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  Список стран- Trafficking in persons


Страна
Trafficking in persons
Албания current situation: Албания is a source country for women и girls trafficked for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation и forced labor; it is no longer considered a major country of transit; Albanian victims are trafficked to Греция, Италия, Македония, и Косовo, with many trafficked onward to Western European countries; children were also trafficked to Греция for begging и other forms of child labor; approximately half of all Albanian trafficking victims are under age 18; internal sex trafficking of women и children is on the rise
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Албания is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking in persons in 2007, particularly in the area of victim protection; the government did not appropriately identify trafficking victims during 2007, и has not demonstrated that it is vigorously investigating или prosecuting complicit officials (2008)
Алжир current situation: Алжир is a transit country for men и women trafficked from sub-Saharan Africa to Europe for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation и involuntary servitude; Algerian children are trafficked internally for the purpose of domestic servitude или street vending
tier rating: Tier 3 - Алжир did not report any serious law enforcement actions to punish traffickers who force women into commercial sexual exploitation или men into involuntary servitude in 2007; the government again reported no investigations of trafficking of children for domestic servitude или improvements in protection services available to victims of trafficking; Алжир still lacks victim protection services, и its failure to distinguish between trafficking и illegal migration may result in the punishment of victims of trafficking (2008)
Аргентина current situation: Аргентина is a source, transit, и destination country for men, women, и children trafficked for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation и forced labor; most victims are trafficked within the country, from rural to urban areas; child sex tourism is a problem; foreign women и children, primarily from Парагвай, Бразилия, и the Доминиканская республика, are trafficked to Аргентина for commercial sexual exploitation; Argentine women и girls are also trafficked to neighboring countries, Мексика, и Western Europe for sexual exploitation; a significant number of Bolivians, Peruvians, и Paraguayans are trafficked into the country for forced labor in sweatshops, agriculture, и as domestic servants
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - despite some progress, Аргентина remains on the Tier 2 Watch List for the third consecutive year for its failure to show evidence of increasing efforts to combat human trafficking, particularly in terms of providing adequate assistance to victims и curbing official complicity with trafficking activity, especially on the provincial и local levels; the Argentine Congress has demonstrated progress by enacting much-needed и first-ever federal anti-trafficking legislation (2008)
Армения current situation: Армения is primarily a source country for women и girls trafficked to the UAE и Турция for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation; Armenian men и women are trafficked to Турция и Россия for the purpose of forced labor
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Армения is placed on the Tier 2 Watch List for a fourth consecutive year; its efforts to increase compliance with the minimum standards were assessed based on its commitments to undertake future actions, particularly in the areas of improving victim protection и assistance; while the government elevated anti-trafficking responsibilities to the ministerial level, adopted a new National Action Plan, и drafted a National Referral Mechanism, it has yet to show tangible progress in identifying и protecting victims или in tackling trafficking complicity of government officials; the Armenian Правление made some notable improvements in its anti-trafficking law enforcement efforts, but it failed to demonstrate evidence of investigations, prosecutions, convictions, и sentences of officials complicit in trafficking (2008)
Азербайджан current situation: Азербайджан is primarily a source и transit country for men, women, и children trafficked for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation и forced labor; women и some children from Азербайджан are trafficked to Турция и the UAE for the purpose of sexual exploitation; men и boys are trafficked to Россия for the purpose of forced labor; Азербайджан serves as a transit country for victims from Узбекистан, Киргизия, Казахстан, и Молдавия trafficked to Турция и the UAE for sexual exploitation
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Азербайджан is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking in persons, particularly efforts to investigate, prosecute, и punish traffickers; to address complicity among law enforcement personnel; и to adequately identify и protect victims in Азербайджан; the government has yet to develop a much-needed mechanism to identify potential trafficking victims и refer them to safety и care; poor treatment of trafficking victims in courtrooms continues to be a problem (2008)
Бахрейн current situation: Бахрейн is a destination country for men и women trafficked for the purposes of involuntary servitude и commercial sexual exploitation; men и women from Africa, South Азия, и Southeast Азия migrate voluntarily to Бахрейн to work as laborers или domestic servants where some face conditions of involuntary servitude such as unlawful withholding of passports, restrictions on movements, non-payment of wages, threats, и physical или sexual abuse; women from Таиланд, Мороккo, Eastern Europe, и Central Азия are trafficked to Бахрейн for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Бахрейн is on the Tier 2 Watch List for failing to show evidence of increased efforts to combat human trafficking, particularly efforts that enforce laws against trafficking in persons, и that prevent the punishment of victims of trafficking; during 2007, Бахрейн passed a comprehensive law prohibiting all forms of trafficking in persons; the government also established a specialized anti-trafficking unit within the Ministry of Interior to investigate trafficking crimes; however, the government did not report any prosecutions или convictions for trafficking offenses during 2007, despite reports of a substantial problem of involuntary servitude и sex trafficking (2008)
Мьянма current situation: Мьянма is a source country for women, children, и men trafficked for the purpose of forced labor и commercial sexual exploitation; Burmese women и children are trafficked to East и Southeast Азия for commercial sexual exploitation, domestic servitude, и forced labor; Burmese children are subjected to conditions of forced labor in Таиланд as hawkers, beggars, и for work in shops, agriculture, рыба processing, и small-scale industries; women are trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation to Малазия и Китай; some trafficking victims transit Мьянма from Бангладеш to Малазия и from Китай to Таиланд; internal trafficking occurs primarily from villages to urban centers и economic hubs for labor in industrial zones, agricultural estates, и commercial sexual exploitation; military и civilian officials continue to use a significant amount of forced labor; ethnic insurgent groups also used compulsory labor of adults и unlawful recruitment of children; the military junta's gross economic mismanagement, human rights abuses, и its policy of using forced labor are the top causal factors for Мьянма's significant trafficking problem
