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  Список стран- Telephone system


Страна
Telephone system
Афганистан общая оценка: limited landline telephone service; an increasing number of Afghans utilize mobile-cellular phone networks in major cities
внутри страны: aided by the presence of multiple providers, mobile-cellular telephone service is improving rapidly
международные: код страны - 93; five VSAT's installed in Kabul, Herat, Mazar-e-Sharif, Kandahar, и Jalalabad provide international и domestic voice и data connectivity (2007)
Албания общая оценка: despite new investment in fixed lines, the density of main lines remains low with roughly 10 lines per 100 people; cellular telephone use is widespread и generally принята; combined fixed line и mobile telephone density is approximately 60 telephones per 100 persons
внутри страны: offsetting the shortage of fixed line capacity, mobile phone service has been available since 1996; by 2003 two companies were providing mobile services at a greater density than some Албании's neighbors; Интернет broadband services initiated in 2005; internet cafes are popular in Tirana и have started to spread outside the capital
международные: код страны - 355; submarine cable provides connectivity to Италия, Хорватия, и Греция; the Trans-Balkan Line, a combination submarine cable и land fiber-optic system, provides additional connectivity to Болгария, Македония, и Турция; international traffic carried by fiber-optic cable и, when necessary, by microwave radio relay from the Tirana exchange to Италия и Греция (2007)
Алжир общая оценка: a weak network of fixed-main lines, which remains low at less than 10 telephones per 100 persons, is partially offset by the rapid increase in mobile cellular subscribership; in 2006, combined fixed-line и mobile telephone density surpassed 70 telephones per 100 persons
внутри страны: privatization Алжира's телекоммуникации sector began in 2000; three mobile cellular licenses have been issued и, in 2005, a consortium led by Египет's Orascom Telecom won a 15-year license to build и operate a fixed-line network in Алжир; the license will allow Orascom to develop high-speed data и other specialized services и contribute to meeting the large unfulfilled demand for basic residential telephony; internet broadband services began in 2003 with approximately 200,000 subscribers in 2006
международные: код страны - 213; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-4 fiber- optic submarine cable system that provides links to Europe, the Middle East, и Азия; microwave radio relay to Италия, Франция, Испания, Мороккo, и Тунис; coaxial cable to Мороккo и Тунис; participant in Medarabtel; satellite earth stations - 51 (Intelsat, Intersputnik, и Arabsat) (2007)
Американское Самоа общая оценка: нет
внутри страны: good telex, telegraph, facsimile, и cellular telephone services; domestic satellite system with 1 Comsat earth station
международные: код страны - 1-684; satellite earth station - 1 (Intelsat-Тихий океан)
Андорра общая оценка: нет
внутри страны: modern system with microwave radio relay connections between exchanges
международные: код страны - 376; landline circuits to Франция и Испания
Ангола общая оценка: system inadequate; fewer than один fixed-line per 100 persons; combined fixed line и mobile telephone density approached 20 telephones per 100 persons in 2006
внутри страны: state-owned telecom had monopoly for fixed-lines until 2005; demand outstripped capacity, prices were high, и services poor; Telecom Намибия, through an Angolan company, became the first private licensed operator in Ангола's fixed-line telephone network; Ангола Telecom established mobile-cellular service in Luanda in 1993 и the network has been extended to larger towns; a privately-owned, mobile-cellular service provider began operations in 2001
международные: код страны - 244; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe и Азия; satellite earth stations - 29 (2007)
Ангилья общая оценка: нет
внутри страны: modern internal telephone system
международные: код страны - 1-264; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the Британские Виргинские острова to Trinidad; microwave radio relay to island of Saint Martin (Guadeloupe и Нидерландские Антильские о-ва) (2007)
Антарктика общая оценка: local systems at some research stations
внутри страны: commercial cellular networks operating in a small number of locations
международные: код страны - none allocated; via satellite (including mobile Inmarsat и Iridium systems) to и from all research stations, ships, самолеты, и most field parties (2007)
Антигуа и Барбуда общая оценка: нет
внутри страны: good automatic telephone system
международные: код страны - 1-268; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the Британские Виргинские острова to Trinidad; satellite earth stations - 2; tropospheric scatter to Saba (Нидерландские Антильские о-ва) и Guadeloupe (2007)
Аргентина общая оценка: by opening the телекоммуникации market to competition и foreign investment with the "Telecommunications Liberalization Plan of 1998," Аргентина encouraged the growth of modern телекоммуникации technology; fiber-optic cable trunk lines are being installed between all major cities; major networks are entirely digital и the availability of telephone service is improving; fixed-line telephone density is gradually increasing reaching nearly 25 lines per 100 people in 2006; mobile telephone density has been increasing rapidly и has reached a level of 80 telephones per 100 persons
внутри страны: microwave radio relay, fiber-optic cable, и a domestic satellite system with 40 earth stations serve the trunk network; more than 110,000 pay telephones are installed и mobile telephone use is rapidly expanding; broadband services are gaining ground
международные: код страны - 54; landing point for the Atlantis-2, UNISUR, и South America-1 optical submarine cable systems that provide links to Europe, Africa, South и Central America, и US; satellite earth stations - 112; 2 international gateways near Buenos Aires (2007)
Армения общая оценка: телекоммуникации investments have made major inroads in modernizing и upgrading the outdated телекоммуникации network inherited from the Soviet era; now 100% privately owned и undergoing modernization и expansion; mobile-cellular services monopoly terminated in late 2004 и a second provider began operations in mid-2005
внутри страны: reliable modern landline и mobile-cellular services are available across Ереван in major cities и towns; significant but ever-shrinking gaps remain in mobile-cellular coverage in rural areas
международные: код страны - 374; Ереван is connected to the Trans-Азия-Europe fiber-optic cable through Иран; additional international service is available by microwave radio relay и landline connections to the other countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, through the Moscow international switch, и by satellite to the rest of the world; satellite earth stations - 3 (2007)
Аруба общая оценка: modern fully automatic телекоммуникации system
внутри страны: increased competition through privatization; 3 wireless service providers are now licensed
международные: код страны - 297; landing site for the PAN-AM submarine телекоммуникации cable system that extends from the US Виргинские Острова (Британские) through Аруба to Венесуэлa, Колумбия, Панама, и the запад coast of South America; extensive interisland microwave radio relay links (2007)
Австралия общая оценка: excellent domestic и international service
внутри страны: domestic satellite system; significant use of radiotelephone in areas of low population density; rapid growth of mobile cellular telephones
международные: код страны - 61; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-3 optical телекоммуникации submarine cable with links to Азия, the Middle East, и Europe; the Southern Cross fiber optic submarine cable provides links to Новая Зеландия и the США; satellite earth stations - 19 (10 Intelsat - 4 Индийский океан и 6 Тихий океан, 2 Inmarsat - Indian и Тихий океан regions, 2 Globalstar, 5 other) (2007)
Австрия общая оценка: highly developed и efficient
внутри страны: fixed-line subscribership has been in decline since the mid-1990s with mobile-cellular subscribership elipsing it by the late 1990s; the fiber-optic net is very extensive; all telephone applications и Интернет services are available
международные: код страны - 43; satellite earth stations - 15; in addition, there are about 600 VSATs (very small aperture terminals) (2007)
Азербайджан общая оценка: inadequate; requires considerable expansion и modernization; teledensity of 15 main lines per 100 persons is low; mobile-cellular penetration is increasing и is currently about 40 telephones per 100 persons
внутри страны: fixed-line telephony и a broad range of other telecom services are controlled by a state-owned телекоммуникации monopoly и growth has been stagnant; more competition exists in the mobile-cellular market with three providers in 2006; satellite service connects Baku to a modern switch in its exclave of Naxcivan
международные: код страны - 994; the old Soviet system of cable и microwave is still serviceable; satellite earth stations - 2 (2007)
Багамские Острова, The общая оценка: modern facilities
внутри страны: totally automatic system; highly developed; the Багамские Острова Domestic Submarine Network links 14 of the islands и is designed to satisfy increasing demand for voice и broadband internet services
международные: код страны - 1-242; landing point for the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) fiber-optic submarine cable that provides links to South и Central America, parts of the Caribbean, и the US; satellite earth stations - 2 (2007)
Бахрейн общая оценка: modern system
внутри страны: modern fiber-optic integrated services; digital network with rapidly growing use of mobile-cellular telephones
международные: код страны - 973; landing point for the Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) submarine cable network that provides links to Азия, Middle East, Europe, и US; tropospheric scatter to Катар и UAE; microwave radio relay to Саудовская Аравия; satellite earth station - 1 (2007)
Бангладеш общая оценка: totally inadequate for a modern country; fixed-line telephone density of less than 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular telephone density of 13 per 100 persons
внутри страны: modernizing; introducing digital systems; trunk systems include VHF и UHF microwave radio relay links, и some fiber-optic cable in cities
международные: код страны - 880; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-4 fiber-optic submarine cable system that provides links to Europe, the Middle East и Азия; satellite earth stations - 6; international radiotelephone communications и landline service to neighboring countries (2007)
Барбадос общая оценка: fixed-line teledensity of roughly 50 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular telephone density of 75 per 100 persons
внутри страны: island-wide automatic telephone system
международные: код страны - 1-246; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the Британские Виргинские острова to Trinidad; satellite earth stations - 1 (Intelsat -Атлантический океан); tropospheric scatter to Trinidad и Сент-Люсия (2007)
Беларусь общая оценка: Беларусь lags behind its neighbors in upgrading телекоммуникации infrastructure; state-owned Beltelcom is the sole provider of fixed-line local и long distance service; fixed-line teledensity of 33 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular telephone density of 58 per 100 persons; modernization of the network progressing with roughly two-thirds of switching equipment now digital
внутри страны: fixed-line penetration is improving although rural areas continue to be underserved; 4 GSM wireless networks are experiencing rapid growth; strict government controls on телекоммуникации technologies
международные: код страны - 375; Беларусь is a member of the Trans-European Line (TEL), Trans-Азия-Europe (TAE) fiber-optic line, и has access to the Trans-Siberia Line (TSL); 3 fiber-optic segments provide connectivity to Латвия, Польша, Россия, и Украина; worldwide service is available to Беларусь through this infrastructure; additional analog lines to Россия; Intelsat, Eutelsat, и Intersputnik earth stations (2007)
Бельгия общая оценка: highly developed, technologically advanced, и completely automated domestic и international telephone и telegraph facilities
внутри страны: nationwide cellular telephone system; extensive cable network; limited microwave radio relay network
международные: код страны - 32; landing point for a number of submarine cables that provide links to Europe, the Middle East, и Азия; satellite earth stations - 7 (Intelsat - 3) (2007)
Белиз общая оценка: above-average system; fixed-line teledensity of 12 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular telephone density of about 40 per 100 persons
внутри страны: trunk network depends primarily on microwave radio relay
международные: код страны - 501; landing point for the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) fiber-optic телекоммуникации submarine cable that provides links to South и Central America, parts of the Caribbean, и the US; satellite earth station - 8 (Intelsat - 2, unknown - 6) (2007)
Бенин общая оценка: inadequate; fixed-line network is almost saturated with fixed-line teledensity stuck at a meager 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular telephone subscribership is increasing
внутри страны: fair system of open-wire, microwave radio relay, и cellular connections; four mobile-cellular providers
международные: код страны - 229; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe и Азия; satellite earth stations - 7 (Intelsat-Атлантический океан) (2007)
Бермуды общая оценка: good
внутри страны: fully automatic digital telephone system; fiber optic trunk lines
международные: код страны - 1-441; landing point for the Atlantica-1 телекоммуникации submarine cable that extends from the US to Бразилия; satellite earth stations - 3 (2007)
Бутан общая оценка: urban towns и district headquarters have телекоммуникации services
внутри страны: very low teledensity; domestic service is very poor especially in rural areas; wireless service available since 2003
международные: код страны - 975; international telephone и telegraph service via landline и microwave relay through Индия; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (2007)
Боливия общая оценка: privatization beginning in 1995; reliability has steadily improved; new subscribers face bureaucratic difficulties; most telephones are concentrated in La Paz и other cities; mobile-cellular telephone use expanding rapidly; fixed-line teledensity of 7 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular telephone density of 27 per 100 persons
внутри страны: primary trunk system, which is being expanded, employs digital microwave radio relay; some areas are served by fiber-optic cable; mobile cellular systems are being expanded
международные: код страны - 591; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан) (2007)
Босния и Герцеговина общая оценка: telephone и telegraph network needs modernization и expansion; many urban areas are below average as contrasted with services in other former Yugoslav republics
внутри страны: fixed-line teledensity is roughly 20 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular telephone density is about 22 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 387; no satellite earth stations (2006)
