXAS]; Nacionalista [Manuel VILLAR]; National Люди's Coalition или NPC [Frisco SAN JUAN]; PDP-Laban [Aquilino PIMENTEL]; Люди's Reform Party [Miriam Defensor SANTIAGO]; PROMDI [Emilio OSMENA]; Pwersa Ng Masang Pilipino (Party of the Philippine Masses) или PMP [Joseph ESTRADA]; Reporma [Renato DE VILLA]
Питкэрн: заморская территория Великобритании none
Польша Civic Platform или PO [Donald TUSK]; Democratic Left Alliance или SLD [Grzegorz NAPIERALSKI]; демократическая партия или PD [Janusz ONYSZKIEWICZ]; German Minority of Lower Silesia или MNSO [Henryk KROLL]; Law и Justice или PiS [Jaroslaw KACZYNSKI]; League of Polish Families или LPR [Sylwester CHRUSZCZ]; Left и Democrats или LiD [Wojciech OLEJNICZAK] (a coalition formed by the SLD, PD, SDPL, и UP); Polish Люди's Party или PSL [Waldemar PAWLAK]; Samoobrona или SO [Andrzej LEPPER]; Social демократическая партия Польши или SDPL [Bartosz DOMINIK, acting]; Union of Labor или UP [Andrzej SPYCHALSKI]
Португалия Democratic и Social Center/Popular Party или CDS/PP [Paulo PORTAS]; Green Ecologist Party (The Greens) или PEV [leadership commission elected by members]; Portuguese Communist Party или PCP [Jeronimo DE SOUSA]; Portuguese Socialist Party или PS [Jose SOCRATES Carvalho Pinto de Sousa]; Social демократическая партия или PSD [Luis Filipe MENEZES]; The Left Bloc или BE [Franciso Anacleto LOUCA]; Unitarian Democratic Coalition или CDU [Jeronimo DE SOUSA] (включая PCP и PEV)
Пуэрто-Рико National демократическая партия [Roberto PRATS]; National республиканцы Пуэрто-Рико [Dr. Tiody FERRE]; New Progressive Party или PNP [Pedro ROSSELLO] (pro-US statehood); Popular демократическая партия или PPD [Anibal ACEVEDO-VILA] (pro-commonwealth); Puerto Rican Independence Party или PIP [Ruben BERRIOS Martinez] (pro-independence)
Катар none
Румыния Conservative Party или PC [Daniela POPA] (formerly Humanist Party или PUR); Democratic Liberal Party или PDL [Emil BOC]; Democratic Union of Hungarians in Румыния или UDMR [Bela MARKO]; National Liberal Party или PNL [Calin Popescu-TARICEANU]; Румыния Mare Party (Greater Румыния Party) или PRM [Corneliu Vadim TUDOR]; Social демократическая партия или PSD [Mircea Dan GEOANA] (formerly Party of Social Democracy in Румыния или PDSR)
Россия Agrarian Party [Vladimir PLOTNIKOV]; A Just Россия или JR [Sergey MIRONOV] (formed from the merger of three small political parties: Rodina (Motherland), Pensioners Party, и Party of Life); Civic Force [Mikhail BARSHCHEVSKIY]; Communist Party of the Russian Federation или CPRF [Gennadiy Andreyevich ZYUGANOV]; демократическая партия [Andrey BOGDANOV]; партия зеленых [Anatoliy PANFILOV]; Liberal демократическая партия России или LDPR [Vladimir Volfovich ZHIRINOVSKIY]; Party России's Rebirth [Gennadiy SELEZNEV]; Patriots России [Gennadiy SEMIGIN]; Peace и Unity Party [Sazhi UMALATOVA]; Люди's Union [Sergey BABURIN]; Social Justice Party [Arkadiy GAYDAMAK]; Union of Right Forces или SPS [Nikita BELYKH]; United Россия или UR [Boris Vyacheslavovich GRYZLOV]; Yabloko Party [Grigoriy Alekseyevich YAVLINSKIY]
Руанда Centrist демократическая партия или PDC [Alfred MUKEZAMFURA]; Democratic Popular Union Руанды или UDPR [Adrien RANGIRA]; Democratic Republican Movement или MDR [Celestin KABANDA] (officially banned); Islamic демократическая партия или PDI [Andre BUMAYA]; Liberal Party или PL [Protais MITALI]; Party for Democratic Renewal (officially banned); Rwandan Patriotic Front или RPF [Paul KAGAME]; Social демократическая партия или PSD [Vincent BIRUTA]
Сен-Бартельми Action-Equilibre-Transparence [Maxime DESOUCHES]; Ensemble pour Saint-Barthelemy [Benoit CHAUVIN]; Saint-Barth d'Abord! или SBA [Bruno MAGRAS]; Tous Unis pour Saint-Barthelemy [Karine MIOT-RICHARD]
Святой Елены остров none