tier rating: Tier 3 - Мьянма does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking и is not making significant efforts to do so; military и civilian officials remain directly involved in significant acts of forced labor и unlawful conscription of child soldiers (2008)
Бурунди current situation: Бурунди is a source country for children trafficked for the purposes of child soldiering, domestic servitude, и commercial sexual exploitation; a small number of Burundian children may be trafficked internally for domestic servitude или commercial sexual exploitation; in early 2008, Burundian children were allegedly trafficked to Угадна, via Руанда, for agricultural labor и commercial sexual exploitation
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Бурунди is on the Tier 2 Watch List for the second consecutive year for its failure to provide sufficient evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking in persons in 2007; the government's inability to provide adequate protective services to children accused of association with armed groups и to conduct anti-trafficking law enforcement activities continue to be causes for concern; Бурунди has not ratified the 2000 UN TIP Protocol (2008)
Камерун current situation: Камерун is a source, transit, и destination country for women и children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor и commercial sexual exploitation; most victims are children trafficked within country, with girls primarily trafficked for domestic servitude и sexual exploitation; both boys и girls are also trafficked within Камерун for forced labor in sweatshops, bars, restaurants, и on tea и cocoa plantations; children are trafficked into Камерун from neighboring states for forced labor in agriculture, рыболовство, street vending, и spare-parts shops; Камерун is a transit country for children trafficked between Габон и Нигерия, и from Нигерия to Саудовская Аравия; it is a source country for women transported by sex-trafficking rings to Europe
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Камерун is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat human trafficking in 2007, particularly in terms of efforts to prosecute и convict trafficking offenders; while Камерун reported some arrests of traffickers, none of them were prosecuted или punished; the government does not identify trafficking victims among vulnerable populations nor does it monitor the number of victims it intercepts (2008)
Центральноафриканская Республика current situation: Центральноафриканская Республика is a source, transit, и destination country for men, women, и children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor и sexual exploitation; the majority of victims are children trafficked within the country for sexual exploitation, domestic servitude, street vending, и forced agricultural, mine, market и restaurant labor; to a lesser extent, children are trafficked from the Центральноафриканская Республика to Камерун , Нигерия, и the Democratic Республика Congo; rebels conscript children into armed forces within the country
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Центральноафриканская Республика is on the Tier 2 Watch List for the third consecutive year for its failure to show evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking in 2007; efforts to address trafficking through vigorous law enforcement measures и victim protection efforts were minimal, though awareness about trafficking appeared to be increasing in the country; the government does not actively investigate cases, work to identify trafficking victims among vulnerable populations, или rescue и provide care to victims; the government has not taken measures to reduce demand for commercial sex acts (2008)
Чад current situation: Чад is a source, transit, и destination country for children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor и commercial sexual exploitation; the majority of children are trafficked within Чад for involuntary domestic servitude, forced cattle herding, forced begging, forced labor in petty commerce или the рыболовство industry, или for commercial sexual exploitation; to a lesser extent, Chadian children are also trafficked to Камерун , the Центральноафриканская Республика , и Нигерия for cattle herding; children may also be trafficked from Камерун и the Центральноафриканская Республика to Чад 's нефть producing regions for sexual exploitation
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Чад is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat human trafficking in 2007; Чад was destabilized during 2007 by civil conflict leading to a declared state of emergency in February 2008, и a steady influx of беженцы fleeing Судан и the Центральноафриканская Республика ; the government demonstrated insufficient overall efforts to combat trafficking; Чад has not ratified the 2000 UN TIP Protocol (2008)
Китай current situation: Китай is a source, transit, и destination country for men, women, и children trafficked for the purposes of sexual exploitation и forced labor; the majority of trafficking in Китай occurs within the country's borders, but there is also considerable international trafficking of Chinese citizens to Africa, Азия, Europe, Latin America, the Middle East, и Северная Америка; Chinese women are lured abroad through false promises of legitimate employment, only to be forced into commercial sexual exploitation, largely in Тайвань, Таиланд, Малазия, и Япония; women и children are trafficked to Китай from Монголия, Мьянма, Северный Korea, Россия, и Вьетнам for forced labor, marriage, и prostitution; some Северный Korean women и children seeking to leave their country voluntarily cross the border into Китай и are then sold into prostitution, marriage, или forced labor
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Китай is on the Tier 2 Watch List for the fourth consecutive year for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat human trafficking, particularly in terms of punishment of trafficking crimes и the protection of Chinese и foreign victims of trafficking; victims are sometimes punished for unlawful acts that were committed as a direct result of their being trafficked, such as violations of prostitution или immigration/emigration controls; the Chinese Правление continued to treat Северный Korean victims of trafficking solely as economic migrants, routinely deporting them back to horrendous conditions in Северный Korea; additional challenges facing the Chinese Правление include the enormous size of its trafficking problem и the significant level of corruption и complicity in trafficking by some local government officials (2008)
Congo, Democratic Республика the current situation: Democratic Республика the Congo is a source и destination country for men, women, и children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor и sexual exploitation; much of this trafficking occurs within the country's unstable eastern provinces и is perpetrated by armed groups outside government control