Ботсвана общая оценка: the system is expanding with the growth of mobile-cellular service и participation in regional development; system is fully digital with fiber-optic cables linking the major population centers in the восток; fixed-line connections declined in recent лет и now stand at 8 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular telephone density currently is about 60 per 100 persons
внутри страны: small system of open-wire lines, microwave radio relay links, и a few radiotelephone communication stations; mobile-cellular service is growing fast
международные: код страны - 267; international calls are made via satellite, using international direct dialing; 2 international exchanges; digital microwave radio relay links to Намибия, Замбия, Зимбабве , и Южно-Африканская Республика; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Индийский океан) (2007)
Бразилия общая оценка: good working system; fixed-line connections have remained relatively stable in recent лет и stand at about 20 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular telephone density has risen to nearly 55 per 100 persons
внутри страны: extensive microwave radio relay system и a domestic satellite system with 64 earth stations; mobile-cellular usage has more than tripled in the past 5 лет
международные: код страны - 55; landing point for a number of submarine cables that provide direct links to South и Central America, the Caribbean, the US, Africa, и Europe; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (Атлантический океан), 1 Inmarsat (Атлантический океан region восток), connected by microwave relay system to Mercosur Brazilsat B3 satellite earth station (2007)
Британская территория в Индийском океане общая оценка: separate facilities for military и public needs are available
внутри страны: all commercial telephone services are available, including connection to the Интернет
международные: код страны (Diego Garcia) - 246; international telephone service is carried by satellite (2000)
Британские Виргинские острова общая оценка: worldwide telephone service
внутри страны: нет
международные: код страны - 1-284; connected via submarine cable to Бермуды; the East Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS) submarine cable provides connectivity to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean (2007)
Бруней общая оценка: service throughout the country is excellent; international service is good to Southeast Азия, Middle East, Western Europe, и the US
внутри страны: every service available
международные: код страны - 673; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-3 optical телекоммуникации submarine cable that provides links to Азия, the Middle East, и Europe; the Азия-America Gateway submarine cable network, scheduled for completion by late 2008, will provide new links to Азия и the US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Индийский океан и 1 Тихий океан) (2007)
Болгария общая оценка: an extensive but antiquated телекоммуникации network inherited from the Soviet era; quality has improved; the Болгария Telecommunications Company's fixed-line monopoly terminated in 2005 when alternative fixed-line operators were given access to its network; a drop in fixed-line connections in recent лет has been offset by a sharp increase in mobile-cellular telephone use fostered by multiple service providers
внутри страны: a fairly modern digital cable trunk line now connects switching centers in most of the regions; the others are connected by digital microwave radio relay
международные: код страны - 359; submarine cable provides connectivity to Украина и Россия; a combination submarine cable и land fiber-optic system provides connectivity to Италия, Албания, и Македония; satellite earth stations - 3 (1 Intersputnik in the Атлантический океан region, 2 Intelsat in the Atlantic и Индийский океан regions) (2007)
Буркина Фасо общая оценка: services only fair; in 2006 the government sold a 51 percent stake in the national telephone company и ultimately plans to retain only a 23 percent stake in the company; fixed-line connections stand at less than 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular usage, fostered by multiple providers, is increasing rapidly from a low base
внутри страны: microwave radio relay, open-wire, и radiotelephone communication stations
международные: код страны - 226; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан) (2007)
Мьянма общая оценка: meets minimum requirements for local и intercity service for business и government; international service is good
внутри страны: system capable of providing basic service; cellular mobile phone system functions more efficiently than traditional lines
международные: код страны - 95; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-3 optical телекоммуникации submarine cable that provides links to Азия, the Middle East, и Europe; satellite earth stations - 2, Intelsat (Индийский океан), и ShinSat (2007)
Бурунди общая оценка: primitive system; telephone density один of the lowest in the world; fixed-line connections stand at well less than 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular usage is increasing but remains at a meager 2 per 100 persons
внутри страны: sparse system of open-wire, radiotelephone communications, и low-capacity microwave radio relay
международные: код страны - 257; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Индийский океан) (2007)
Камбоджа общая оценка: mobile-phone systems are widely used in urban areas to bypass deficiencies in the fixed-line network; fixed-line connections stand at well less than 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular usage, aided by increasing competition among service providers, is increasing и stands at about 8 per 100 persons
внутри страны: adequate landline и/или cellular service in Phnom Penh и other provincial cities; mobile-phone coverage is rapidly expanding in rural areas
международные: код страны - 855; adequate but expensive landline и cellular service available to all countries from Phnom Penh и major provincial cities; satellite earth station - 1 Intersputnik (Индийский океан region) (2007)
Камерун общая оценка: fixed-line connections stand at less than 1 per 100 persons; equipment is old и outdated, и connections with many parts of the country are unreliable; mobile-cellular usage, in part a reflection of the poor condition и general inadequacy of the fixed-line network, has been increasing steadily и currently stands at 14 per 100 persons
внутри страны: cable, microwave radio relay, и tropospheric scatter
международные: код страны - 237; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe и Азия; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Атлантический океан) (2007)
Канада общая оценка: excellent service provided by modern technology
внутри страны: domestic satellite system with about 300 earth stations
международные: код страны - 1; submarine cables provide links to the US и Europe; satellite earth stations - 7 (5 Intelsat - 4 Атлантический океан и 1 Тихий океан, и 2 Intersputnik - Атлантический океан region) (2007)
Кабо-Верде общая оценка: принята system, extensive modernization from 1996-2000 following partial privatization in 1995
внутри страны: major service provider is Cabo Verde Telecom (CVT); fiber-optic ring, completed in 2001, links all islands providing Интернет access и ISDN services; cellular service introduced in 1998; broadband services launched in 2004
международные: код страны - 238; landing point for the Atlantis-2 fiber-optic transatlantic telephone cable that provides links to South America, Сенегал , и Europe; HF radiotelephone to Сенегал и Гвинея-Бисау; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан) (2007)
Каймановы Острoва общая оценка: reasonably good system
внутри страны: liberalization of telecom market in 2003; introduction of competition in the mobile-cellular market in 2004
международные: код страны - 1-345; landing point for the MAYA-1 submarine telephone cable network that provides links to the US и parts of Central и South America; submarine cable provides connectivity to Ямайка; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан) (2007)
Центральноафриканская Республика общая оценка: limited telephone service; fixed-line connections for well less than 1 per 100 persons coupled with mobile-cellular usage of only about 3 per 100 persons
внутри страны: network consists principally of microwave radio relay и low-capacity, low-powered radiotelephone communication
международные: код страны - 236; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан) (2007)
Чад общая оценка: primitive system with high costs и low telephone density
внутри страны: fair system of radiotelephone communication stations
международные: код страны - 235; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан) (2007)
Чили общая оценка: privatization began in 1988; advanced телекоммуникации infrastructure; modern system based on extensive microwave radio relay facilities; fixed-line connections have dropped in recent лет as mobile-cellular usage continues to increase, reaching a level of 75 telephones per 100 persons
внутри страны: extensive microwave radio relay links; domestic satellite system with 3 earth stations
международные: код страны - 56; submarine cables provide links to the US и to Central и South America; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Атлантический океан) (2007)
Китай общая оценка: domestic и international services are increasingly available for private use; unevenly distributed domestic system serves principal cities, industrial centers, и many towns; Китай continues to develop its телекоммуникации infrastructure, и is partnering with foreign providers to expand its global reach; 3 Китая's 6 major телекоммуникации operators are part of an international consortium which, in December 2006, signed an agreement with Verizon Business to build the first next-generation fiber optic submarine cable system directly linking the US mainland и Китай
внутри страны: interprovincial fiber-optic trunk lines и cellular telephone systems have been installed; mobile-cellular subscribership is increasing rapidly; the number of internet users reached 162 миллионов in 2007; a domestic satellite system with 55 earth stations is in place
международные: код страны - 86; a number of submarine cables provide connectivity to Азия, the Middle East, Europe, и the US; satellite earth stations - 7 (5 Intelsat - 4 Тихий океан и 1 Индийский океан, 1 Intersputnik - Индийский океан region, и 1 Inmarsat - Pacific и Индийский океан regions) (2007)
Рождества Остров общая оценка: service provided by the Australian network
внутри страны: GSM mobile telephone service replaced older analog system in February 2005
международные: код страны - 61-8; satellite earth station - 1 (Intelsat provides telephone и telex service) (2005)
Кокосовые Острова общая оценка: connected within Австралия's telecommunication system; a local mobile-cellular network is in operation
внутри страны: нет
международные: код страны - 61; telephone, telex, и facsimile communications with Австралия и elsewhere via satellite; satellite earth station - 1 (Intelsat) (2001)
Колумбия общая оценка: modern system in many respects; телекоммуникации sector liberalized during the 1990s; multiple providers of both fixed-line и mobile-cellular services; fixed-line connections stand at about 18 per 100 persons; mobile cellular usage is about 70 per 100 persons
внутри страны: nationwide microwave radio relay system; domestic satellite system with 41 earth stations; fiber-optic network linking 50 cities
международные: код страны - 57; submarine cables provide links to the US, parts of the Caribbean, и Central и South America; satellite earth stations - 10 (6 Intelsat, 1 Inmarsat, 3 fully digitalized international switching centers) (2007)
Коморские Острова общая оценка: sparse system of microwave radio relay и HF radiotelephone communication stations; fixed-line connections only about 2 per 100 persons; mobile cellular usage about 2 per 100 persons
внутри страны: HF radiotelephone communications и microwave radio relay
международные: код страны - 269; HF radiotelephone communications to Мадагаскар и Reunion
Congo, Democratic Республика the общая оценка: inadequate; state-owned fixed-line operator has been unable to expand fixed-line connections и there are now fewer than 10,000 connections; given the backdrop of a wholly inadequate fixed-line infrastructure, the use of cellular services has surged и subscribership now exceeds 4 миллионов - roughly 7 per 100 persons
внутри страны: barely adequate wire и microwave radio relay service in и between urban areas; domestic satellite system with 14 earth stations
международные: код страны - 243; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан) (2007)
Congo, Республика the общая оценка: services barely adequate for government use; key exchanges are in Brazzaville, Pointe-Noire, и Loubomo; intercity lines frequently out of order; fixed-line infrastructure inadequate providing less than 1 connection per 100 persons; mobile-cellular subscribership has surged reaching 16 per 100 persons
внутри страны: primary network consists of microwave radio relay и coaxial cable
международные: код страны - 242; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Острова Кука общая оценка: Telecom Острова Кука offers international direct dialing, Интернет, email, fax, и Telex
внутри страны: individual islands are connected by a combination of satellite earth stations, microwave systems, и VHF и HF radiotelephone; within the islands, service is provided by small exchanges connected to subscribers by open-wire, cable, и fiber-optic cable
международные: код страны - 682; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Тихий океан)
Коста-Рика общая оценка: good domestic telephone service in terms of breadth of coverage; restricted cellular telephone service; state-run monopoly provider is struggling with the demand for new lines, resulting in long waiting times
внутри страны: point-to-point и point-to-multi-point microwave, fiber-optic, и coaxial cable link rural areas; Интернет service is available
международные: код страны - 506; landing point for the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) fiber-optic телекоммуникации submarine cable и the MAYA-1 submarine cable that provide links to South и Central America, parts of the Caribbean, и the US; connected to Central American Microwave System; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Атлантический океан) (2007)
Кот-д’Ивуар общая оценка: well developed by African standards; телекоммуникации sector privatized in late 1990s; mobile cellular usage has increased to 23 per 100 persons; fixed-line connections stand at about 2 per 100 persons
внутри страны: open-wire lines и microwave radio relay; 90% digitalized
международные: код страны - 225; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe и Азия; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Атлантический океан и 1 Индийский океан) (2007)
Хорватия общая оценка: the телекоммуникации network has improved steadily since the mid-1990s; the number of fixed telephone lines has increased to about 40 per 100 persons; virtually 100 mobile cellular telephones per 100 persons
внутри страны: more than 90 percent of local lines are digital
международные: код страны - 385; digital international service is provided through the main switch in Zagreb; Хорватия participates in the Trans-Азия-Europe (TEL) fiber-optic project, which consists of 2 fiber-optic trunk connections with Словения и a fiber-optic trunk line from Rijeka to Split и Dubrovnik; the ADRIA-1 submarine cable provides connectivity to Албания и Греция (2007)
Куба общая оценка: greater investment beginning in 1994 и the establishment of a new Ministry of Information Technology и Связь in 2000 has resulted in improvements in the system; wireless service is expensive и must be paid in convertible pesos which effectively limits mobile cellular subscribership
