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  Список стран- Refugees и internally displaced persons


Страна
Refugees и internally displaced persons
Афганистан IDPs: 132,246 (mostly Pashtuns и Kuchis displaced in юг и запад due to drought и instability) (2007)
Алжир беженцы (country of origin): 90,000 (Western Saharan Sahrawi, mostly living in Algerian-sponsored camps in the southwestern Algerian town of Tindouf)
IDPs: undetermined (civil war during 1990s) (2007)
Ангола беженцы (country of origin): 12,615 (Democratic Республика Congo)
IDPs: 61,700 (27-year civil war ending in 2002; 4 миллионов IDPs already have returned) (2007)
Армения беженцы (country of origin): 113,295 (Азербайджан)
IDPs: 8,400 (conflict with Азербайджан over Nagorno-Karabakh, majority have returned home since 1994 ceasefire) (2007)
Азербайджан беженцы (country of origin): 2,400 (Россия)
IDPs: 580,000-690,000 (conflict with Армения over Nagorno-Karabakh) (2007)
Бангладеш беженцы (country of origin): 26,268 (Мьянма)
IDPs: 65,000 (land conflicts, religious persecution) (2007)
Бенин беженцы (country of origin): 9,444 (Того) (2007)
Босния и Герцеговина беженцы (country of origin): 7,269 (Хорватия)
IDPs: 131,600 (Bosnian Croats, Serbs, и Muslims displaced in 1992-95 war) (2007)
Мьянма IDPs: 503,000 (government offensives against ethnic insurgent groups near the eastern borders; most IDPs are ethnic Karen, Karenni, Shan, Tavoyan, и Mon) (2007)
Бурунди беженцы (country of origin): 9,849 (Democratic Республика the Congo)
IDPs: 100,000 (armed conflict between government и rebels; most IDPs in northern и western Бурунди) (2007)
Камерун беженцы (country of origin): 20,000-30,000 (Чад ); 3,000 (Нигерия); 24,000 (Центральноафриканская Республика ) (2007)
Центральноафриканская Республика беженцы (country of origin): 7,900 (Судан); 3,700 (Democratic Республика the Congo); note - UNHCR resumed repatriation of Southern Sudanese беженцы in 2006
IDPs: 197,000 (ongoing unrest following coup in 2003) (2007)
Чад беженцы (country of origin): 234,000 (Судан); 54,200 (Центральноафриканская Республика )
IDPs: 178,918 (2007)
Китай беженцы (country of origin): 300,897 (Вьетнам); estimated 30,000-50,000 (Северный Korea)
IDPs: 90,000 (2007)
Колумбия IDPs: 1.8-3.5 миллионов (conflict between government и illegal armed groups и drug traffickers) (2007)
Congo, Democratic Республика the беженцы (country of origin): 132,295 (Ангола); 37,313 (Руанда); 17,777 (Бурунди); 13,904 (Угадна); 6,181 (Судан); 5,243 (Республика Congo)
IDPs: 1.4 миллионов (fighting between government forces и rebels since mid-1990s; most IDPs are in eastern provinces) (2007)
Congo, Республика the беженцы (country of origin): 46,341 (Democratic Республика Congo); 6,564 (Руанда)
IDPs: 48,000 (multiple civil wars since 1992; most IDPs are ethnic Lari) (2007)
Коста-Рика беженцы (country of origin): 9,699-11,500 (Колумбия) (2007)
Кот-д’Ивуар беженцы (country of origin): 25,615 (Либерия)
IDPs: 709,000 (2002 coup; most IDPs are in western regions) (2007)
Хорватия IDPs: 2,900-7,000 (Croats и Serbs displaced in 1992-95 war) (2007)
Кипр IDPs: 210,000 (both Turkish и Greek Cypriots; many displaced for over 30 лет) (2007)
Джибути беженцы (country of origin): 8,642 (Сомали) (2007)
Эквадор беженцы (country of origin): 11,526 (Колумбия); note - UNHCR estimates as many as 250,000 Columbians are seeking asylum in Эквадор, many of whom do not register as беженцы for fear of deportation (2007)
Египет беженцы (country of origin): 60,000 - 80,000 (Ирак); 70,198 (Palestinian Territories); 12,157 (Судан) (2007)
Эритрея IDPs: 32,000 (border war with Эфиопия from 1998-2000; most IDPs are near the central border region) (2007)
Эфиопия беженцы (country of origin): 66,980 (Судан); 16,576 (Сомали); 13,078 (Эритрея)
IDPs: 200,000 (border war with Эритрея from 1998-2000, ethnic clashes in Gambela, и ongoing Ethiopian military counterinsurgency in Somali region; most IDPs are in Tigray и Gambela Provinces) (2007)