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Democratic Республика the Congo is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking in persons in 2007; while some significant initial advances were noted, the government's capacity to apprehend, convict, или imprison traffickers remained weak; the government lacks sufficient financial, технический персонал, и human resources to effectively address not only trafficking crimes, but also to provide basic levels of security in some parts of the country (2008)
Congo, Республика the current situation: Республика the Congo is a source и destination country for children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor и commercial sexual exploitation; girls are trafficked from rural areas within the country for commercial sexual exploitation, forced street vending, и domestic servitude; children are trafficked from other African countries for domestic servitude, forced market vending, и forced labor in the рыболовство industry
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Республика the Congo is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to show evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking in persons in 2007; struggling to recover from six лет of civil conflict that ended in 2003, the Республика the Congo's capacity to address trafficking is handicapped; the government neither monitors its borders for trafficking activity nor provides specialized anti-trafficking training for law enforcement officials; the government does not encourage victims to assist in trafficking investigations или prosecutions, и has not taken measures to reduce demand for commercial sex acts in the Республика the Congo (2008)
Коста-Рика current situation: Коста-Рика is a source, transit, и destination country for men, women, и children trafficked for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation и forced labor; women и girls from neighboring states, Россия, Узбекистан, и the Филиппины are trafficked into the country for sexual exploitation; Коста-Рика also serves as a transit point for victims trafficked to Северная Америка и Europe; the government identifies child sex tourism as a serious problem; men, women, и children are also trafficked within the country for forced labor in рыболовство и construction, и as domestic servants
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Коста-Рика is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat human trafficking, particularly in terms of its failure to improve its inadequate assistance to victims; while Costa Rican officials recognize human trafficking as a serious problem, the lack of a stronger response by the government is of concern (2008)
Кот-д’Ивуар Кот-д’Ивуар is a source, transit, и destination country for women и children trafficked for forced labor и commercial sexual exploitation; trafficking within the country is more prevalent than international trafficking и the majority of victims are children; women и girls are trafficked from northern areas to southern cities for domestic servitude, restaurant labor, и sexual exploitation; boys are trafficked internally for agricultural и service labor и transnationally for forced labor in agriculture, добыча полезных ископаемых, construction, и in the рыболовство industry; women и girls are trafficked to и from other West и Central African countries for domestic servitude и forced street vending
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Кот-д’Ивуар is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to eliminate trafficking in 2007, particularly with regard to its law enforcement efforts и protection of sex trafficking victims; in addition, Ivoirian law does not prohibit all forms of trafficking, и Кот-д’Ивуар has not ratified the 2000 UN TIP Protocol (2008)
Куба current situation: Куба is principally a source country for women и children trafficked within the country for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation и possibly for forced labor; the country is a destination for sex tourism, including child sex tourism, which is a problem in many areas of the country; some Cuban nationals willingly migrate to the США, but are subsequently exploited for forced labor by their smugglers; Куба is also a transit point for the smuggling of migrants from Китай, Шри-Ланка, Бангладеш, Ливан, и other nations to the США и Канада
tier rating: Tier 3 - Куба does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking и is not making significant efforts to do so; exact information about trafficking in Куба is difficult to obtain because the government does not acknowledge или condemn human trafficking as a problem in Куба; tangible efforts to prosecute offenders, protect victims, или prevent human trafficking activity do not appear to have been made during 2007; Куба has not ratified the 2000 UN TIP Protocol (2008)
Кипр current situation: Кипр is primarily a destination country for a large number of women trafficked from Eastern и Центральная Европа, the Филиппины, и the Доминиканская республика for the purpose of sexual exploitation; traffickers continued to fraudulently recruit victims for work as dancers in cabarets и nightclubs on short-term "artiste" visas, for work in pubs и bars on employment visas, или for illegal work on tourist или student visas
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Кипр is on the Tier 2 Watch List for a third consecutive year for failure to show evidence of increasing efforts to combat human trafficking during 2007; although Кипр passed a new trafficking law и opened a government trafficking shelter, these efforts are outweighed by its failure to show tangible и critically needed progress in the areas of law enforcement, victim protection, и the prevention of trafficking (2008)
Доминиканская республика current situation: the Доминиканская республика is a source, transit, и destination country for men, women, и children trafficked for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation и forced labor; a large number of Dominican women are trafficked into prostitution и sexual exploitation in Western Europe, Австралия, Central и South America, и Caribbean destinations; a significant number of women, boys, и girls are trafficked within the country for sexual exploitation и domestic servitude
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - for a second consecutive year, the Доминиканская республика is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to show evidence of increasing efforts to combat human trafficking, particularly in terms of not adequately investigating и prosecuting public officials who may be complicit with trafficking activity, и inadequate government efforts to protect trafficking victims; the government has taken measures to reduce demand for commercial sex acts with children through criminal prosecutions (2008)
Египет current situation: Египет is a transit country for women trafficked from Eastern European countries to Израиль for sexual exploitation, и is a source for children trafficked within the country for commercial sexual exploitation и domestic servitude, although the extent to which children are trafficked internally is unknown; children were also recruited for domestic и agricultural work; some of these children face conditions of involuntary servitude, such as restrictions on movement, non-payment of wages, threats, и physical или sexual abuse