внутри страны: national fiber-optic system under development; 95% of switches digitized by end of 2006; fixed telephone line density remains low, at less than 10 per 100 inhabitants; domestic cellular service expanding but remains at only about 2 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 53; fiber-optic cable laid to but not linked to US network; satellite earth station - 1 Intersputnik (Атлантический океан region)
Кипр общая оценка: excellent in both area under government control и area administered by Turkish Cypriots
внутри страны: open-wire, fiber-optic cable, и microwave radio relay
международные: код страны - 357 (area administered by Turkish Cypriots uses the код страны Турции - 90); a number of submarine cables, including the SEA-ME-WE-3, combine to provide connectivity to Western Europe, the Middle East, и Азия; tropospheric scatter; satellite earth stations - 8 (3 Intelsat - 1 Атлантический океан и 2 Индийский океан, 2 Eutelsat, 2 Intersputnik, и 1 Arabsat)
Чешская республика общая оценка: privatization и modernization of the Czech telecommunication system got a late start but is advancing steadily; access to the fixed-line telephone network expanded throughout the 1990s; mobile telephone usage increased sharply beginning in the mid-1990s и there are now about 120 mobile telephones per 100 persons
внутри страны: 93% of exchanges now digital; existing медь subscriber systems enhanced with Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) equipment to accommodate Интернет и other digital signals; trunk systems include fiber-optic cable и microwave radio relay
международные: код страны - 420; satellite earth stations - 6 (2 Intersputnik - Atlantic и Индийский океан regions, 1 Intelsat, 1 Eutelsat, 1 Inmarsat, 1 Globalstar) (2007)
Дания общая оценка: excellent telephone и telegraph services
внутри страны: buried и submarine cables и microwave radio relay form trunk network, 4 cellular mobile communications systems
международные: код страны - 45; a series of fiber-optic submarine cables link Дания with Канада, Фарерские Острова, Германия, Исландия, Нидерланды, Норвегия, Польша, Россия, Швеция, и Великобритания; satellite earth stations - 18 (6 Intelsat, 10 Eutelsat, 1 Orion, 1 Inmarsat (Blaavand-Atlantic-East)); note - the Nordic countries (Дания, Финляндия, Исландия, Норвегия, и Швеция) share the Danish earth station и the Eik, Норвегия, station for worldwide Inmarsat access
Джибути общая оценка: telephone facilities in the city Джибути are adequate, as are the microwave radio relay connections to outlying areas of the country
внутри страны: microwave radio relay network; mobile cellular coverage is limited to the area in и around Джибути city
международные: код страны - 253; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-3 optical телекоммуникации submarine cable with links to Азия, the Middle East, и Europe; satellite earth stations - 2 (1 Intelsat - Индийский океан и 1 Arabsat); Medarabtel regional microwave radio relay telephone network
Доминика общая оценка: нет
внутри страны: fully automatic network
международные: код страны - 1-767; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the Британские Виргинские острова to Trinidad; microwave radio relay и SHF radiotelephone links to Martinique и Guadeloupe; VHF и UHF radiotelephone links to Сент-Люсия
Доминиканская республика общая оценка: relatively efficient system based on island-wide microwave radio relay network
внутри страны: fixed telephone line density is about 10 per 100 persons; multiple providers of mobile cellular service with a subscribership of roughly 50 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 1-809; landing point for the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) fiber-optic телекоммуникации submarine cable that provides links to South и Central America, parts of the Caribbean, и US; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Эквадор общая оценка: generally elementary but being expanded
внутри страны: fixed-line services provided by three state-owned enterprises; plans to transfer the state-owned operators to private ownership have repeatedly failed; fixed-line density stands at about 13 per 100 persons; mobile cellular use has surged и has a subscribership of nearly 65 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 593; landing point for the PAN-AM submarine телекоммуникации cable that provides links to the запад coast of South America, Панама, Колумбия, Венесуэлa, и extending onward to Аруба и the US Виргинские Острова (Британские) in the Caribbean; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан) (2007)
Египет общая оценка: large system; underwent extensive upgrading during 1990s и is reasonably modern; Telecom Египет, the landline monopoly, has been increasing service availability и in 2006 fixed-line density stood at 14 per 100 persons; as of 2007 there were three mobile-cellular networks и service is expanding rapidly
внутри страны: principal centers at Alexandria, Cairo, Al Mansurah, Ismailia, Suez, и Tanta are connected by coaxial cable и microwave radio relay
международные: код страны - 20; landing point for both the SEA-ME-WE-3 AND SEA-ME-WE-4 submarine cable networks; linked to the international submarine cable FLAG (Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe); satellite earth stations - 4 (2 Intelsat - Атлантический океан и Индийский океан, 1 Arabsat, и 1 Inmarsat); tropospheric scatter to Судан; microwave radio relay to Израиль; a participant in Medarabtel
Сальвадор общая оценка: the four mobile-cellular service providers are expanding services rapidly и in 2006 mobile-cellular density stood at roughly 55 per 100 persons; growth in fixed-line services has slowed in the face of mobile-cellular competition
внутри страны: nationwide microwave radio relay system
международные: код страны - 503; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан); connected to Central American Microwave System
Экваториальная Гвинея общая оценка: digital fixed-line network in most major urban areas и good mobile coverage
внутри страны: fixed-line density is about 2 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular subscribership has been increasing и in 2005 stood at about 20 percent of the population
международные: код страны - 240; international communications from Bata и Malabo to African и European countries; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Индийский океан)
Эритрея общая оценка: inadequate
внутри страны: inadequate; most telephones are in Asmara; government is seeking international tenders to improve the system (2002)
международные: код страны - 291; note - international connections exist
Эстония общая оценка: foreign investment in the form of joint business ventures greatly improved telephone service; substantial fiber-optic cable systems carry telephone, TV, и radio traffic in the digital mode; Интернет services are widely available; schools и libraries are connected to the Интернет, a large percentage of the population files income-tax returns online, и online voting was used for the first time in the 2005 local elections
внутри страны: a wide range of high quality voice, data, и Интернет services is available throughout the country
международные: код страны - 372; fiber-optic cables to Финляндия, Швеция, Латвия, и Россия provide worldwide packet-switched service; 2 international switches are located in Tallinn (2001)
Эфиопия общая оценка: inadequate telephone system; the number of fixed lines и mobile telephones is increasing from a very small base; combined fixed и mobile-cellular teledensity is only about 2 per 100 persons
внутри страны: open-wire; microwave radio relay; radio communication in the HF, VHF, и UHF frequencies; 2 domestic satellites provide the national trunk service
международные: код страны - 251; open-wire to Судан и Джибути; microwave radio relay to Кения и Джибути; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Атлантический океан и 2 Тихий океан)
Европейское сообщество note - see individual country entries of member states
Фолклендские ( Мальвинские) осторова общая оценка: нет
внутри страны: government-operated radiotelephone и private VHF/CB radiotelephone networks provide принята service to almost all points on both islands
международные: код страны - 500; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан) with links through London to other countries
Фарерские Острова общая оценка: good international communications; good domestic facilities
внутри страны: digitalization was completed in 1998; both NMT (analog) и GSM (digital) mobile telephone systems are installed
международные: код страны - 298; satellite earth stations - 1 Orion; 1 fiber-optic submarine cable to the Shetland Islands, linking the Фарерские Острова with Дания и Исландия; fiber-optic submarine cable connection to Канада-Europe cable
Фиджи общая оценка: modern local, interisland, и international (wire/radio integrated) public и special-purpose telephone, telegraph, и teleprinter facilities; regional radio communications center
внутри страны: telephone или radio telephone links to almost all inhabited islands; most towns и large villages have automatic telephone exchanges и direct dialing; combined fixed и mobile-cellular density is about 35 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 679; access to important cable links between US и Канада as well as between NZ и Австралия; satellite earth stations - 2 Inmarsat (Тихий океан)
Финляндия общая оценка: modern system with excellent service
внутри страны: digital fiber-optic fixed-line network и an extensive cellular network provide domestic needs
международные: код страны - 358; submarine cables provide links to Эстония и Швеция; satellite earth stations - access to Intelsat transmission service via a Swedish satellite earth station, 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic и Индийский океан regions); note - Финляндия shares the Inmarsat earth station with the other Nordic countries (Дания, Исландия, Норвегия, и Швеция)
Франция общая оценка: highly developed
внутри страны: extensive cable и microwave radio relay; extensive introduction of fiber-optic cable; domestic satellite system
международные: код страны - 33; numerous submarine cables provide links throughout Europe, Азия, Австралия, the Middle East, и US; satellite earth stations - more than 3 (2 Intelsat (with total of 5 antennas - 2 for Индийский океан и 3 for Атлантический океан), нет Eutelsat, 1 Inmarsat - Атлантический океан region); HF radiotelephone communications with more than 20 countries
overseas departments: country codes: French Guiana - 594; Guadeloupe - 590; Martinique - 596; Reunion - 262
Французская Полинезия общая оценка: нет
внутри страны: нет
международные: код страны - 689; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Тихий океан)
Габон общая оценка: adequate service by African standards и improving with the help of a growing mobile cell network system with three providers; mobile-cellular subscribership exceeded 50 per 100 persons in 2006
внутри страны: adequate system of cable, microwave radio relay, tropospheric scatter, radiotelephone communication stations, и a domestic satellite system with 12 earth stations
международные: код страны - 241; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe и Азия; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Гамбия общая оценка: adequate; a packet switched data network is available; two mobile-cellular service providers
внутри страны: adequate network of microwave radio relay и open-wire; combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular teledensity approaching 30 telephones per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 220; microwave radio relay links to Сенегал и Гвинея-Бисау; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан) (1997)
Сектор Газa общая оценка: нет
внутри страны: Israeli company BEZEK и the Palestinian company PALTEL are responsible for fixed line services; the Palestinian JAWAL company provides cellular services
международные: код страны - 970 (2004)
Грузия общая оценка: fixed-line телекоммуникации network has only limited coverage outside Tbilisi; multiple mobile-cellular providers provide services to an increasing subscribership throughout the country
внутри страны: cellular telephone networks now cover the entire country; urban telephone density is about 20 per 100 people; rural telephone density is about 4 per 100 people; intercity facilities include a fiber-optic line between T'bilisi и K'ut'aisi; nationwide pager service is available
международные: код страны - 995; the Грузия-Россия fiber optic submarine cable provides connectivity to Россия; international service is available by microwave, landline, и satellite through the Moscow switch; international electronic mail и telex service are available
Германия общая оценка: Германия has один of the world's most technologically advanced телекоммуникации systems; as a result of intensive capital expenditures since reunification, the formerly backward system of the eastern part of the country, dating back to Мир War II, has been modernized и integrated with that of the western part
внутри страны: Германия is served by an extensive system of automatic telephone exchanges connected by modern networks of fiber-optic cable, coaxial cable, microwave radio relay, и a domestic satellite system; cellular telephone service is widely available, expanding rapidly, и включая roaming service to many foreign countries
международные: код страны - 49; Германия's international service is excellent worldwide, consisting of extensive land и undersea cable facilities as well as earth stations in the Inmarsat, Intelsat, Eutelsat, и Intersputnik satellite systems (2001)
Гана общая оценка: fixed-line infrastructure outdated и unreliable; competition among multiple mobile-cellular providers has spurred growth with subscribership about 25 per 100 persons и rising
внутри страны: primarily microwave radio relay; wireless local loop has been installed
международные: код страны - 233; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe и Азия; satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat (Атлантический океан); microwave radio relay link to Panaftel system connects Гана to its neighbors
Гибралтар: заморская территория Великобритании общая оценка: adequate, automatic domestic system и adequate international facilities
внутри страны: automatic exchange facilities
международные: код страны - 350; radiotelephone; microwave radio relay; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Греция общая оценка: adequate, modern networks reach all areas; good mobile telephone и international service
внутри страны: microwave radio relay trunk system; extensive open-wire connections; submarine cable to offshore islands
международные: код страны - 30; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-3 optical телекоммуникации submarine cable that provides links to Europe, Middle East, и Азия; a number of smaller submarine cables provide connectivity to various parts of Europe, the Middle East, и Кипр; tropospheric scatter; satellite earth stations - 4 (2 Intelsat - 1 Атлантический океан и 1 Индийский океан, 1 Eutelsat, и 1 Inmarsat - Индийский океан region)
Гренландия общая оценка: adequate domestic и international service provided by satellite, cables и microwave radio relay; totally digitalized in 1995
внутри страны: microwave radio relay и satellite
международные: код страны - 299; satellite earth stations - 15 (12 Intelsat, 1 Eutelsat, 2 Americom GE-2 (all Атлантический океан)) (2000)
Гренада общая оценка: automatic, islandwide telephone system
внутри страны: interisland VHF и UHF radiotelephone links