Сент-Китс и Невис Concerned Citizens Movement или CCM [Vance AMORY]; Nevis Reformation Party или NRP [Joseph PARRY]; Люди's Action Movement или PAM [Lindsay GRANT]; Сент-Китс и Невис Labor Party или SKNLP [Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS]
Сент-Люсия National Alliance или нет [George ODLUM]; Сент-Люсия Freedom Party или SFP [Martinus FRANCOIS]; Сент-Люсия Labor Party или SLP [Kenneth ANTHONY]; Sou Tout Apwe Fete Fini или STAFF [Christopher HUNTE]; United Workers Party или UWP [Stephenson KING]
Saint Martin Union Pour le Progres или UPP [Louis-Constant FLEMING]; Rassemblement Responsabilite Reussite или RRR [Alain RICHARDSON]; Reussir Saint-Martin [Jean-Luc HAMLET]
Сен-Пьер и Микелон: заморская территория Франции Archipelago Tomorrow или AD affiliated with UDF/RPR list; Cap sur l'Avenir affiliated with PRG; Left Radical Party или PRG; Rassemblement pour la Republique или RPR (now UMP); Сен-Пьер и Микелон: заморская территория Франции 2000/Avenir Miquelon или SPM 2000/AM; Socialist Party или PS; Union pour la Democratie Francaise или UDF
Сент-Винсент и Гренадины New демократическая партия или NDP [Arnhim EUSTACE]; Unity Labor Party или ULP [Ralph GONSALVES] (formed by the coalition of Saint Vincent Labor Party или SVLP и the Movement for National Unity или MNU)
Самоа Human Rights Protection Party или HRPP [Sailele Malielegaoi TUILA'EPA]; Самоа Christian Party или TCP [Tuala Tiresa MALIETOA]; Самоа Democratic United Party или SDUP [LE MAMEA Ropati]; Самоа Party или SP [Su'a Rimoni Ah CHONG]; Самоа Progressive Political Party или SPPP [Toeolesulusulu SIUEVA]
Сан-Маринo Communist Refoundation или RC [Ivan FOSHI]; Ideas in Movement или IM [Alessandro ROSSI]; National Alliance или AN [Glauco SANSOVINI]; New Socialist Party [Augusto CASALI]; Party of Socialists и Democrats [Claudio FELICI]; Сан-Маринo Christian демократическая партия или PDCS [Pier Marino MENICUCCI]; Сан-Маринo Popular Alliance of Democrats или AP [Roberto GIORGETTI]; Сан-Маринo Socialist Party или PSS [Alberto CECCHETTI]; Socialists for Reform или SR [Renzo GIARDI]; United Left
Сан-Томе и Принсипи Force for Change Democratic Movement или MDFM [Tome Soares da VERA CRUZ]; Independent Democratic Action или ADI [[Patrice TROVOADA]; Movement for the Liberation Сан-Томе и Принсипи -Social демократическая партия или MLSTP-PSD [Rafael BRANCO]; New Way Movement или NR; Party for Democratic Convergence или PCD [Delfim NEVES]; Ue-Kedadji coalition; other small parties
Саудовская Аравия none
Сенегал African Party of Independence [Majhemout DIOP]; And-Jef/African Party for Democracy и Socialism или AJ/PADS [Landing SAVANE]; Alliance of Forces of Progress или AFP [Moustapha NIASSE]; Democratic League-Labor Party Movement или LD-MPT [Dr. Abdoulaye BATHILY]; Front for Socialism и Democracy/Benno Jubel или FSD/BJ [Cheikh Abdoulaye Bamba DIEYE]; Gainde Centrist Bloc или BGC [Jean-Paul DIAS]; Independence и Labor Party или PIT [Amath DANSOKHO]; Jef-Jel [Talla SYLLA]; National Democratic Rally или RND [Madior DIOUF]; Люди's Labor Party или PTP [Elhadji DIOUF]; Reform Party или PR [Abdourahim AGNE]; Senegalese демократическая партия или PDS [Abdoulaye WADE]; Socialist Party или PS [Ousmane Tanor DIENG]; SOPI Coalition [Abdoulaye WADE] (a coalition led by the PDS); Union for Democratic Renewal или URD [Djibo Leyti KA]
Сербия Coalition of Albanians of the Presevo Valley или KAPD [Riza HALIMI]; Coalition for Sandzak или KZS [Sulejman UGLJANIN]; демократическая партия of Albanians или PDSh [Ragmi MUSTAFA]; демократическая партия Сербии или DSS [Vojislav KOSTUNICA]; демократическая партия или DS [Boris TADIC]; Democratic Union of the Valley или BDL [Skender DESTANI]; For a European Сербия [Boris TADIC]; Force Сербии Movement или PSS [Bogoljub KARIC]; G17 Plus [Mladjan DINKIC]; League of Vojvodina Hungarians или SVM [Istvan PASTOR]; Liberal демократическая партия или LDP [Cedomir JOVANOVIC]; Movement for Democratic Progress of LPD [Jonuz MUSLIU]; New Сербия или NS [Velimir ILIC]; Party of Democratic Action или PVD [Riza HALIMI]; Roma Party или RP [Srdjan SAJN]; Serbian Radical Party или SRS [Vojislav SESELJ (currently on trial at The Hague), but Tomislav NIKOLIC is acting leader]; Socialist Party Сербии или SPS [Ivica DACIC]; Union of Roma Сербии или URS [Rajko DJURIC]