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Египет is on the Tier 2 Watch List for the third year in a row because it did not provide evidence of increasing efforts to investigate и prosecute traffickers; however, in July 2007, the government established the "National Coordinating Committee to Combat и Prevent Trafficking in Persons," which improved inter-governmental coordination on anti-trafficking initiatives; Египет made no discernible efforts to punish trafficking crimes in 2007 и the Egyptian penal code does not prohibit all forms of trafficking; Египет did not increase its services to trafficking victims during the reporting period (2008)
Экваториальная Гвинея current situation: Экваториальная Гвинея is primarily a destination country for children trafficked for the purpose of forced labor и possibly for the purpose of sexual exploitation; children have been trafficked from nearby countries for domestic servitude, market labor, ambulant vending, и possibly sexual exploitation; women may also be trafficked to Экваториальная Гвинея from Камерун , Бенин, other neighboring countries, и Китай for sexual exploitation
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Экваториальная Гвинея is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to eliminate trafficking, particularly in the areas of prosecuting и convicting trafficking offenders и failing to formalize mechanisms to provide assistance to victims; although the government made some effort to enforce laws against child labor exploitation, it failed to report any trafficking prosecutions или convictions in 2007; the government continued to lack shelters или formal procedures for providing care to victims (2008)
Фиджи current situation: Фиджи is a source country for children trafficked for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation и a destination country for a small number of women from Китай и Индия trafficked for the purposes of forced labor и commercial sexual exploitation
tier rating: Tier 3 - Фиджи does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking и is not making significant efforts to do so; the government has demonstrated no action to investigate или prosecute traffickers, assist victims, take steps to reduce the demand for commercial sex acts, или support any anti-trafficking information или education campaigns; Фиджи has not ratified the 2000 UN TIP Protocol (2008)
Габон current situation: Габон is predominantly a destination country for children trafficked from other African countries for the purpose of forced labor; girls are primarily trafficked for domestic servitude, forced market vending, forced restaurant labor, и sexual exploitation, while boys are trafficked for forced street hawking и forced labor in small workshops
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Габон is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat human trafficking in 2007, particularly in terms of efforts to convict и punish trafficking offenders; the government has not reported the convictions или sentences of any trafficking offenders; the government did not take steps to reduce demand for commercial sex acts (2008)
Гамбия current situation: The Gambia is a source, transit, и destination country for children и women trafficked for the purposes of forced labor и commercial sexual exploitation; women и girls, и to a lesser extent boys, are trafficked for sexual exploitation - in particular to meet the demand for European sex tourism - и for domestic servitude; boys are trafficked within the country for forced begging и street vending; Gambian women и children may be trafficked to Europe through trafficking schemes disguised as migrant smuggling
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - for a second consecutive year, The Gambia is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to eliminate trafficking; The Gambia failed to report any trafficking arrests, prosecutions, или convictions in 2007, и the government demonstrated weak victim protection efforts during the reporting period (2008)
Гватемала current situation: Гватемала is a source, transit, и destination country for Guatemalans и Central Americans trafficked for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation и forced labor; human trafficking is a significant и growing problem in the country; Guatemalan women и children are trafficked within the country for commercial sexual exploitation, primarily to Мексика и the США; Guatemalan men, women, и children are also trafficked within the country, и to Мексика и the США, for forced labor
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - for a second consecutive year, Гватемала is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking in persons, particularly with respect to ensuring that trafficking offenders are appropriately prosecuted for their crimes; while prosecutors initiated trafficking prosecutions, they continued to face problems in court with application Гватемалы's comprehensive anti-trafficking law; the government made modest improvements to its protection efforts, but assistance remained inadequate overall in 2007 (2008)
Гвинея current situation: Гвинея is a source, transit, и destination country for men, women, и children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor и sexual exploitation; the majority of victims are children, и internal trafficking is more prevalent than transnational trafficking; within the country, girls are trafficked primarily for domestic servitude и sexual exploitation, while boys are trafficked for forced agricultural labor, и as forced beggars, street vendors, shoe shiners, и laborers in золото и diamond mines; some Guinean men are also trafficked for agricultural labor within Гвинея; transnationally, girls are trafficked into Гвинея for domestic servitude и likely also for sexual exploitation
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Гвинея is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to eliminate trafficking over 2006; Гвинея demonstrated minimal law enforcement efforts for a second year in a row, while protection efforts diminished over efforts in 2006; the government did not report any trafficking convictions in 2007; due to a lack of resources, the government does not provide shelter services for trafficking victims; the government took no measures to reduce the demand for commercial sexual exploitation (2008)
Гвинея-Бисау current situation: Гвинея-Бисау is a source country for children trafficked primarily for forced begging и forced agricultural labor to other West African countries
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - for the second year in a row, Гвинея-Бисау is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to combat severe forms of trafficking in persons, as evidenced by the continued failure to pass an anti-trafficking law и inadequate efforts to investigate или prosecute trafficking crimes или convict и punish trafficking offenders (2008)