международные: код страны - 1-473; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the Британские Виргинские острова to Trinidad; SHF radiotelephone links to Тринидад и Тобаго и Saint Vincent; VHF и UHF radio links to Trinidad
Гуам общая оценка: modern system, integrated with US facilities for direct dialing, including free use of 800 numbers
внутри страны: modern digital system, including cellular mobile service и local access to the Интернет
международные: код страны - 1-671; major landing point for submarine cables between Азия и the US (Гуам is a trans-Pacific communications hub for major carriers linking the US и Азия); satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Тихий океан)
Гватемала общая оценка: fairly modern network centered in the city Гватемалы
внутри страны: state-owned телекоммуникации company privatized in the late 1990s opening the way for competition; fixed-line teledensity 11 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity approaching 60 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 502; landing point for both the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) и the SAM-1 fiber optic submarine cable system that together provide connectivity to South и Central America, parts of the Caribbean, и the US; connected to Central American Microwave System; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Гернси: коронная земля Великобритании общая оценка: нет
внутри страны: нет
международные: 1 submarine cable
Гвинея общая оценка: inadequate system of open-wire lines, small radiotelephone communication stations, и new microwave radio relay system
внутри страны: Conakry reasonably well served; coverage elsewhere remains inadequate и large companies tend to rely on their own systems for nationwide links; combined fixed и mobile-cellular teledensity is about 2 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 224; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Гвинея-Бисау общая оценка: small system
внутри страны: combination of microwave radio relay, open-wire lines, radiotelephone, и cellular communications; fixed-line teledensity less than 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity reached 7 per 100 in 2005
международные: код страны - 245
Гвиана общая оценка: fair system for long-distance service
внутри страны: microwave radio relay network for trunk lines; fixed-line teledensity is about 15 per 100 persons; many areas still lack fixed-line telephone services; mobile-cellular teledensity reached 37 per 100 persons in 2005
международные: код страны - 592; tropospheric scatter to Trinidad; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Гаити общая оценка: domestic facilities barely adequate; international facilities slightly better; telephone density in Гаити remains the lowest in the Latin American и Caribbean region
внутри страны: coaxial cable и microwave radio relay trunk service; combined fixed и mobile-cellular teledensity is about 8 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 509; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Ватикан общая оценка: automatic digital exchange
внутри страны: connected via fiber optic cable to Telecom Italia network
международные: код страны - 39; uses Italian system
Гондурас общая оценка: inadequate system
внутри страны: beginning in 2003, private sub-operators allowed to provide fixed-lines in order to expand telephone coverage; fixed-line teledensity has increased to about 10 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular telephone service has been increasing rapidly и subscribership in 2006 exceeded 30 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 504; landing point for both the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) и the MAYA-1 fiber optic submarine cable system that together provide connectivity to South и Central America, parts of the Caribbean, и the US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Атлантический океан); connected to Central American Microwave System
Гонконг общая оценка: modern facilities provide excellent domestic и international services
внутри страны: microwave radio relay links и extensive fiber-optic network
международные: код страны - 852; multiple international submarine cables provide connections to Азия, US, Австралия, the Middle East, и Western Europe; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Тихий океан и 2 Индийский океан); coaxial cable to Guangzhou, Китай
Венгрия общая оценка: the telephone system has been modernized и is capable of satisfying all requests for telecommunication service
внутри страны: the system is digitalized и highly automated; trunk services are carried by fiber-optic cable и digital microwave radio relay; a program for fiber-optic subscriber connections was initiated in 1996; competition among mobile-cellular service providers has led to a sharp increase in the use of mobile cellular phones since 2000 и a decrease in the number of fixed-line connections
международные: код страны - 36; Венгрия has fiber-optic cable connections with all neighboring countries; the international switch is in Budapest; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Атлантический океан и Индийский океан regions), 1 Inmarsat, 1 very small aperture terminal (VSAT) system of ground terminals
Исландия общая оценка: телекоммуникации infrastructure is modern и fully digitized, with satellite-earth stations, fiber-optic cables, и an extensive broadband network
внутри страны: liberalization of the телекоммуникации sector beginning in the late 1990s has led to increased competition especially in the mobile services segment of the market
международные: код страны - 354; the CANTAT-3 и FARICE-1 submarine cable systems provide connectivity to Канада, the Фарерские Острова, Великобритания, Дания, и Германия; a planned new section of the Hibernia-Atlantic submarine cable will provide additional connectivity to Канада, US, и Ирландия; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Атлантический океан), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic и Индийский океан regions); note - Исландия shares the Inmarsat earth station with the other Nordic countries (Дания, Финляндия, Норвегия, и Швеция)
Индия общая оценка: recent deregulation и liberalization of телекоммуникации laws и policies have prompted rapid growth; local и long distance service provided throughout all regions of the country, with services primarily concentrated in the urban areas; steady improvement is taking place with the recent admission of private и private-public investors, but combined fixed и mobile telephone density remains low at about 20 for each 100 persons nationwide и much lower for persons in rural areas; fastest growth is in cellular service with modest growth in fixed lines
внутри страны: mobile cellular service introduced in 1994 и organized nationwide into four metropolitan areas и 19 telecom circles each with about three private service providers и один state-owned service provider; in recent лет significant trunk capacity added in the form of fiber-optic cable и один of the world's largest domestic satellite systems, the Indian National Satellite system (INSAT), with 6 satellites supporting 33,000 very small aperture terminals (VSAT)
международные: код страны - 91; a number of major international submarine cable systems, including Sea-Me-We-3 with landing sites at Cochin и Mumbai (Bombay), Sea-Me-We-4 with a landing site at Chennai, Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) with a landing site at Mumbai (Bombay), Южно-Африканская Республика - Far East (SAFE) with a landing site at Cochin, the i2i cable network linking to Сингапур with landing sites at Mumbai (Bombay) и Chennai (Madras), и Tata Indicom linking Сингапур и Chennai (Madras), provide a significant increase in the bandwidth available for both voice и data traffic; satellite earth stations - 8 Intelsat (Индийский океан) и 1 Inmarsat (Индийский океан region); 9 gateway exchanges operating from Mumbai (Bombay), New Delhi, Kolkata (Calcutta), Chennai (Madras), Jalandhar, Kanpur, Gandhinagar, Hyderabad, и Ernakulam
Индонeзия общая оценка: domestic service fair, international service good
внутри страны: interisland microwave system и HF radio police net; domestic satellite communications system; coverage provided by existing network has been expanded by use of over 200,000 telephone kiosks many located in remote areas
международные: код страны - 62; landing point for both the SEA-ME-WE-3 AND SEA-ME-WE-4 submarine cable networks that provide links throughout Азия, the Middle East, и Europe; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Индийский океан и 1 Тихий океан)
Иран общая оценка: currently being modernized и expanded with the goal of not only improving the efficiency и increasing the volume of the urban service but also bringing telephone service to several thousand villages, not presently connected
внутри страны: the addition of new fiber cables и modern switching и exchange systems installed by Иран's state-owned telecom company have improved и expanded the main line network greatly; main line availability has more than doubled to 22 миллионов lines since 2000; additionally, mobile service has increased dramatically serving nearly 13.7 миллионов subscribers in 2006
международные: код страны - 98; submarine fiber-optic cable to UAE with access to Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG); Trans-Азия-Europe (TAE) fiber-optic line runs from Азербайджан through the northern portion Ирана to Туркменистан with expansion to Грузия и Азербайджан; HF radio и microwave radio relay to Турция, Азербайджан, Пакистан, Афганистан, Туркменистан, Сирия, Кювейт, Таджикистан, и Узбекистан; satellite earth stations - 13 (9 Intelsat и 4 Inmarsat) (2006)
Ирак общая оценка: the 2003 liberation Ирака severely disrupted телекоммуникации throughout Ирак including international connections; widespread government efforts to rebuild domestic и international communications through fiber optic links are in progress; the mobile cellular market has expanded rapidly with an estimated 10.9 миллионов current users
внутри страны: repairs to switches и lines destroyed during 2003 continue; additional switching capacity is improving access; cellular service is available и centered on 3 GSM networks which are being expanded beyond their regional roots, improving country-wide connectivity; wireless local loop licences have been issued with the hope of overcoming the lack of fixed-line infrastructure
международные: код страны - 964; satellite earth stations - 4 (2 Intelsat - 1 Атлантический океан и 1 Индийский океан, 1 Intersputnik - Атлантический океан region, и 1 Arabsat (inoperative)); local microwave radio relay connects border regions to Иордания, Кювейт, Сирия, и Турция; planned international fiber-optic connections to Иран (terrestrial) with a link to the Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) submarine fiber-optic cable (2007)
Ирландия общая оценка: modern digital system using cable и microwave radio relay
внутри страны: microwave radio relay
международные: код страны - 353; landing point for the Hibernia-Atlantic submarine cable with links to the US, Канада, и Великобритания; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Остров Мэн общая оценка: нет
внутри страны: landline, telefax, mobile cellular telephone system
международные: fiber-optic cable, microwave radio relay, satellite earth station, submarine cable
Израиль общая оценка: most highly developed system in the Middle East although not the largest
внутри страны: good system of coaxial cable и microwave radio relay; all systems are digital; four privately-owned mobile-cellular service providers with countrywide coverage; mobile-cellular teledensity is more than 130 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 972; submarine cables provide links to Europe, Кипр, и parts of the Middle East; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Атлантический океан и 1 Индийский океан)
Италия общая оценка: modern, well developed, fast; fully automated telephone, telex, и data services
внутри страны: high-capacity cable и microwave radio relay trunks
международные: код страны - 39; a series of submarine cables provide links to Азия, Middle East, Europe, Северный Africa, и US; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (with a total of 5 antennas - 3 for Атлантический океан и 2 for Индийский океан), 1 Inmarsat (Атлантический океан region), и нет Eutelsat
Ямайка общая оценка: fully automatic domestic telephone network
внутри страны: the 1999 agreement to open the market for телекоммуникации services resulted in rapid growth in mobile-cellular telephone usage; mobile-cellular teledensity now exceeds 100 per 100 persons; the number of fixed-lines in use has been declining
международные: код страны - 1-876; the Fibralink submarine cable network provides enhanced delivery of business и broadband traffic и is linked to the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) submarine cable in the Доминиканская республика; the link to ARCOS-1 provides seamless connectivity to US, parts of the Caribbean, Central America, и South America; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Япония общая оценка: excellent domestic и international service
внутри страны: high level of modern technology и excellent service of every kind
международные: код страны - 81; numerous submarine cables provide links throughout Азия, Австралия, the Middle East, Europe, и US; satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (4 Тихий океан и 1 Индийский океан), 1 Intersputnik (Индийский океан region), и 1 Inmarsat (Pacific и Индийский океан regions
Джерси: коронная земля Великобритании общая оценка: нет
внутри страны: нет
международные: submarine cable connectivity to Гернси: коронная земля Великобритании и Великобритания
Иордания общая оценка: service has improved recently with increased use of digital switching equipment; microwave radio relay transmission и coaxial и fiber-optic cable are employed on trunk lines; growing mobile-cellular usage in both urban и rural areas is reducing use of fixed-line services; Интернет penetration remains modest и slow-growing
внутри страны: 1995 телекоммуникации law opened all non-fixed-line services to private competition; in 2005, monopoly over fixed-line services terminated и the entire телекоммуникации sector was opened to competition; mobile-cellular usage is increasing rapidly и teledensity is approaching 75 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 962; landing point for the Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) submarine cable network that provides links to Азия, Middle East, Europe; satellite earth stations - 33 (3 Intelsat, 1 Arabsat, и 29 land и maritime Inmarsat terminals); fiber-optic cable to Саудовская Аравия и microwave radio relay link with Египет и Сирия; participant in Medarabtel
Казахстан общая оценка: inherited an outdated телекоммуникации network from the Soviet era requiring modernization
внутри страны: intercity by landline и microwave radio relay; number of fixed-line connections is gradually increasing и fixed-line teledensity is about 20 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular usage is increasing rapidly и subscriptions now exceed 50 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 7; international traffic with other former Soviet republics и Китай carried by landline и microwave radio relay и with other countries by satellite и by the Trans-Азия-Europe (TAE) fiber-optic cable; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat
Кения общая оценка: inadequate; fixed-line telephone system is small и inefficient; trunks are primarily microwave radio relay; business data commonly transferred by a very small aperture terminal (VSAT) system