Сейшельские Острова демократическая партия или DP [James MANCHAM, Paul CHOW]; Сейшельские Острова National Party или SNP [Wavel RAMKALAWAN] (formerly the United Opposition или UO); Сейшельские Острова Люди's Progressive Front или SPPF [Франция Albert RENE, James MICHEL] (the governing party)
Сьерра-Леоне All Люди's Congress или APC [Ernest Bai KOROMA]; Peace и Liberation Party или PLP [Darlington MORRISON]; Люди's Movement for Democratic Change или PMDC [Charles MARGAI]; Сьерра-Леоне Люди's Party или SLPP [Solomon BEREWA]; numerous others
Сингапур Люди's Action Party или PAP [LEE Hsien Loong]; Сингапур Democratic Alliance или SDA [CHIAM See Tong]; Сингапур демократическая партия или SDP [CHEE Soon Juan]; Workers' Party или WP [Sylvia LIM Swee Lian]
примечание: SDA включая Сингапур Justice Party или SJP, Сингапур National Malay Organization или PKMS, Сингапур Люди's Party или SPP
Словакия Parties in the Parliament: Christian Democratic Movement или KDH [Pavol HRUSOVSKY]; Direction-Social Democracy или Smer-SD [Robert FICO]; Party of the Hungarian Coalition или SMK [Pal CSAKY]; Люди's Party - Movement for a Democratic Словакия или LS-HZDS [Vladimir MECIAR]; Slovak Democratic и Christian Union или SDKU-DS [Mikulas DZURINDA]; Slovak National Party или SNS [Jan SLOTA]; Parties outside the Parliament: Agrarian Party of the Provinces или ASV [Jozef VASKEBA]; Civic Conservative Party или OKS [Peter TATAR]; Free Forum [Zuzana MARTINAKOVA]; Hope или NADEJ [Alexandra NOVOTNA]; Left-wing Bloc или LB [Jozef KALMAN]; Mission 21 - New Christian Democracy или MISIA 21 [Ivan SIMKO]; Movement for Democracy или HZD [Jozef GRAPA]; New Citizens Alliance или ANO [Pavol RUSKO]; Party of the Democratic Left или SDL [Ladislav KOZMON]; Prosperita Slovenska или PS [Frantisek A. ZVRSKOVEC]; Slovak Communist Party или KSS [Vladimir DADO]; Slovak National Coalition или SLNKO [Vitazoslav MORIC]; Slovak Люди's Party или SLS [Jozef SASIK]; Union of the Workers Словакии или ZRS [Jan LUPTAK]
Словения Liberal Democracy Словении или LDS [Katarina KRESAL]; New Словения или NSi [Andrej BAJUK]; Slovenian демократическая партия или SDS [Janez JANSA]; демократическая партия of Pensioners Словении или DeSUS [Karl ERJAVEC]; Slovene National Party или SNS [Zmago JELINCIC]; Slovene Люди's Party или SLS [Bojan SROT]; Slovene Youth Party или SMS [Darko KRANJC]; Social Democrats или SD [Borut PAHOR] (formerly ZLSD); ZARES [Gregor Golobic]
Соломоновы Острова Association of Independent Members или AIM [Thomas CHAN]; Christian Alliance Соломоновы Острова или CASI [Edward RONIA]; LAFARI Party [John GARO]; National Party [Francis HILLY]; Люди's Alliance Party или PAP [Sir Allan KEMAKEZA]; Social Credit Party или SOCRED [Manasseh Damukana SOGAVARE]; Solomon First Party [David QUAN]; Соломоновы Острова демократическая партия [Gabriel SURI]; Соломоновы Острова Labor Party или SILP [Joses TUHANUKU]; Соломоновы Острова Liberal Party [Bartholomew ULUFA'ALU]; Соломоновы Острова Party for Rural Advancement или SIPRA [Job D. TAUSINGA]; United Party [Sir Peter KENILOREA]
примечание: in general, Соломоновы Острова politics is characterized by fluid coalitions
Сомали none
Южно-Африканская Республика African Christian демократическая партия или ACDP [Kenneth MESHOE]; African National Congress или ANC [Jacob ZUMA]; Democratic Alliance или DA [Helen ZILLE]; Freedom Front Plus или FF+ [Pieter MULDER]; Inkatha Freedom Party или IFP [Mangosuthu BUTHELEZI]; New National Party или NNP; Pan-Africanist Congress или PAC [Motsoko PHEKO]; United Democratic Movement или UDM [Bantu HOLOMISA]