Гвиана current situation: Гвиана is a source, transit, и destination country for men, women, и children trafficked for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation и forced labor; most trafficking appears to take place in remote добыча полезных ископаемых camps in the country's interior; some women и girls are trafficked from northern Бразилия; reporting from other nations suggests Guyanese women и girls are trafficked for sexual exploitation to neighboring countries и Guyanese men и boys are subject to labor exploitation in construction и agriculture; trafficking victims from Суринам, Бразилия, и Венесуэлa transit Гвиана en route to Caribbean destinations
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - for a second consecutive year, Гвиана is on the Tier 2 Watch List for failing to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking, particularly in the area of law enforcement actions against trafficking offenders; the government has yet to produce an anti-trafficking conviction under the comprehensive Combating of Trafficking in Persons Act, which became law in 2005; the government operates no shelters for trafficking victims, but did include limited funding for anti-trafficking NGOs in its 2008 budget; the government did not make any effort to reduce demand for commercial sex acts during 2007 (2008)
Индия current situation: Индия is a source, destination, и transit country for men, women, и children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor и commercial sexual exploitation; internal forced labor may constitute Индия's largest trafficking problem; men, women, и children are held in debt bondage и face forced labor working in brick kilns, рис mills, agriculture, и embroidery factories; women и girls are trafficked within the country for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation и forced marriage; children are subjected to forced labor as factory workers, domestic servants, beggars, и agriculture workers, и have been used as armed combatants by some terrorist и insurgent groups; Индия is also a destination for women и girls from Непал и Бангладеш trafficked for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation; Indian women are trafficked to the Middle East for commercial sexual exploitation; men и women from Бангладеш и Непал are trafficked through Индия for forced labor и commercial sexual exploitation in the Middle East
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Индия is on the Tier 2 Watch List for a fifth consecutive year for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat human trafficking in 2007; despite the reported extent of the trafficking crisis in Индия, government authorities made uneven efforts to prosecute traffickers и protect trafficking victims; government authorities continued to rescue victims of commercial sexual exploitation и forced child labor и child armed combatants, и began to show progress in law enforcement against these forms of trafficking; a critical challenge overall is the lack of punishment for traffickers, effectively resulting in impunity for acts of human trafficking; Индия has not ratified the 2000 UN TIP Protocol (2008)
Иран current situation: Иран is a source, transit, и destination country for women trafficked for the purposes of sexual exploitation и involuntary servitude; Iranian women are trafficked internally for the purpose of forced prostitution и for forced marriages to settle debts; Iranian children are trafficked internally и Afghan children are trafficked into Иран for the purpose of forced marriages, commercial sexual exploitation, и involuntary servitude as beggars или laborers
tier rating: Tier 3 - Иран did not provide evidence of law enforcement activities against trafficking, и credible reports indicate that Iranian authorities punish victims of trafficking with beatings, imprisonment, и execution; Иран has not ratified the 2000 UN TIP Protocol (2008)
Иордания current situation: Иордания is a destination и transit country for women и men from South и Southeast Азия trafficked for the purpose of forced labor; Иордания is also a destination for women from Eastern Europe и Мороккo for prostitution; women from Бангладеш, Шри-Ланка, Индонeзия, и the Филиппины migrate willingly to work as domestic servants, but some are subjected to conditions of forced labor, including unlawful withholding of passports, restrictions on movement, non-payment of wages, threats, и physical или sexual abuse
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Иордания is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking in persons in 2007, particularly in the area of law enforcement against trafficking for forced labor; the government made minimal efforts to investigate или prosecute numerous allegations related to exploitation of foreign domestic workers; Иордания failed for a second year to criminally prosecute и punish those who committed acts of forced labor; Иордания also continues to lack victim protection services; Иордания has not ratified the 2000 UN TIP Protocol (2008)
Северная Корея current situation: Северный Korea is a source country for men, women, и children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor и commercial sexual exploitation; the most common form of trafficking involves Северный Korean women и girls who cross the border into Китай voluntarily; additionally, Северный Korean women и girls are lured out of Северный Korea to escape poor social и economic conditions by the promise of food, jobs, и freedom, only to be forced into prostitution, marriage, или exploitative labor arrangements once in Китай
tier rating: Tier 3 - Северный Korea does not fully comply with minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking и is not making significant efforts to do so; the government does not acknowledge the existence of human rights abuses in the country или recognize trafficking, either within the country или transnationally; Северный Korea has not ratified the 2000 UN TIP Protocol (2008)
Кювейт current situation: Кювейт is a destination country for men и women who migrate legally from South и Southeast Азия for domestic или low-skilled labor, but are subjected to conditions of involuntary servitude by employers in Кювейт including conditions of physical и sexual abuse, non-payment of wages, confinement to the home, и withholding of passports to restrict their freedom of movement; Кювейт is reportedly a transit point for South и East азиаты workers recruited for low-skilled work in Ирак; some of these workers are deceived as to the true location и nature of this work, и others are subjected to conditions of involuntary servitude in Ирак
tier rating: Tier 3 - insufficient efforts in 2007 to prosecute и punish abusive employers и those who traffic women for sexual exploitation; the government failed for the fourth year in a row to live up to promises to provide shelter и protective services for victims of involuntary domestic servitude и other forms of trafficking (2008)
Либия current situation: Либия is a transit и destination country for men и women from sub-Saharan Africa и Азия trafficked for the purposes of forced labor и commercial sexual exploitation
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Либия is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to address trafficking in persons in 2007 when compared to 2006, particularly in the area of investigating и prosecuting trafficking offenses; Либия did not publicly release any data on investigations или punishment of any trafficking offenses (2008)