внутри страны: no recent growth in fixed-line infrastructure и the sole provider, Telkom Кения, is slated for privatization; multiple providers in the mobile-cellular segment of the market fostering a boom in mobile-cellular telephone usage
международные: код страны - 254; satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat
Кирибати общая оценка: generally good quality national и international service
внутри страны: wire line service available on Tarawa и Kiritimati (Рождества Остров); connections to outer islands by HF/VHF radiotelephone; wireless service available in Tarawa since 1999
международные: код страны - 686; Кирибати is being linked to the Тихий океан Cooperative Telecommunications Network, which should improve telephone service; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Тихий океан)
Северная Корея общая оценка: нет
внутри страны: нет
международные: код страны - 850; satellite earth stations - 2 (1 Intelsat - Индийский океан, 1 Russian - Индийский океан region); other international connections through Moscow и Beijing
Южная Корея общая оценка: excellent domestic и international services
внутри страны: нет
международные: код страны - 82; numerous submarine cables provide links throughout Азия, Австралия, the Middle East, Europe, и US; satellite earth stations - 6 (3 Intelsat - 1 Тихий океан и 2 Индийский океан, 3 Inmarsat - 1 Тихий океан и 2 Индийский океан)
Кювейт общая оценка: the quality of service is excellent
внутри страны: new telephone exchanges provide a large capacity for new subscribers; trunk traffic is carried by microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, и open-wire и fiber-optic cable; a cellular telephone system operates throughout Кювейт, и the country is well supplied with pay telephones
международные: код страны - 965; linked to international submarine cable Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG); linked to Бахрейн, Катар, UAE via the Fiber-Optic Gulf (FOG) cable; coaxial cable и microwave radio relay to Саудовская Аравия; satellite earth stations - 6 (3 Intelsat - 1 Атлантический океан и 2 Индийский океан, 1 Inmarsat - Атлантический океан, и 2 Arabsat)
Киргизия общая оценка: телекоммуникации infrastructure is growing; fixed line penetration remains low и concentrated in urban areas
внутри страны: 4 mobile cellular service providers with growing coverage
международные: код страны - 996; connections with other CIS countries by landline или microwave radio relay и with other countries by leased connections with Moscow international gateway switch и by satellite; satellite earth stations - 2 (1 Intersputnik, 1 Intelsat); connected internationally by the Trans-Азия-Europe (TAE) fiber-optic line (2006)
Лаоc общая оценка: service to general public is poor but improving; the government relies on a radiotelephone network to communicate with remote areas
внутри страны: multiple service providers; combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular subscribership about 10 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 856; satellite earth station - 1 Intersputnik (Индийский океан region)
Латвия общая оценка: recent efforts focused on bringing competition to the телекоммуникации sector; the number of fixed lines is decreasing as wireless telephony expands
внутри страны: number of телекоммуникации operators has grown rapidly since the fixed-line market opened to competition in 2003; combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular subscribership is roughly 125 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 371; the Latvian network is now connected via fiber optic cable to Эстония, Финляндия, и Швеция
Ливан общая оценка: repair of the телекоммуникации system, severely damaged during the civil war, now complete
внутри страны: two wireless networks provide good service; political instability hampers privatization и deployment of new technologies; combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular subscribership approaching 50 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 961; submarine cable link to Кипр; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Индийский океан и 1 Атлантический океан); coaxial cable to Сирия
Лесото общая оценка: rudimentary system consisting of a modest but growing number of landlines, a small microwave radio relay system, и a small radiotelephone communication system; mobile-cellular telephone system is expanding
внутри страны: privatized in 2001, Telecom Лесото tasked with providing an additional 50,000 fixed-line connections within five лет, a target not met; mobile-cellular service is expanding with a subscribership approaching 15 per 100 persons; rural services are scant
международные: код страны - 266; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Либерия общая оценка: the limited services available are found almost exclusively in the capital Monrovia; coverage extended to a number of other towns и rural areas by four mobile-cellular network operators
внутри страны: combined fixed и mobile-cellular teledensity only about 5 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 231; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Либия общая оценка: телекоммуникации system is being modernized; mobile cellular telephone system became operational in 1996; combined fixed line и mobile telephone density reached 75 telephones per 100 persons in 2006
внутри страны: microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, cellular, tropospheric scatter, и a domestic satellite system with 14 earth stations
международные: код страны - 218; satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat, нет Arabsat, и нет Intersputnik; submarine cables to Франция и Италия; microwave radio relay to Тунис и Египет; tropospheric scatter to Греция; participant in Medarabtel (1999)
Лихтенштейн общая оценка: automatic telephone system
внутри страны: нет
международные: код страны - 423; linked to Swiss networks by cable и microwave radio relay
Литва общая оценка: adequate; being modernized to provide improved international capability и better residential access
внутри страны: rapid expansion of mobile-cellular services has resulted in a steady decline in the number of main line subscriptions; mobile-cellular teledensity has increased to about 135 per 100 persons while fixed-line teledensity has dropped to 22 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 370; major international connections to Дания, Швеция, и Норвегия by submarine cable for further transmission by satellite; landline connections to Латвия и Польша
Люксембург общая оценка: highly developed, completely automated и efficient system, mainly buried cables
внутри страны: nationwide cellular telephone system; market for mobile-cellular phones is virtually saturated with roughly 150 cellular phones per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 352
Macau общая оценка: fairly modern communication facilities maintained for domestic и international services
внутри страны: termination of monopoly over mobile-cellular telephone services in 2001 spurred sharp increase in subscriptions with mobile-cellular teledensity approaching 140 per 100 persons in 2006; fixed-line teledensity about 40 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 853; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-3 submarine cable network that provides links to Азия, the Middle East, и Europe; HF radiotelephone communication facility; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Индийский океан)
Македония общая оценка: competition from the mobile-cellular segment of the телекоммуникации market has led to a drop in fixed-line telephone subscriptions
внутри страны: combined fixed line и mobile telephone density exceeds 90 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 389
Мадагаскар общая оценка: system is above average for the region; Antananarivo's main telephone exchange modernized, but the rest of the analogue-based telephone system is poorly developed; planning to add 50,000 new private-subscriber fixed lines beginning in 2005
внутри страны: combined fixed-line и mobile telephone density only about 7 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 261; submarine cable to Бахрейн; satellite earth stations - 2 (1 Intelsat - Индийский океан, 1 Intersputnik - Атлантический океан region)
Малави общая оценка: rudimentary
внутри страны: fixed-line subscribership remains less than 1 per 100 persons; privatization Малави Telecommunications (MTL), a necessary step in bringing improvement to телекоммуникации services, completed in 2006; mobile-cellular services are expanding but cellular network coverage is limited и is based around the main urban areas
международные: код страны - 265; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Индийский океан, 1 Атлантический океан)
Малазия общая оценка: modern system; international service excellent
внутри страны: good intercity service provided on Peninsular Малазия mainly by microwave radio relay; adequate intercity microwave radio relay network between Sabah и Sarawak via Бруней; domestic satellite system with 2 earth stations; combined fixed-line и mobile cellular teledensity approaching 100 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 60; landing point for several major international submarine cable networks that provide connectivity to Азия, Middle East, и Europe; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Индийский океан, 1 Тихий океан) (2001)
Мальдивы общая оценка: telephone services have improved; each island now has at least 1 public telephone, и there are mobile cellular networks with rapidly expanding subscribership
внутри страны: interatoll communication through microwave links; all inhabited islands и resorts are connected with telephone и fax service
международные: код страны - 960; linked to international submarine cable Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG); satellite earth station - 3 Intelsat (Индийский океан)
Мали общая оценка: domestic system unreliable but improving; provides only minimal service
внутри страны: fixed-line availability is gradually increasing, but subscribership remains less than 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular subscribership has increased sharply to 13 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 223; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Атлантический океан, 1 Индийский океан)
Мальта общая оценка: automatic system satisfies normal requirements; fixed-line teledensity 50 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity about 90 per 100 persons
внутри страны: submarine cable и microwave radio relay between islands
международные: код страны - 356; submarine cable connects to Италия; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Маршалловы Острова общая оценка: digital switching equipment; modern services include telex, cellular, Интернет, international calling, caller ID, и leased data circuits
внутри страны: Majuro Atoll и Ebeye и Kwajalein islands have regular, seven-digit, direct-dial telephones; other islands interconnected by high frequency radiotelephone (used mostly for government purposes) и mini-satellite telephones
международные: код страны - 692; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Тихий океан); US Правление satellite communications system on Kwajalein (2001)
Мавритания общая оценка: limited system of cable и open-wire lines, minor microwave radio relay links, и radiotelephone communications stations; mobile-cellular services expanding rapidly
внутри страны: Mauritel, the national телекоммуникации company, was privatized in 2001 but remains the monopoly provider of fixed-line services; fixed-line teledensity 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular network coverage extends mainly to urban areas with a teledensity approaching 35 per 100 persons; mostly cable и open-wire lines; a domestic satellite телекоммуникации system links Nouakchott with regional capitals
международные: код страны - 222; satellite earth stations - 3 (1 Intelsat - Атлантический океан, 2 Arabsat)
Маврикий общая оценка: small system with good service
внутри страны: monopoly over fixed-line services terminated in 2005; fixed-line teledensity roughly 30 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular services launched in 1989 with teledensity in 2006 exceeding 60 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 230; landing point for the SAFE submarine cable that provides links to Азия и Южно-Африканская Республика where it connects to the SAT-3/WASC submarine cable that provides further links to parts of East Africa, и Europe; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Индийский океан); new microwave link to Reunion; HF radiotelephone links to several countries
Майотта: заморская территория Франции общая оценка: small system administered by French Department of Posts и Telecommunications
внутри страны: нет
международные: код страны - 262; microwave radio relay и HF radiotelephone communications to Коморские Острова
Мексика общая оценка: adequate telephone service for business и government, but the population is poorly served; mobile subscribers far outnumber fixed-line subscribers; domestic satellite system with 120 earth stations; extensive microwave radio relay network; considerable use of fiber-optic cable и coaxial cable
внутри страны: low telephone density with about 18 fixed lines per 100 persons; privatized in December 1990; despite the opening to competition in January 1997, Telmex remains dominant; legal challenges to Telmex's alleged anti-competitive behavior in the mobile и fixed-line markets culminated in a Мир Trade Organization ruling in 2004 against Мексика prompting some strengthening of the powers granted Мексика's telecom regulator
международные: код страны - 52; Columbus-2 fiber-optic submarine cable with access to the US, Виргинские Острова (Британские) , Canary Islands, Испания, и Италия; the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) и the MAYA-1 submarine cable system together provide access to Central America, parts of South America и the Caribbean, и the US; satellite earth stations - 120 (32 Intelsat, 2 Solidaridad (giving Мексика improved access to South America, Central America, и much of the US as well as enhancing domestic communications), 1 Panamsat, numerous Inmarsat mobile earth stations); linked to Central American Microwave System of trunk connections (2005)
Микронезия общая оценка: adequate system
внутри страны: islands interconnected by коротковолновый диапазон radiotelephone (used mostly for government purposes), satellite (Intelsat) ground stations, и some coaxial и fiber-optic cable; cellular service available on Kosrae, Pohnpei, и Yap
международные: код страны - 691; satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (Тихий океан) (2002)
Молдавия общая оценка: inadequate, outmoded, poor service outside Chisinau; some modernization is under way
внутри страны: depending on location, new subscribers may face long wait for service; multiple private operators of GSM mobile-cellular telephone service are operating; GPRS system is being introduced; a CDMA mobile telephone network began operations in 2007
международные: код страны - 373; service through Румыния и Россия via landline; satellite earth stations - at least 3 (Intelsat, Eutelsat, и Intersputnik) (2006)
Монако общая оценка: modern automatic telephone system
внутри страны: нет
международные: код страны - 377; no satellite earth stations; connected by cable into the French communications system
Монголия общая оценка: network is improving with international direct dialing available in many areas
внутри страны: very low fixed-line density; there are multiple mobile cellular service providers и subscribership is increasing rapidly; a fiber-optic network is also being installed that will improve broadband и communication services between major urban centers