Испания Aragonese Party или CHA [Bizen FUSTER]; Basque Nationalist Party или PNV [Inigo URKULLU]; Basque Solidarity или EA [Begona ERRAZTI]; Canarian Coalition или CC [Jose Torres STINGA] (a coalition of five parties); Convergence и Union или CiU [Artur MAS i Gavarro] (a coalition of the Democratic Convergence of Catalonia или CDC [Artur MAS i Gavarro] и the Democratic Union of Catalonia или UDC [Josep Antoni DURAN i LLEIDA]); Entesa Catalonia de Progress (a Senate coalition grouping four Catalan parties - PSC, ERC, ICV, EUA); Galician Nationalist Bloc или BNG [Anxo Manuel QUINTANA Gonzalez]; Initiative for Catalonia Greens или ICV [Joan SAURA i Laporta]; Navarra yes или Na Bai [Uxue BARKOS Berruezo] (a coalition of four Navarran parties); Popular Party или PP [Mariano RAJOY Brey]; Republican Left of Catalonia или ERC [Josep-Lluis CAROD-ROVIRA]; испанский Socialist Workers Party или PSOE [Jose Luis RODRIGUEZ ZAPATERO]; United Left или IU [Gaspar LLAMAZARES Trigo] (a coalition of parties including the PCE и other small parties)
Шри-Ланка All Ceylon Tamil Congress или ACTC [G.PONNAMBALAM]; Ceylon Workers Congress или CWC [Arumugam THONDAMAN]; Communist Party или CP [D. GUNASEKERA]; Eelam Люди's демократическая партия или EPDP [Douglas DEVANANDA]; Eelam Люди's Revolutionary Liberation Front или EPRLF [Suresh PREMACHANDRAN]; Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna или JVP [Somawansa AMARASINGHE]; Lanka Sama Samaja Party или LSSP [Tissa VITHARANA]; Mahajana Eksath Peramuna (Люди's United Front) или MEP [D. GUNAWARDENE]; National Heritage Party или JHU [Ellawala METHANANDA]; National Unity Alliance или NUA [Ferial ASHRAFF]; Люди's Liberation Organization of Tamil Eelam или PLOTE [D. SIDHARTHAN]; Шри-Ланка Freedom Party или SLFP [Mahinda RAJAPAKSA]; Шри-Ланка мусульмане Congress или SLMC [Rauff HAKEEM]; Tamil Eelam Liberation Organization или TELO [Selvam ADAIKALANATHAN]; Tamil National Alliance или TNA [R. SAMPANTHAN]; Tamil United Liberation Front или TULF [V. ANANDASANGAREE]; United National Party или UNP [Ranil WICKREMASINGHE]; Up-country Люди's Front или UPF [P. CHANDRASEKARAN]
Судан National Congress Party или NCP [Umar Hassan al-BASHIR]; Судан Люди's Liberation Movement или SPLM [Salva Mayardit KIIR]; и elements of the National Democratic Alliance или NDA including factions of the Democratic Union Party [Muhammad Uthman al-MIRGHANI] и Umma Party [SADIQ Siddiq al-Mahdi]; note - all political parties listed above in the Правление of National Unity
Суринам Alternative-1 или A-1 (a coalition of Amazone Party Суринама или APS [Kenneth VAN GENDEREN], Democrats of the 21st Century или D-21 [Soewarto MOESTADJA], Nieuw Суринам или NS [Radjen Nanan PANDAY], Political Wing of the FAL или PVF [Jiwan SITAL], Trefpunt 2000 или T-2000 [Arti JESSURUN]); General Interior Development Party или ABOP [Ronnie BRUNSWIJK]; National демократическая партия или NDP [Desire BOUTERSE]; New Front for Democracy и Development или NF (a coalition that включая A-Combination или A-Com, Democratic Alternative 1991 или DA-91, an independent, business-oriented party [Winston JESSURUN], National Party Суринам или NPS [Ronald VENETIAAN], United Reform Party или VHP [Ramdien SARDJOE], Pertjaja Luhur или PL [Salam Paul SOMOHARDJO], Surinamese Labor Party или SPA [Siegfried GILDS]); Party for Democracy и Development in Unity или DOE [Marten SCHALKWIJK]; Люди's Alliance for Progress или VVV (a coalition of Democratic National Platform 2000 или DNP-2000 [Jules WIJDENBOSCH], Grassroots Party for Renewal и Democracy или BVD [Tjan GOBARDHAN], Party for National Unity и Solidarity of the Highest Order или KTPI [Willy SOEMITA], Party for Progression, Justice, и Perseverance или PPRS [Renee KAIMAN], Pendawalima или PL [Raymond SAPOEN]); Progressive Laborers и Farmers Union или PALU [Jim HOK]; Progressive Political Party или PPP [Surinder MUNGRA]; Seeka [Paul ABENA]; Union of Progressive Surinamers или UPS [Sheoradj PANDAY]