Малазия current situation: Малазия is a destination и, to a lesser extent, a source и transit country for women и children trafficked for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation, и men, women, и children for forced labor; Малазия is mainly a destination country for men, women, и children who migrate willingly from South и Southeast Азия to work, some of whom are subjected to conditions of involuntary servitude by Malaysian employers in the domestic, agricultural, construction, plantation, и industrial sectors; to a lesser extent, some Malaysian women, primarily of Chinese ethnicity, are trafficked abroad for commercial sexual exploitation
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Малазия improved from Tier 3 to the Tier 2 Watch List for 2008 when it enacted comprehensive anti-trafficking legislation in July 2007; however, it did not take action against exploitative employers или labor traffickers in 2007; the government has not ratified the 2000 UN TIP Protocol (2008)
Молдавия current situation: Молдавия is a major source и, to a lesser extent, a transit country for women и girls trafficked for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation; Moldovan women are trafficked to the Middle East, Eastern Europe, и Western Europe; girls и young women are trafficked within the country from rural areas to Chisinau; children are also trafficked to neighboring countries for forced labor и begging; labor trafficking of men to work in the construction, agriculture, и service sectors России is increasingly a problem
tier rating: Tier 3 - Молдавия does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking и is not making significant efforts to do so; the government failed to follow-up on allegations of officials complicit in trafficking cited in the 2007 Report, и it did not demonstrate proactive efforts to identify trafficking victims (2008)
Монтенегро current situation: Монтенегро is primarily a transit country for the trafficking of women и girls to Western Europe for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation; women и girls from the Balkans и Eastern Europe are trafficked across Монтенегро to Western European countries
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Монтенегро is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking in persons in 2007; public attention to the issue of trafficking has diminished considerably in Монтенегро in recent лет (2008)
Мозамбик current situation: Мозамбик is a source и, to a much lesser extent, a destination country for men, women, и children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor и sexual exploitation; the use of forced и bonded child laborers is a common practice in Мозамбик's rural areas; women и girls are trafficked from rural to urban areas Мозамбика, as well as to Южно-Африканская Республика, for domestic servitude и commercial sexual exploitation; young men и boys are trafficked to Южно-Африканская Республика for farm work и добыча полезных ископаемых
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - for the second consecutive year, Мозамбик is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat human trafficking in 2007; while the government conducted investigations into cases of human trafficking, there were no prosecutions или convictions of traffickers; government efforts to protect victims of trafficking continued to suffer from limited resources и a lack of political commitment (2008)
Нигер current situation: Нигер is a source, transit, и destination country for children и women trafficked for forced labor и sexual exploitation; caste-based slavery practices, rooted in ancestral master-slave relationships, continue in isolated areas of the country - an estimated 8,800 to 43,000 Nigeriens live under conditions of traditional slavery; children are trafficked within Нигер for forced begging, forced labor in золото mines, domestic servitude, sexual exploitation, и possibly for forced labor in agriculture и stone quarries; women и children from neighboring states are trafficked to и through Нигер for domestic servitude, sexual exploitation, forced labor in mines и on farms, и as mechanics и welders
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Нигер is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to eliminate trafficking in 2007; in particular, measures to combat и eliminate traditional slavery practices were weak; the government's overall law enforcement efforts have stalled from 2006; while efforts to protect child trafficking victims were steady, the government failed to provide services to или rescue adult victims subjected to traditional slavery practices, и made poor efforts to educate the public about traditional slavery practices in general (2008)
Оман current situation: Оман is a destination country for men и women primarily from Бангладеш, Индия, Шри-Ланка, и Пакистан who migrate willingly, but some of whom become victims of trafficking when subjected to conditions of involuntary servitude as domestic workers и laborers; mistreatment включая non-payment of wages, restrictions on movement и withholding of passports, threats, и physical или sexual abuse; Оман may also be a destination country for women from Азия, Eastern Europe, и Северный Africa for commercial sexual exploitation
tier rating: Tier 3 - Оман was rated as Tier 3 for the second consecutive year because it did not report any law enforcement efforts to prosecute и punish trafficking offenses in 2007 и continues to lack victim protection services или a systematic procedure to identify victims of trafficking (2008)
Панама current situation: Панама is a source, transit, и destination country for women и children trafficked for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation; the majority of victims are Panamanian women и children trafficked within the country into the sex trade; rural children in Панама may be trafficked internally to urban areas for labor exploitation
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Панама is on the Tier 2 Watch List for failing to show evidence of increasing efforts to combat human trafficking, particularly with respect to prosecuting, convicting, и sentencing human traffickers for their crimes, и for failing to provide adequate victim assistance (2008)
Папуа — Новая Гвинея current situation: Папуа — Новая Гвинея is a country of destination for women и children from Малазия, the Филиппины, Таиланд, и Китай trafficked for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation; internal trafficking of women и children for the purposes of sexual exploitation и involuntary domestic servitude occurs as well
tier rating: Tier 3 - Папуа — Новая Гвинея does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking и is not making significant efforts to do so; the current legal framework does not contain elements of crimes that characterize trafficking; the government lacks victim protection services или a systematic procedure to identify victims of trafficking; the government did not prosecute anyone in 2007 for trafficking; Папуа — Новая Гвинея has not ratified the 2000 UN TIP Protocol (2008)
Катар current situation: Катар is a destination country for men и women from South и Southeast Азия who migrate willingly, but are subsequently trafficked into involuntary servitude as domestic workers и laborers, и, to a lesser extent, commercial sexual exploitation; the most common offense was forcing workers to accept worse contract terms than those under which they were recruited; other conditions include bonded labor, withholding of pay, restrictions on movement, arbitrary detention, и physical, mental, и sexual abuse