международные: код страны - 976; satellite earth stations - 7
Монтенегро общая оценка: modern телекоммуникации system with access to European satellites
внутри страны: GSM wireless service, available through 2 providers with national coverage, is growing rapidly
международные: код страны - 382; 2 international switches connect the national system
Монтсеррат: заморская территория Великобритании общая оценка: modern и fully digitalized
внутри страны: нет
международные: код страны - 1-664; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS) optic submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the Британские Виргинские острова to Trinidad
Мороккo общая оценка: modern system with all important capabilities; however, density is low with only 4 fixed lines available for each 100 persons; mobile-cellular subscribership is approaching 50 per 100 persons
внутри страны: good system composed of open-wire lines, cables, и microwave radio relay links; Интернет available but expensive; principal switching centers are Casablanca и Rabat; national network nearly 100% digital using fiber-optic links; improved rural service employs microwave radio relay
международные: код страны - 212; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-3 optical телекоммуникации submarine cable that provides connectivity to Азия, the Middle East, и Europe; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Атлантический океан) и 1 Arabsat; microwave radio relay to Гибралтар: заморская территория Великобритании, Испания, и Западная Сахара; coaxial cable и microwave radio relay to Алжир; participant in Medarabtel; fiber-optic cable link from Agadir to Алжир и Тунис
Мозамбик общая оценка: fair system with an extremely low density of less than 1 fixed line per 100 persons
внутри страны: the телекоммуникации sector is shackled with a heavy state presence, lack of competition, и high operating costs и charges; stagnation in the fixed-line network contrasts with rapid growth in the mobile-cellular network; mobile-cellular coverage now включая all the main cities и key roads, including those from Maputo to the South African и Свазиленд borders, the national highway through Gaza и Inhambane provinces, the Beira corridor, и from Nampula to Nacala
международные: код страны - 258; satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (2 Атлантический океан и 3 Индийский океан)
Намибия общая оценка: good system with a combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular teledensity of about 30 per 100 persons
внутри страны: core fiber-optic network links most centers и connections are now digital; Намибия's first mobile-cellular network, launched in 1994, provides coverage to 86 percent Намибии by area
международные: код страны - 264; fiber-optic cable to Южно-Африканская Республика, microwave radio relay link to Ботсвана, direct links to other neighboring countries; connected to the South African Far East (SAFE) submarine cable through Южно-Африканская Республика; satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat
Науру общая оценка: adequate local и international radiotelephone communication provided via Australian facilities
внутри страны: нет
международные: код страны - 674; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Тихий океан)
Непал общая оценка: poor telephone и telegraph service; fair radiotelephone communication service и mobile-cellular telephone network
внутри страны: нет
международные: код страны - 977; radiotelephone communications; microwave landline to Индия; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Индийский океан)
Нидерланды общая оценка: highly developed и well maintained
внутри страны: extensive fixed-line fiber-optic network; cellular telephone system is один of the largest in Europe with 5 major network operators utilizing the third generation of the Global System for Mobile Связь (GSM)
международные: код страны - 31; submarine cables provide links to the US и Europe; satellite earth stations - 5 (3 Intelsat - 1 Индийский океан и 2 Атлантический океан, 1 Eutelsat, и 1 Inmarsat (2004)
Нидерландские Антильские о-ва общая оценка: generally adequate facilities
внутри страны: extensive interisland microwave radio relay links
международные: код страны - 599; the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) и the Americas-2 submarine cable systems provide connectivity to Central America, parts of South America и the Caribbean, и the US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Новая Каледония: заморская территория Франции общая оценка: нет
внутри страны: a submarine cable network connection between Новая Каледония: заморская территория Франции и Австралия, scheduled for completion in 2008, will improve high-speed connectivity и access to international networks
международные: код страны - 687; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Тихий океан)
Новая Зеландия общая оценка: excellent domestic и international systems
внутри страны: нет
международные: код страны - 64; the Southern Cross submarine cable system provides links to Австралия, Фиджи, и the US; satellite earth stations - 8 (1 Inmarsat - Тихий океан, 7 other)
Никарагуа общая оценка: system being upgraded by foreign investment; nearly all installed телекоммуникации capacity now uses digital technology, owing to investments since privatization of the formerly state-owned телекоммуникации company
внутри страны: since privatization, access to fixed-line и mobile-cellular services has improved but teledensity still lags behind other Central American countries; connected to Central American Microwave System
международные: код страны - 505; the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) fiber optic submarine cable provides connectivity to South и Central America, parts of the Caribbean, и the US; satellite earth stations - 1 Intersputnik (Атлантический океан region) и 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Нигер общая оценка: inadequate; small system of wire, radio telephone communications, и microwave radio relay links concentrated in the southwestern area Нигера
внутри страны: combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular teledensity is less than 3 per 100 persons; domestic satellite system with 3 earth stations и 1 planned
международные: код страны - 227; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Атлантический океан и 1 Индийский океан)
Нигерия общая оценка: further expansion и modernization of the fixed-line telephone network is needed
внутри страны: the addition of a second fixed-line provider in 2002 resulted in faster growth of this service with fixed-line subscribership nearly tripling over the past five лет; wireless telephony has grown rapidly, in part responding to the shortcomings of the fixed-line network; multiple service providers operate nationally; combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular teledensity reached 25 per 100 persons in 2006
международные: код страны - 234; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe и Азия; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Атлантический океан и 1 Индийский океан)
Ниуэ внутри страны: single-line telephone system connects all villages on island
международные: код страны - 683 (2001)
Норфолк общая оценка: adequate
внутри страны: free local calls
международные: код страны - 672; undersea coaxial cable links with Австралия и Новая Зеландия; satellite earth station - 1
Северные Марианские острова общая оценка: нет
внутри страны: нет
международные: код страны - 1-670; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Тихий океан)
Норвегия общая оценка: modern in all respects; один of the most advanced телекоммуникации networks in Europe
внутри страны: Норвегия has a domestic satellite system; moreover, the prevalence of rural areas encourages the wide use of cellular-mobile systems instead of fixed-wire systems
международные: код страны - 47; 2 buried coaxial cable systems; submarine cables provide links to other Nordic countries и Europe; satellite earth stations - нет Eutelsat, нет Intelsat (Атлантический океан), и 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic и Индийский океан regions); note - Норвегия shares the Inmarsat earth station with the other Nordic countries (Дания, Финляндия, Исландия, и Швеция) (1999)
Оман общая оценка: modern system consisting of open-wire, microwave, и radiotelephone communication stations; limited coaxial cable
внутри страны: fixed-line и mobile-cellular subscribership both increasing; open-wire, microwave, radiotelephone communications, и a domestic satellite system with 8 earth stations
международные: код страны - 968; the Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) и the SEA-ME-WE-3 submarine cable provide connectivity to Азия, the Middle East, и Europe; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Индийский океан), 1 Arabsat
Пакистан общая оценка: the телекоммуникации infrastructure is improving dramatically with foreign и domestic investments into fixed-line и mobile networks; mobile-cellular subscribership has skyrocketed, reaching some 63 миллионов in mid-2007, up from only about 300,000 in 2000; fiber systems are being constructed throughout the country to aid in network growth; main line availability has risen only marginally over the same period и there are still difficulties getting main line service to rural areas
внутри страны: microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, fiber-optic cable, cellular, и satellite networks
международные: код страны - 92; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-3 и SEA-ME-WE-4 submarine cable systems that provide links to Азия, the Middle East, и Europe; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Атлантический океан и 2 Индийский океан); 3 operational international gateway exchanges (1 at Karachi и 2 at Islamabad); microwave radio relay to neighboring countries (2006)
Палау общая оценка: нет
внутри страны: нет
международные: код страны - 680; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Тихий океан)
Панама общая оценка: domestic и international facilities well developed
внутри страны: combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular teledensity is approaching 70 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 507; landing point for the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1), the MAYA-1, и PAN-AM submarine cable systems that together provide links to the US, и parts of the Caribbean, Central America, и South America; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Атлантический океан); connected to the Central American Microwave System
Папуа — Новая Гвинея общая оценка: services are minimal; facilities provide radiotelephone и telegraph, coastal radio, aeronautical radio, и international radio communication services
внутри страны: access to telephone services is not widely available; combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular teledensity is less than 3 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 675; submarine cables to Австралия и Гуам; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Тихий океан); international radio communication service
Парагвай общая оценка: meager telephone service; principal switching center is in Asuncion
внутри страны: the fixed-line market is a state monopoly; deficiencies in provision of fixed-line service have resulted in a rapid expansion of mobile-cellular services fostered by competition among multiple providers
международные: код страны - 595; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Перу общая оценка: adequate for most requirements
внутри страны: fixed-line teledensity is only about 8 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity, spurred by competition among multiple providers, has increased to about 30 telephones per 100 persons; nationwide microwave radio relay system и a domestic satellite system with 12 earth stations
международные: код страны - 51; the South America-1 (SAM-1) и Pan American (PAN-AM) submarine cable systems provide links to parts of Central и South America, the Caribbean, и US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Филиппины общая оценка: good international radiotelephone и submarine cable services; domestic и interisland service adequate
внутри страны: domestic satellite system with 11 earth stations; cellular communications now dominate the industry; combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular telephone density exceeds 50 telephones per 100 persons with more than 10 mobile cellular subscribers for every fixed-line subscriber
международные: код страны - 63; a series of submarine cables together provide connectivity to Азия, US, the Middle East, и Europe; multiple international gateways (2006)
Питкэрн: заморская территория Великобритании общая оценка: satellite phone services
внутри страны: domestic communication via radio (CB)
международные: код страны - 872; satellite earth station - 1 (Inmarsat)
Польша общая оценка: modernization of the телекоммуникации network has accelerated with market based competition finalized in 2003; fixed-line service, dominated by the former state-owned company, is dwarfed by the growth in wireless telephony
внутри страны: mobile-cellular service available since 1993 и provided by three nation-wide networks with a fourth provider beginning operations in late 2006; cellular coverage is generally good with some gaps in the восток; fixed-line service is growing slowly и still lags in rural areas
международные: код страны - 48; international direct dialing with automated exchanges; satellite earth station - 1 with access to Intelsat, Eutelsat, Inmarsat, и Intersputnik
Португалия общая оценка: Португалия's telephone system has achieved a state-of-the-art network with broadband, high-speed capabilities
внутри страны: integrated network of coaxial cables, open-wire, microwave radio relay, и domestic satellite earth stations
международные: код страны - 351; a combination of submarine cables provide connectivity to Europe, Северный и East Africa, Южно-Африканская Республика, the Middle East, Азия, и the US; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Атлантический океан и 1 Индийский океан), нет Eutelsat; tropospheric scatter to Azores (1998)
Пуэрто-Рико общая оценка: modern system integrated with that of the US by high-capacity submarine cable и Intelsat with high-speed data capability
внутри страны: digital telephone system; cellular telephone service
международные: код страны - 1-787, 939; submarine cables provide connectivity to the US, Caribbean, Central и South America; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat
Катар общая оценка: modern system centered in Doha
внутри страны: combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular telephone density is roughly 130 telephones per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 974; landing point for the Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) submarine cable network that provides links to Азия, Middle East, Europe, и the US; tropospheric scatter to Бахрейн; microwave radio relay to Саудовская Аравия и the UAE; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Атлантический океан и 1 Индийский океан) и 1 Arabsat
Румыния общая оценка: rapidly improving domestic и international service, especially in wireless telephony
внутри страны: more than 90 percent of telephone network is automatic; liberalization in 2003 is transforming телекоммуникации; fixed-line teledensity is roughly 20 telephones per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity is approaching 80 telephones per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 40; the Черное море Fiber Optic System provides connectivity to Болгария и Турция; satellite earth stations - 10; digital, international, direct-dial exchanges operate in Bucharest (2005)