Свазиленд the status of political parties, previously banned, is unclear under the new (2006) Constitution и currently being debated - the following are considered political associations; African United демократическая партия или AUDP [Stanley MAUNDZISA, president]; Imbokodvo National Movement или INM; Ngwane National Liberatory Congress или NNLC [Obed DLAMINI, president]; Люди's United Democratic Movement или PUDEMO [Mario MASUKU, president]
Швеция Center Party [Maud OLOFSSON]; Christian демократическая партия [Goran HAGGLUND]; Environment Party the Greens [no formal leader but party spokespersons are Maria WETTERSTRAND и Peter ERIKSSON]; Left Party или V (formerly Communist) [Lars OHLY]; Liberal Люди's Party [Jan BJORKLUND]; Moderate Party (conservative) [Fredrik REINFELDT]; Social демократическая партия [Mona SAHLIN]
Швейцария партия зеленых (Gruene Partei der Schweiz или Gruene, Parti Ecologiste Suisse или Les Verts, Partito Ecologista Svizzero или I Verdi, Partida Ecologica Svizra или La Verda) [Ruth GENNER]; Christian Democratic Люди's Party (Christlichdemokratische Volkspartei der Schweiz или CVP, Parti Democrate-Chretien Suisse или PDC, Partito Democratico-Cristiano Popolare Svizzero или PDC, Partida Cristiandemocratica dalla Svizra или PCD) [Christophe DARBELLAY]; Radical Free демократическая партия (Freisinnig-Demokratische Partei der Schweiz или FDP, Parti Radical-Democratique Suisse или PRD, Partitio Liberal-Radicale Svizzero или PLR) [Fulvio PELLI]; Social демократическая партия (Sozialdemokratische Partei der Schweiz или SPS, Parti Socialist Suisse или PSS, Partito Socialista Svizzero или PSS, Partida Socialdemocratica de la Svizra или PSS) [Hans-Juerg FEHR]; Swiss Люди's Party (Schweizerische Volkspartei или SVP, Union Democratique du Centre или UDC, Unione Democratica de Centro или UDC, Uniun Democratica dal Center или UDC) [Ueli MAURER]; и other minor parties
Сирия legal parties: National Progressive Front или NPF [Президент Bashar al-ASAD, Dr. Suleiman QADDAH] (включая Arab Socialist Renaissance (Ba'th) Party [Президент Bashar al-ASAD]; Socialist Unionist демократическая партия [Fadlallah Nasr Al-DIN]; Syrian Arab Socialist Union или ASU [Safwan QUDSI]; Syrian Communist Party (two branches) [Wissal Farha BAKDASH, Yusuf Rashid FAYSAL]; Syrian Social Nationalist Party [Ali QANSU]; Unionist Socialist Party [Fayez ISMAIL])
opposition parties not legally recognized:: Arab Democratic Socialist Union Party [Hasan Abdul AZIM]; Arab Socialist Movement; Democratic Ba'th Party [Ibrahim MAHKOS]; Люди's демократическая партия [Riad al TURK]; Revolutionary Workers' Party [Abdul Hafeez al HAFEZ]
Kurdish parties (considered illegal): Kurdish Democratic Front [Abdul Hamid DARWISH] (включая four parties); Kurdish Coordination [Abdul Hakim BASHAR] (включая Azadi Party [Kheirudin MURAD], Future Party [Masha'l TAMMO], Yekity Party [Hasam SALE])
other parties: Nahda Party [Abdul Aziz al MISLET]; Syrian демократическая партия [Mustafa QALAAJI]
Тайвань Democratic Progressive Party или DPP [TSAI Ing-wen]; Kuomintang или KMT (Nationalist Party) [WU Po-hsiung]; Non-Partisan Solidarity Union или NPSU [CHANG Po-ya]; Люди First Party или PFP [James SOONG]
Таджикистан Agrarian Party Таджикистана или APT [Amir KARAKULOV]; демократическая партия или DPT [Mahmadruzi ISKANDAROV (imprisoned October 2005); Rahmatullo VALIYEV, deputy]; Islamic Revival Party [Muhiddin KABIRI]; Party of Economic Reform или PER [Olimzon BOBOYEV]; Люди's демократическая партия Таджикистана или PDPT [Emomali RAHMON]; Social демократическая партия или SDPT [Rahmatullo ZOYIROV]; Socialist Party или SPT [Mirhuseyn NARZIYEV]; Tajik Communist Party или CPT [Shodi SHABDOLOV]