tier rating: Tier 3 - Катар failed, for the second consecutive year, to enforce criminal laws against traffickers, или to provide an принята mechanism to identify и protect victims; it continues to detain и deport victims rather than providing them protection; the government made little progress to increase prosecutions for trafficking in a meaningful way in 2007; workers complaining of working conditions или non-payment of wages were sometimes penalized (2008)
Россия current situation: Россия is a source, transit, и destination country for men, women, и children trafficked for various purposes; it remains a significant source of women trafficked to over 50 countries for commercial sexual exploitation; Россия is also a transit и destination country for men и women trafficked from Central Азия, Eastern Europe, и Северный Korea to Central и Western Europe и the Middle East for purposes of forced labor и sexual exploitation; internal trafficking remains a problem in Россия with women trafficked from rural areas to urban centers for commercial sexual exploitation, и men trafficked internally и from Central Азия for forced labor in the construction и agricultural industries; debt bondage is common among trafficking victims, и child sex tourism remains a concern
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Россия is on the Tier 2 Watch List for a fifth consecutive year for its failure to show evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking over the previous year, particularly in providing assistance to victims of trafficking; comprehensive trafficking victim assistance legislation, which would address key deficiencies, has been pending before the Duma since 2003 и was neither passed nor enacted in 2007 (2008)
Саудовская Аравия current situation: Саудовская Аравия is a destination country for workers from South и Southeast Азия who are subjected to conditions that constitute involuntary servitude including being subjected to physical и sexual abuse, non-payment of wages, confinement, и withholding of passports as a restriction on their movement; domestic workers are particularly vulnerable because some are confined to the house in which they work unable to seek help; Саудовская Аравия is also a destination country for Nigerian, Yemeni, Pakistani, Afghan, Somali, Malian, и Sudanese children trafficked for forced begging и involuntary servitude as street vendors; some Nigerian women were reportedly trafficked into Саудовская Аравия for commercial sexual exploitation
tier rating: Tier 3 - Саудовская Аравия does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking и is not making significant efforts to do so; the government continues to lack adequate anti-trafficking laws и, despite evidence of widespread trafficking abuses, did not report any criminal prosecutions, convictions, или prison sentences for trafficking crimes committed against foreign domestic workers (2008)
Южно-Африканская Республика current situation: Южно-Африканская Республика is a source, transit, и destination country for men, women, и children trafficked for forced labor и sexual exploitation; women и girls are trafficked internally - и occasionally to European и азиаты countries - for sexual exploitation; women from other African countries are trafficked to Южно-Африканская Республика и, less frequently, onward to Europe for sexual exploitation; men и boys are trafficked from neighboring countries for forced agricultural labor; азиаты и Eastern European women are trafficked to Южно-Африканская Республика for debt-bonded sexual exploitation
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Южно-Африканская Республика is on the Tier 2 Watch List for a fourth consecutive year for its failure to show increasing efforts to address trafficking; the government provided inadequate data in 2007 on trafficking crimes investigated или prosecuted, или on resulting convictions или sentences; it also did not provide information on its efforts to protect victims of trafficking; the country continues to deport и/или prosecute suspected foreign victims without providing appropriate protective services (2008)
Шри-Ланка current situation: Шри-Ланка is a source и destination country for men и women trafficked for the purposes of involuntary servitude и commercial sexual exploitation; Sri Lankan men и women migrate willingly to the Persian Gulf, Middle East, и East Азия to work as construction workers, domestic servants, или garment factory workers, where some find themselves in situations of involuntary servitude when faced with restrictions on movement, withholding of passports, threats, physical или sexual abuse, и debt bondage; children are trafficked internally for commercial sexual exploitation и, less frequently, for forced labor
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - for a second consecutive year, Шри-Ланка is on the Tier 2 Watch List for failing to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat severe forms of human trafficking, particularly in the area of law enforcement; the government failed to arrest, prosecute, или convict any person for trafficking offenses и continued to punish some victims of trafficking for crimes committed as a result of being trafficked; Шри-Ланка has not ratified the 2000 UN TIP Protocol (2008)
Судан current situation: Судан is a source country for men, women, и children trafficked internally for the purposes of forced labor и sexual exploitation; Судан is also a transit и destination country for Ethiopian women trafficked abroad for domestic servitude; Sudanese women и girls are trafficked within the country, as well as possibly to Middle Eastern countries for domestic servitude; the terrorist rebel organization, Lord's Resistance Army, continues to harbor small numbers of Sudanese и Ugandan children in the southern part of the country for use as cooks, porters, и combatants; some of these children are also trafficked across borders into Угадна или the Democratic Республика the Congo; militia groups in Darfur, some of which are linked to the government, abduct women for short periods of forced labor и to perpetrate sexual violence; during the two decades-long север-юг civil war, thousands of Dinka women и children were abducted и subsequently enslaved by members of the Missiriya и Rezeigat tribes; while there have been no known new abductions of Dinka by members of Baggara tribes in the last few лет, inter-tribal abductions continue in southern Судан
tier rating: Tier 3 - Судан does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking и is not making significant efforts to do so; combating human trafficking through law enforcement или prevention measures was not a priority for the government in 2007 (2008)
Сирия current situation: Сирия is a destination и transit country for women и children trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation и forced labor; a significant number of women и children in the large и expanding Iraqi refugee community in Сирия are reportedly forced into commercial sexual exploitation by Iraqi gangs или, in some cases, their families; women from Индонeзия, Шри-Ланка, the Филиппины, Эфиопия, и Сьерра-Леоне are recruited for work in Сирия as domestic servants, but some face conditions of involuntary servitude, including long hours, non-payment of wages, withholding of passports, restrictions on movement, threats, и physical или sexual abuse