Габон беженцы (country of origin): 7,178 (Республика Congo) (2007)
Гамбия беженцы (country of origin): 5,955 (Сьерра-Леоне ) (2007)
Сектор Газa беженцы (country of origin): 1.017 миллионов (Palestinian Refugees (UNRWA)) (2007)
Грузия беженцы (country of origin): 1,100 (Россия)
IDPs: 220,000-240,000 (displaced from Abkhazia и South Ossetia) (2007)
Гана беженцы (country of origin): 35,653 (Либерия); 8,517 (Того) (2007)
Гватемала IDPs: undetermined (the UN does not estimate there are any IDPs, although some NGOs estimate over 200,000 IDPs as a result of over three decades of internal conflict that ended in 1996) (2007)
Гвинея беженцы (country of origin): 21,856 (Либерия); 5,259 (Сьерра-Леоне ); 3,900 (Кот-д’Ивуар)
IDPs: 19,000 (cross-border incursions from Кот-д’Ивуар, Либерия, Сьерра-Леоне ) (2007)
Гвинея-Бисау беженцы (country of origin): 7,454 (Сенегал ) (2007)
Индия беженцы (country of origin): 77,200 (Tibet/Китай); 69,609 (Шри-Ланка); 9,472 (Афганистан)
IDPs: at least 600,000 (about half are Kashmiri Pandits from Jammu и Kashmir) (2007)
Индонeзия IDPs: 200,000-350,000 (government offensives against rebels in Aceh; most IDPs in Aceh, Central Kalimantan, Central Sulawesi Provinces, и Maluku) (2007)
Иран беженцы (country of origin): 914,268 (Афганистан); 54,024 (Ирак) (2007)
Ирак беженцы (country of origin): 10,000-15,000 (Palestinian Territories); 11,773 (Иран); 16,832 (Турция)
IDPs: 2.4 миллионов (ongoing US-led war и ethno-sectarian violence) (2007)
Израиль IDPs: 150,000-420,000 (Arab villagers displaced from homes in northern Израиль) (2007)
Иордания беженцы (country of origin): 1,835,704 (Palestinian Refugees (UNRWA)); 500,000 (Ирак)
IDPs: 160,000 (1967 Arab-Israeli War) (2007)
Казахстан беженцы (country of origin): 3,700 (Россия); 508 (Афганистан) (2007)
Кения беженцы (country of origin): 173,702 (Сомали); 73,004 (Судан); 16,428 (Эфиопия)
IDPs: 250,000-400,000 (2007 post-election violence; KANU attacks on opposition tribal groups in 1990s) (2007)
Северная Корея IDPs: undetermined (наводнения in mid-2007 и famine during mid-1990s) (2007)
Косовo IDP's: 21,000 (2007)
Ливан беженцы (country of origin): 405,425 (Palestinian Refugees (UNRWA)); 50,000-60,000 (Ирак)
IDPs: 17,000 (1975-90 civil war, Israeli invasions); 200,000 (July-August 2006 war) (2007)
Либерия беженцы (country of origin): 12,600 (Кот-д’Ивуар)
IDPs: 13,000 (civil war from 1990-2004; IDP resettlement began in November 2004) (2007)
Либия беженцы (country of origin): 8,000 (Palestinian Territories) (2007)
Македония IDPs: fewer than 1,000 (ethnic conflict in 2001) (2007)
Малазия беженцы (country of origin): 15,174 (Индонeзия); 21,544 (Мьянма) (2007)
Мальдивы IDPs: 1,000-10,000 (December 2004 tsunami victims) (2007)
Мали беженцы (country of origin): 6,300 (Мавритания) (2007)
Мексика IDPs: 5,500-10,000 (government's quashing of Zapatista uprising in 1994 in eastern Chiapas Region) (2007)
Монтенегро беженцы (country of origin): 7,000 (Косовo); note - mostly ethnic Serbs и Roma who fled Косовo in 1999
IDPs: 16,192 (ethnic conflict in 1999 и riots in 2004) (2007)
Намибия беженцы (country of origin): 4,700 (Ангола) (2007)
Непал беженцы (country of origin): 107,803 (Бутан); 20,153 (Tibet/Китай)
IDPs: 50,000-70,000 (remaining from ten-year Maoist insurgency that officially ended in 2006; displacement spread across the country) (2007)
Нигерия беженцы (country of origin): 5,778 (Либерия)
IDPs: undetermined (communal violence between Christians и Muslims since Президент OBASANJO's election in 1999; displacement is mostly short-term) (2007)
Пакистан беженцы (country of origin): 1,043,984 (Афганистан)
IDPs: undetermined (government strikes on Islamic militants in South Waziristan); 34,000 (October 2005 землетрясения; most of those displaced returned to their home villages in the spring of 2006) (2007)
Папуа — Новая Гвинея беженцы (country of origin): 10,177 (Индонeзия) (2007)