Танзания Chama Cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo (Party of Democracy и Development) или CHADEMA [Bob MAKANI]; Chama Cha Mapinduzi или CCM (Revolutionary Party) [Jakaya Mrisho KIKWETE]; Civic United Front или CUF [Ibrahim LIPUMBA]; демократическая партия [Christopher MTIKLA] (unregistered); Танзания Labor Party или TLP [Augustine Lyatonga MREME]; United демократическая партия или UDP [John CHEYO]
Таиланд Democrat Party или DP (Prachathipat Party) [ABHISIT Wetchachiwa] (ABHISIT Vejjajiva); Matchima Thippatai (Middle Way Party) [ANONGWAN Therpsuthin]; Motherland Party (Peua Pandin Party) [SUWIT Khunkitti]; Люди Power Party (Palang Prachachon Party) или PPP [SAMAK Sunthorawet] (SAMAK Sundaravej); Royalist Люди's Party (Pracharaj) [SANOH Thienthong]; Ruam Jai Thai Party (Thai Unity Party) [CHETTA Thanacharo] (CHETTHA Thanajaro); Thai Nation Party или TNP (Chat Thai Party) [BARNHARN SILPA-ARCHA]
Восточный Тимор демократическая партия или PD [Fernando de ARAUJO]; National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction или CNRT [Xanana GUSMAO]; National Democratic Union of Timorese Resistance или UNDERTIM [Cornelio DA Conceicao GAMA]; National Unity Party или PUN [Fernanda BORGES]; Люди's Party of Timor или PPT [Jacob XAVIER]; Revolutionary Front of Independent Восточный Тимор или FRETILIN [Mari ALKATIRI]; Social Democratic Association of Timor или ASDT [Francisco Xavier do AMARAL]; Social демократическая партия или PSD [Mario CARRASCALAO]; Sons of the Mountain Warriors или KOTA [Manuel TILMAN] (also known as Association of Timorese Heroes)
Того Action Committee for Renewal или CAR [Yawovi AGBOYIBO]; Democratic Convention of African Peoples или CDPA; демократическая партия for Renewal или PDR; Juvento [Monsilia DJATO]; Movement of the Believers of Peace и Equality или MOCEP; Pan-African Patriotic Convergence или CPP; Rally for the Support for Development и Democracy или RSDD [Harry OLYMPIO]; Rally of the Togolese Люди или RPT [Faure GNASSINGBE]; Socialist Pact for Renewal или PSR; Union for Democracy и Social Progress или UDPS [Gagou KOKOU]; Union of Forces for a Change или UFC [Gilchrist OLYMPIO]
Токелау none
Тонга Тонга Human Rights и Democracy Movement или THRDM [Uliti UATA]; Люди's демократическая партия или PDP [Tesina FUKO]
Тринидад и Тобаго Congress of the Люди [Winston DOOKERAN]; Democratic Action Congress или DAC [Hochoy CHARLES] (only active in Tobago); Democratic National Alliance или DNA [Gerald YETMING] (coalition of NAR, DDPT, MND); Movement for National Development или MND [Garvin NICHOLAS]; National Alliance for Reconstruction или NAR [Dr. Carson CHARLES]; Люди's National Movement или PNM [Patrick MANNING]; United National Congress или UNC [Basdeo PANDAY]
Тунис Al-Tajdid Movement [Ahmed IBRAHIM]; Constitutional Democratic Rally Party (Rassemblement Constitutionnel Democratique) или RCD (official ruling party) [Президент Zine El Abidine BEN ALI]; Democratic Forum for Labor и Liberties или FDTL [Mustapha Ben JAFAAR]; партия зеленых for Progress или PVP [Mongi KHAMASSI]; Liberal Social Party или PSL [Mondher THABET]; Movement of Socialist Democrats или MDS [Ismail BOULAHYA]; Popular Unity Party или PUP [Mohamed BOUCHIHA]; Progressive демократическая партия [Maya JERIBI]; Unionist Democratic Union или UDU [Ahmed INOUBLI]