tier rating: Tier 3 - Сирия again failed to report any law enforcement efforts to punish trafficking offenses in 2007; in addition, the government did not offer protection services to victims of trafficking и may have arrested, prosecuted, или deported some victims for prostitution или immigration violations; Сирия has not ratified the 2000 UN TIP Protocol (2008)
Таджикистан current situation: Таджикистан is a source country for women trafficked through Киргизия и Россия to the UAE, Турция, и Россия for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation; men are trafficked to Россия и Казахстан for the purpose of forced labor, primarily in the construction и agricultural industries; boys и girls are trafficked internally for various purposes, including forced labor и forced begging
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Таджикистан is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat human trafficking, especially efforts to investigate, prosecute, convict, и sentence traffickers; despite evidence of low- и mid-level officials' complicity in trafficking, the government did not punish any public officials for trafficking complicity during 2007; lack of capacity и poor coordination between government institutions remained key obstacles to принята anti-trafficking efforts (2008)
Узбекистан current situation: Узбекистан is a source country for women и girls trafficked to Казахстан, Россия, Middle East, и Азия for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation; men are trafficked to Казахстан и Россия for purposes of forced labor in the construction, хлопок, и tobacco industries; men и women are also trafficked internally for the purposes of domestic servitude, forced labor in the agricultural и construction industries, и for commercial sexual exploitation
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Узбекистан is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat severe forms of trafficking in 2007; the government did not amend its criminal code to increase penalties for convicted traffickers; in March 2008, Узбекистан adopted ILO Conventions on minimum age of employment и on the elimination of the worst forms of child labor и is working with the ILO on implementation; the government also demonstrated its increasing commitment to combat trafficking in March 2008 by adopting a comprehensive anti-trafficking law; Узбекистан has not ratified the 2000 UN TIP Protocol (2008)
Венесуэлa current situation: Венесуэлa is a source, transit, и destination country for men, women, и children trafficked for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation и forced labor; Venezuelan women и girls are trafficked within the country for sexual exploitation, lured from the nation's interior to urban и tourist areas; child prostitution in urban areas и child sex tourism in resort destinations appear to be growing; Venezuelan women и girls are trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation to Western Europe, Мексика, и Caribbean destinations
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Венесуэлa is placed on the Tier 2 Watch List, up from Tier 3, as it showed greater resolve to address trafficking through law enforcement measures и prevention efforts in 2007, although stringent punishment of offenders и victim assistance remain lacking (2008)
Мир current situation: approximately 800,000 people, mostly women и children, are trafficked annually across national borders, not including millions trafficked within their own countries; at least 80% of the victims are female и up to 50% are minors; 75% of all victims are trafficked into commercial sexual exploitation; almost two-thirds of the global victims are trafficked intra-regionally within East Азия и the Pacific (260,000 to 280,000 people) и Europe и Eurasia (170,000 to 210,000 people)
Tier 2 Watch List: Албания, Аргентина, Армения, Азербайджан, Бахрейн, Бурунди, Камерун , Центральноафриканская Республика , Чад , Китай, Коста-Рика, Кот-д’Ивуар, Кипр, Democratic Республика the Congo, Доминиканская республика, Египет, Экваториальная Гвинея, Габон, The Gambia, Гватемала , Гвинея, Гвинея-Бисау, Гвиана, Индия, Иордания, Либия, Малазия, Монтенегро, Мозамбик, Нигер, Панама, Республика the Congo, Россия, Южно-Африканская Республика, Шри-Ланка, Таджикистан, Узбекистан, Венесуэлa, Замбия, Зимбабве
Tier 3: Алжир, Мьянма, Куба, Фиджи, Иран, Кювейт, Молдавия, Северный Korea, Оман, Папуа — Новая Гвинея, Катар, Саудовская Аравия, Судан, Сирия (2008)
Замбия current situation: Замбия is a source, transit, и destination country for women и children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor и sexual exploitation; many Zambian child laborers, particularly those in the agriculture, domestic service, и рыболовство sectors, are also victims of human trafficking; Zambian women, lured by false employment или marriage offers abroad, are trafficked to Южно-Африканская Республика via Зимбабве и to Europe via Малави for sexual exploitation; Замбия is a transit point for regional trafficking of women и children, particularly from Ангола to Намибия и from the Democratic Республика the Congo to Южно-Африканская Республика for agricultural labor
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Замбия is on the Tier 2 Watch List for failing to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat severe forms of trafficking, particularly in regard to its inability to bring alleged traffickers to justice through prosecutions и convictions; unlike 2006, there were no new prosecutions или convictions of alleged traffickers in 2007; government efforts to protect victims of trafficking remained extremely limited throughout the year (2008)
Зимбабве current situation: Зимбабве is a source, transit, и destination country for men, women, и children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor и sexual exploitation; large scale migration of Zimbabweans to surrounding countries - as they flee a progressively more desperate situation at home - has increased; rural Zimbabwean men, women, и children are trafficked internally to farms for agricultural labor и domestic servitude и to cities for domestic labor и commercial sexual exploitation; young men и boys are trafficked to Южно-Африканская Республика for farm work, often laboring for months in Южно-Африканская Республика without pay before "employers" have them arrested и deported as illegal immigrants; young women и girls are lured abroad with false employment offers that result in involuntary domestic servitude или commercial sexual exploitation; men, women, и children from neighboring states are trafficked through Зимбабве en route to Южно-Африканская Республика
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Зимбабве is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat severe forms of human trafficking, и because the absolute number of victims of severe forms of trafficking is significantly increasing; the trafficking situation in the country is worsening as more of the population is made vulnerable by declining socio-economic conditions (2008)

Последние изменения на эту страницу были внесены 4 сентября 2008 года.


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