Россия общая оценка: the telephone system is experiencing significant changes; there are more than 1,000 companies licensed to offer communication services; access to digital lines has improved, particularly in urban centers; Интернет и e-mail services are improving; Россия has made progress toward building the телекоммуникации infrastructure necessary for a market economy; the estimated number of mobile subscribers jumped from fewer than 1 миллионов in 1998 to 150 миллионов in 2006; a large demand for main line service remains unsatisfied, but fixed-line operators continue to grow their services
внутри страны: cross-country digital trunk lines run from Saint Petersburg to Khabarovsk, и from Moscow to Novorossiysk; the telephone systems in 60 regional capitals have modern digital infrastructures; cellular services, both analog и digital, are available in many areas; in rural areas, the telephone services are still outdated, inadequate, и low density
международные: код страны - 7; Россия is connected internationally by undersea fiber optic cables; digital switches in several cities provide more than 50,000 lines for international calls; satellite earth stations provide access to Intelsat, Intersputnik, Eutelsat, Inmarsat, и Orbita systems
Руанда общая оценка: small, inadequate telephone system primarily serves business и government
внутри страны: the capital, Kigali, is connected to the centers of the provinces by microwave radio relay и, recently, by cellular telephone service; much of the network depends on wire и HF radiotelephone; combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular telephone density is only about 4 telephones per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 250; international connections employ microwave radio relay to neighboring countries и satellite communications to more distant countries; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Индийский океан) in Kigali (включая telex и telefax service)
Сен-Бартельми общая оценка: fully integrated access
внутри страны: direct dial capability with both fixed и wireless systems
международные: код страны - 590; undersea fiber-optic cable provides voice и data connectivity to Пуэрто-Рико и Guadeloupe
Святой Елены остров общая оценка: can communicate worldwide
внутри страны: automatic digital network
международные: код страны (Святой Елены остров) - 290, (Ascension Island) - 247; international direct dialing; satellite voice и data communications; satellite earth stations - 5 (Ascension Island - 4, Святой Елены остров - 1)
Сент-Китс и Невис общая оценка: good interisland и international connections
внутри страны: interisland links via Eastern Caribbean Fiber Optic cable; construction of enhanced wireless infrastructure launched in November 2004
международные: код страны - 1-869; connected internationally by the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) и Southern Caribbean fiber optic system (SCF) submarine cables
Сент-Люсия общая оценка: adequate system
внутри страны: system is automatically switched
международные: код страны - 1-758; the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) и Southern Caribbean fiber optic system (SCF) submarine cables, along with Intelsat from Martinique, carry calls internationally; direct microwave radio relay link with Martinique и Сент-Винсент и Гренадины; tropospheric scatter to Барбадос
Saint Martin общая оценка: fully integrated access
внутри страны: direct dial capability with both fixed и wireless systems
международные: код страны - 590; undersea fiber-optic cable provides voice и data connectivity to Пуэрто-Рико и Guadaloupe
Сен-Пьер и Микелон: заморская территория Франции общая оценка: adequate
внутри страны: нет
международные: код страны - 508; radiotelephone communication with most countries in the world; satellite earth station - 1 in French domestic satellite system
Сент-Винсент и Гренадины общая оценка: adequate system
внутри страны: islandwide, fully automatic telephone system; VHF/UHF radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to the other islands of the Grenadines; mobile-cellular teledensity about 75 telephones per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 1-784; the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) и Southern Caribbean fiber optic system (SCF) submarine cables carry international calls; connectivity also provided by VHF/UHF radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to Барбадос; SHF radiotelephone to Гренада и Сент-Люсия; access to Intelsat earth station in Martinique through Сент-Люсия
Самоа общая оценка: adequate
внутри страны: нет
международные: код страны - 685; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Тихий океан)
Сан-Маринo общая оценка: adequate connections
внутри страны: automatic telephone system completely integrated into Italian system; combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular teledensity exceeds 130 telephones per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 378; connected to Italian international network
Сан-Томе и Принсипи общая оценка: adequate facilities
внутри страны: minimal system
международные: код страны - 239; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Саудовская Аравия общая оценка: modern system
внутри страны: extensive microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, и fiber-optic cable systems; mobile-cellular subscribership has been increasing rapidly
международные: код страны - 966; landing point for the international submarine cable Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) и for both the SEA-ME-WE-3 и SEA-ME-WE-4 submarine cable networks providing connectivity to Азия, Middle East, Europe, и US; microwave radio relay to Бахрейн, Иордания, Кювейт, Катар, UAE, Емен, и Судан; coaxial cable to Кювейт и Иордания; satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat (3 Атлантический океан и 2 Индийский океан), 1 Arabsat, и 1 Inmarsat (Индийский океан region)
Сенегал общая оценка: good system
внутри страны: above-average urban system; more than half of all fixed-line connections are in Dakar with expansion of fixed-line services in rural areas needed; mobile-cellular service is expanding rapidly; microwave radio relay, coaxial cable и fiber-optic cable in trunk system
международные: код страны - 221; the SAT-3/WASC fiber optic cable provides connectivity to Europe и Азия while Atlantis-2 provides connectivity to South America; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Сербия общая оценка: modernization of the телекоммуникации network has been slow as a result of damage stemming from the 1999 war и transition to a competitive market-based system; network was only 65% digitalized in 2005
внутри страны: teledensity remains below the average for neighboring states; GSM wireless service, available through multiple providers with national coverage, is growing very rapidly; best телекоммуникации service limited to urban centers
международные: код страны - 381
Сейшельские Острова общая оценка: принята system
внутри страны: combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular teledensity is roughly 110 telephones per 100 persons; radiotelephone communications between islands in the archipelago
международные: код страны - 248; direct radiotelephone communications with adjacent island countries и African coastal countries; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Индийский океан)
Сьерра-Леоне общая оценка: marginal telephone service
внутри страны: the national microwave radio relay trunk system connects Freetown to Bo и Kenema
международные: код страны - 232; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан) (2000)
Сингапур общая оценка: excellent service
внутри страны: excellent domestic facilities; launched 3G wireless service in February 2005; combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular teledensity is about 150 telephones per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 65; numerous submarine cables provide links throughout Азия, Австралия, the Middle East, Europe, и US; satellite earth stations -4; supplemented by VSAT coverage (2003)
Словакия общая оценка: Словакия has a modern телекоммуникации system that has expanded dramatically in recent лет with the growth in cellular services
внутри страны: analog system is now receiving digital equipment и is being enlarged with fiber-optic cable, especially in the larger cities; 3 companies provide nationwide cellular services
международные: код страны - 421; 3 international exchanges (1 in Bratislava и 2 in Banska Bystrica) are available; Словакия is participating in several international телекоммуникации projects that will increase the availability of external services
Словения общая оценка: well-developed телекоммуникации infrastructure
внутри страны: combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular teledensity exceeds 130 telephones per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 386
Соломоновы Острова общая оценка: нет
внутри страны: нет
международные: код страны - 677; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Тихий океан)
Сомали ngeneral assessment: the public телекоммуникации system was almost completely destroyed или dismantled during the civil war; private wireless companies offer service in most major cities и charge the lowest international rates on the continent
внутри страны: local cellular telephone systems have been established in Mogadishu и in several other population centers
международные: код страны - 252; international connections are available from Mogadishu by satellite (2001)
Южно-Африканская Республика общая оценка: the system is the best developed и most modern in Africa
внутри страны: combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular teledensity roughly 100 telephones per 100 persons; consists of carrier-equipped open-wire lines, coaxial cables, microwave radio relay links, fiber-optic cable, radiotelephone communication stations, и wireless local loops; key centers are Bloemfontein, Cape Town, Durban, Johannesburg, Port Elizabeth, и Pretoria
международные: код страны - 27; the SAT-3/WASC и SAFE fiber optic cable systems connect in Южно-Африканская Республика providing connectivity to Europe и Азия; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Индийский океан и 2 Атлантический океан)
Южная Георгия и Южные Сандвичевы острова общая оценка: нет
внутри страны: нет
международные: coastal radiotelephone station at Grytviken
Испания общая оценка: well developed, modern facilities; fixed-line teledensity is 45 per 100 persons
внутри страны: combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular teledensity is 160 telephones per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 34; submarine cables provide connectivity to Europe, Middle East, Азия, и US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Атлантический океан и 1 Индийский океан), нет Eutelsat; tropospheric scatter to adjacent countries
Шри-Ланка общая оценка: telephone services have improved significantly и are available in most parts of the country
внутри страны: national trunk network consists mostly of digital microwave radio relay; fiber-optic links now in use in Colombo area и 2 fixed wireless local loops have been installed; competition is strong in mobile cellular systems и mobile cellular subscribership is increasing; combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular teledensity is about 50 per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 94; the SEA-ME-WE-3 и SEA-ME-WE-4 submarine cables provide connectivity to Азия, Австралия, Middle East, Europe, US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Индийский океан)
Судан общая оценка: large, well-equipped system by regional standards и being upgraded; cellular communications started in 1996 и have expanded substantially
внутри страны: consists of microwave radio relay, cable, radiotelephone communications, tropospheric scatter, и a domestic satellite system with 14 earth stations
международные: код страны - 249; linked to international submarine cable Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG); satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан), 1 Arabsat (2000)
Суринам общая оценка: international facilities are good
внутри страны: combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular teledensity about 90 telephones per 100 persons; microwave radio relay network
международные: код страны - 597; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Свальбард общая оценка: probably adequate
внутри страны: local telephone service
международные: код страны - 47-790; satellite earth station - 1 of unknown type (for communication with Norwegian mainland only)
Свазиленд общая оценка: a somewhat modern but not an advanced system
внутри страны: mobile-cellular subscribership is increasing; combined fixed-line и mobile cellular teledensity about 25 telephones per 100 persons; telephone system consists of carrier-equipped, open-wire lines и low-capacity, microwave radio relay
международные: код страны - 268; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Швеция общая оценка: highly developed телекоммуникации infrastructure; ranked among leading countries for fixed-line, mobile-cellular, Интернет и broadband penetration
внутри страны: coaxial и multiconductor cables carry most of the voice traffic; parallel microwave radio relay systems carry some additional telephone channels
международные: код страны - 46; submarine cables provide links to other Nordic countries и Europe; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан), 1 Eutelsat, и 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic и Индийский океан regions); note - Швеция shares the Inmarsat earth station with the other Nordic countries (Дания, Финляндия, Исландия, и Норвегия)
Швейцария общая оценка: highly developed телекоммуникации infrastructure with excellent domestic и international services
внутри страны: ranked among leading countries for fixed-line teledensity и infrastructure; mobile-cellular subscribership roughly 100 per 100 persons; extensive cable и microwave radio relay networks
международные: код страны - 41; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Атлантический океан и Индийский океан)
Сирия общая оценка: fair system currently undergoing significant improvement и digital upgrades, including fiber-optic technology
внутри страны: the number of fixed-line connections has increased markedly since 2000; mobile-cellular service growing rapidly и teledensity has reached 25 wireless telephones per 100 persons; coaxial cable и microwave radio relay network
международные: код страны - 963; submarine cable connection to Кипр; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Индийский океан) и 1 Intersputnik (Атлантический океан region); coaxial cable и microwave radio relay to Ирак, Иордания, Ливан, и Турция; participant in Medarabtel
Тайвань общая оценка: provides телекоммуникации service for every business и private need
внутри страны: thoroughly modern; completely digitalized
международные: код страны - 886; numerous submarine cables provide links throughout Азия, Австралия, the Middle East, Europe, и the US; satellite earth stations - 2
Таджикистан общая оценка: poorly developed и not well maintained; many towns are not linked to the national network
внутри страны: the domestic телекоммуникации network has historically been under funded и poorly maintained; main line availability has not changed significantly since 1998; cellular telephone use is growing but geographic coverage remains limited
международные: код страны - 992; linked by cable и microwave radio relay to other CIS republics и by leased connections to the Moscow international gateway switch; Dushanbe linked by Intelsat to international gateway switch in Ankara (Турция); satellite earth stations - 3 (2 Intelsat и 1 Orbita) (2006)