Турция Anavatan Partisi (Motherland Party) или Anavatan [Erkan MUMCU]; Democratic Left Party или DSP [Mehmet Zeki SEZER]; Democratic Society Party или DTP [Nurettin DEMIRTAS]; Felicity Party или SP [Recai KUTAN] (sometimes translated as Contentment Party); Justice и Development Party или AKP [Recep Tayyip ERDOGAN]; Nationalist Action Party или MHP [Devlet BAHCELI] (sometimes translated as Nationalist Movement Party); Люди's Rise Party (Halkin Yukselisi Partisi) или HYP [Yasar Nuri OZTURK]; Republican Люди's Party или CHP [Deniz BAYKAL]; Social Democratic Люди's Party или SHP [Murat KARAYALCIN]; True Path Party или DYP [Mehmet AGAR] (sometimes translated as Correct Way Party); Young Party или GP [Cem Cengiz UZAN]
примечание: the parties listed above are some of the more significant of the 49 parties that Турция had on 1 December 2004
Туркменистан демократическая партия Туркменистана или DPT [Gurbanguly BERDIMUHAMEDOW]
примечание: formal opposition parties are outlawed; unofficial, small opposition movements exist underground или in foreign countries; the two most prominent opposition groups-in-exile have been National Democratic Movement Туркменистана (NDMT) и the United демократическая партия Туркменистана (UDPT); NDMT was led by former Foreign Minister Boris SHIKHMURADOV until his arrest и imprisonment in the wake of the 25 November 2002 attack on Президент NYYAZOW's motorcade
Тёркс и Кайкос Люди's Democratic Movement или PDM [Floyd SEYMOUR]; Progressive National Party или PNP [Michael Eugene MISICK]
Тувалу there are no political parties but members of Parliament usually align themselves in informal groupings
Угадна Conservative Party или CP [Ken LUKYAMUZI]; демократическая партия или DP [Kizito SSEBAANA]; Forum for Democratic Change или FDC [Kizza BESIGYE]; Justice Forum или JEEMA [Muhammad Kibirige MAYANJA]; National Resistance Movement или NRM [Yoweri MUSEVENI]; Peoples Progressive Party или PPP [Bidandi SSALI]; Ugandan Люди's Congress или UPC [Miria OBOTE]
примечание: a national referendum in July 2005 opened the way for Угадна's transition to a multi-party political system
Украина Christian Democratic Union [Volodymyr STRETOVYCH]; Communist Party Украины или CPU [Petro SYMONENKO]; European Party Украины [Mykola KATERYNCHUK]; Fatherland Party (Batkivshchyna) [Yuliya TYMOSHENKO]; Forward Украина! [Viktor MUSIYAKA]; Labor Party Украины [Mykola SYROTA]; Люди's Union Our Украина [Vyacheslav KYRYLENKO]; Party of Industrialists и Entrepreneurs [Anatoliy KINAKH]; Party of the Defenders of the Fatherland [Yuriy Karmazin]; Люди's Movement Украины (Rukh) [Borys TARASYUK]; Люди's Party [Volodymyr LYTVYN]; PORA! (It's Time!) party [Vladyslav KASKIV]; Progressive Socialist Party [Natalya VITRENKO]; Reforms и Order Party [Viktor PYNZENYK]; Party of Regions [Viktor YANUKOVYCH]; республиканцы [Yuriy BOYKO]; Sobor [Anatoliy MATVIYENKO]; Social демократическая партия [Yevhen KORNICHUK]; Social демократическая партия (United) или SDPU(o) [Yuriy ZAHORODNIY]; Socialist Party Украины или SPU [Oleksandr MOROZ]; Ukrainian Люди's Party [Yuriy KOSTENKO]; Viche [Inna BOHOSLOVSKA]
Объединенные Арабские Эмираты none
Великобритания Conservative [David CAMERON]; Democratic Unionist Party (Northern Ирландия) [Peter ROBINSON]; Labor Party [Gordon BROWN]; Liberal Democrats [Nick CLEGG]; Party of Wales (Plaid Cymru) [Ieuan Wyn JONES]; Scottish National Party или SNP [Alex SALMOND]; Sinn Fein (Northern Ирландия) [Gerry ADAMS]; Social Democratic и Labor Party или SDLP (Northern Ирландия) [Mark DURKAN]; Ulster Unionist Party (Northern Ирландия) [Sir Reg EMPEY]
США демократическая партия [Howard DEAN]; партия зеленых; либералы [William (Bill) REDPATH]; республиканцы [Robert M. (Mike) DUNCAN]
Уругвай Broad Front (Frente Amplio) - formerly known as the Progressive Encounter/Broad Front Coalition или EP-FA [Jorge BROVETTO] (a broad governing coalition that включая Movement of the Popular Participation или MPP [Jose MUJICA], New Space Party (Nuevo Espacio) [Rafael MICHELINI], Progressive Alliance (Alianza Progresista) [Rodolfo NIN NOVOA], Socialist Party [Eduardo FERNANDEZ], the Communist Party [Marina ARISMENDI], Uruguayan Assembly (Asamblea Уругвай) [Danilo ASTORI], и Vertiente Artiguista [Mariano ARANA]); Colorado Party (Foro Batllista) [Julio Maria SANGUINETTI]; National Party или Blanco [Luis Alberto LACALLE и Jorge LARRANAGA]