Перу IDPs: 60,000-150,000 (civil war from 1980-2000; most IDPs are indigenous peasants in Andean и Amazonian regions) (2007)
Филиппины IDPs: 300,000 (fighting between government troops и MILF и Abu Sayyaf groups) (2007)
Россия IDPs: 18,000-160,000 (displacement from Chechnya и Северный Ossetia) (2007)
Руанда беженцы (country of origin): 46,272 (Democratic Республика the Congo); 4,400 (Бурунди) (2007)
Саудовская Аравия беженцы (country of origin): 240,015 (Palestinian Territories) (2007)
Сенегал беженцы (country of origin): 19,630 (Мавритания)
IDPs: 22,400 (approximately 65% of the IDP population returned in 2005, but new displacement is occurring due to clashes between government troops и separatists in Casamance region) (2007)
Сербия беженцы (country of origin): 71,111 (Хорватия); 27,414 (Босния и Герцеговина); 206,000 (Косовo), note - mostly ethnic Serbs и Roma who fled Косовo in 1999 (2007)
Сьерра-Леоне беженцы (country of origin): 27,311 (Либерия) (2007)
Соломоновы Острова IDPs: 5,400 (displaced by tsunami on 2 April 2007) (2007)
Сомали IDPs: 1.1 миллионов (civil war since 1988, clan-based competition for resources) (2007)
Южно-Африканская Республика беженцы (country of origin): 10,772 (Democratic Республика Congo); 7,818 (Сомали); 5,759 (Ангола) (2007)
Шри-Ланка IDPs: 460,000 (both Tamils и non-Tamils displaced due to long-term civil war between the government и the separatist Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)) (2007)
Судан беженцы (country of origin): 157,220 (Эритрея); 25,023 (Чад ); 11,009 (Эфиопия); 7,895 (Угадна); 5,023 (Центральноафриканская Республика )
IDPs: 5.3 - 6.2 миллионов (civil war 1983-2005; ongoing conflict in Darfur region) (2007)
Сирия беженцы (country of origin): 1-1.4 миллионов (Ирак); 522,100 (Palestinian Refugees (UNRWA))
IDPs: 305,000 (most displaced from Golan Heights during 1967 Arab-Israeli War) (2007)
Танзания беженцы (country of origin): 352,640 (Бурунди); 127,973 (Democratic Республика the Congo) (2007)
Таиланд беженцы (country of origin): 132,241 (Мьянма) (2007)
Восточный Тимор IDPs: 100,000 (2007)
Того беженцы (country of origin): 5,000 (Гана)
IDPs: 1,500 (2007)
Турция IDPs: 1-1.2 миллионов (fighting 1984-99 between Kurdish PKK и Turkish military; most IDPs in southeastern provinces) (2007)
Туркменистан беженцы (country of origin): 11,173 (Таджикистан); less than 1,000 (Афганистан) (2007)
Угадна беженцы (country of origin): 215,700 (Судан); 28,880 (Democratic Республика Congo); 24,900 (Руанда)
IDPs: 1.27 миллионов (350,000 IDPs returned in 2006 following ongoing peace talks between the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) и the Правление Угадны) (2007)
США беженцы (country of origin): the US admitted 62,643 беженцы during FY04/05 including; 10,586 (Сомали); 8,549 (Лаоc); 6,666 (Россия); 6,479 (Куба); 3,100 (Гаити); 2,136 (Иран) (2006)
Узбекистан беженцы (country of origin): 39,202 (Таджикистан); 1,060 (Афганистан)
IDPs: 3,400 (forced population transfers by government from villages near Таджикистан border) (2007)
Западный берег Иордании беженцы (country of origin): 722,000 (Palestinian Refugees (UNRWA)) (2007)
Мир the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) estimated that in December 2006 there was a global population of 8.8 миллионов registered беженцы и as many as 24.5 миллионов IDPs in more than 50 countries; the actual global population of беженцы is probably closer to 10 миллионов given the estimated 1.5 миллионов Iraqi беженцы displaced throughout the Middle East (2007)
Емен беженцы (country of origin): 91,587 (Сомали) (2007)
Замбия беженцы (country of origin): 42,565 (Ангола); 60,874 (Democratic Республика the Congo); 4,100 (Руанда) (2007)
Зимбабве беженцы (country of origin): 2,500 (Democratic Республика Congo)
IDPs: 569,685 (MUGABE-led political violence, human rights violations, land reform, и economic collapse) (2007)

Последние изменения на эту страницу были внесены 4 сентября 2008 года.


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