Танзания общая оценка: телекоммуникации services are inadequate; system operating below capacity и being modernized for better service; small aperture terminal (VSAT) system under construction
внутри страны: fixed-line telephone network inadequate with less than 1 connection per 100 persons; mobile-cellular service, aided by multiple providers, is increasing; trunk service provided by open-wire, microwave radio relay, tropospheric scatter, и fiber-optic cable; some links being made digital
международные: код страны - 255; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Индийский океан, 1 Атлантический океан)
Таиланд общая оценка: high quality system, especially in urban areas like Bangkok
внутри страны: fixed line system provided by both a government owned и commercial provider; wireless service expanding rapidly и outpacing fixed lines
международные: код страны - 66; connected to major submarine cable systems providing links throughout Азия, Австралия, Middle East, Europe, и US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Индийский океан, 1 Тихий океан)
Восточный Тимор общая оценка: rudimentary service limited to urban areas
внутри страны: system suffered significant damage during the violence associated with independence; extremely limited fixed-line services; mobile-cellular services и coverage limited primarily to urban areas
международные: код страны - 670; international service is available in major urban centers
Того общая оценка: fair system based on a network of microwave radio relay routes supplemented by open-wire lines и a mobile-cellular system
внутри страны: microwave radio relay и open-wire lines for conventional system; combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular teledensity roughly 15 telephones per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 228; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан), 1 Symphonie
Токелау общая оценка: modern satellite-based communications system
внутри страны: radiotelephone service between islands
международные: код страны - 690; radiotelephone service to Самоа; government-regulated telephone service (TeleTok); satellite earth stations - 3
Тонга общая оценка: competition between Тонга Telecommunications Corporation (TCC) и Shoreline Связь Тонга (SCT) is accelerating expansion of телекоммуникации; SCT recently granted authority to develop high-speed digital service for telephone, Интернет, и television
внутри страны: combined fixed-line и mobile-cellular teledensity roughly 40 telephones per 100 persons; fully automatic switched network
международные: код страны - 676; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Тихий океан) (2004)
Тринидад и Тобаго общая оценка: excellent international service; good local service
внутри страны: mobile-cellular teledensity exceeds 150 telephones per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 1-868; submarine cable systems provide connectivity to US и parts of the Caribbean и South America; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан); tropospheric scatter to Барбадос и Гвиана
Тунис общая оценка: above the African average и continuing to be upgraded; key centers are Sfax, Sousse, Bizerte, и Tunis; Интернет access available
внутри страны: in an effort jumpstart expansion of the fixed-line network, the government has awarded a concession to build и operate a VSAT network with international connectivity; competition between the two mobile-cellular service providers has resulted in lower activation и usage charges и a strong surge in subscribership; overall fixed-line и mobile-cellular teledensity is about 85 telephones per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 216; a landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-4 submarine cable system that provides links to Europe, Middle East, и Азия; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан) и 1 Arabsat; coaxial cable и microwave radio relay to Алжир и Либия; participant in Medarabtel; 2 international gateway digital switches
Турция общая оценка: undergoing rapid modernization и expansion especially with cellular telephones
внутри страны: additional digital exchanges are permitting a rapid increase in subscribers; the construction of a network of technologically advanced intercity trunk lines, using both fiber-optic cable и digital microwave radio relay, is facilitating communication between urban centers; remote areas are reached by a domestic satellite system; the number of subscribers to mobile-cellular telephone service is growing rapidly
международные: код страны - 90; international service is provided by the SEA-ME-WE-3 submarine cable и by submarine fiber-optic cables in the Mediterranean и Black Seas that link Турция with Италия, Греция, Израиль, Болгария, Румыния, и Россия; satellite earth stations - 12 Intelsat; mobile satellite terminals - 328 in the Inmarsat и Eutelsat systems (2002)
Туркменистан общая оценка: poorly developed
внутри страны: Turkmentelekom, in cooperation with foreign investors, is planning to upgrade the country's telephone exchanges и install a new digital switching system; mobile-cellular useage remains limited
международные: код страны - 993; linked by cable и microwave radio relay to other CIS republics и to other countries by leased connections to the Moscow international gateway switch; a new telephone link from Ashgabat to Иран has been established; a new exchange in Ashgabat switches international traffic through Турция via Intelsat; satellite earth stations - 1 Orbita и 1 Intelsat (2006)
Тёркс и Кайкос общая оценка: fully digital system with international direct dialing
внутри страны: full range of services available; GSM wireless service available
международные: код страны - 1-649; the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) fiber optic телекоммуникации submarine cable provides connectivity to South и Central America, parts of the Caribbean, и the US; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан)
Тувалу общая оценка: serves particular needs for internal communications
внутри страны: radiotelephone communications between islands
международные: код страны - 688; international calls can be made by satellite
Угадна общая оценка: seriously inadequate; mobile cellular service is increasing rapidly, but the number of main lines is still deficient; e-mail и Интернет services are available
внутри страны: intercity traffic by wire, microwave radio relay, и radiotelephone communication stations, fixed и mobile-cellular systems for short-range traffic
международные: код страны - 256; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан) и 1 Inmarsat; analog links to Кения и Танзания
Украина общая оценка: Украина's telecommunication development plan emphasizes improving domestic trunk lines, international connections, и the mobile-cellular system
внутри страны: at independence in December 1991, Украина inherited a telephone system that was antiquated, inefficient, и in disrepair; more than 3.5 миллионов applications for telephones could not be satisfied; telephone density is rising и the domestic trunk system is being improved; about один-third Украины's networks are digital и a majority of regional centers now have digital switching stations; improvements in local networks и local exchanges continue to lag; the mobile-cellular telephone system is expanding rapidly
международные: код страны - 380; 2 new domestic trunk lines are a part of the fiber-optic Trans-Азия-Europe (TAE) system и 3 Ukrainian links have been installed in the fiber-optic Trans-European Lines (TEL) project that connects 18 countries; additional international service is provided by the Италия-Турция-Украина-Россия (ITUR) fiber-optic submarine cable и by an unknown number of earth stations in the Intelsat, Inmarsat, и Intersputnik satellite systems
Объединенные Арабские Эмираты общая оценка: modern fiber-optic integrated services; digital network with rapidly growing use of mobile-cellular telephones; key centers are Abu Dhabi и Dubai
внутри страны: microwave radio relay, fiber optic и coaxial cable
международные: код страны - 971; linked to the international submarine cable FLAG (Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe); landing point for both the SEA-ME-WE-3 AND SEA-ME-WE-4 submarine cable networks; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Атлантический океан и 2 Индийский океан) и 1 Arabsat; tropospheric scatter to Бахрейн; microwave radio relay to Саудовская Аравия
Великобритания общая оценка: technologically advanced domestic и international system
внутри страны: equal mix of buried cables, microwave radio relay, и fiber-optic systems
международные: код страны - 44; numerous submarine cables provide links throughout Europe, Азия, Австралия, the Middle East, и US; satellite earth stations - 10 Intelsat (7 Атлантический океан и 3 Индийский океан), 1 Inmarsat (Атлантический океан region), и 1 Eutelsat; at least 8 large international switching centers
США общая оценка: a large, technologically advanced, multipurpose communications system
внутри страны: a large system of fiber-optic cable, microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, и domestic satellites carries every form of telephone traffic; a rapidly growing cellular system carries mobile telephone traffic throughout the country
международные: код страны - 1; multiple ocean cable systems provide international connectivity; satellite earth stations - 61 Intelsat (45 Атлантический океан и 16 Тихий океан), 5 Intersputnik (Атлантический океан region), и 4 Inmarsat (Pacific и Атлантический океан regions) (2000)
Уругвай общая оценка: fully digitalized
внутри страны: most modern facilities concentrated in Montevideo; new nationwide microwave radio relay network; overall fixed-line и mobile-cellular teledensity is approaching 100 telephones per 100 persons
международные: код страны - 598; the UNISOR submarine cable system provides direct connectivity to Бразилия и Аргентина; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Атлантический океан) (2002)
Узбекистан общая оценка: antiquated и inadequate; in serious need of modernization
внутри страны: the main line телекоммуникации system is dilapidated и telephone density is low; the state-owned телекоммуникации company, Uzbektelecom, is working on improving main line services; mobile services are growing swiftly, with the subscriber base more than doubling in 2007 to 5.8 миллионов
международные: код страны - 998; linked by landline или microwave radio relay with CIS member states и to other countries by leased connection via the Moscow international gateway switch; после the completion of the Uzbek link to the Trans-Азия-Europe (TAE) fiber-optic cable, Узбекистан will be independent of Russian facilities for international communications (2006)
Вануату общая оценка: нет
внутри страны: нет
международные: код страны - 678; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Тихий океан)
Венесуэлa общая оценка: modern и expanding
внутри страны: domestic satellite system with 3 earth stations; recent substantial improvement in telephone service in rural areas; substantial increase in digitalization of exchanges и trunk lines; installation of a national interurban fiber-optic network capable of digital multimedia services; fixed-line teledensity is 16 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular subscribership jumped 50 percent in 2006
международные: код страны - 58; submarine cable systems provide connectivity to the Caribbean, Central и South America, и US; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Атлантический океан) и 1 PanAmSat; participating with Колумбия, Эквадор, Перу, и Боливия in the construction of an international fiber-optic network
Вьетнам общая оценка: Вьетнам is putting considerable effort into modernization и expansion of its telecommunication system, but its performance continues to lag behind that of its more modern neighbors
внутри страны: all provincial exchanges are digitalized и connected to Hanoi, Da Nang, и Ho Chi Minh City by fiber-optic cable или microwave radio relay networks; main lines have been substantially increased, и the use of mobile telephones is growing rapidly
международные: код страны - 84; a landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-3, the C2C, и Таиланд-Вьетнам-Гонконг submarine cable systems; the Азия-America Gateway submarine cable system, scheduled for completion by the end of 2008, will provide new access links to Азия и the US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intersputnik (Индийский океан region)
Виргинские Острова (Британские) общая оценка: modern system with total digital switching, uses fiber-optic cable и microwave radio relay
внутри страны: full range of services available
международные: код страны - 1-340; submarine cable connections to US, the Caribbean, Central и South America; satellite earth stations - нет
Остров Уэйк общая оценка: satellite communications; 2 DSN circuits off the Overseas Telephone System (OTS)
внутри страны: нет
международные: нет
Уоллис и Футуна общая оценка: нет
внутри страны: нет
международные: код страны - 681
Западный берег Иордании общая оценка: нет
внутри страны: Israeli company BEZEK и the Palestinian company PALTEL are responsible for fixed line services; the Palestinian JAWAL company provides cellular services
международные: код страны - 970 (2004)
Западная Сахара общая оценка: sparse и limited system
внутри страны: нет
международные: код страны - 212; tied into Мороккo's system by microwave radio relay, tropospheric scatter, и satellite; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Атлантический океан) linked to Rabat, Мороккo
Мир общая оценка: нет
внутри страны: нет
международные: нет
Емен общая оценка: since unification in 1990, efforts have been made to create a national телекоммуникации network
внутри страны: the national network consists of microwave radio relay, cable, tropospheric scatter, и GSM mobile-cellular telephone systems; fixed-line и mobile-cellular teledensity remains low by regional standards
международные: код страны - 967; landing point for the international submarine cable Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG); satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Индийский океан и 1 Атлантический океан), 1 Intersputnik (Атлантический океан region), и 2 Arabsat; microwave radio relay to Саудовская Аравия и Джибути
Замбия общая оценка: facilities are aging but still among the best in Sub-Saharan Africa
внутри страны: high-capacity microwave radio relay connects most larger towns и cities; several cellular telephone services in operation и network coverage is improving; Интернет service is widely available; very small aperture terminal (VSAT) networks are operated by private firms
международные: код страны - 260; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Индийский океан и 1 Атлантический океан)
Зимбабве общая оценка: system was once один of the best in Africa, but now suffers from poor maintenance; more than 100,000 outstanding requests for connection despite an equally large number of installed but unused main lines
внутри страны: consists of microwave radio relay links, open-wire lines, radiotelephone communication stations, fixed wireless local loop installations, и a substantial mobile-cellular network; Интернет connection is available in Harare и planned for all major towns и for some of the smaller ones
международные: код страны - 263; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat; 2 international digital gateway exchanges (in Harare и Gweru)

Последние изменения на эту страницу были внесены 4 сентября 2008 года.


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