Узбекистан Adolat (Justice) Social демократическая партия [Dilorom TASHMUHAMMEDOVA]; Democratic National Rebirth Party (Milly Tiklanish) или MTP [Hurshid DOSMUHAMMEDOV]; Fidokorlar National демократическая партия (Self-Sacrificers) [Ahtam TURSUNOV]; Liberal демократическая партия Узбекистана или LDPU [Adham SHADMANOV; Люди's демократическая партия или NDP (formerly Communist Party) [Asliddin RUSTAMOV]
Вануату Jon Frum Movement [Song KEASPAI]; Melanesian Progressive Party или MPP [Barak SOPE]; National United Party или NUP [Hem LINI]; Union of Moderate Parties или UMP [Serge VOHOR]; Vanua'aku Pati (Our Land Party) или VP [Edward NATAPEI]; Вануату Greens Party или VGP [Moana CARCASSES]; Вануату республиканцы или VRP [Maxime Carlot KORMAN]
Венесуэлa A New Time или UNT [Manuel ROSALES]; Christian Democrats или COPEI [Cesar PEREZ Vivas]; Communist Party Венесуэлы или PCV [Jeronimo CARRERA]; Democratic Action или AD [Henry RAMOS Allup]; Fatherland for All или PPT [Jose ALBORNOZ]; Justice First [Julio BORGES]; Movement Toward Socialism или MAS [Hector MUJICA]; United Socialist Party Венесуэлы или PSUV [Hugo CHAVEZ]; Венесуэлa Project или PV [Henrique SALAS Romer]; We Can или PODEMOS [Ismael GARCIA]
Вьетнам Communist Party Вьетнама или CPV [Nong Duc MANH]; other parties proscribed
Виргинские Острова (Британские) демократическая партия [Arturo WATLINGTON]; Independent Citizens' Movement или ICM [Usie RICHARDS]; республиканцы [Gary SPRAUVE]
Уоллис и Футуна Lua Kae Tahi (Giscardians); Mouvement des Radicaux de Gauche или MRG; Rally for the Republic или RPR (UMP) [Clovis LOGOLOGOFOLAU]; Socialist Party или PS; Taumu'a Lelei [Soane Muni UHILA]; Union Populaire Locale или UPL [Falakiko GATA]; Union Pour la Democratie Francaise или UDF
Емен General Люди's Congress или GPC [Abdul-Kader BAJAMMAL]; Islamic Reform Grouping или Islah [Mohammed Abdullah AL-YADOUMI (acting)]; Nasserite Unionist Party [Abdal Malik al-MAKHLAFI]; National Arab Socialist Ba'th Party [Dr. Qasim SALAM]; Yemeni Socialist Party или YSP [Ali Salih MUQBIL]; note - there are at least seven more active political parties
Замбия All Peoples Congress Party [Winright NGONDO]; Forum for Democracy и Development или FDD [Edith NAWAKWI]; Heritage Party или HP [Godfrey MIYANDA]; Liberal Progressive Front или LPF [Roger CHONGWE]; Movement for Multiparty Democracy или MMD [Levy MWANAWASA]; National Democratic Focus или NDF; Patriotic Front или PF [Michael SATA]; Party of Unity for Democracy и Development или PUDD [Dan PULE]; Reform Party [Nevers MUMBA]; United Democratic Alliance или UDA; United Liberal Party или ULP [Sakwiba SIKOTA]; United National Independence Party или UNIP [Tilyenji KAUNDA]; United Party for National Development или UPND [Hakainde HICHILEMA]; Замбия Democratic Congress или ZADECO [Langton SICHONE]; Zambian республиканцы или ZRP [Benjamin MWILA]
Зимбабве African National Party или ANP [Египет DZINEMUNHENZVA]; Movement for Democratic Change или MDC [Morgan TSVANGIRAI, anti-Senate faction; Arthur MUTAMBARA, pro-Senate faction]; Peace Action is Freedom for All или PAFA; United Parties [Abel MUZOREWA]; United Люди's Party или UPP [Daniel SHUMBA]; Зимбабве African National Union-Ndonga или ZANU-Ndonga [Wilson KUMBULA]; Зимбабве African National Union-Patriotic Front или ZANU-PF [Robert Gabriel MUGABE]; Зимбабве African Peoples Union или ZAPU [Agrippa MADLELA]; Зимбабве Youth in Alliance или ZIYA

Последние изменения на эту страницу были внесены 4 сентября 2008 года.


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